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A Comprehensive Review of Congestion Control Techniques in M2M and Cellular Networks

Chidanandan V., Arun Raj Kumar P.
2018 International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security  
The objective of the paper is to analyze the existing congestion control techniques and to provide a comprehensive summary on classified poll and event based mechanisms.  ...  Congestion in Random Access Network (RAN) that occurs during the Random Access Process affects the performance of H2H communication.  ...  SOOC includes a composite of overload mechanism, which comprises dynamic PRACH resource allocation, PRACH resource separation, the ACB scheme, the slotted-access scheme, and the ppersistent scheme.  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijcnis.2018.02.04 fatcat:hzyx2auyunaq7g5hhuzd2s4bcq

LTE/LTE-A Random Access for Massive Machine-Type Communications in Smart Cities [article]

Md Shipon Ali, Ekram Hossain, Dong In Kim
2016 arXiv   pre-print
In particular, efficient management of massive random access is one of the most critical challenges.  ...  Simulations of our proposed model show huge improvements in random access success rate compared to the standard slotted-Aloha-based models.  ...  RA resource allocation, and dynamic access barring scheme [9] .  ... 
arXiv:1608.03042v1 fatcat:isf4gsmmcfd25jq46egssonkoe

A New Hybrid Protocol for Random Access and Data Transmission Based on Two-Phase ACB Mechanisms for M2M Communications

Yali Wu, Ningbo Zhang, Guixia Kang
2017 Mobile Information Systems  
a new hybrid protocol for random access (RA) and data transmission based on two-phase access class barring (ACB) mechanisms.  ...  Furthermore, the joint optimization algorithm of the two-phase ACB factors and the number of resource blocks (RBs) allocated for RA and data transmission is designed to maximize the number of successful  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61501056) and National Science and Technology Major Project of China (no. 2016ZX03001012).  ... 
doi:10.1155/2017/1567494 fatcat:kaiz4ipobjfzbeyc5yyl3bauey

Enhancing Radio Access Network Performance over LTE-A for Machine-to-Machine Communications under Massive Access

Fatemah Alsewaidi, Angela Doufexi, Dritan Kaleshi
2016 Mobile Information Systems  
The second method addresses a heterogeneous network by using a number of picocells to increase resources and offload control traffic from the macro base station.  ...  Based on evaluation results, our methods improved RACH performance in terms of the access success probability and average access delay.  ...  In [9] , different solutions are proposed to control RAN congestion, including access class barring (ACB) schemes, separate RACH resources for M2M communications, dynamic allocation of RACH resources,  ... 
doi:10.1155/2016/5187303 fatcat:thgvdeqj65egxezfban6zbsdhm

Challenges Of Massive Access In Highly-Dense Lte-Advanced Networks With Machine-To-Machine Communications

Kan Zheng, Suling Ou, Jesús Alonzo-Zárate, Mischa Döhler, Fei Liu, Hua Zhu
2014 Zenodo  
We show that under proper design, the outage probability of human communication is marginally impacted whilst duty cycle and access delay of machine type communications are reasonably bounded to ensure  ...  A natural concern of cellular operators and service providers is the impact that these machine type communications will have on current human type communications.  ...  Based on these results, we propose two improved access mechanisms to reduce the impact of MTC onto HTC.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.58017 fatcat:nc6i7o5gtbbhbcilgd7xkmpdxm

Non-Orthogonal Random Access (NORA) for 5G Networks [article]

Yanan Liang, Xu Li, Jiayi Zhang, Zhiguo Ding
2017 arXiv   pre-print
access congestion problem.  ...  , while the base station performs SIC based on the channel conditions obtained through preamble detection.  ...  Access Response (RAR) Resource Allocation Results for CRI PRACH PDCCH Preamble Detection PDSCH Power Back-off User Separation Based on SIC PDCCH PDSCH RA-RNTI UL Grant for RAPID  ... 
arXiv:1705.01235v1 fatcat:kh4vm426gzbmpnoytshmak7nmu

Overload control for Machine-Type-Communications in LTE-Advanced system

Ming-Yuan Cheng, Guan-Yu Lin, Hung-Yu Wei, Alex Hsu
2012 IEEE Communications Magazine  
Dedicated Resource Allocation -Allocating dedicated resource to the MTC devices can reduce the severe impact on the random access of UE. • Slotted access: as specified in [4], each MTC device can access  ...  Three subclasses of mechanism have been proposed: randomized access dispersion, differentiated services provision, and dedicated resource allocation.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.2012.6211484 fatcat:w4lylf5bsvevnpvm66h5g4fmn4

The impact of massive machine type communication devices on the access probability of human-to-human users in LTE networks

Tiago P. C. de Andrade, Carlos A. Astudillo, Nelson L. S. da Fonseca
2014 2014 IEEE Latin-America Conference on Communications (LATINCOM)  
However, the deployment of MTC over cellular networks creates new challenges to the contention-based Random Access (RA) procedure as well as to resource allocation for MTC devices with low impact on Human-to-Human  ...  We compare the performance of three Radio Access Network (RAN) overload control schemes proposed by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) for the contention-based RA procedure in this network.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was supported by the research agencies Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) and National Council for Scientific and Technological Development  ... 
doi:10.1109/latincom.2014.7041873 dblp:conf/latincom/AndradeAF14 fatcat:mp6g6vtyfzbbdnwvw3jqlenjiq

