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Can P_Lex Accurately Measure Lexical Richness in the Written Production of Young Learners of EFL?

Soraya Moreno Espinosa
2005 Porta Linguarum  
In this paper, we aim to shed light on the measurement of L2 lexical richness in the written production of primary school learners of EFL by means of a computational tool such as P_Lex (Meara & Bell, 2001  ...  production of learners with such a low proficiency level.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to gratefully acknowledge Huw Bell's aid in providing us with a copy of his thesis.  ... 
doi:10.30827/digibug.29863 fatcat:45etl3phfbefda4esqxysl7qea

The Relationship of Lexical Richness to the Quality of ESL Learners' Oral Narratives

XIAOFEI LU
2011 The Modern Language Journal  
A computational system was designed to automate the measurement of three dimensions of lexical richness, i.e., lexical density, sophistication, and variation, using 25 different metrics proposed in the  ...  This study was an examination of the relationship of lexical richness to the quality of ESL learners' oral narratives.  ...  This study focused on the relationship of lexical richness to the quality of ESL learners' oral narratives.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1540-4781.2011.01232.x fatcat:3q2veaxdfvbuvnogf5gfx5usau

The Relationship of Lexical Richness to the Quality of ESL Learners' Oral Narratives

XIAOFEI LU
2012 The Modern Language Journal  
A computational system was designed to automate the measurement of three dimensions of lexical richness, i.e., lexical density, sophistication, and variation, using 25 different metrics proposed in the  ...  This study was an examination of the relationship of lexical richness to the quality of ESL learners' oral narratives.  ...  This study focused on the relationship of lexical richness to the quality of ESL learners' oral narratives.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1540-4781.2011.01232_1.x fatcat:kw6p6ijebvg7joh7tepekn4dju

English Spelling Knowledge and Word Reading Skills of Arabic and Japanese ESL Learners

Xiangying Jiang
2018 Studies in English Language Teaching  
The study also found that the Arabic ESL learners were more adversely affected in both accuracy and speed of reading words with a missing consonant compared with reading words with a missing vowel.  ...  Language (ESL) and a corresponding comparison group of 50 Japanese ESL learners.  ...  Data from the lexical decision task showed significant differences between the two groups. Japanese ESL learners were faster and more accurate compared to the Arabic ESL group.  ... 
doi:10.22158/selt.v6n3p186 fatcat:lredf5djznaavjbqylzcqmkc5u

THE NEW YORK TIMES AND CHINA DAILY ONLINE – LINGUISTIC COMPLEXITY IN NEWS HEADLINES

Shujun Wan
2020 European Journal of Literature, Language and Linguistics Studies  
By comparing 200 online news headlines collected from the New York Times and China Daily online, this paper aims at finding out the difference in linguistic complexity of English online news headlines  ...  News headlines play an important role in attracting readers' attention.  ...  Aimed at figuring out the best measures to assess EFL and ESL learners' language proficiency, Wolfe-Quintero et al (1998) examined measures with regard to accuracy, fluency and complexity in 39 second  ... 
doi:10.46827/ejlll.v4i3.217 fatcat:u7lejvx7e5c4tehscvagnfrmiy

English word recognition and word integration skills of native Arabic- and Japanese-speaking learners of English as a second language

MICHAEL FENDER
2003 Applied Psycholinguistics  
Results from a lexical decision task showed that a group of Japanese ESL learners had significantly faster and more accurate word recognition skills compared to a proficiency-matched Arab ESL group.  ...  Specifically, native Arab speakers are likely to exhibit difficulties with prelexical ESL word recognition processes, whereas native Japanese speakers are likely to exhibit difficulties with on-line ESL  ...  The author is also indebted to Vicki Lanier-Bergman at Spring International Language Center at the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville for her help and assistance.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s014271640300016x fatcat:ny7xhe66afcnvcn535auwb3sfi

Linguistic Features of Formative Feedback on ESL Argumentative Writing: Comparing Pre-service and Experienced Teachers

Cristina Voegelin, Stefan Daniel Keller
2021 Issues in Applied Linguistics  
We developed holistic criteria of effective formative feedback based on empirical findings in order to rate comments by 26 experienced and 41 pre-service teachers.  ...  No significant difference was found between pre-service and experienced teachers in terms of feedback quality.  ...  TAALES measured lexical sophistication by calculating word range which refers to the number of texts in a corpus in which this word occurs .  ... 
doi:10.5070/l422049267 fatcat:vvkyyl73yvgtvnaje4mndepp7m

To What Extent Does Long-Term Foreign Language Education Help Improve Spoken Second Language Lexical Proficiency?

