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Adaptive Normative Modelling: A Case Study in the Public-Transport Domain [chapter]

Rob Christiaanse, Paul Griffioen, Joris Hulstijn
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
How can models be adapted? In other words: we need adaptive normative modeling.  ...  Case Study: Public Transport Services In 2010 a transport provider has agreed to provide so called taxi-bus transport services for secondary school pupils, who need to attend special schools, which are  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-25013-7_34 fatcat:qkw7flu2ivfcjljzif5yrxxu5q

Normative aspects of climate adaptation policies

Peter P.J. Driessen, Helena F.M.W. van Rijswick
2011 Climate Law  
In this paper we will address three important questions on the normative level: (a) What kind of legal and policy principles should public and private actors take to heart when formulating and implementing  ...  Adaptation to climate change is a complex process of societal change and should be studied as such. Attention to issues of climate adaptation has increased considerably over the past few years.  ...  For decades in the Netherlands the government was the decisive player in some policy areas, for example, in the fields of supplying energy, waste removal, public transport, and the distribution of mail  ... 
doi:10.1163/cl-2011-051 fatcat:t4rzvagmivbgdgqoqq42hajnsa

Cross-cultural normative assessment: Translation and adaptation issues influencing the normative interpretation of assessment instruments

Kurt F. Geisinger
1994 Psychological Assessment  
This article describes some of the issues affecting measures that are translated and/or adapted from an original language and culture to a new one.  ...  An argument that such adaptations may be necessary when assessing members of subpopulations in U.S. culture is proposed.  ...  their accumulated (validation) information on how former applicants have done in graduate study and both their local norms (whether actually computed or not) and the examination's national test norms.  ... 
doi:10.1037/1040-3590.6.4.304 fatcat:iqpivh6qhjhyrcm763zpoifrza

Prosocial Norm Emergence in Multiagent Systems

Mehdi Mashyekhi, Nirav Ajmeri, George F. List, Munindar P. Singh
2022 ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems  
We consider a setting where not only the member agents are adaptive but also the multiagent system viewed as an entity in its own right is adaptive.  ...  Multiagent systems provide a basis for developing systems of autonomous entities and thus find application in a variety of domains.  ...  NA acknowledges support by the Department of Defense through the Science of Security Lablet at North Carolina State University. MPS acknowledges partial support from the NSF under grant IIS-2116751.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3540202 fatcat:hcesditw65f4poiamif66tdvam

In absence of local adaptation, plasticity and spatially varying selection rule: a view from genomic reaction norms in a panmictic species (Anguilla rostrata)

Caroline L Côté, Martin Castonguay, McWilliam Kalujnaia, Gordon Cramb, Louis Bernatchez
2014 BMC Genomics  
As such, the development of long term local adaptation is impossible.  ...  Most genes and functional categories showing differences between origins were previously shown to be differentially expressed in a study comparing transcription profiles between adult European eels acclimated  ...  This is a contribution to the research program of Québec-Océan.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1471-2164-15-403 pmid:24884429 pmcid:PMC4229938 fatcat:gtdkpx6cwnartpvp3tjcnxe4ty

Validation of the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory-4 (MPAI-4) and reference norms in a French-Canadian population with traumatic brain injury receiving rehabilitation [article]

Marie-Claude Guerrette, Michelle McKerral
2020 medRxiv   pre-print
The provided reference norms will also help guide the clinical use of the MPAI-4 in French-Canadian TBI populations.  ...  Objective: To validate the factor structure and establish internal consistency reliability of the French-Canadian version of the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory (MPAI-4), using a Canadian sample of  ...  Do competing models fit the data better or worse than your model (e.g., does your four-factor model of acculturation fit the data better than a twofactor model or a one-factor model)?  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.10.26.20219956 fatcat:l5xck63vazfetepiexelj2jzoq

The Trade Regime as a Complex Adaptive System: Exploration and Exploitation of Environmental Norms in Trade Agreements

Jean Frédéric Morin, Joost Pauwelyn, James Hollway
2017 Journal of international economic law  
We argue that the trade regime seems to evolve as a complex adaptive system, at the edge of order and chaos.  ...  Drawing from a dataset of 280 different types of environmental provisions found in 680 trade agreements, we show how both the trade regime and the norms contained therein unfold by remaining stable (but  ...  environmental measures can be combined with a norm on the regular assessment of the trade agreement's environmental impact to give rise to a norm providing for a broad public participation to the impact  ... 
doi:10.1093/jiel/jgx013 fatcat:zs7fpdmjxnbb3mqm2dyfvleeaa

Improved modelling of lifestyle changes in Integrated Assessment Models: Cross-disciplinary insights from methodologies and theories

