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Proportional Representation in Approval-based Committee Voting and Beyond [article]

Haris Aziz
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Proportional representation (PR) is one of the central principles in voting.  ...  I survey some recent ideas and results on axioms and rules for proportional representation in committee voting.  ...  Acknowledgements This paper was written as a companion paper to the authors's talk at the Dagstuhl Seminar on Voting: Beyond Simple Majorities and Single-Winner Elections (25-30, June 2017).  ... 
arXiv:1802.00882v1 fatcat:qxa4umkndrblbeardxnx3qu2e4

Representing the Insincere: Strategically Robust Proportional Representation [article]

Barton E. Lee
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Proportional representation (PR) is a fundamental principle of many democracies world-wide which employ PR-based voting rules to elect their representatives.  ...  Collectively, our results highlight the possibility and limit of achieving PR in the presence of strategic voters and a positive role for mechanisms, such as pre-election polls, which coordinate voter  ...  ACHIEVING PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION UNDER SINCERE VOTING is section introduces a strategically robust proportional representation voting rule, called Greedy-Monroe, and states properties of the voting  ... 
arXiv:1801.09346v1 fatcat:bh3xkrw5fjfgrpgjqchwbsp23e

Page 176 of Sage Public Administration Abstracts Vol. 21, Issue 2 [page]

1994 Sage Public Administration Abstracts  
One such alternative is Hare voting, or single transferable vote (STV), which seeks to achieve fairness in the form of proportional representation without necessitating the con- struction of artificial  ...  American politics are complicated by the necessity, under the winner- take-all format of single-member districts, for drawing district boundaries to achieve “fair representation” in multiethnic and multiracial  ... 

Joint Representation Learning of Legislator and Legislation for Roll Call Prediction

Yuqiao Yang, Xiaoqiang Lin, Geng Lin, Zengfeng Huang, Changjian Jiang, Zhongyu Wei
2020 Proceedings of the Twenty-Ninth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
The most popular approach for this topic is named the ideal point model that relies on historical voting information for representation learning of legislators.  ...  For legislation, we utilize its narrative description via recurrent neural networks (RNN) for representation learning.  ...  With a provided voting ratio, i.e., the proportion of different voting results, we are able to classify legislators as supporters/neutrals/opposers in turn.  ... 
doi:10.24963/ijcai.2020/198 dblp:conf/ijcai/YangLLHJW20 fatcat:lmvzheipzvhjtijcyn4bd65xle

Election Reform and Women's Representation: Ranked Choice Voting in the U.S

Cynthia Richie Terrell, Courtney Lamendola, Maura Reilly
2021 Politics and Governance  
This article will build on the existing literature by filling in the gaps on how ranked choice voting—in both forms—has impacted women's representation both historically and in currently elected bodies  ...  Since the 1990s, ranked choice voting has once again gained traction in the U.S., this time with the focus on implementing single seat ranked choice voting.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors gratefully acknowledge all RepresentWomen staff and interns who aided with the collection of data on women's representation in ranked choice elections in the U.S.  ... 
doi:10.17645/pag.v9i2.3924 fatcat:5w5sp3r4mjgyzjzzkmpplbvuzi

Minority Representation under Cumulative and Limited Voting

David Brockington, Todd Donovan, Shaun Bowler, Robert Brischetto
1998 Journal of Politics  
As a result, Still (1984, 256) suggests that CV is likely to require more strategic voting than LV to achieve proportional results (on the possibility of strategic mistakes by minority voters in CV,  ...  Among our cases are a number of Texas CV elections (N = 33) having substantial Latino populations but achieving no Latino representation.  ... 
doi:10.2307/2647733 fatcat:hynaocbxo5grbp7rph7i4o4fty

C.P.R. (Change through Proportional Representation): Resuscitating a Federal Electoral System

Mary A. Inman
1993 University of Pennsylvania law review  
Because even very small groups will be capable of achieving representation in proportion to their voting population, California's low threshold would lead to almost perfect proportional representation.  ...  Although senatorial elections are impervious to electoral reform via proportional representation for the reasons mentioned above, they may still be revised by other methods.  ... 
doi:10.2307/3312581 fatcat:ok4nejg3yzfrdlf4lr6ow44nye

Page 118 of Political Studies Vol. 33, Issue 1 [page]

1985 Political Studies  
Even more drastic measures to guarantee proportionality via weighted voting could be envisaged. Why not, for example, give the representatives weights proportional to their support?  ...  ® But supposing that one is interested in guaranteeing a reasonable degree of 'S See Balinski and Young, ‘Stability, Coalitions and Schisms in Proportional Representation Systems’. ‘6 H.  ... 