Kazuya Saito
2018 TESOL Quarterly (Print)  
Their spontaneous speech was analyzed via a set of lexical measures, and then compared to that of experienced, naturalistic Japanese L2 learners of English.  ...  A total of 72 second-year university students with seven years of FL study and no experience abroad participated in the study.  ...  L2 speech in ESL/EFL classrooms (M years of ESL/EFL teaching experience = 3.3 years: Range = 1 to 11 years).  ... 
doi:10.1002/tesq.468 fatcat:u5rmxr5ufzhdzmuzcpgesp4kve

Beginning and intermediate L2 writer's use of N-grams: an association measures study

James Garner, Scott Crossley, Kristopher Kyle
2018 International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching  
Acommon approach to analyzing phraseological knowledge in first language (L1) and second language (L2) learners is to employ raw frequency data.  ...  These findings have important implications for understanding lexical development in L2 writers and notions of writing proficiency.  ...  Most research on lexical sophistication and L2 writing has tended to focus on measures of single word use ).  ... 
doi:10.1515/iral-2017-0089 fatcat:oo4htnitp5gvlf5pkqdu2id4bu

Typological structure as a Model to Study Languages in Contrast

L. H. Halii
2019 Scientific Journal of National Pedagogical Dragomanov University Series 9 Current Trends in Language Development  
learners.  ...  It has been proved that typologically similar languages belonging to the same language group or family cause the same mistakes in the process of ESL studying, specifically while producing complex speech  ...  Lexical sophistication can be referred to the number of advanced or sophisticated words used in a text.  ... 
doi:10.31392/npu-nc.series9.2018.18.04 fatcat:si5fhf3qwnax7bmalyubopwtfe

What Is Lexical Proficiency? Some Answers From Computational Models of Speech Data

Scott A. Crossley, Tom Salsbury, Danielle S. McNamara, Scott Jarvis
2011 TESOL Quarterly (Print)  
Such an investigation provides us with the opportunity to better understand the construct of lexical proficiency and examine the capacity for computational indices to automatically assess lexical proficiency  ...  Generally speaking, lexical proficiency comprises breadth of knowledge features (i.e., how many words a learner knows), depth of knowledge features (i.e., how well a learner knows a word), and access to  ...  His research has focused on methodological and theoretical challenges in the investigation of cross-linguistic influence, lexical diversity, and the measurement of language proficiency.  ... 
doi:10.5054/tq.2010.244019 fatcat:p27qmi7otzfrlc2yrwt7akoyz4

The Effect of Task Complexity on Fluency and Lexical Complexity of EFL Learners' Argumentative Writing

Karim Sadeghi, Zahra Mosalli
2012 International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature  
Results showed that increasing task complexity (1) produced significantly less fluency, and (2) did not lead to differences in lexical complexity (measured by the ratio of lexical words to function words  ...  and lexical density), but it did lead to significant differences when mean segmental type-token ratio was used to measure lexical complexity.  ...  That is, it will be promising to inspire FL writers to put in a handful of different and more sophisticated lexical items in their writing.  ... 
doi:10.7575/ijalel.v.1n.4p.53 fatcat:25z66b3muvgz7gxyoqi6we7uma

Metadiscourse, Cohesion, and Engagement in L2 Written Discourse

Jianling Liao
2020 Languages  
The study also looks at how L2 learners' use of metadiscourse devices is related to their linguistic performances in descriptive writing.  ...  Multiple metadiscourse features also demonstrated significant positive and negative correlations with each other, suggesting patterns of decreases and increases in the use of particular organizational  ...  We can see that learners' ability to apply diversified lexis in writing, an indicator of lexical complexity, is positively associated with multiple textual organizational features: accurate use of metadiscourse  ... 
doi:10.3390/languages5020025 fatcat:zrpcxhfyyzb4da2qkbtfcfp5re

How effective are lexical richness measures for differentiations of vocabulary proficiency? A comprehensive examination with clustering analysis

Yanhui Zhang, Weiping Wu
2021 Language Testing in Asia  
The results demonstrate that, while the L1 versus L2 group difference in lexical richness was observed with statistical significance for each of the chosen measures, the clustering and membership prediction  ...  A robust K-means algorithm was designed to compare the oral proficiency between L1 and L2 Chinese speakers regarding lexical richness and how relatively effective the various lexical measures were in performing  ...  Using the speech data of ESL learners with diversified L1 backgrounds, Crossley et al. (2011) has shown that LR measures (particularly D) are highly predictive of the speaker's proficiencies, rated by  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40468-021-00133-6 fatcat:7bgazcxbivcovextel5t6drdwu

Cohesive Errors in Writing among ESL Pre-Service Teachers

Lisa S. L. Kwan, Melor Md Yunus
2014 English Language Teaching  
However, High-level pre-service teachers made more errors in lexical cohesion, ellipsis and reference.  ...  Therefore, the teaching of these cohesive devices should be further fortified in the linguistic courses undertaken by ESL pre-service teachers to ensure that they are well-equipped in all aspects of cohesive  ...  Acknowledgements The researchers would like to thank the ESL pre-service teachers from UKM who generously participated in the study.  ... 
doi:10.5539/elt.v7n11p130 fatcat:7yohbezhsfdc5ommo7ez2zptu4
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