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Age-related Alterations in Simple Declarative Memory and the Effect of Negative Stimulus Valence

Vishnu P. Murty, Fabio Sambataro, Saumitra Das, Hao-Yang Tan, Joseph H. Callicott, Terry E. Goldberg, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Daniel R. Weinberger, Venkata S. Mattay
2009 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
& Healthy aging has been shown to modulate the neural circuitry underlying simple declarative memory; however, the functional impact of negative stimulus valence on these changes has not been fully investigated  ...  These results suggest that although normal aging is associated with a decline in declarative memory with alterations in the neural activity and connectivity of brain regions underlying simple declarative  ...  was performed to assess the effect of stimulus valence, the effect of age, and an effect of Age by Valence.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2009.21130 pmid:18823239 pmcid:PMC2757312 fatcat:t4esm7kt4vgt3lqo6mwdarrmpu

Effects of Threat Conditioning on the Negative Valanced Systems and Cognitive Systems

Rodrigo S. Fernández, Soledad Picco, Fernando Messore, María E. Pedreira
2018 Scientific Reports  
In this regard, highly anxious individuals could be thought as having alterations in negative-valence and cognitive system processing.  ...  Threat conditioning alters the negative-valence systems and creates a cognitive bias, which is transformed by memory consolidation, suggesting that this protocol could be a useful resource to understand  ...  The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-018-29603-3 pmid:30046052 pmcid:PMC6060145 fatcat:nsgo4vgxwzextb46po43e3o6wq

Age-Related Effects on Memory for Social Stimuli: The Role of Valence, Arousal, and Emotional Responses

Thomas M. Hess, Lauren E. Popham, Claire M. Growney
2017 Experimental Aging Research  
There was no evidence of an age-related positivity effect for low arousal social scenes.  ...  Differences in prediction of recall responses from approach and avoidance ratings across age groups suggested that the observed effects in memory reflected differences in responses to the characteristics  ...  The authors would like to thank Logan Collins, Chelsea Burrell, Mystimarie Geiger, Chelsey Hartzler, Erica Lee, Kristi Phillips, and Qiao Chou for their assistance with participant recruitment and data  ... 
doi:10.1080/0361073x.2017.1276374 pmid:28230420 pmcid:PMC5584623 fatcat:3jzsnzllsffqra4whivu3uhviu

Short-term media effects include the alterations of sensitivity towards the real violence from the past

Sergii Tukaiev, Yurii Havrylets, Volodymyr Rizun, Jürgen Grimm, Andreas Enzminger, Igor Zyma, Mykola Makarchuk
2020 Global Journal of Psychology Research New Trends and Issues  
In this case, the historical images attracted less attention and demanded less emotional effort for emotional evaluation of visual information, analysis, retrieval of information from memory and semantic  ...  Short-term media effects include alterations of sensitivity towards the emotional content of visual information. Keywords: Emotion; violence; Holocaust TV news;  ...  Short-term media effects include the alterations of sensitivity towards the real violence from the past. Global Journal of Psychology Research: New Trends and Issues. 10(1), 132-140.  ... 
doi:10.18844/gjpr.v10i1.4411 fatcat:bwfzcw3pjndl3n42lefh2tsg6a

Interference Conditions of the Reconsolidation Process in Humans: The Role of Valence and Different Memory Systems

Rodrigo S. Fernández, Luz Bavassi, Laura Kaczer, Cecilia Forcato, María E. Pedreira
2016 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
These results suggest that the interference of memory reconsolidation is effective when two task rely on the same memory system or both evoke negative valence.  ...  In general, the target memory and the interference task used are the same. Here we investigated how different memory systems and/or their valence could produce memory reconsolidation interference.  ...  The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2016.00641 pmid:28066212 pmcid:PMC5167735 fatcat:lzfvym6mxzdbdm2sclxs4wimoq

The effects of glucose dose and dual-task performance on memory for emotional material☆

