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Exploring Tradeoffs in Demand-Side and Supply-Side Management of Urban Water Resources Using Agent-Based Modeling and Evolutionary Computation

Lufthansa Kanta, Emily Berglund
2015 Systems  
Agent-based models are encoded to represent consumers and a policy maker agent and are coupled with water resources system simulation models.  ...  In this study, a Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS) framework is developed to simulate consumer agents that change their consumption to affect the withdrawal from the water supply system, which, in turn influences  ...  Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of either City of Arlington or Tarrant Regional Water  ... 
doi:10.3390/systems3040287 fatcat:ly4pu64bfnbsvocr5bvk7cyopy

Sustainable woodland management and livelihood options in a charcoal producing region: An agent-based modelling approach

Harun Kiruki, Emma H. van der Zanden, Cecilia Zagaria, Peter H. Verburg
2019 Journal of Environmental Management  
Special thanks goes to Toon Haer and Koen Tieskens, both of Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, for their valuable assistance in agent based modelling. The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ...  Response to sustainable management practices Sustainable charcoal management practices should ensure that the current or increasing numbers of charcoal makers can continue to make a livelihood out of charcoal  ...  More specifically, we use an agent-based model as a tool to integrate empirical understanding of decision-making on charcoal production by diverse agents and analyse how changes in the occurrence of drought  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.07.016 fatcat:uku7nivbxncdrltendbtwqg5qy

A Further Step Towards Participatory Modelling. Fostering Stakeholder Involvement in Designing Models by Using Executable UML

Pierre Bommel, Francisco Dieguez, Danilo Bartaburu, Emilio Duarte, Esteban Montes, Marcelo Pereira Machín, Jorge Corral, Carlos José Pereira de Lucena, Hermes Morales Grosskopf
2014 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
This paper focuses on the collective design and immediate execution of an agent-based model (ABM) by dynamically interpreting the activity diagrams of agent behaviours.  ...  We hope it will facilitate the emergence of new and more efficient practices for farm management that can account for climate changes.  ...  We want to thank the numerous producers of the Basalt region of Uruguay who were willing to devote some of their precious time to participating in project workshops and who were highly involved in the  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.2381 fatcat:s6hoc4u73bbwpcp4w3kszqaxt4

Emergency drills for agricultural drought response: a case study in Guatemala

Anna Müller, Vesalio Mora, Edwin Rojas, Jorge Díaz, Obdulio Fuentes, Estuardo Giron, Ada Gaytan, Jacob van Etten
2018 Disasters. The Journal of Disaster Studies, Policy and Management  
Drills are an important element of disaster management, helping to increase preparedness and reduce the risk of real-time failure.  ...  By implementing part of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food's institutional response plan for drought, it explores how drills can help to detect issues in emergency response and to foster an  ...  Acknowledgements This research was made possible by the financial support of the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (grant number CRN3107) and was implemented as  ... 
doi:10.1111/disa.12316 pmid:30516865 fatcat:tr6gxqk44baqbkff2yycfpe64a


Christa Searle, Victoria Harper
2020 South African Journal of Industrial Engineering  
This paper investigates the tendencies of a residential population in the City of Cape Town to conserve water in response to certain demand management strategies, using an agent-based simulation approach  ...  The user may trigger certain demand management strategies during the simulation run, and visually explore the changes in environmental awareness and conservation tendency of the user-defined population  ...  Computer simulation and agent-based modelling Modelling is a way of solving problems that occur in the real world.  ... 
doi:10.7166/31-3-2425 fatcat:2xtlhyz4gfg7ho7xhn5hs5zj4i

Simulating Small-Scale Agricultural Adaptation Decisions in Response to Drought Risk: An Empirical Agent-Based Model for Semi-Arid Kenya

Marthe Wens, Ted I. E. Veldkamp, Moses Mwangi, J. Michael Johnson, Ralph Lasage, Toon Haer, Jeroen C. J. H. Aerts
2020 Frontiers in Water  
Mutinda from SASOL foundation for his insights on the drought adaptation measures in Kitui and to Dr.  ...  Lastly, the authors acknowledge the constructive feedback and interesting comments of the three reviewers, which helped improving this manuscript significantly.  ...  In agent-based models (ABMs), agents (e.g., government, households) have the capacity to learn and adapt in response to changes in other agents and the environment (Matthews et al., 2007; Palmer and Smith  ... 
doi:10.3389/frwa.2020.00015 fatcat:6fuoqqg7rbhqxobudkm3owfexm

Modelling natural disturbances in forest ecosystems: a review

Rupert Seidl, Paulo M. Fernandes, Teresa F. Fonseca, François Gillet, Anna Maria Jönsson, Katarína Merganičová, Sigrid Netherer, Alexander Arpaci, Jean-Daniel Bontemps, Harald Bugmann, Jose Ramon González-Olabarria, Petra Lasch (+4 others)
2011 Ecological Modelling  
We applied a general, process-based framework founded in disturbance ecology to analyze modelling approaches for drought, wind, forest fires, insect pests and ungulate browsing.  ...  (iii) to integrate multiple disturbance processes in dynamic ecosystem models for decision support in forest management, and (iv) to bring together scaling capabilities across several levels of organization  ...  Acknowledgements This work is a result of working group 2 of the European Union COST action FP0603 "Forest models for research and decision support in sustainable forest management". R.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2010.09.040 fatcat:zcfrepw3g5bktfrm4z7w65kzpu

