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Bias does not equal bias: a socio-technical typology of bias in data-based algorithmic systems

Paola Lopez
2021 Internet Policy Review  
The examples of this section have shown that socio-technical bias in data-based algorithmic systems can appear in diverse forms and at differing stages of the de- velopment of an algorithmic system.  ...  Bias does not equal bias: a socio-technical typology of bias in data-based algorithmic systems.  ... 
doi:10.14763/2021.4.1598 fatcat:ybtthgrbszexxlwk6mzyjv4pfi

Algorithmic Fairness Datasets: the Story so Far [article]

Alessandro Fabris, Stefano Messina, Gianmaria Silvello, Gian Antonio Susto
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Data-driven algorithms are studied in diverse domains to support critical decisions, directly impacting people's well-being.  ...  In this work, we target data documentation debt by surveying over two hundred datasets employed in algorithmic fairness research, and producing standardized and searchable documentation for each of them  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the following researchers and dataset creators for the useful feedback on the data briefs: Alain Barrat, Luc Behaghel, Asia Biega, Marko Bohanec, Chris  ... 
arXiv:2202.01711v3 fatcat:kd546yklwjhvtkrbhtzgbzb2xm

Toward a Critique of Algorithmic Violence

Rocco Bellanova, Kristina Irion, Katja Lindskov Jacobsen, Francesco Ragazzi, Rune Saugmann, Lucy Suchman
2021 International Political Sociology  
Las preguntas acerca de cómo afectan los algoritmos a la (in)seguridad son cada vez más comunes en la Sociología Política Internacional.  ...  Ultimately, we highlight the critical purchase of studying the role of algorithmic violence in the fabric of the international through a situated analysis of algorithmic systems as part of complex, and  ...  This collective discussion started as a public roundtable organized at the academic-cultural center SPUI25 in Amsterdam, with the support of the ERC project "FOLLOW: Following the Money from Transaction  ... 
doi:10.1093/ips/olab003 fatcat:vxq3n245kfaenenohlfey3ukbq

Clonal plasticity: an autonomic mechanism for multi-agent systems to self-diversify

Vivek Nallur, Siobhán Clarke
2017 Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems  
For more information, please see the item record link above. Abstract Diversity has long been used as a design tactic in computer systems to achieve various properties.  ...  This paper proposes a decentralized technique, clonal plasticity, that makes homogeneous agents self-diversify, in an autonomic way.  ...  We do not wish to suggest that diversity is a silver bullet for achieving optimal levels of both, but rather that it is an important mechanism in a software engineer's toolkit while engineering socio-technical  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10458-017-9380-x fatcat:dbd46z3u6fdtndxe44bhggmqrm

Algorithmic Profiling of Job Seekers in Austria: How Austerity Politics Are Made Effective

Doris Allhutter, Florian Cech, Fabian Fischer, Gabriel Grill, Astrid Mager
2020 Frontiers in Big Data  
An in-depth analysis of relevant technical documentation and policy documents investigates crucial conceptual, technical, and social implications of the system.  ...  with high chances to find a job within half a year, those with mediocre prospects on the job market, and those clients with a bad outlook of employment in the next 2 years.  ...  Empirical Analysis: The Socio-Technical Shaping of the AMS Algorithm The empirical analysis of the socio-technical shaping of the AMS algorithm is presented in three sections.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fdata.2020.00005 pmid:33693380 pmcid:PMC7931959 fatcat:bot2zftc2jb5zlky7bua2x6bke

Review article: Journalism innovation research, a diverse and flourishing field (2000-2020)

Carlos-Alberto García-Avilés
2021 El Profesional de la Informacion  
The aim of this article is to review research in media innovation through a holistic, analytical, and concise approach.  ...  Three hundred and two peer-reviewed publications, in both English and Spanish, were included in the sample.  ...  Furthermore, there is a need for comparative studies of an international nature that shed light on innovation in diverse contexts and markets.  ... 
doi:10.3145/epi.2021.ene.10 fatcat:ylmdvib54rcuxd5ylzr7pmbaee

The Global Age of the Algorithm: Social Credit and the Financialisation of Governance in China [chapter]

Nicholas Loubere, Stefan Brehm
2019 Dog Days  
We must attain to a conception of history that is in keeping with this insight. Then we shall clearly recognise that it is our task to bring about a real state of emergency... VOLUME 3, ISSUE #1  ...  The tradition of the oppressed teaches us that the 'state of emergency' in which we live is not the exception but the rule.  ...  Marina Svensson Marina Svensson is the Director of the Centre for East and South-East Asian Studies, Lund University.  ... 
doi:10.22459/mic.04.2019.22 fatcat:har45ol3xras3gaxvjvhy3o6fa