Karen R. Brandt, Sandra I. Sünram-Lea, Paul M. Jenkinson, Emma Jones
2010 Behavioural Brain Research  
Simple main effects analyses on this effect (supplemented with a Bonferroni correction) revealed that the mean valence rating for negative words (M =2.26) was significantly lower (i.e., more negative)  ...  effects of glucose will not actually be related to such material, but will instead contribute to a general boost in memory performance across all stimulus items.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2010.03.016 pmid:20230859 fatcat:vnaagkq35bb7lnri2fdwpbpwei

Altered Gamma-Band Activity as a Potential Biomarker for the Recurrence of Major Depressive Disorder

Tetsuya Yamamoto, Nagisa Sugaya, Greg J. Siegle, Hiroaki Kumano, Hironori Shimada, Sergio Machado, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Nuno B. Rocha, Antonio E. Nardi, Masahiro Takamura, Yasumasa Okamoto, Shigeto Yamawaki
2018 Frontiers in Psychiatry  
Conclusions: Our findings indicate that the dysfunction of neural circuits related to higher-order processes like memory and attention might underlie cognitive reactivity.  ...  Furthermore, the power of late GBRs to positive words was significantly greater in the rMDD group, with the greater power of late GBRs being related to higher cognitive reactivity.  ...  interpretation (10, 11) , and biased memory (12, 13) after the induction of negative mood.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00691 pmid:30631287 pmcid:PMC6315147 fatcat:pz6bhkdae5cchpo2vx6pfbgzsu

Assessment of Age-related Changes in Cognitive Functions Using EmoCogMeter, a Novel Tablet-computer Based Approach

Philipp Fuge, Simone Grimm, Anne Weigand, Yan Fan, Matti Gärtner, Melanie Feeser, Malek Bajbouj
2014 Journal of Visualized Experiments  
The main goal of this study was to assess the usability of a tablet-computer-based application (EmoCogMeter) in investigating the effects of age on cognitive functions across the lifespan in a sample of  ...  Consistent with previous findings we found an age-related cognitive decline across a wide range of neuropsychological domains (memory, attention, executive functions), thereby proving the usability of  ...  Acknowledgements The EmoCogMeter was developed in cooperation with MicroMovie Media GmbH (http://www.micromovie.com).  ... 
doi:10.3791/50942 pmid:24561917 pmcid:PMC4123685 fatcat:invuphd2zfclzkwsfgxpnod3hm

Further Evidence for a Dissociation Between Different Forms of Mnemonic Expressions in a Mouse Model of Age-related Cognitive Decline: Effects of Tacrine and S 17092, a Novel Prolyl Endopeptidase Inhibitor

A. Marighetto
2000 Learning & memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.)  
discrimination, although the effect of tacrine was less striking and, in particular, far from statistical significance in the very first 2-choice responses; and (3) neither drugs significantly affected  ...  We examined the effects of tacrine (3mg/kg, subcutaneously) or S 17092 (10mg/kg, orally) in aged mice on the three behavioral indices of this 2-stage spatial discrimination paradigm.  ...  Yee for their helpful comments on previous versions of the manuscript. The publication costs of this article were defrayed in part by payment of page charges.  ... 
doi:10.1101/lm.7.3.159 pmid:10837505 pmcid:PMC311328 fatcat:2c4m3b2jzfdo3f2jqp46htxcmi

Valence and Origin of Emotional Words Influence on Subsequent Perception of Ambiguous Stimuli in Terms of Competence Versus Warmth

Kamil K. Imbir
2017 Journal of Psycholinguistic Research  
The aim of this study was to examine whether the valence and origin of emotional words can alter perception of ambiguous objects in terms of warmth versus competence, fundamental dimensions of social cognition  ...  In a broader context, this experiment results support claim that distinct dualities identified in dual-processes theories of mind are related to one another, and in fact they may be emanations of two more  ...  The idea was simple: to present some type of unknown stimulus to participants and make them judge this stimulus in terms of warmth versus competence.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10936-017-9505-z pmid:28639175 pmcid:PMC5655634 fatcat:cxhdozxsobc5ndljak5mtpuzbi

