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Ad Hoc Monitoring of Vocabulary Shifts over Time

Tom Kenter, Melvin Wevers, Pim Huijnen, Maarten de Rijke
2015 Proceedings of the 24th ACM International on Conference on Information and Knowledge Management - CIKM '15  
Our main contributions are the introduction of the task of ad hoc monitoring of vocabulary shifts over time, the description of an algorithm for tracking shifting vocabularies over time given a small set  ...  As the task of monitoring shifting vocabularies over time for an ad hoc set of seed words is, to the best of our knowledge, a new one, we construct our own evaluation set.  ...  Our main contributions are: • We introduce of the task of ad hoc monitoring of vocabulary shifts over time; • We describe an algorithm for monitoring shifts in vocabularies over time, given a small, ad  ... 
doi:10.1145/2806416.2806474 dblp:conf/cikm/KenterWHR15 fatcat:yncfba6mujakje4sqyfsbjjg4i

TOWARDS EARLY DISCOVERY OF SALIENT HEALTH THREATS: A SOCIAL MEDIA EMOTION CLASSIFICATION TECHNIQUE

Bahadorreza Ofoghi, Meghan Mann, Karin Verspoor
2016 Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing. Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing  
Online social media microblogs may be a valuable resource for timely identification of critical ad hoc health-related incidents or serious epidemic outbreaks.  ...  monitoring.  ...  In our experiments, we found that there were statistically significant differences in the distribution of emotions in the tweet corpora that belong to the time periods before and after likely incidents  ... 
pmid:26776213 fatcat:ic36z6g4vbe23al5mnlbwnksly

Adults' and children's monitoring of story events in the service of comprehension

Catherine M. Bohn-Gettler, David N. Rapp, Paul van den Broek, Panayiota Kendeou, Mary Jane White
2011 Memory & Cognition  
When reading narratives, adults monitor shifts in time, space, characters, goals, and causation. Shifts in any of these dimensions affect both moment-by-moment reading and memory organization.  ...  In four experiments, we examined the processing of event shifts by adults and children, using both an explicit verb-clustering task and a reading time task.  ...  Next, the dimensions were added to the model to assess their influence over and above the control variables.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13421-011-0085-0 pmid:21557002 fatcat:fwl2akwe35duvbusxnap6kpifa

VloGraph: A Virtual Knowledge Graph Framework for Distributed Security Log Analysis

Kabul Kurniawan, Andreas Ekelhart, Elmar Kiesling, Dietmar Winkler, Gerald Quirchmayr, A Min Tjoa
2022 Machine Learning and Knowledge Extraction  
approach in various experimental settings with multiple heterogeneous log sources and machines; the encouraging results from this evaluation suggest that the approach can enable efficient graph-based ad-hoc  ...  The integration of heterogeneous and weakly linked log data poses a major challenge in many log-analytic applications.  ...  Our evaluation showed that this ad-hoc extraction, transformation, and federated query execution works efficiently for temporally restricted queries over dispersed log data without prior aggregation and  ... 
doi:10.3390/make4020016 fatcat:qfjdyg2ohnbftawu4bnup2clji

Dynamics of Word Comprehension in Infancy: Developments in Timing, Accuracy, and Resistance to Acoustic Degradation

Renate Zangl, Lindsay Klarman, Donna Thal, Anne Fernald, Elizabeth Bates
2005 Journal of Cognition and Development  
The time course of word recognition was measured by monitoring eye movements as children looked at pictures while listening to familiar target words presented in unaltered, time-compressed, and low-pass-filtered  ...  Success in word recognition varied with age and level of vocabulary development, and with the perceptual integrity of the word.  ...  Acknowledgments Renate Zangl is now at the Department of Psychology, Stanford University; Lindsay Klarman is now at the University of Washington, Seattle.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15327647jcd0602_2 pmid:22072948 pmcid:PMC3209666 fatcat:x3t7bdq4azau3cv3obgz6ta5xa

Verbal fluency performance in amnestic MCI and older adults with cognitive complaints

K NUTTERUPHAM, A SAYKIN, L RABIN, R ROTH, H WISHART, N PARE, L FLASHMAN
2008 Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology  
Investigation of the underlying constructs of verbal fluency yielded two factors: Switching (including switching and shifting tasks) and Production (including letter, category, and action naming tasks)  ...  Correlational findings further suggested that all fluency tasks involved executive control to some degree, while those with an added executive component (i.e., switching and shifting) were less dependent  ...  Portions of this article were presented at the 25th Annual Conference of the National Academy of Neuropsychology in Tampa, FL, USA. We thank Margaret Nordstrom and Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.acn.2008.01.005 pmid:18339515 pmcid:PMC2743541 fatcat:cdtpxjlqobas3fpfxlinfnzciy

Vocabulary growth in collaborative tagging systems [article]

Ciro Cattuto, Andrea Baldassarri, Vito D. P. Servedio, Vittorio Loreto
2007 arXiv   pre-print
We study the temporal evolution of the global vocabulary size, i.e. the number of distinct tags in the entire system, as well as the evolution of local vocabularies, that is the growth of the number of  ...  We analyze a large-scale snapshot of del.icio.us and investigate how the number of different tags in the system grows as a function of a suitably defined notion of time.  ...  The Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of data appearing in this publication.  ... 
arXiv:0704.3316v1 fatcat:ywcx2cjfzbf3bopn5ptch3thou

