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Towards a new paradigm for management of complex engineering projects: A system-of-systems framework

Jin Zhu, Ali Mostafavi
2014 2014 IEEE International Systems Conference Proceedings  
assessment of engineering projects • First of its kind to assess the performance measures at the project level based on the micro-behaviors and interdependencies of project entities at the base level  ...  shift in assessment of engineering projects based on the proper conceptualization of engineering projects is needed. 1 Problem Statement 3  Traditional project management paradigm  Conceptualization  ... 
doi:10.1109/syscon.2014.6819260 dblp:conf/syscon/ZhuM14 fatcat:b6plkxx2nzd5vbznwailgbpdxm

Who Needs The Teacher?

Alexander Vengerov
2011 International Journal of Management & Information Systems  
The purpose of the present paper is to establish, define, and develop a high-level architecture for Systems of Learning from the viewpoint of interdependencies between the processes of self-organization  ...  The role of the Teacher/Manager therefore changes to the collective learning and intelligence taking the central stage.  ...  Compared to the old instructional design paradigm the CL/CI architecture uses two components as sources of external interventions: Management Mechanisms (MM) with adaptive means allowing to instill some  ... 
doi:10.19030/ijmis.v16i1.6719 fatcat:iwu3poeravdjzkgp7xxmhwer74

Modeling the metrics of lean, agile and leagile supply chain: An ANP-based approach

Ashish Agarwal, Ravi Shankar, M.K. Tiwari
2006 European Journal of Operational Research  
The emphasis is on adaptability to changes in the business environment and on addressing market and customer needs proactively.  ...  Changes in the business environment due to varying needs of the customers lead to uncertainty in the decision parameters.  ...  Mutual interdependence of enablers Overall objective of the present work is to model performance of three paradigms for a supply chain, which enables it be more flexible in responding to market demand.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2004.12.005 fatcat:7zhhnn6qwbbc3mgxmyuikwupeq

Disaster Management in Smart Cities

Luís B. Elvas, Bruno Miguel Mataloto, Ana Lúcia Martins, João C. Ferreira
2021 Smart Cities  
the city prepare, adapt, absorb, respond, and recover from disasters by taking advantage of the interconnections between its various critical infrastructures to increase the overall resilience capacity  ...  The city of Lisbon (Portugal) is used as a case to show the practical application of the approach.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/smartcities4020042 fatcat:bisk5r6i7vfljlju63wacqxe7q

A Review of Critical Infrastructure Protection Approaches: Improving Security through Responsiveness to the Dynamic Modelling Landscape [article]

Uchenna D Ani and Jeremy D McK. Watson and Jason R.C. Nurse and Al Cook and Carsten Maple
2019 arXiv   pre-print
With several critical infrastructure protection approaches available, the question of how to effectively model the complex behaviour of interconnected CNI elements and to configure their protection as  ...  Approaches used for analysis include the modelling and simulation of critical infrastructure systems using attributes, functionalities, operations, and behaviours to support various security analysis viewpoints  ...  As IoT continue to find its way into CIs, concerns about how to learn their impact on host components and interdependencies are likely to influence the use of network-based modelling techniques.  ... 
arXiv:1904.01551v1 fatcat:eq37x67czzgf3cq56gwkhft5ga

PDCA 4.0: A New Conceptual Approach for Continuous Improvement in the Industry 4.0 Paradigm

Paulo Peças, João Encarnação, Manuel Gambôa, Manuel Sampayo, Diogo Jorge
2021 Applied Sciences  
By outlining the PDCA 4.0 approach, this paper contributes to increasing the knowledge available regarding the CI realm on how to support the CI shift towards a I4.0 industrial paradigm.  ...  Continuous improvement (CI) is a key component of lean manufacturing (LM), which is fundamental for organizations to remain competitive in an ever more challenging market.  ...  In this regard, the current fourth industrial revolution, Industry 4.0 (I4.0), is taking place in manufacturing companies, causing the shifting, or at least the adaptation, of the LM and CI paradigms  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11167671 fatcat:p4ivxbzv3jdmbhmzx4jhodwhye

Unsupportive partner behaviors, social-cognitive processing, and psychological outcomes in couples coping with early stage breast cancer

Sharon Manne, Deborah A. Kashy, Scott Siegel, Shannon Myers Virtue, Carolyn Heckman, Danielle Ryan
2014 Journal of family psychology  
Together, holding back, mental disengagement, and behavioral disengagement accounted for one third of the association between partner unsupportive behavior and well-being and one half of the association  ...  This study examined associations between partner unsupportive behaviors, social and cognitive processing, and adaptation in patients and their spouses using a dyadic and interdependent analytic approach  ...  We would like to acknowledge the patients and partners who participated as well as the oncologists who provided access to their patients.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0036053 pmid:24611691 pmcid:PMC4050663 fatcat:jssjsj27ffbappkc2dh5wcfe3q

NSF CAREER: Scalable learning and adaptation with intelligent techniques and neural networks for reconfiguration and survivability of complex systems