Agent-based Modeling and Simulation of a Pastoralnomadic Land Use System

Patrick Kuckertz, Oliver Ullrich, Anja Linstädter, Ewald Speckenmeyer
2011 SNE Simulation Notes Europe  
This paper describes the development of a simulation model representing the range management strategies of the Himba people in north-western Namibia.  ...  The model recognizes spatial factors and the impact of management decisions on ecosystem dynamics.  ...  Implementation of an agent-based simulation application The designed model has been implemented in an interactive simulation tool to assess the effects of various pasture management strategies in an arid  ... 
doi:10.11128/ fatcat:elxevq3rhngelkeuz67k7feiiq

Exploring the Effects of Alternative Water Demand Management Strategies Using an Agent-Based Model

Koutiva, Makropoulos
2019 Water  
In this work, an agent-based modeling tool, urban water agents' behavior (UWAB) is used to simulate the water demand behavior of households and how it is influenced by water demand management strategies  ...  UWAB was applied in Athens, Greece to explore the effect of different water demand management strategies to the reliability of the Athens hydrosystem.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank Sotiria Baki for providing the UWOT model of the Athens hydrosystem and the synthetic hydrological time series used in this research.  ... 
doi:10.3390/w11112216 fatcat:773skblhwjdg7bubkg74ox3vni

Education, financial aid, and awareness can reduce smallholder farmers' vulnerability to drought under climate change

Marthe L. K. Wens, Anne F. van Loon, Ted I. E. Veldkamp, Jeroen C. J. H. Aerts
2022 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
In this study, we used the socio-hydrologic, agent-based drought risk adaptation model ADOPT.  ...  This model simulates the decisions of smallholder farmers regarding on-farm drought adaptation measures and the resulting dynamics in household vulnerability and drought impact over time.  ...  based on the agricultural management of the households.  ... 
doi:10.5194/nhess-22-1201-2022 fatcat:qcnjftib2bedhl2jxwrbcvtmbe

Critical multi-level governance issues of integrated modelling: An example of low-water management in the Adour-Garonne basin (France)

Pierre Mazzega, Olivier Therond, Thomas Debril, Hug March, Christophe Sibertin-Blanc, Romain Lardy, Daniel Sant'ana
2014 Journal of Hydrology  
Our discussion is illustrated on the basis of the exploitation of the multi-agent platform MAELIA dedicated to the simulation of social, economic and environmental impacts of lowwater management in a context  ...  It is observed that in some water organizations decision-making follows patterns that can be represented as rule-based actions triggered by thresholds of resource states.  ...  This research is developed in the frame of the MAELIA Project ''Multi-Agents for EnvironmentaL norm Impact Assessment'' (http:// funded by the Thematic Network for Advanced Research  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.09.043 fatcat:eblassuwojeetbgrptixfw2qxq

Interactions Among Fuel Management, Species Composition, Bark Beetles, and Climate Change and the Potential Effects on Forests of the Lake Tahoe Basin

Robert M. Scheller, Alec M. Kretchun, E. Louise Loudermilk, Matthew D. Hurteau, Peter J. Weisberg, Carl Skinner
2017 Ecosystems  
Droughts and the associated moisture deficit contribute to the onset of bark beetle outbreaks although outbreak extent and severity is dependent upon the density of host trees, wildfire, and forest management  ...  In particular, bark beetles are important disturbance agents although their longterm interactions with future climate change are poorly understood.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was funded by a grant from the Sierra Nevada Public Lands Management Act (P086).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10021-017-0175-3 fatcat:zfzexf2lu5fghdygdtwd4r7mw4

Geographic Information Systems and Spatial Agent-Based Model Simulations for Sustainable Development

Claudio Cioffi-Revilla, J. Daniel Rogers, Atesmachew Hailegiorgis
2011 ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology  
In recent years the interdisciplinary field of Computational Social Science has developed theory and methodologies for building spatial "agent-based" social simulation (ABSS) models of human societies  ...  The models are implemented with the MASON (Multi-Agent Simulator Of Networks and Neighborhoods) system, an open-source simulation environment in the Java language and suitable for developing ABSS models  ...  They feed Running head: GIS AND AGENT-BASED SIMULATIONS FOR SUSTAINABILITY 12 and manage their herds, moving from one parcel to another in search of pasture and water.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2036264.2036274 fatcat:7jgoae2fzzdmtmkpye4njcaofm

How do structural and agent-based factors influence the effectiveness of incentive policies? A spatially explicit agent-based model to optimize woodland-for-water PES policy design at the local level

Eulàlia Baulenas, Teresa Baiges, Teresa Cervera, Claudia Pahl-Wostl
2021 Ecology and Society  
In this article, we created a spatially explicit agent-based model to observe the effects of the implementation of a woodland-for-water payment for ecosystem services scheme in a local area in Catalonia  ...  in number of managed hectares.  ...  Acknowledgments: We would like to thank the research group at the University of Osnabrück for providing very valuable feedback on earlier versions of the model and the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.5751/es-12325-260210 fatcat:wnt3yrg5efauboh3yv72bgo4uy

Participative and Stakeholder-Based Policy Design, Evaluation and Modeling Processes

Claudia Pahl-Wostl
2002 Integrated Assessment  
The WFD requires the inclusion of stakeholders in the process of developing and adopting a river basin management plan.  ...  In order to improve stakeholder-based policy design and modeling processes innovation and research is required in linking analytical methods and participatory approaches.  ...  I would like to thank Tom Downing for providing a summary of the approach pursued in the SIRCH project. Tom Downing and Ju Èrg Krykow provided helpful comments to earlier drafts of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1076/iaij. fatcat:273gumuboffpznxwxmfio6w6tm
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