Nicole J. van den Berg, Andries F. Hof, Lewis Akenji, Oreane Y. Edelenbosch, Mariësse A.E. van Sluisveld, Vanessa J. Timmer, Detlef P. van Vuuren
2019 Energy Strategy Reviews  
Based on the results of this literature analysis, we recommend defining lifestyle changes more harmoniously, exploring an expanded range of approaches, domains and transformative solutions, adopting a  ...  This paper discusses current efforts to represent lifestyle change in models, and analyses potential insights from relevant scientific disciplines to improve the representation of lifestyle changes in  ...  -project COBHAM "The role of consumer behaviour and heterogeneity in the integrated assessment of energy and climate policies".  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.esr.2019.100420 fatcat:wjbl4rmgqvcizghdewr67doeky

Human Decisions in User Modeling: Motivation, Procedure and Example Application

Andrej Kosir, Ante Odic, Marko Tkalcic, Matija Svetina
2014 User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization  
Behavior is domain specific; in this study we selected the behavior as the selection of a movie with a given genre.  ...  studies [9] , public-transport habits [6] , health-related behavior [4] , consumer attitudes and behavior [3] , employers' hiring intentions [12] , job satisfAction [13] , adoption of wireless-sensornetwork  ... 
dblp:conf/um/KosirOTS14 fatcat:3jfgw7fqzfgylgvclbnlqt3zvi

How habits interfere with norm-directed behaviour: A normative decision-making model for travel mode choice

Christian A. Klöckner, Ellen Matthies
2004 Journal of Environmental Psychology  
A field study was conducted in Bochum, Germany, involving 160 participants.  ...  This paper deals with the question how habits can be integrated into a model of normative decision-making based on the work of Schwartz and Howard (1981) .  ...  Our previous study actually showed that the correlation between personal norm and using public transport is reduced to nonsignificance in the presence of a strong habit to use a car.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jenvp.2004.08.004 fatcat:g4dbr2oxkzfihly5e74uch7h5y

Modeling social norms in real-world agent-based simulations

Rahmatollah Beheshti
2015 AI Matters  
This method is used to prepare a smoking case study for applying normative models. 2) This hybrid technique is described using category theory, which is a mathematical theory focusing on relations rather  ...  Studies on norms are much older than the age of computer science, since normative studies have been a classic topic in sociology, psychology, philosophy and law.  ...  In a case study, we demonstrate that our method can be used to accurately model and forecasting transportation patterns in a large urban area.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2813536.2813540 fatcat:qe2pds7ggzgbjfl7crfkcs2pki

Alternative scenarios of green consumption in Italy: An empirically grounded model

Giangiacomo Bravo, Elena Vallino, Alessandro K. Cerutti, Maria Beatrice Pairotti
2013 Environmental Modelling & Software  
We present here the Consumption Italy (CITA) model, an empirically grounded agent-based model designed to represent household consumption in Italy and to estimate the related greenhouse gas emissions under  ...  We explored the effect of a price increase for high impact goods and services (e.g., because of the introduction carbon taxes) and of a change of agents' environmental concern (e.g., because of information  ...  The maximum emission decline was 5% in the food domain, 4% in the transport domain and 2% in the energy domain. In all cases this occurred for δ 2 = 1.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2013.05.015 fatcat:drmryc7swjdizcazok7jjc6xpy

A multi-level model on automated vehicle acceptance (MAVA): a review-based study

Sina Nordhoff, Miltos Kyriakidis, Bart van Arem, Riender Happee
2019 Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science  
On the basis of a systematic literature review of 124 empirical studies, the present study proposes MAVA, a multi-level model to predict AVA.  ...  The meso-level captures the exposure of individuals to AVs, instrumental domain-specific, symbolic-affective and moral-normative factors of AVA.  ...  We also assume interrelations between the factors forming the domain-specific, symbolic-affective, and moral-normative part of the model.  ... 
doi:10.1080/1463922x.2019.1621406 fatcat:q42nnruamnc3lobsw2qzu2baee

Travel Behavior Modeling: Taxonomy, Challenges, and Opportunities

Aman Sharma, Abdullah Gani, David Asirvatham, Riyath Ahmed, Muzaffar Hamzah, Mohammad Fadhli Asli
2021 International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications  
Personal daily movement patterns have a longitudinal impact on the individual's decision-making in traveling.  ...  In this survey, we reviewed and analyzed recently published works on TBM from high-quality publication sources.  ...  Consequently, public adaptation towards mainstream ride-sourcing norm also triggers changes in transportation aspect like carpooling, biking, ride-hailing (Lyft, Uber), and micro-transit (Bridj, Chariot  ... 
doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2021.0120590 fatcat:odklgqmwwrcotct3j64cgz5chu

A review of socio-technical energy transition (STET) models

Francis G.N. Li, Evelina Trutnevyte, Neil Strachan
2015 Technological forecasting & social change  
A review of existing STET models and their applications to the energy supply, buildings and transport sectors is provided.  ...  Many existing technical feasibility and modelling studies in the energy field are criticised for their limited treatment of societal actors and socio-political dynamics, poor representation of the co-evolving  ...  The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers and the editor for their constructive comments and feedback which helped to improve this publication.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2015.07.017 fatcat:vk22bvfaefhebh5hltxlaqycai
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