239 Hits in 5.3 sec

Adaptive Adolescent Flexibility: Neurodevelopment of Decision-making and Learning in a Risky Context

Ethan M. McCormick, Eva H. Telzer
2017 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
However, there is a growing interest in the adaptive function of adolescence, with work highlighting the dual nature of adolescence as a period of potential risk and opportunity.  ...  Age-related changes in regional activity and interregional connectivity explain the link between age and increases in flexible learning.  ...  This research was supported by a grant from the National Institutes of Health (R01DA039923) and generous funds from the Department of Psychology at the University of Illinois.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_01061 pmid:28129057 pmcid:PMC5362273 fatcat:mstsevtfezhxlnlyhwoiob32ui

The development of the ventral prefrontal cortex and social flexibility

Eric E. Nelson, Amanda E. Guyer
2011 Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience  
We have found a similar pattern in a risk-taking task in which stronger activation in vlPFC was observed in adults than in children or adolescents when making risky decisions (Eshel et al., 2007) .  ...  Finally, we end with a discussion of the role of VPFC engagement in adolescent mood and anxiety disorders, particularly in response to social context.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2011.01.002 pmid:21804907 pmcid:PMC3143481 fatcat:qav256akujelrakn23upzjnw3y

The neuroscience of adolescent decision-making

Catherine A Hartley, Leah H Somerville
2015 Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences  
Adolescence is a phase of lifespan associated with greater independence, and thus greater demands to make self-guided decisions in the face of risks, uncertainty, and varying proximal and distal outcomes  ...  A new wave of developmental research takes a neuroeconomic approach to specify what decision processes are changing during adolescence, along what trajectory they are changing, and what neurodevelopmental  ...  ; CAH) and a generous gift from the Mortimer D.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cobeha.2015.09.004 pmid:26665151 pmcid:PMC4671080 fatcat:eeusndiykrex7f4erejtnwiidi

But is helping you worth the risk? Defining Prosocial Risk Taking in adolescence

Kathy T. Do, João F. Guassi Moreira, Eva H. Telzer
2017 Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience  
We review literature on adolescent brain development as it pertains to risk taking and prosociality and propose a new area of study, Prosocial Risk Taking, which suggests that adolescents can make risky  ...  Given key socialization processes and ongoing neurodevelopmental changes during this time, adolescence may represent a sensitive period for the emergence of Prosocial Risk Taking, especially within a wide  ...  This work was supported by a grant from the National Institutes of Health (R01DA039923 to E.H. Telzer).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2016.11.008 pmid:28063823 pmcid:PMC5461219 fatcat:mhzdchdyufdijphrkecjznutnu

Risky business: emotion, decision-making, and addiction

Antoine Bechara
2003 Journal of Gambling Studies  
Thus, understanding the neural mechanisms of decision-making has direct implications for understanding disorders of addiction and pathological gambling, and the switch from a controlled to uncontrolled  ...  Studies of patients with bilateral lesions of the VM prefrontal cortex support the view that the process of decision-making depends in many important ways on neural substrates that regulate homeostasis  ...  The heightened fascination with novelty in adolescence may represent an evolutionarily adaptive motivating force that facilitates learning.  ... 
pmid:12635539 fatcat:gtcvisrlpzef3lsy4l7qqkif6u

Mothers know best: redirecting adolescent reward sensitivity toward safe behavior during risk taking

Eva H. Telzer, Nicholas T. Ichien, Yang Qu
2015 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
making safe decisions, decreased activation in the ventral striatum following risky decisions and greater functional coupling between the ventral striatum and VLPFC when making safe decisions.  ...  In this study, we test whether reward sensitivity can be redirected to promote safe behavior. Adolescents completed a risk-taking task in the presence of their mother and alone during fMRI.  ...  role, helping their children to regulate their behaviors and engage in more adaptive decision making.  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nsv026 pmid:25759470 pmcid:PMC4590537 fatcat:nxfd2qe3gng5rpxksjvqrpn4tu

Binge Drinking and Problem Gambling Association in Adolescents and Young Adults

Laura Angioletti, Michela Balconi
2022 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
gambling in adolescents.  ...  Nonetheless, such a topic is still a matter of debate.  ...  for adolescents using alcohol and/or other drugs in the Australian context and found a paucity of quality research on this topic.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2022.845505 pmid:35634206 pmcid:PMC9137036 fatcat:yc4utsa5hbh47leiig4zppib3q

Neurodevelopment in perinatally HIV-infected children: a concern for adolescence

Barbara Laughton, Morna Cornell, Michael Boivin, Annelies Van Rie
2013 Journal of the International AIDS Society  
Due to the complex nature of the developing adolescent brain, environmental influences and variation in access to ART, there is an urgent need for research on the longitudinal trajectory of neurodevelopment  ...  We reviewed the literature on neurodevelopmental outcomes in PHIV' children and adolescents, and summarized the current evidence on behaviour, general cognition, specific domains, hearing and language,  ...  The impulsive and risk-taking behaviour of adolescents is also thought to be a consequence of the interaction of social context and the development of judgment, decision-making and internal control [17  ... 
doi:10.7448/ias.16.1.18603 pmid:23782482 pmcid:PMC3687073 fatcat:oqy4eyquirhxpfv5kt2cu2prru

