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Addressing the eye-fixation problem in gaze tracking for human computer interface using the Vestibulo-ocular Reflex [article]

Adam Pantanowitz, Kimoon Kim, Chelsey Chewins, Isabel N. K. Tollman, David M. Rubin
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Two users participated in three tests to quantify the differences between incremental tracking of smooth eye movement resulting from the Vestibulo-ocular Reflex versus step-change tracking of saccadic  ...  The average time for the incremental tracking of smooth eye movements to track a target was 6.45 s, whereas for the step change tracking of saccadic eye movements, it was 2.61 s.  ...  [4] argue that the application of eye movements in user interfaces is a key area of research in Human Computer Interaction, as most people have control over eye movements regardless of disability.  ... 
arXiv:2009.02132v3 fatcat:lcunf7qpbzfqnkthccyssuv5c4

Steering by Gazing: An Efficient Biomimetic Control Strategy for Visually Guided Micro Aerial Vehicles

L. Kerhuel, S. Viollet, N. Franceschini
2010 IEEE Transactions on robotics  
Luparini for their help with the mechanical construction of the eye and the robot and F. Ruffier and J. Serres for fruitful discussions and comments on the manuscript.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors acknowledge the assistance of M. Boyron for designing and producing the miniature electronic boards used here, including the piezo driver, the EMD and the control systems.  ...  Blowflies, for instance, control their gaze using no less than 23 pairs of micromuscles [30] . • a Visual Fixation Reflex (VFR) that keeps the gaze locked onto a contrasting target. • a Vestibulo-ocular  ... 
doi:10.1109/tro.2010.2042537 fatcat:eg2lsm3nc5edhevki6f7lab4j4

Resolving Target Ambiguity in 3D Gaze Interaction through VOR Depth Estimation

Diako Mardanbegi, Tobias Langlotz, Hans Gellersen
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - CHI '19  
ABSTRACT Target disambiguation is a common problem in gaze interfaces, as eye tracking has accuracy and precision limitations.  ...  We introduce VOR depth estimation, a method based on the vestibulo-ocular reflex of the eyes in compensation of head movement, and explore its application to resolve target ambiguity.  ...  Tobias is partially supported by the Marsden Fund Council from Government funding, administered by the Royal Society of NZ.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3290605.3300842 dblp:conf/chi/MardanbegiLG19 fatcat:cwvsim4sjrfwxc6etst4uyuuma

What's in the Eyes for Context-Awareness?

Andreas Bulling, Daniel Roggen, Gerhard Tröster
2011 IEEE pervasive computing  
With onboard data storage and a low-power design, the tracker can work for more than seven hours, recording mobile data and analyzing eye movement online.  ...  Wearable electrooculography (EOG)-based eye tracker integrated into ordinary safety goggles.  ...  Blinks The frontal part of the cornea is coated with a thin liquid film, Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOr) is a very fast eye movement triggered to stabilize gaze on a stationary  ... 
doi:10.1109/mprv.2010.49 fatcat:bsnfgtlhgfgobe5wcuypmxb7b4

How do people explore virtual environments? [article]

Vincent Sitzmann, Ana Serrano, Amy Pavel, Maneesh Agrawala, Diego Gutierrez, Belen Masia, Gordon Wetzstein
2017 arXiv   pre-print
We provide a thorough analysis of our data, which leads to several important insights, such as the existence of a particular fixation bias, which we then use to adapt existing saliency predictors to immersive  ...  by the complex interaction of head orientation, gaze, and other kinematic constraints.  ...  -EXP), and the NSF/Intel Partnership on Visual and Experiential Computing (NSF IIS 1539120).  ... 
arXiv:1612.04335v2 fatcat:josfmatykrcafgh7w53njm4kla

Predictive Gaze Control

C. Brown
1989 Procedings of the Alvey Vision Conference 1989  
Smith prediction is the basic paradigm, using kinematic simulation of the agent and optimal filtering to predict world state.  ...  Animate vision systems, biological or robotic, employ gaze control systems to acquire, fixate, and stabilize images.  ...  Vergence: a PID eye control to reduce disparity between left and right images. Vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR): a proportional-gain eye control to oppose head motion with contrary eye rotation,.  ... 
doi:10.5244/c.3.18 dblp:conf/bmvc/Brown89 fatcat:vnezo53panbphdm7o3k7kv7ur4

Eye Movement Profile: Quantification of Cognitive Workload

Majumdar D
2020 Ergonomics International Journal  
However, the lack of evidence was observed against the Fixation Profile strongly connected with cognition, which might be a relevant future scope in eye movement research.  ...  The objective of the current review article was to formulate a model covering every possible aspect of eye movement research concerning human cognition specified with frequently considered eye movement  ...  Wu SL, De Liao L, Lu SW, Jiang WL, Chen SA, et al. (2013) Controlling a human-computer interface system with a novel classification method that uses electrooculography signals.  ... 
doi:10.23880/eoij-16000250 fatcat:qmtluj7sona3vlqnpf2xrjsd5q

Microsaccades in applied environments: Real-world applications of fixational eye movement measurements

