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Advancing School Professionals' Dyslexia Knowledge Through Neuroscience: Bridging the Science-Education Gap Through Developmental Psychology

Alida Anderson
2021 Frontiers in Education  
The review outlines the legislative and research support for this proposal as well as the candidate knowledge focused on the neuroscience of dyslexia to address gaps in professional knowledge and practice  ...  The article outlines what has been done to address the science-education gap owing to misunderstandings about dyslexia, proposing a solution to advance school professionals' knowledge of dyslexia through  ...  While the neuroscience of reading has been identified as candidate knowledge for filling the conceptual gap in teachereducation related to dyslexia (e.g., Kearns et al., 2019; Seidenberg, 2013) , little  ... 
doi:10.3389/feduc.2020.615791 fatcat:xbqhdakcwfbipayhhk5r6enxzu

Developing Deep Understanding and Literacy while Addressing a Gender-Based Literacy Gap

Yanqing Sun, Jianwei Zhang, Marlene Scardamalia
2010 Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology  
The gender differences that were observed show boys doing slightly better than girls, suggesting that Knowledge Building has the potential to help boys overcome weaknesses in literacy.  ...  The students worked over a two-year period (Grades 3-4), during which they contributed notes to an online Knowledge Building environment—Knowledge Forum®.  ...  We owe special thanks to the students, teachers, and principal of the Institute of Child Study of the University of Developing Deep Understanding and Literacy while Addressing a Gender--Based Literacy  ... 
doi:10.21432/t20p4d fatcat:5v5osvhm4rhrhka457fpjkihuu

Applying the mental models framework to carbon monoxide risk in northern Mexico

Heather C. Galada, Patrick L. Gurian, Veronica Corella-Barud, Frank G. Pérez, Gilberto Velázquez-Angulo, Susana Flores, Teresa Montoya
2009 Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública  
A communication protocol was designed to address this and other knowledge gaps, and it produced significant improvements in subjects' knowledge in a pretest/posttest evaluation. Conclusions.  ...  The mental models risk communication approach was used to identify important gaps in public understanding.  ...  gaps that might hinder adoption of this behavioral change, and (3) to develop and test a risk communication protocol for addressing these knowledge gaps.  ... 
doi:10.1590/s1020-49892009000300008 pmid:19454152 fatcat:hgw56ssnd5gfnmz3spzuxiixiy

A Taxonomy of Knowledge Gaps for Wikimedia Projects (Second Draft) [article]

Miriam Redi, Martin Gerlach, Isaac Johnson, Jonathan Morgan, Leila Zia
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We elaborated the findings and compiled the taxonomy of knowledge gaps in this paper, where we describe, group and classify knowledge gaps into a structured framework.  ...  After its first release in July 2020, the Research team has developed the second complete draft of a taxonomy of knowledge gaps for the Wikimedia projects, as the first step towards building the knowledge  ...  or an in-depth read.  ... 
arXiv:2008.12314v2 fatcat:wjop4jb3xbehbp6d2ervmksvly

Reading at risk: Why effective literacy practice is not effective

Sheilpa Patel
2010 Waikato Journal of Education  
The gap between high and low achievers in reading is wide in New Zealand compared to other countries as shown in PIRLS (Progress in International Reading Literacy Study) 2001 and 2006 studies.  ...  With a heavy leaning towards incidental learning, Effective Literacy Practice fails to provide teachers with the necessary knowledge to effectively teach the critical components of reading.  ...  While the document is not a teaching manual, some of the gaps in Effective Literacy Practice are addressed in this document with a greater focus on a need for decoding in the early years as well as a recognition  ... 
doi:10.15663/wje.v15i3.81 fatcat:oz4blz77a5harlg642xbq4v4oy

Addressing Knowledge Gaps for Global Climate Justice

Zaheer Allam, David S. Jones, Phillip Roös
2022 Geographies  
knowledge and resource extraction.  ...  While this is much needed, we argue that the science rhetoric driving this initiative continues to be advantageous to the global north due to their capacity to control consumption gaps and to access human  ...  While this sounds logical, academics often stumble on 'pay-walls', where access to data and knowledge is expensive, and post-pandemic academia and knowledge in particular has been financially emasculated  ... 
doi:10.3390/geographies2020014 fatcat:pyp43e6qjrg6vmzqr4y5wdfqda

Baseline Executive Report on Present Skills Gaps in Shipbuilding and Offshore Renewables Value Chains

Eleftherios Sdoukopoulos, Giorgos Tsafonias, Vasiliki-Maria Perra, Maria Boile
2021 Zenodo  
The objective of the MATES Baseline Report on Present Skill Gaps is to deliver a critical review and analysis of the skills supply and demand mismatch in Europe for the two sectors addressed i.e. shipbuilding  ...  practices for effectively addressing these skills gaps through the MATES Pilot Experiences.  ...  The latter enabled the evaluation in step 6 of the skills supply and demand mismatch and put forward the main gaps and shortages that exist today, thus proposing a set of actions to be taken for addressing  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6341932 fatcat:hbxmykwuhzcn5bjdmyvnff6pka