Fuzzy D'Hondt's Algorithm for On-line Recommendations Aggregation

Ladislav Peska, Stepan Balkar
2019 ACM Conference on Recommender Systems  
The algorithm is inspired by D'Hondt's election method used to a proportional conversion of votes to mandates in public elections.  ...  representation of base recommenders w.r.t. their results as well as fair ordering of the final list of recommended items.  ...  It aims to achieve a proportional representation of the base RS according to their performance and to provide a fair ordering of items according to their overall relevance w.r.t. all base RS.  ... 
dblp:conf/recsys/PeskaB19 fatcat:judkp64q6zb25ayqhdl2vlytmu

A Systematic View on the Electoral Reform Debate in South Africa

Michael Krennerich, Jacques de Ville
1997 Law and Politics in Africa, Asia, Latin America  
of proportional representation (PR) .  ...  In majority representation systems there is usually a significantly higher degree of dispropor tionality between votes and seats than in proportional representation systems .  ... 
doi:10.5771/0506-7286-1997-1-26 fatcat:ar4cuza55fgpra6qnivwbz6kke

Diverse Representation via Computational Participatory Elections – Lessons from a Case Study [article]

Florian Evéquoz, Johan Rochel, Vijay Keswani, L. Elisa Celis
2022 arXiv   pre-print
That process explicitly enables voters to flexibly decide on representation criteria in a first round, and then lets them vote for candidates in a second round.  ...  a better "descriptive representation".  ...  This includes implicit mechanisms to guarantee representation by selecting political party/ideology-diverse committees, for instance, via proportional representation rules employed in national and local  ... 
arXiv:2205.15394v1 fatcat:eemscegisfgq5cpsnmldrdjfo4

Political Conflict and Power Sharing in the Origins of Modern Colombia

S. Mazzuca, J. A. Robinson
2009 Hispanic American Historical Review  
Colombia in turn switched from the incomplete vote to proportional representation in 1929.  ...  proportional representation.  ... 
doi:10.1215/00182168-2008-085 fatcat:tcecmfqotjhmlog5f6hztpljoi

Page 527 of Political Studies Vol. 30, Issue 4 [page]

1982 Political Studies  
. +7 Baker, ‘One Man, One Vote’, pp. 719-23. 48 ‘Judicial Deference in the Representation Controversy’.  ...  The Court seems willing to continue to proceed on a case-by-case basis and to let the threat of Court intervention deter the more blatant attempts to achieve partisan advantage via gerrymandering.  ... 

Making Public Infrastructure Work: Multi-seat Majoritarian Elections as a new Institutional Approach

Reiner Eichenberger, Patricia Schafer, David Stadelmann
2019 Journal of Infrastructure Policy and Development  
While there is a significant economic literature on empowering citizens via decentralization and direct democratic institutions, the role of electoral rules has thus far been rather neglected.  ...  and previously neglected institution that moves Swiss politicians away from client politics towards better serving public interest: Switzerland's unique electoral institutions which effectively combine proportional  ...  We also thank Alois Stutzer for inspiring discussions on the concepts of multi-seat majority voting.  ... 
doi:10.24294/jipd.v3i2.1155 fatcat:mgvqnb5sk5drbm6xvt6axiiz7e

A quasi-proportional electoral system 'only for honest men'? The hidden potential for manipulating mixed compensatory electoral systems

Daniel Bochsler
2012 International Political Science Review  
Large parties can achieve over-representation by encouraging their voters to split their votes. In this way, they outsmart the compensatory mechanism designed to lead to proportional results.  ...  Under such systems, single-seat districts elect only the leader of the local suffrage, but the system nevertheless produces a (nearly) proportional outcome overall, via compensatory mandates.  ...  His main research interests include political representation, with a special focus on post-communist democracies.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0192512111420770 fatcat:btx5tney5baffb7qaa33hojwfm
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