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Activity patterns in process-aware information systems: basic concepts and empirical evidence

Lucineia Heloisa Thom, Manfred Reichert, Cirano Iochpe
2009 International Journal of Business Process Integration and Management  
Recently, a variety of workflow patterns was suggested for capturing different aspects in process-aware information systems (PAISs) including control and data flow, resources, process change, and exception  ...  We describe the identified activity patterns and their variants in detail.  ...  Two major results can be obtained from our empirical study: • evidence with high probability that the described activity patterns exist in real-world workflow applications and process-aware information  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijbpim.2009.027778 fatcat:2rqqotanb5aalis5tb6qwkxejq

2.2.1 Collaborative Systems Thinking Research: Exploring systems thinking within teams

Caroline T. Lamb, Donna H. Rhodes
2008 INCOSE International Symposium  
This type of thinking is critically important to addressing engineering systems challenges, and the research seeks to inform and enable effective systems engineering practice in contemporary engineering  ...  In order to scope this exploratory research, the authors focus on the alignment of enterprise culture and standardized process as one means to gather empirical knowledge and position this within a collection  ...  Empirical Studies of Systems Thinking in Individuals and Teams: The MIT research group has performed several empirical studies on systems thinking in individual engineers.  ... 
doi:10.1002/j.2334-5837.2008.tb00802.x fatcat:botuba7oknevzl6yyk5itvdaai

Systems Neuroscience of Psychosis: Mapping Schizophrenia Symptoms onto Brain Systems

Werner Strik, Katharina Stegmayer, Sebastian Walther, Thomas Dierks
2017 Neuropsychobiology  
of individual course and treatment strategies, and a confusing variety of controversial theories about its etiology and pathophysiological mechanisms.  ...  The novel psychopa-SyNoPsis: Mapping Schizophrenia Symptoms onto Brain Systems  ...  of several empirical studies supporting the concept.  ... 
doi:10.1159/000485221 pmid:29258073 fatcat:7vsegclcunaznh3rlxz63rv264

National Learning Systems

Eduardo B. Viotti
2002 Technological forecasting & social change  
This paper has two intertwined parts -a proposal for a conceptual and theoretical framework to understand technical change in late industrializing economies and an empirical test of the usefulness of that  ...  , Passive and Active National Learning Systems. be singled out as just an exception that proves the rule. 3 Nelson's (1988) analysis of the US system is a classical example of the narrow approach to NIS  ...  From Firms' Technological Capabilities to Passive and Active National Learning Systems The empirical evidences based on the few available case studies on technical change at firm level in industrializing  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0040-1625(01)00167-6 fatcat:5m5csxefnfgjdeh3we7xlkh2ba

National Learning Systems [chapter]

2013 Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship  
This paper has two intertwined parts -a proposal for a conceptual and theoretical framework to understand technical change in late industrializing economies and an empirical test of the usefulness of that  ...  , Passive and Active National Learning Systems. be singled out as just an exception that proves the rule. 3 Nelson's (1988) analysis of the US system is a classical example of the narrow approach to NIS  ...  From Firms' Technological Capabilities to Passive and Active National Learning Systems The empirical evidences based on the few available case studies on technical change at firm level in industrializing  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-3858-8_100662 fatcat:ydwr5eqzhrdhrbkn5ny4sg6wya

Systems Thinking as an Emergent Team Property: Ongoing research into the enablers and barriers to team-level systems thinking

Caroline Twomey Lamb, Donna H. Rhodes
2008 2008 2nd Annual IEEE Systems Conference  
The results of this research will inform the design of technical processes and provide empirical knowledge to support workforce development interventions aimed at developing systems thinking within engineering  ...  Termed collaborative systems thinking by the authors, the concept of higher level systems thinking is envisioned as a means both to build workforce competency and to explicitly deal with system complexity  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors gratefully acknowledge the funding for this research provided through the Lean Advancement Initiative (LAI, http://lean.mit.edu) and the MIT Systems Engineering Advancement Research  ... 
doi:10.1109/systems.2008.4519016 fatcat:oucwv2dz7rckfn4ktiq3qrvkgq

Perception and Reality: Why a Wholly Empirical Paradigm is Needed to Understand Vision

Dale Purves, Yaniv Morgenstern, William T. Wojtach
2015 Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience  
Present evidence is consistent with the conclusion that conceiving vision in wholly empirical terms provides a plausible way to understand what we see and why.  ...  Here we argue that the solution depends on: (1) rejecting the assumption that the goal of vision is to recover, however imperfectly, properties of the world; and (2) replacing it with a paradigm in which  ...  idea of empirically modifying retinal image information acquired by a ''sensing system''.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnsys.2015.00156 pmid:26635546 pmcid:PMC4649043 fatcat:7ui5fwos35ajtpp3h3eoh2i5pe