Knowledge Gaps – Wikimedia Research 2030

Leila Zia, Isaac Johnson, Bahodir Mansurov, Jonathan Morgan, Miriam Redi, Diego Saez-Trumper, Dario Taraborelli
2019 Figshare  
Equity and Knowledge as a Service.These white papers define a set of recommended directions in three key areas—knowledge gaps, knowledge integrity, and foundations—where the Wikimedia Foundation, in partnership  ...  with affiliates and academic collaborators, can help the Movement address and anticipate challenges and take advantage of emerging technological opportunities.  ...  While this narrow definition has been an effective framing for identifying and addressing specific types of content coverage gaps, it falls short on a few important levels.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.7698245.v1 fatcat:kolwotqjczesbibeobgn5yi354

Recommendations for approaching the introduction section of manuscripts and grant applications

Arnaldo J Perez, Sharon M Compton, Jacqueline L Green, Maryam Amin
2020 Canadian journal of dental hygiene  
Specifically, they should demonstrate why the study matters in the introduction section of their text.  ...  Research on dental and dental hygiene education is key to improving learning, teaching, and oral health care in academic dental institutions.  ...  For example, addressing an empirical knowledge gap may imply producing new knowledge or producing sufficient knowledge on the same issue to understand factors that may remain important across samples and  ... 
pmid:33240363 pmcid:PMC7533803 fatcat:g6i5rvhd3bfyvg6zpuoz5mrzjy

Spanning the Gap: The Confluence of Agricultural Literacy and Being Agriculturally Literate

Chris Clemons, James Linder, Bruce Murray, Mike Cook, Brandon Sams, Gwendolyn Williams
2018 Journal of Agricultural Education  
The findings indicated that participants did not discern a difference between agricultural literacy and being agriculturally literate in regards to reading, writing, and speaking about agriculture.  ...  Each panel member was recognized as a leader in his or her field.  ...  Literacy focuses on knowledge and understanding while being literate is These definitions primarily rely on the attainment and possession of knowledge (literacy) yet do not address an individual's ability  ... 
doi:10.5032/jae.2018.04238 fatcat:qzh4ou7czbfl3iqbnhbyrt5z3q

Key-Value Memory Networks for Directly Reading Documents [article]

Alexander Miller, Adam Fisch, Jesse Dodge, Amir-Hossein Karimi, Antoine Bordes, Jason Weston
2016 arXiv   pre-print
In this work we introduce a new method, Key-Value Memory Networks, that makes reading documents more viable by utilizing different encodings in the addressing and output stages of the memory read operation  ...  Our method reduces the gap between all three settings. It also achieves state-of-the-art results on the existing WikiQA benchmark.  ...  Key-Value Memory Networks are versatile models for reading documents or KBs and answering questions about them-allowing to encode prior knowledge about the task at hand in the key and value memories.  ... 
arXiv:1606.03126v2 fatcat:emqrydo5gzdt3hqvmqi3unfhtq

Science Achievement Gaps Begin Very Early, Persist, and Are Largely Explained by Modifiable Factors

Paul L. Morgan, George Farkas, Marianne M. Hillemeier, Steve Maczuga
2016 Educational Researcher  
These preexisting general knowledge gaps in turn strongly predict general knowledge gaps in first grade, which in turn strongly predict science achievement gaps in third grade.  ...  This suggests that policies and practices designed to address the nation's large and long-standing science achievement gaps may also need to be multifaceted and address lagging reading and mathematics  ... 
doi:10.3102/0013189x16633182 fatcat:yrtzxge6bzh53dyefivp2umhdi

Key-Value Memory Networks for Directly Reading Documents

Alexander Miller, Adam Fisch, Jesse Dodge, Amir-Hossein Karimi, Antoine Bordes, Jason Weston
2016 Proceedings of the 2016 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing  
In this work we introduce a new method, Key-Value Memory Networks, that makes reading documents more viable by utilizing different encodings in the addressing and output stages of the memory read operation  ...  Our method reduces the gap between all three settings. It also achieves state-of-the-art results on the existing WIKIQA benchmark.  ...  The lookup (addressing) stage is based on the key memory while the reading stage (giving the returned result) uses the value memory.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/d16-1147 dblp:conf/emnlp/MillerFDKBW16 fatcat:drowuad6jzcovaemh6is3mkfiq

Comprehensive Views of Math Learners: A Case for Modeling and Supporting Non-math Factors in Adaptive Math Software [chapter]

J. Elizabeth Richey, Nikki G. Lobczowski, Paulo F. Carvalho, Kenneth Koedinger
2020 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
While research has shown the power of human mentors to support student learning and reduce opportunity gaps, mentoring support could be optimized by using educational technology to identify the specific  ...  In this paper, we present an analysis of one non-math factor-reading comprehension-that has been shown to influence math learning.  ...  Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-52237-7_37 fatcat:7nb5qum3rnhhpdno33sqg2p374

"All the kids we are most concerned about": Putting the At-Risk at Greater Risk by Teaching to the Common Core

Brian White, Lindsy Matteoni
2018 Language Arts Journal of Michigan  
The difference between gaps in achievement and gaps in opportunity is more than semantic.  ...  Thus, when they advocate the use of particular kinds of texts and teaching strategies in order to close the gaps, their goal is to raise students' standardized test scores, not to address the problem of  ...  The ways we work, both in our classrooms and in professional communities with our colleagues, are always better when we work with each other to create knowledge and share it with others.  ... 
doi:10.9707/2168-149x.2181 fatcat:evxk66janrg27pbailtryemc6i
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