Ganesh K. Venayagamoorthy
2008 2008 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting - Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century  
The typical paradigms of CI are illustrated in Fig. 1 .  ...  These adaptive mechanisms include those artificial intelligence paradigms that exhibit an ability to learn or adapt to new situations, to generalize, abstract, discover and associate [3] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/pes.2008.4596679 fatcat:qchm5ajmtfe6vmunurlm2w4vmy

Convergent innovation for sustainable economic growth and affordable universal health care: innovating the way we innovate

Laurette Dubé, Srivardhini Jha, Aida Faber, Jeroen Struben, Ted London, Archisman Mohapatra, Nick Drager, Chris Lannon, P. K. Joshi, John McDermott
2014 Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences  
paradigm.  ...  This paper introduces convergent innovation (CI) as a form of meta-innovation-an innovation in the way we innovate.  ...  Conflicts of interest The authors declare no conflicts of interest.  ... 
doi:10.1111/nyas.12548 pmid:25294668 fatcat:ge2s2dkrqjb6zhpl3bc2wkyi7e

Measuring disaster resilience: The impact of hurricane sandy on critical infrastructure systems

Tina Comes, Bartel A. Van de Walle
2014 International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
For the quantitative modelling approach, which aims at measuring the resilience of individual CIs, we focus on two CIs of fundamental importance for disaster response: transportation and power supply.  ...  Therefore, a paradigm shift in disaster risk management is needed: instead of focusing on predicting events, resilience needs to be improved as a basis for adequate response to any event.  ...  Furthermore, we are grateful to the team of the Disaster Resilience Lab and its supporters for inspiring work connecting research and the practice of disaster response.  ... 
dblp:conf/iscram/ComesW14 fatcat:qm547xd7ojf4rfmcldl72ajjly

The Effects of Team Diversity on Team Outcomes: A Meta-Analytic Review of Team Demography

Sujin K. Horwitz, Irwin B. Horwitz
2007 Journal of Management  
Over the past few decades, a great deal of research has been conducted to examine the complex relationship between team diversity and team outcomes.  ...  In particular, the effects of task-related and bio-demographic diversity at the group-level were meta-analyzed to test the hypothesis of synergistic performance resulting from diverse employee teams.  ...  Recently, two paradigms of the curvilinear models of team diversity/similarity have been postulated to investigate the effects of member diversity on teamwork: the inverted U model and the upright U model  ... 
doi:10.1177/0149206307308587 fatcat:5gy2zj3psnfhjg2jytknhnwkqy

LEAN IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES: HOW ARE THE TOYOTA WAY PRINCIPLES ADDRESSED?

Rojanette Coetzee, Karl Van der Merwe, Liezl Van Dyk
2016 South African Journal of Industrial Engineering  
This conclusion indicates that the adoption of the lean philosophy runs contrary to the oft-repeated message from its creators that no tenet of the philosophy should be favoured at the expense of another  ...  It is found that few of the principles feature prominently in these strategies. Notably absent are those linked to the 'respect for people' pillar, which forms half of the Toyota Way's foundation.  ...  Figure 2: Illustrating the difference between the TPS house (adapted from [13] ) and the Toyota Way 2001 model (adapted from [20] ) in terms of their foundations and pillars The Toyota Way is not explained  ... 
doi:10.7166/27-3-1641 fatcat:icymodb5pvcjtb6qrbwhryje4a

Critical Infrastructures Vulnerability and Risk Analysis

Enrico Zio
2016 European Journal for Security Research  
The complexity of critical infrastructures is presented as a challenging characteristic, which calls for new approaches of analysis and the integration of different modeling perspectives.  ...  The concepts of vulnerability, risk and resilience are discussed in details and analyzed with respect to their characterization in critical infrastructures (CIs) and the challenges therein.  ...  Acknowledgments The author wishes to thank Dr. Yiping Fang of ETHZ and Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s41125-016-0004-2 fatcat:szpp6wxnc5chvgjbn4femaqk3m

D2.3 –Ontology for identification and analysis of cascading effects

Miguel Mira da Silva, André Fernandes, Beatriz Toscano, Luís Sousa
2020 Zenodo  
This document presentsthe analysis of the main terms and concepts related to the domain of Cascading Effectsin Critical Infrastructuresand the process followed to build an ontology that describes the relations  ...  among these concepts, to be used for identifying and analyzingcascading effects in organizationalecosystems.The ontology presented in this deliverable has the goal of providing a common understanding  ...  To model the ontology, we used the "Visual Paradigm" tool.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6107889 fatcat:u6wqxdusbvdkxauqmwk5xmblxm

Few-Shot Event Detection with Prototypical Amortized Conditional Random Field [article]

Xin Cong, Shiyao Cui, Bowen Yu, Tingwen Liu, Yubin Wang, Bin Wang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Then Gaussian distribution is introduced for modeling of the transition scores to alleviate the uncertain estimation resulting from insufficient data.  ...  In this paper, we present a novel unified model which converts the task to a few-shot tagging problem with a double-part tagging scheme.  ...  This work is supported in part by the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (grant No.  ... 
arXiv:2012.02353v2 fatcat:2ths635xvrajhblu4xvglm5q3q
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