Robert G Alexander, Stephen L Macknik, Susana Martinez-Conde
2020 Journal of Eye Movement Research  
Here we present the state of the art in the practical applications of fixational eye movement research, examine its potential future uses, and discuss the benefits of including microsaccade measures in  ...  Across a wide variety of research environments, the recording of microsaccades and other fixational eye movements has provided insight and solutions into practical problems.  ...  Katherine Alexander for feedback during the preparation of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.16910/jemr.12.6.15 pmid:33828760 pmcid:PMC7962687 fatcat:l6t7nhwxkffnvcqgh6x7jrtjim

Eyeball Motion Controlled Wheelchair Using Ir Sensors

Monika Jain, Shikhar Puri, Shivali Unishree
2015 Zenodo  
In this eye tracking based technology, three Proximity Infrared (IR) sensor modules are mounted on an eye frame to trace the movement of the iris.  ...  This paper presents the 'Eye Ball Motion Controlled Wheelchair using IR Sensors' for the elderly and differently abled people.  ...  Other types of eye movements that are a frequent occurrence are the smooth-pursuit (for tracking slow-moving visual targets), the vestibulo-ocular reflex (for compensating head movements) and the vergence  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1107562 fatcat:te5ynazpunbnlkrhmxyeopqupi

The past, present, and future of gaze-enabled handheld mobile devices

Mohamed Khamis, Florian Alt, Andreas Bulling
2018 Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services - MobileHCI '18  
While first-generation mobile gaze interfaces required specialpurpose hardware, recent advances in computational gaze estimation and the availability of sensor-rich and powerful devices is finally fulfilling  ...  the promise of pervasive eye tracking and eye-based interaction on off-the-shelf mobile devices.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work was funded, in part, by the Cluster of Excellence on Multimodal Computing and Interaction (MMCI) at Saarland University, Germany, and by the Bavarian State Ministry of Education  ... 
doi:10.1145/3229434.3229452 dblp:conf/mhci/KhamisAB18 fatcat:wzebnfzaabfgbnwe7cmdumlnwu

Eye movement prediction by oculomotor plant Kalman filter with brainstem control

Oleg V. Komogortsev, Javed I. Khan
2009 Journal of Control Theory and Applications  
Our work addresses one of the core issues related to Human Computer Interaction (HCI) systems that use eye gaze as an input.  ...  In addition to the HCI systems with the direct eye gaze input, the proposed eye model can be immediately applied for a bit-rate/computational reduction in real-time gaze-contingent systems.  ...  The challenge of the accurate eye movement prediction lies in the fact that the Human Visual System (HVS) exhibits a variety of eye movement fixation, saccades, smooth pursuit, optokinetic reflex, vestibulo-ocular  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11768-009-7218-z fatcat:tur72zbtrzbirnvddn6ge65bne

Gaze tracking dataset for comparison of smooth and saccadic eye tracking

Adam Pantanowitz, Kimoon Kim, Chelsey Chewins, David M Rubin
2021 Data in Brief  
The data are available for comparison of eye tracking with saccadic movements (with the head fixed in space) versus those from smooth movements (with the head moving in space).  ...  The analysis comprises two experiments for both types of eye tracking, which are performed with ten trials each for two participants.  ...  Acknowledgments None for now Supplementary Materials Supplementary material associated with this article can be found in the online version at doi: 10.1016/j.dib.2021.106730 .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dib.2021.106730 pmid:33511259 pmcid:PMC7817423 fatcat:esm4lmkfsnedzhljuu3rucyqqi

ARETT: Augmented Reality Eye Tracking Toolkit for Head Mounted Displays

Sebastian Kapp, Michael Barz, Sergey Mukhametov, Daniel Sonntag, Jochen Kuhn
2021 Sensors  
In this work, we present an open-source eye tracking toolkit for reliable gaze data acquisition in AR based on Unity 3D and the Microsoft HoloLens 2, as well as an R package for seamless data analysis.  ...  In addition, visual attention in VR and AR is interesting for applied research based on eye tracking in cognitive or educational sciences for example.  ...  The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21062234 pmid:33806863 fatcat:yq7jp6eppvbahbkd3xlvnrjs6m

End-to-End Eye Movement Detection Using Convolutional Neural Networks [article]

Sabrina Hoppe, Andreas Bulling
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Common computational methods for automated eye movement detection - i.e. the task of detecting different types of eye movement in a continuous stream of gaze data - are limited in that they either involve  ...  We propose a novel approach for eye movement detection that only involves learning a single detector end-to-end, i.e. directly from the continuous gaze data stream and simultaneously for different eye  ...  Acknowledgements This work was funded, in part, by the Cluster of Excellence on Multimodal Computing and Interaction (MMCI) at Saarland University as well as a PhD scholarship by the German National Academic  ... 
arXiv:1609.02452v1 fatcat:tecalx45dzctvmyks3g5ib7m7y

Eye Movement Compensation and Spatial Updating in Visual Prosthetics: Mechanisms, Limitations and Future Directions

Nadia Paraskevoudi, John S. Pezaris
2019 Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience  
While the former commonly accounts for gaze shifts, the latter requires the use of eye-tracking or similar technology in order to deliver percepts based on gaze position.  ...  We discuss the limitations of the current devices and highlight the need to use eye-tracking methodology in order to introduce gaze-contingent information to visual prosthetics.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Fulbright Foundation in Greece, the William M.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnsys.2018.00073 pmid:30774585 pmcid:PMC6368147 fatcat:juo4uq3lrjfarm46qqoblhl2ta
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