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Address translation mechanisms in network interfaces

I. Schoinas, M.D. Hill
Proceedings 1998 Fourth International Symposium on High-Performance Computer Architecture  
Good network hardware performance is often squandered by overheads for accessing the network interface (NI) within a host.  ...  For minimal messaging, NIs must support address translation and must do so more richly than has been done in the past.  ...  Steve Scott clarified Cray T3E's address translation mechanisms.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hpca.1998.650561 dblp:conf/hpca/SchoinasH98 fatcat:5skqlqifpnd7rhzcq23r7omzgq

UTLB

Yuqun Chen, Angelos Bilas, Stefanos N. Damianakis, Cezary Dubnicki, Kai Li
1998 Proceedings of the eighth international conference on Architectural support for programming languages and operating systems - ASPLOS-VIII  
Address translation is necessary because the application process uses virtual memory whereas the network interface accesses physical memory.  ...  Such a direct data path requires the network interface to "know" the virtual-to-physical address translation of a user buffer, i.e., the physical memory location of the buffer.  ...  Acknowledgements This project is sponsored in part by DARPA under grant N00014-95-1-1144, by NSF under grant MIP 9420653 and CDA96-24099, and by Intel Corporation.  ... 
doi:10.1145/291069.291046 dblp:conf/asplos/ChenBDDL98 fatcat:gegm366vozhhdeq3nqvnusqfda

UTLB

Yuqun Chen, Angelos Bilas, Stefanos N. Damianakis, Cezary Dubnicki, Kai Li
1998 ACM SIGOPS Operating Systems Review  
Address translation is necessary because the application process uses virtual memory whereas the network interface accesses physical memory.  ...  Such a direct data path requires the network interface to "know" the virtual-to-physical address translation of a user buffer, i.e., the physical memory location of the buffer.  ...  Acknowledgements This project is sponsored in part by DARPA under grant N00014-95-1-1144, by NSF under grant MIP 9420653 and CDA96-24099, and by Intel Corporation.  ... 
doi:10.1145/384265.291046 fatcat:nlivq2istra3rmq3onctwli33u

UTLB

Yuqun Chen, Angelos Bilas, Stefanos N. Damianakis, Cezary Dubnicki, Kai Li
1998 SIGPLAN notices  
Address translation is necessary because the application process uses virtual memory whereas the network interface accesses physical memory.  ...  Such a direct data path requires the network interface to "know" the virtual-to-physical address translation of a user buffer, i.e., the physical memory location of the buffer.  ...  Acknowledgements This project is sponsored in part by DARPA under grant N00014-95-1-1144, by NSF under grant MIP 9420653 and CDA96-24099, and by Intel Corporation.  ... 
doi:10.1145/291006.291046 fatcat:yhok4stgobdkllbofwp6ma2fmq

ISP Independent Architecture (IIA) for IPv6 Packet Traversing and Inter-connectivity over Hybrid (IPv4/IPv6) Internet

Tariq Saraj, Muhammad Yousaf, Sajjad Akbar, Amir Qayyum, Mudassir Tufail
2014 Procedia Computer Science  
Tunneling and translation are the two popular transition mechanisms for hybrid (IPv4/IPv6) network. ISPs configure both mechanisms to provide interconnectivity in hybrid (IPv4/IPv6) environment.  ...  This research document provides an ISP independent architecture to provide interconnectivity in hybrid network by deploying tunneling and translation mechanism through a decision entity.  ...  LAN side IPv6 interface address.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2014.05.520 fatcat:hvobuu6lmnhppirnb7pdqzdlda

User-level network interface protocols

R.A.F. Bhoedjang, T. Ruhl, H.E. Bal
1998 Computer  
Direct memory access usually gives the best throughput in user-level communication, but to avoid unnecessary copying, sophisticated address translation mechanisms are needed, another important design issue  ...  network interface.  ...  This research is supported in part by a Pionier grant from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research.  ... 
doi:10.1109/2.730737 fatcat:5462f3ahlbbwxclhscvdxrnxgq

Seamlessly interconnecting legacy IEEE 1394 devices over WiMedia UWB network: the mirroring bridge

Jonghun Yoo, Jiyong Park, Seongsoo Hong
2008 IEEE transactions on consumer electronics  
Even though a WiMedia UWB interface card is used to exchange packets between bridge devices in this particular design, it can be replaced with any other network interface card since our bridge mechanism  ...  It performs protocol conversion and address translation between a 1394 network segment and the wireless network.  ...  The bridge device in i s translates source address s l into physical address s p by appending its bus ID i b using its translation function i f as below.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tce.2008.4560100 fatcat:oks75yu4ibcshekqgo5gsf4d2e