Bat Optimization Algorithm for Preamble Separation and Allocation using Prioritization Method

T. Kanchana, K. Deepa
2020 International Journal of Computer Applications  
The random access (RA) mechanism of Long Term Evolution (LTE) networks is prone to congestion when a large number of devices attempt RA simultaneously, due to the limited set of preambles.  ...  One of the challenging issues is to support the quality of service (QoS) during the access phase.  ...  based on two-phase Access Class Barring (ACB) mechanisms is proposed in this research work.  ... 
doi:10.5120/ijca2020919822 fatcat:ghltgwkekfgfzc5imzotltnmsy

Adaptive RACH congestion management to support M2M communication in 4G LTE networks

Mukesh Kumar Giluka, Aiswarya Prasannakumar, Nitish Rajoria, Bheemarjuna Reddy Tamma
2013 2013 IEEE International Conference on Advanced Networks and Telecommunications Systems (ANTS)  
One of such challenge is congestion in radio access network (RAN) during RACH procedure.  ...  As a solution, we propose an adaptive RACH congestion management function (ARC) which specifies congestion handling method to be used by all M2M devices based on the current congestion condition of the  ...  Dynamic PRACH slot allocation method: In this method, UE and MTC devices are not allowed to access the PRACH slot at the same time.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ants.2013.6802879 dblp:conf/IEEEants/GilukaPRT13 fatcat:ntqd4zjidbg2xmuvwkcocbruw4

Dynamic Resource Allocation and Access Class Barring Scheme for Delay-Sensitive Devices in Machine to Machine (M2M) Communications

Ning Li, Chao Cao, Cong Wang
2017 Sensors  
In [19] , the authors proposed a dynamic RACH preamble allocation scheme based on the value of the ACB factor. A two stage resource allocation scheme is presented by [20] .  ...  When a massive number of MTC devices attempt to access the eNodeB simultaneously, it will inevitably cause severe network congestion due to the limited number of Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH)  ...  All of the authors participated in the project, and they read and approved the final manuscript. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s17061407 pmid:28617342 pmcid:PMC5492289 fatcat:75pbhplpwjhapax5zcfhho6cnq

RADB: Random Access with Differentiated Barring for Latency-Constrained Applications in NB-IoT Network

Yiming Miao, Yuanwen Tian, Jingjing Cheng, M. Shamim Hossain, Ahmed Ghoneim
2018 Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing  
dynamic access class barring method.  ...  In this paper, we first introduce the background of NB-IoT and investigate the research on random access optimization algorithm.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors extend their appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, for funding this work through the research group Project no.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/6210408 fatcat:pkfccsr2a5cl7n56sspsfef4hu

Two Step Random Access Latency Improvement in Congested beyond 5G Networks

Mamta Agiwal, Mukesh Kumar Maheshwari, Waqas Tariq Toor
2020 Electronics  
Numerous UEs competing for limited random access resources would result in frequent collisions followed by multiple random access reattempts, resulting in increased delay.  ...  In the proposed algorithms, the UEs can perform RAP reattempts in either 2s-RAP or 4s-RAP based on the channel conditions such that the chances of RAP failure due to poor channels are reduced.  ...  Acknowledgments: This work was supported by the faculty research fund of Sejong University in 2020. Conflicts of Interest: There is no conflicts of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics9111974 fatcat:lzlzvxaifzd2lfl6rijfliaeae

Towards Massive Machine Type Communications in Ultra-Dense Cellular IoT Networks: Current Issues and Machine Learning-Assisted Solutions [article]

Shree Krishna Sharma, Xianbin Wang
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Along with the highlights on the inefficiency of the legacy Random Access (RA) procedure in the mMTC scenario, we then present the key features and channel access mechanisms in the emerging cellular IoT  ...  The related challenges include QoS provisioning, handling highly dynamic and sporadic MTC traffic, huge signalling overhead and Radio Access Network (RAN) congestion.  ...  [125, 126] Dynamic resource allocation Congestion level is predicted at the BS and additional RACH resources are allocated dynamically.  ... 
arXiv:1808.02924v1 fatcat:iplhjubgbrafrdz4temdnfnjqa

Priority‐based learning automata in Q‐learning random access scheme for cellular M2M communications

Nasir A. Shinkafi, Lawal M. Bello, Dahiru S. Shu'aibu, Paul D. Mitchell
2021 ETRI Journal  
Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communication, also called machine-type communication (MTC), is predicted to be one of the major applications of current and future cellular communications [1, 2] .  ...  The envisaged growth of M2M applications has led to many research studies on protocols and products oriented to support M2M services.  ...  The order of the author list reflects the magnitude of contribution, with the first author undertaking most of the work. ORCID  ... 
doi:10.4218/etrij.2020-0091 fatcat:bmz4qb4qv5erdcrielrbfplk34
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