Dragonfly Algorithm and its Applications in Applied Science – Survey [article]

Chnoor M. Rahman, Tarik A. Rashid
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In general, in this survey the strong and weak points of the algorithm are discussed. Furthermore, some future works that will help in improving the algorithm's weak points are recommended.  ...  In this work, an overview of the algorithm and its variants is presented. Moreover, the hybridization versions of the algorithm are discussed.  ...  Funding Statement This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-forprofit sectors.  ... 
arXiv:2001.02292v1 fatcat:egb335wlo5hwvne7i27wtq2k3i

Geopolitics of Numerical Space and the Rule of Algorithms

Jure Vujić
2019 In Medias Res  
transcoding in presenting a retrospective picture of the world and culture in the history of mankind.  ...  The gradual autonomy and emancipation of its creators and operators opens the process of creating a mysterious artificial intelligence as an introduction to the new reign of algorithms.  ...  In Mass Psychology of Fascism, Wilhelm Reich explores socio-psychological mechanisms of extortion behind the consent of the crowd which enable the "production of totalitarianism".  ... 
doaj:47797bed27824efcbc364a4895c3ff47 fatcat:i2bmphl2xne2bi6tpj6olfiffm

Language and Learning: Educating Linguistically Diverse Students

Xiao Ling Hu, Beverly McLeod
1995 British Journal of Educational Studies  
Beverly McLeod, a researcher in cross-cultural psychology, did an excellent job in coordinating the entire project and editing the papers generated by the center's Conference on Student Diversity.  ...  and culturally diverse population in our schools today.  ...  A just society should promote justice for everyone.  ... 
doi:10.2307/3122003 fatcat:3pki7cggnzhq3aomy6iklpt5nq

Algorithmic Decision-Making, Spectrogenic Profiling, and Hyper-Facticity in the Age of Post-Truth

Richard Weiskopf
2020 Le foucaldien  
better understood as a movement in which mechanisms that generate demarcations become increasingly opaque and incomprehensible for those who are objects of profiling.  ...  Profiles are scrutinized, assembled, and reassembled for specific purposes in a variety of distributed "centres of calculation," 83 which-like Cambridge Analytica-seek to develop a knowledge base for commercial  ... 
doi:10.16995/lefou.62 fatcat:pgliiyyjzncynau7jqp6a52apq

Text as Algorithm and as Process [chapter]

Paul Eggert
2010 Text and Genre in Reconstruction  
Short, for unstinting support of the Seminar from which most of the essays in this volume originated.  ...  Thanks are due to the Institute of English Studies (to its Director, for whom the dedication) and to the Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London, and its Director, Professor Harold  ...  For the record Lisa Maρoney, Dr.  ... 
doi:10.2307/j.ctt5vjtd9.12 fatcat:kegc3rsth5eydj3r3m257xv67i

Taking the Temperature: Crisis, Curating, and Musical Diversity [article]

Brandon Farnsworth, Anna Jakobsson, Vanessa Massera
2021 Zenodo  
challenges posed by a global pandemic, as well as how a growing chorus of voices are calling for fundamental change.  ...  curatorial practices, diversity and divestment from a white, European bourgeois aesthetic are taken seriously by the musical establishment.  ...  We also produce resources ourselves, which are strongly influenced by our focus on diversity, equality, equity, justice and fairness.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6953627 fatcat:xt3ztu3axvfvlnk3npk3ujq7sm

Fragments in Connection and Algorithmic Rule: Encoding the Urban Image in Motion

Christiane Wagner
2022 Zenodo  
Therefore, media presence is discussed based on the algorithmic rule, which directs society towards a significant paradigm change concerning new spaces and times for concrete experiences.  ...  fragments in connection and algorithmic rule in the imag [...]  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This paper presents the work developed in 2020 by Adriano Aimar for his Master Thesis at Politecnico di Torino and cited in the bibliography.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6503017 fatcat:iwebxttjgbcc5joe7bsmcmbcfe

The Democratization of Artificial Intelligence [chapter]

Andreas Sudmann
2019 The Democratization of Artificial Intelligence  
Stokel-Walker, Chris (2019): Feeding algorithms is a full-time job. BBC (http:// www.bbc.com/capital/story/20190307-the-hidden-armies-that-power-the-in ternets-new-stars) [Last access 24.4.2019].  ...  Tsing, Anna (2015): A Feminist Approach to the Anthropocene: Earth Stalked by Man. Lecture held at the Barnard College for Women. (https://www.youtube. com/watch?  ...  Thanks to the Center for Advanced Internet Studies (CAIS) in Bochum, where I was a Fellow during the summer of 2019 as I completed this text.  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783839447192-001 fatcat:7yjb2m5p7jdt7dvkpzsuttbvf4
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