Empowering industrial research with shared biomedical vocabularies

Lee Harland, Christopher Larminie, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Sorana Popa, M. Scott Marshall, Michael Braxenthaler, Michael Cantor, Wendy Filsell, Mark J. Forster, Enoch Huang, Andreas Matern, Mark Musen (+6 others)
2011 Drug Discovery Today  
In this article we highlight the risks to future productivity that are associated with incomplete biological and chemical vocabularies and suggest a new model to address this long-standing issue.  ...  In parallel, there is a desire to make better use of data obtained from sources such as human clinical samples to inform and support early research programmes.  ...  Acknowledgments This topic was first discussed at a Pistoia Alliance-sponsored meeting on industry vocabulary strategies.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.drudis.2011.09.013 pmid:21963522 pmcid:PMC7098809 fatcat:rs35p6w34bgifaz7gcdta36mka

Governing effectively in a complex world? How metagovernance norms and changing repertoires of knowledge shape international organization discourses on institutional order in global health

Laura Pantzerhielm, Anna Holzscheiter, Thurid Bahr
2019 Cambridge Review of International Affairs  
This article approaches the field of global health governance from the vantage point of shared discourses and norms on the good governance of governance amongst multiple international organizations (IOs  ...  We argue that such norms are entangled with causal beliefs and problem perceptions that form part of contingent, contested repertoires of knowledge.  ...  of developments over time.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09557571.2019.1678112 fatcat:mudisjv3dfcddll6gftrdmampi

From Schools to Learning Environments:The Dark Side of Being Exceptional

MAARTEN SIMONS, JAN MASSCHELEIN
2008 Journal of Philosophy of Education  
oneself as being at the mercy of ad hoc criteria and judgements.  ...  Increasingly, decisions are made ad hoc and one learns to know the criteria during the verdict.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-9752.2008.00641.x fatcat:etcfufsdjvdlpjwgubslfzzu4y

Evolution of a Search: The Use of Dynamic Twitter Searches During Superstorm Sandy

Sara Harris Smith, Kelly J. Bennett, Alicia A. Livinski
2014 PLOS Currents  
The incorporation of a dynamic search strategy over the course of the HHS Sandy response, allowed for the ability to account for over-tweeted information, changes in event related conversation, and decreases  ...  Twitter has emerged as a critical source of free and openly available information during emergency response operations, providing an unmatched level of on-the-ground situational awareness in real-time.  ...  The monitoring team consisted of one full-time social media lead analyst (SHS) and ad-hoc ASPR and HHS employees and interns.  ... 
doi:10.1371/currents.dis.de9415573fbf90ee2c585cd0b2314547 pmid:25642372 pmcid:PMC4205228 fatcat:qwdxp7ott5fadfgabrzfeubkuu

Individual Differences in Infant Speech Segmentation: Achieving the Lexical Shift

Evan Kidd, Caroline Junge, Tara Spokes, Lauren Morrison, Anne Cutler
2018 Infancy  
of this shift.  ...  A fine-grained group-level analysis suggested that a developmental shift to a lexical mode of processing occurs toward the end of the first year, with variation across individual infants in the exact timing  ...  The research was supported by the ARC Centre of Excellence for the Dynamics of Language (CE40100041, CIs: Cutler & Kidd), and a Major Equipment Grant awarded to Kidd by The Australian National University  ... 
doi:10.1111/infa.12256 fatcat:33gpvsp47rbbnchfcv2mel7tvi

Adults with Autism Show Increased Sensitivity to Outcomes at Low Error Rates During Decision-Making

Arpi Minassian, Martin Paulus, Alan Lincoln, William Perry
2006 Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders  
Although AD subjects showed occurrences of stereotyped responding, their decision-making behavior was strongly affected by changes in task demands, especially when they experienced frequent success.  ...  We assessed whether AD adults showed repetitive behavior on the choice task that was unaffected by changing task demands, by examining the influence of experimenterdetermined error rates on decision-making  ...  Individuals with AD do not display global cognitive deficits; for example, they are able to adequately encode information and sustain their attention over time (Goldstein et al., 2001) , and demonstrate  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10803-006-0278-8 pmid:17080271 fatcat:em3mbaup6jhyjarxgcwfobme4u

A Curvilinear Trend in Naming Errors as a Function of Early Vocabulary Growth

L Gershkoff-Stowe
1997 Cognitive Psychology  
Parent diaries were used as a measure of vocabulary growth. Experiment 2 used a cross-sectional design to compare the naming errors of 60 children assigned to one of three vocabulary ranges.  ...  Measures of vocabulary size were based on the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory.  ...  Moreover, there is some evidence to suggest that the rate-shift in productive vocabulary growth also reflects a time of increased receptive vocabulary (Reznick & Goldfield, 1992) .  ... 
doi:10.1006/cogp.1997.0664 pmid:9325009 fatcat:jjmlaunjh5gqllgtgbn6qidubu

The Effect of Using De-contextualization and Semi-Contextualization Teaching Techniques on Turkish EFL Learners' Vocabulary Learning

Parisa Yeganehpour, Elham Zarfsaz
2022 Acuity : Journal of English Language Pedagogy, Literature and Culture  
The study's findings indicated that there were no significant differences in vocabulary teaching strategies between semi-contextualized (TV program) and decontextualized (board monitoring).  ...  The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which using television programs and subtitled television shows as semi-contextualized strategies aids vocabulary retention during language acquisition  ...  Nation (2002) advocates for a systematic rather than an ad hoc approach to vocabulary instruction, arguing that such an approach is an integral aspect of any language course.  ... 
doi:10.35974/acuity.v7i2.2781 fatcat:n2kyar2xw5f3rooe6ku2fpdrqe
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