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Agents and Robots for Reliable Engineered Autonomy:A Perspective from the Organisers of AREA 2020

Rafael C. Cardoso, Angelo Ferrando, Daniela Briola, Claudio Menghi, Tobias Ahlbrecht
2021 Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks  
The First Workshop on Agents and Robots for reliable Engineered Autonomy (AREA), organised the first time in 2020, aims at encouraging cross-disciplinary collaborations and exchange of ideas among researchers  ...  The goal of this perspective is to provide a high-level view of current research trends for researchers that aim at working in the intersection of these research areas.  ...  This paper presents a perspective from the organisers of the first workshop on Agents and Robots for reliable Engineered Autonomy (https://area2020.github.io/ accessed: 14 May 2021) (AREA 2020).  ... 
doi:10.3390/jsan10020033 fatcat:t5yc7cx3rrfq5dahmpgoa5pj2u

A Programming Approach to Collective Autonomy

Roberto Casadei, Gianluca Aguzzi, Mirko Viroli
2021 Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks  
We exemplify the concepts through a simulated case study, and outline a research roadmap towards reliable aggregate autonomy.  ...  Beyond the results that individual autonomous agents can carry out, a further opportunity lies in the collaboration of multiple agents or robots.  ...  From an engineering point of view, agents and related abstractions are considered useful tools for the analysis and design of complex softwarebased systems.  ... 
doi:10.3390/jsan10020027 fatcat:irta5dnmlrefrp2s6nfnlzonme

Adaptable Underwater Networks: The Relation between Autonomy and Communications

Alexander Hamilton, Sam Holdcroft, Davide Fenucci, Paul Mitchell, Nils Morozs, Andrea Munafò, Jeremy Sitbon
2020 Remote Sensing  
This paper discusses requirements for autonomy and communications in maritime environments through two use cases which are sourced from military scenarios: Mine Counter Measures (MCM) and Anti-Submarine  ...  To address these requirements, this work proposes a service-oriented architecture that breaks the typical boundaries between the autonomy and the communications stacks.  ...  The rest of the section introduces the main challenges of underwater communications from a physical propagation standpoint and from the medium access control perspective.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs12203290 fatcat:5ebd47bruzgbrpa6luvwbjdyou

Survey of advances and challenges in intelligent autonomy for distributed cyber-physical systems

David W. McKee, Stephen J. Clement, Jaber Almutairi, Jie Xu
2018 CAAI Transactions on Intelligence Technology  
for design and analysis of complex cyber-physical systems using simulation.  ...  With the evolution of the Internet of things and smart cities, a new trend of the Internet of simulation has emerged to utilise the technologies of cloud, edge, fog computing, and high-performance computing  ...  The resulting emerging field of cloud robotics combines the two research fields to provide intelligence services to robots from the cloud [29] [30] [31] , assist in robot interaction [32, 33] , and allows  ... 
doi:10.1049/trit.2018.0010 fatcat:zawkrckeibddthmvbp5umdmyci

Embedded Computation Architectures for Autonomy in Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS)

Luis Mejias, Jean-Philippe Diguet, Catherine Dezan, Duncan Campbell, Jonathan Kok, Gilles Coppin
2021 Sensors  
We provide insights on how to define a given autonomy level for a given application based on a number of tasks.  ...  We then analyse how a given combination of tasks can lead to higher levels of autonomy by defining an autonomy level.  ...  We would also like to acknowledge the support from UBO University for the invited professor program. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21041115 pmid:33562676 pmcid:PMC7915191 fatcat:dievpabqdfg27ehx2plafaugpu

Ethical and Social Aspects of Neurorobotics

Christine Aicardi, Simisola Akintoye, B. Tyr Fothergill, Manuel Guerrero, Gudrun Klinker, William Knight, Lars Klüver, Yannick Morel, Fabrice O. Morin, Bernd Carsten Stahl, Inga Ulnicane
2020 Science and Engineering Ethics  
This article explains the current state of neurorobotics development within the Human Brain Project, originating from a close collaboration between the scientific and technical experts who drive neurorobotics  ...  The interdisciplinary field of neurorobotics looks to neuroscience to overcome the limitations of modern robotics technology, to robotics to advance our understanding of the neural system's inner workings  ...  From an engineering perspective, desirable features of robotic systems include fault tolerance, low energy consumption, being lightweight and cheap, affording compliant mechanics and a compact design.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11948-020-00248-8 pmid:32700245 fatcat:d3fpnez5xnckrol6msonzfvimu

Multi-Agent Systems, Simulation and Nanotechnology [chapter]

Alexandre de Oliveira Zamberlan, Rafael Heitor Bordini, Guilherme Chagas Kurtz, Solange Binotto Fagan
2020 Multi Agent Systems - Strategies and Applications  
Regarding the organisation of a reactive or cognitive multi-agent system, there are events, constraints and interactions that occur in a nanoscale environment.  ...  These systems are composed of autonomous software entities, named agents, that act and interact in a shared environment, changing the state of the environment.  ...  We also need to thank researcher Ana Julia Dalcin for her support in the production and characterisation of colloidal systems.  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.88529 fatcat:cz2dhhdod5fobdmefqmri2xivu

Towards a Framework for Certification of Reliable Autonomous Systems [article]