The neurobiology of the emotional adolescent: From the inside out

Amanda E. Guyer, Jennifer S. Silk, Eric E. Nelson
2016 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
Research on the neural substrates of adolescent affective behavior is beginning to paint a more nuanced picture of how neurodevelopmental changes in brain function influence affective behavior, and how  ...  change in ways that promote or thwart adaptive affective behavior during adolescence.  ...  Acknowledgments Financial support for the writing of the article was provided by the National Institutes of Health awards  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.07.037 pmid:27506384 pmcid:PMC5074886 fatcat:ia4emy5otrgq3cmvcz4qabjhue

Beyond stereotypes of adolescent risk taking: Placing the adolescent brain in developmental context

Daniel Romer, Valerie F. Reyna, Theodore D. Satterthwaite
2017 Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience  
We propose, therefore, that brain models that recognize the adaptive roles that cognition and experience play during adolescence provide a more complete and helpful picture of this period of development  ...  We propose, therefore, that brain models that recognize the adaptive roles that cognition and experience play during adolescence provide a more complete and helpful picture of this period of development  ...  A study of adolescent decision-making in the presence of reward reversal also supports the adaptive character of the adolescent brain.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2017.07.007 pmid:28777995 pmcid:PMC5626621 fatcat:oetl7u6zdjhqzaxz6uyp2nqnua

Frontal-subcortical circuitry in social attachment and relationships: A cross-sectional fMRI ALE meta-analysis

Shu-Hui Lee, Zachary M. Walker, James B. Hale, S.H. Annabel Chen
2017 Behavioural Brain Research  
Implications for forming stable, functional, social bonds are considered, followed by recommendations for those who struggle with cool and hot FSC functioning that can hinder the development of adaptive  ...  effective social relationships in children and adults.  ...  Not only are teens more highly influenced by peers than children or adults [84, 85, [87] [88] [89] , but it is also a time when social context plays an important role in a teen's social decision-making  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2017.02.032 pmid:28237296 fatcat:lyzf6yeowvc4dkzjx34aabe6u4

Adolescence: What Do Transmission, Transition, and Translation Have to Do with It?

B.J. Casey, Stéphanie Duhoux, Matthew Malter Cohen
2010 Neuron  
This review examines changes in explorative and emotive behaviors during the transition into and out of adolescence and the underlying neurobiological bases in the context of adaptive and maladaptive functions  ...  Negotiating the transition from dependence on parents to relative independence is not a unique demand for today's youth but has a long evolutionary history (transmission) and is shared across mammalian  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was supported in part by NIDA R01 DA018879, NIMH P50 MH62196, NSF HSD 0624305, and NSF SES 0720932 (to B.J.C.); by the Mortimer D.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2010.08.033 pmid:20826307 pmcid:PMC3014527 fatcat:lagtugpqcngllaqiymfoywl5qi

Adolescent brain development in normality and psychopathology

Monica Luciana
2013 Development and Psychopathology  
from childhood to adolescence and a decline thereafter.  ...  This elevation occurs in the context of immature prefrontal function, so motivational strivings may be difficult to regulate.  ...  Those contexts, although risky, have the greatest potential for leading to adaptive incentive learning.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0954579413000643 pmid:24342843 pmcid:PMC4076820 fatcat:igkz2fe5i5cbpcmp5i3tf3czqq

Adolescent neurobiological susceptibility to social context

Roberta A. Schriber, Amanda E. Guyer
2016 Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience  
Drawing on prevailing models of adolescent neurodevelopment and a growing number of neuroimaging studies on the interrelations among social contexts, the brain, and developmental outcomes, we review research  ...  Adolescence has been characterized as a period of heightened sensitivity to social contexts. However, adolescents vary in how their social contexts affect them.  ...  Another commonality is that these models were generated primarily to account for the "dark side" of adolescent development, such as normative increases in poor decision-making, risky behavior, and mental  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2015.12.009 pmid:26773514 pmcid:PMC4912893 fatcat:ckm42pwssfhi3a4d7ltlo63mdi

Promoting adolescent health: insights from developmental and communication neuroscience

2018 Behavioural Public Policy  
Adolescence is a period of remarkable psychosocial and neural development. Many life-long health habits are established during adolescence, making it a window of opportunity for health promotion.  ...  In this article, we review what is known and unknown about the development of the brain's value system and its connections with cognitive control and social cognition systems across adolescence.  ...  The views expressed in this manuscript are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the views or policies of the funding agencies.  ... 
doi:10.1017/bpp.2018.30 fatcat:4tmnhcfp5bbdjgc55duakdvc4y
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 239 results