The deployment of IPv6 in an IPv4 world and transition strategies

C. Bouras, A. Karaliotas, P. Ganos
2003 Internet Research  
The lack of hierarchy levels in IP addresses results in the existence of too many hard-to-manage routing entries to the routers.  ...  Describes the way some of these mechanisms were applied to the Greek Research & Technology Network (GRNET).  ...  The destination address of the IPv4 packets has been indicated in the creation of the tunneling interface on the router, while the source address is the IPv4 address of the interface.  ... 
doi:10.1108/10662240310469033 fatcat:2axk7wphxzdalhipcnfakgslke

An Applicability of Transition Mechanisms for IPv6/IPv4 within the Scope of GPRS with an Internet Communication [chapter]

Preetida Vinayakray-Jani, Reijo Juvonen
2000 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
As a result many interworking techniques in terms transition mechanisms are proposed by researchers.  ...  Therefore paper mainly focuses on the applicability of transition mechanism where these factors are main concern from GPRS user point of view.  ...  The core network of GPRS is attached to GSM radio network via an open interface.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-40019-2_7 fatcat:v3kmbzwtobhkpm2jp7bdxrkm44

Memory management for user-level network interfaces

M. Welsh, A. Basu, Xun Wilson Huang, T. von Eicken
1998 IEEE Micro  
This mechanism allows network buffer pages to be pinned and unpinned dynamically.  ...  Recent research in high-speed network interfaces for commodity networks has focused on removing the operating system from the critical path for sending and receiving messages.  ...  The network interface picks up the descriptor, translates the destination tag into a network header and the virtual buffer addressing to physical DMA addresses.  ... 
doi:10.1109/40.671405 fatcat:fytdjskmkvhwporm2esv7onl5q

Performance Evaluation of IPv4/IPv6 Transition Mechanisms

Adira Quintero, Francisco Sans, Eric Gamess
2016 International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security  
A performance evaluation of these mechanisms can help network administrators and researchers in their selection of the best transition technology for their environment.  ...  The exhaustion of IPv4 addresses has forced the deployment of the new version of the Internet Protocol (IPv6).  ...  Computer Network and Information Security, 2016, 2, 1-14 (called nat64). The IPv4 and IPv6 addresses of the translation interface are indicated in line 03 and line 04, respectively.  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijcnis.2016.02.01 fatcat:ventbmtbajcsxiazdsjuccoh6m

Scenarios in migration of networks from ipv4 to ipv6

2016 International Journal of Latest Trends in Engineering and Technology  
But NAT (Network Address Translation)also have many limitations.NAT (Network Address Translation)do not support network layer security standards and it do not support the mapping of all upper layer protocols  ...  V4,hence we need tunnelling mechanism to overcome the situation.  In case 9 ,the ISP has shifted totally to v6 .In such case it can service the v4 hosts using address translation mechanism.  In case  ... 
doi:10.21172/1.81.013 fatcat:s45swoir2bhehjzsqnynjevtl4

Global mobile IPv6 addressing using transition mechanisms

Edgard Jamhour, Simone Storoz, Carlos Maziero
2003 Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society  
This paper describes an approach for implementing wireless networks with global Internet connectivity using private IPv4 addresses and transition mechanisms published by IETF.  ...  The adoption of the IPv4 protocol in wireless technologies has considerably increased the number of hosts that can potentially access the global Internet.  ...  Both, NAT-PT (Network Address Translation -Protocol Translation) and NAPT-PT (Network Address and Port Translation -Protocol Translation) are examples of transparent gateway mechanisms [26] .  ... 
doi:10.1590/s0104-65002003000100004 fatcat:pl7nxt7dg5a5zib2rgapvhbb6a

Modeling Firewalls for Behavior Analysis

Patrick G. Clark, Arvin Agah
2015 Procedia Computer Science  
This includes understanding interfaces, routes, rules, translation, and policies; modeling them in a common manner such that different models may be compared to each other for functional similarity.  ...  This work makes use of recent efforts to model firewall policies in a concise efficient data structure referred to as a Firewall Policy Diagram (FPD).  ...  Network Address Translation Network address translation (NAT) is a feature often offered by firewall and router vendors to solve a number of routing and addressing challenges in packet switched networks  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2015.08.429 fatcat:7jljq43xzbcmhnjvn37ituym4y

Myrinet communication

C. Dubnicki, A. Bilas, Yuqun Chen, S.N. Damianakis, Kai Li
1998 IEEE Micro  
Since any virtual address can receive data, this requires that its associated memory be pinned and the virtual-to-physical address translation be available to the network interface.  ...  Every send and redirect request uses this data structure to give the network interface, in a safe way, the location of the user-buffer's physical addresses in the UTLB.  ... 
doi:10.1109/40.653034 fatcat:lin4ufmf6vfdhnpvaww4uuqvum
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