Odor Valence Linearly Modulates Attractiveness, but Not Age Assessment, of Invariant Facial Features in a Memory-Based Rating Task

Janina Seubert, Kristen M. Gregory, Jessica Chamberland, Jean-Marc Dessirier, Johan N. Lundström, Thomas Hummel
2014 PLoS ONE  
Effects of odor valence on age perception were not linearly modulated and may be the result of cognitive interference.  ...  Modulatory effects of linear increases of odor valence were investigated by juxtaposing subsequent memory-based ratings tasks -one predominantly affective (attractiveness) and a second, cognitive (age)  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Lauren Varallo for her help during data acquisition and Givaudan Inc. for kindly providing us with a sample of the rose essential oil.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0098347 pmid:24874703 pmcid:PMC4038619 fatcat:dabctb3tefdkdds546imfiwaxm

Oxytocin facilitates protective responses to aversive social stimuli in males

N. Striepens, D. Scheele, K. M. Kendrick, B. Becker, L. Schafer, K. Schwalba, J. Reul, W. Maier, R. Hurlemann
2012 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
An alternative view holds that emotional valence may be the key in guiding the social effects of OXT, with it facilitating social approach to positive cues and inhibiting social withdrawal from negative  ...  potentiation of the ASR in the context of negative stimuli.  ...  The authors declare no conflict of interest. This article is a PNAS Direct Submission.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1208852109 pmid:23074247 pmcid:PMC3497762 fatcat:ibriaxmbe5ao7ibud3snicvei4

Locus coeruleus integrity in old age is selectively related to memories linked with salient negative events

Dorothea Hämmerer, Martina F. Callaghan, Alexandra Hopkins, Julian Kosciessa, Matthew Betts, Arturo Cardenas-Blanco, Martin Kanowski, Nikolaus Weiskopf, Peter Dayan, Raymond J. Dolan, Emrah Düzel
2018 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
This effect was more pronounced for memory related to negative events, and accompanied by increased pupil diameter size in response to negative events.  ...  The findings provide a strong motivation for further investigation of the effects of altered LC integrity in pathological aging. locus coeruleus | aging | noradrenaline | episodic memory | pupillometry  ...  This work was supported by the German Academic Exchange Service (ID 91515956), the Human Brain Project (SP3 WP 3.3.1), and SFB (Sonderforschungsbereich) 779, Project A7.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1712268115 pmid:29440429 pmcid:PMC5834676 fatcat:rr6eeyykajcbdbwp33zasjfyzq

Cortisol variation in humans affects memory for emotionally laden and neutral information

Heather C. Abercrombie, Ned H. Kalin, Marchell E. Thurow, Melissa A. Rosenkranz, Richard J. Davidson
2003 Behavioral Neuroscience  
In a test of the effects of cortisol on emotional memory, 90 men were orally administered placebo or 20 or 40 mg cortisol and presented with emotionally arousing and neutral stimuli.  ...  The study provides evidence of beneficial effects of acute cortisol elevations on explicit memory in humans.  ...  Primary Analyses Effects of dose and stimulus valence on memory performance.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0735-7044.117.3.505 pmid:12802879 fatcat:umbr7fdnojaqza55otp7b4eila

Evidence for impaired extinction learning in humans after distal stress exposure

Christopher M. Klinke, Dominik Fiedler, Maren D. Lange, Marta Andreatta
2020 Neurobiology of Learning and Memory  
Therefore, we examined the influence of distal stress on fear memory in humans in two studies.  ...  In rodents, stress exposure 10 days prior to fear acquisition impairs fear extinction. However, in humans the effect of distal stress on fear conditioning is sparse.  ...  The authors wish to thank Michael Roth, Tina Hönninger, and Laura Schrappe for their help in participant recruitment and data collection; and Prof. Dr. Hans-Christian Pape and Prof. Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nlm.2019.107127 pmid:31765799 fatcat:snhbi7evqbg7pg6khk4gxidsui
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