Perceptual symbol systems

L W Barsalou
1999 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
During perceptual experience, association areas in the brain capture bottom-up patterns of activation in sensory-motor areas.  ...  Abstract concepts are grounded in complex simulations of combined physical and introspective events.  ...  I am indebted to Karen Olseth Solomon, Ling-Ling Wu, Wenchi Yeh, and Barbara Luka for their contributions to the larger project in which this paper originates, and to Jesse Prinz for extensive guidance  ... 
pmid:11301525 fatcat:z6plr3yebfcfhgv664m6mg53zy

Case studies of systems engineering and management in systems acquisition

George Friedman, Andrew P. Sage
2003 Systems Engineering  
This paper discusses the role of case studies in systems engineering and systems management, especially case studies that involve systems acquisition.  ...  The hope is that this will be a stimulus and precursor of additional systems engineering and management case study efforts, both in terms of appropriate frameworks for these and in the actual conduct of  ...  Pattern matching contrasts and compares an empirically observed pattern with one that is predicted. This might be used, for example, to compare our case study to one found in the literature.  ... 
doi:10.1002/sys.10057 fatcat:jabvixfe3jh2phdexxa3lm3sc4

Modelling human cognition of abnormal machine behaviour

Prasanna Illankoon, Phillip Tretten, Uday Kumar
2019 Human-Intelligent Systems Integration  
Despite the advances in intelligent systems, there is no guarantee that those systems will always behave normally.  ...  Human cognition has been researched in many domains. Numerous theories such as utility theory, three-level situation awareness and theory of dual cognition suggest how human cognition behaves.  ...  Acknowledgments This project is a part of human factors research at the Division of Operations and Maintenance, Luleå University of Technology, funded by the Luleå Railway Research Centre (JVTC).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42454-019-00002-x fatcat:khybk63f4ndgrdnau33r2ml2zm

Perceptual symbol systems

Lawrence W. Barsalou
1999 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
During perceptual experience, association areas in the brain capture bottom-up patterns of activation in sensory-motor areas.  ...  Abstract concepts are grounded in complex simulations of combined physical and introspective events.  ...  In contrast, the internal layer of hidden units is often interpreted as a simple conceptual system, with a pattern of activation providing the conceptual representation of an input pattern.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x99002149 fatcat:xzrzast5njhh5pviik3i6p4wbe

Multiple Systems in Decision Making

Alan G. Sanfey, Luke J. Chang
2008 Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences  
This chapter will discuss the behavioral evidence supporting the dissociation between automatic and controlled processing in decision making and review recent literature suggesting potential neural systems  ...  While behavioral studies provide compelling support for the distinction between automatic and controlled processing in judgment and decision making, less is known if these components have a corresponding  ...  Evidence for Multiple-systems in Decision Making The behavioral evidence for dual systems has a rich tradition of empirical research and has amassed an impressive amount of support from a variety of lines  ... 
doi:10.1196/annals.1399.007 pmid:18469214 fatcat:kqp7asoh25hg5ojuick3y5wtnq

Workflow Time Patterns for Process-Aware Information Systems [chapter]

Andreas Lanz, Barbara Weber, Manfred Reichert
2010 Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing  
Formal specification and operational support of time constraints constitute fundamental challenges for any process-aware information system.  ...  Their widespread use will contribute to further maturation of process-aware information systems and related evaluation schemes.  ...  Basic Notions This section describes basic concepts and notions used in this paper: A process management system is a specific type of information system which provides process support functions and separates  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-13051-9_9 fatcat:3yqndyaiqzhglkxodaf5buz2au

Awareness systems and the role of social intelligence

Panos Markopoulos
2009 AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence  
for supporting users in managing the information sharing by means of awareness systems.  ...  The paper argues in favor of automated capture of awareness information and suggests that social intelligence is relevant (a) as a design and evaluation criterion for such systems and (b) as a mechanism  ...  Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00146-009-0194-5 fatcat:qh6tuefns5aytfm7t4ktnguuci

About a framework for information and information processing of learning systems [chapter]

M Rauterberg
1995 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
Traditional concepts of information processing are models of homeostasis on a basic level without learning.  ...  Activity and the irreversible learning process are driving forces that cause permanently inhomeostasis in the relationship between a learning system and his context.  ...  Crutchfield and Young 1991 The concept proposed in this paper assumes, that information processing is an interactive concept and observer dependent.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-34870-4_7 fatcat:tdu5ukh4kbh57mr7bix27ebady
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