Michael Fisher, Viviana Mascardi, Kristin Yvonne Rozier, Bernd-Holger Schlingloff, Michael Winikoff, Neil Yorke-Smith
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We here analyse what is needed in order to provide verified reliable behaviour of an autonomous system, analyse what can be done as the state-of-the-art in automated verification, and propose a roadmap  ...  The capability and spread of such systems have reached the point where they are beginning to touch much of everyday life.  ...  Work of Fisher supported by the Royal Academy of Engineering and, in part, through UKRI "Robots for a Safer World" Hubs EP/R026092, EP/R026084, and EP/R026173.  ... 
arXiv:2001.09124v1 fatcat:ocmnn2ugzfeatfc56ucwgz2aku

Embodiment and Computational Creativity [article]

Christian Guckelsberger, Anna Kantosalo, Santiago Negrete-Yankelevich, Tapio Takala
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We overcome this situation by means of a systematic review and a prescriptive analysis of publications at the International Conference on Computational Creativity.  ...  This makes embodiment highly relevant for Computational Creativity (CC) research, but existing research is scarce and the use of the concept highly ambiguous.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank our reviewers for their valuable feedback, and Rob Saunders for commenting on the camera-ready paper.  ... 
arXiv:2107.00949v1 fatcat:gd5s2cmsezdwjejkpujwifk6vy

An interdisciplinary conceptual study of Artificial Intelligence (AI) for helping benefit-risk assessment practices: Towards a comprehensive qualification matrix of AI programs and devices (pre-print 2020) [article]

Gauthier Chassang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This paper proposes a comprehensive analysis of existing concepts coming from different disciplines tackling the notion of intelligence, namely psychology and engineering, and from disciplines aiming to  ...  The matrix is a risk-based conceptual model designed to allow an empirical, flexible and scalable qualification of AI technologies in the perspective of benefit-risk assessment practices, technological  ...  Robotic autonomy, as well as robotic consciousness, does not exist, and, from a legal point of view, could never exist.  ... 
arXiv:2105.03192v1 fatcat:ccwsppi5hzenxneg23j5y3pdcu

"AUTONOMISATION" OF SECURITY AND DEFENCE SYSTEMS

Artur KUPTEL
2019 Security and Defence Quarterly  
For a transparent and credible debate on combat systems autonomy, it is adviseable that no ambiguity is present in terminological, ethical, legal and technological complexities, whose misinterpretation  ...  Th is paper attempts to determine the essence of combat systems autonomy while focusing on a few of the most sensitive issues.  ...  Th e debate on the levels of autonomy in many cases serves as a means to divert attention from the crux of the matter, which predominantly concerns the sphere of politics, law and engineering -i.e. the  ... 
doi:10.35467/sdq/105430 fatcat:d2ifva4kmfb4xbh66w4kboxuum

Macroprogramming: Concepts, State of the Art, and Opportunities of Macroscopic Behaviour Modelling [article]

Roberto Casadei
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Macroprogramming refers to the theory and practice of conveniently expressing the macro(scopic) behaviour of a system using a single program.  ...  Macroprogramming approaches are motivated by the need of effectively capturing global/system-level aspects and the collective behaviour of a set of interacting components, while abstracting over low-level  ...  The review (Brambilla et al., 2013) of swarm robotics from an engineering perspective neglects the programming viewpoint.  ... 
arXiv:2201.03473v1 fatcat:5c3fthlzind63pqngqxahlsxum

Challenges for the cyber-physical manufacturing enterprises of the future

Hervé Panetto, Benoit Iung, Dmitry Ivanov, Georg Weichhart, Xiaofan Wang
2019 Annual Reviews in Control  
The changing environment requires models which adapt over time. Some of the adaptation is due to learning, other mechanisms include self-organisation by intelligent agents.  ...  This paper summarizes a vision of the challenges facing the so-called "Industry of the Future" as studied by the research community of the IFAC Coordinating Committee 5 on Manufacturing and Logistics Systems  ...  The authors would like also to thank the IFAC INCOM 2018 symposium organising committee who allowed to organise a panel session in Bergamo (June 2018) for brainstorming with the attendees on the future  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.arcontrol.2019.02.002 fatcat:giwvo3v3dzggpkhu7elcofsrva

Affordances in Robotic Tasks – A Survey [article]

Paola Ardón, Èric Pairet, Katrin S. Lohan, Subramanian Ramamoorthy, Ronald P. A. Petrick
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We also identify areas for future improvement and discuss possible directions that are likely to be fruitful in terms of impact on robotics practice.  ...  This review article is focused specifically on robotics, so we discuss the related literature from this perspective.  ...  This makes it hard to achieve a level of autonomy wherein the robotic system can replicate a complex task on previously unseen objects and new environments.  ... 
arXiv:2004.07400v1 fatcat:hiexg6suzvg6ld7cwjtzyz4qka

An iterative regulatory process for robot governance

Hadassah Drukarch, Carlos Calleja, Eduard Fosch-Villaronga
2021 Zenodo  
an alignment model between robots' legal appraisal channeling robot policy development from a hybrid top-down/bottom- up perspective to solve this mismatch.  ...  This gap is becoming broader and more prominent in robotics, i.e., movable machines that perform tasks either automatically or with a degree of autonomy, since current legislation was unprepared for machine  ...  Acknowledgements This paper is part of the H2020 COVR project that has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No. 779966).  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5211102 fatcat:662yljxwwne6leu6tbf5aopa7u
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