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Accelerating Scientific Applications with Reconfigurable Computing: Getting Started

Volodymyr V. Kindratenko, Craig P. Steffen, Robert J. Brunner
2007 Computing in science & engineering (Print)  
High-performance reconfigurable computing combines the advantages of the coarse-grain parallel processing provided in conventional multiprocessor systems with the fine-grain parallel processing available  ...  R econfigurable computing 1 based on the combination of conventional microprocessors and fieldprogrammable gate arrays (FPGAs) has reached a point at which we can substantially accelerate select scientific  ...  Consequently, high-performance reconfigurable computing (HPRC)or reconfigurable supercomputing-is a relatively recent technology that rapidly evolves with new systems coming online and new software being  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcse.2007.91 fatcat:r5sxkfupeza4hcogyb4eppqliq

General Purpose Computing with Reconfigurable Acceleration

Anthony Brandon, Ioannis Sourdis, Georgi N. Gaydadjiev
2010 2010 International Conference on Field Programmable Logic and Applications  
General Purpose Computing with Reconfigurable Acceleration generic reconfigurable computing platform THESIS Abstract I n this thesis we describe a new generic approach for accelerating software functions  ...  We evaluate alternative design choices of our proposal using an AES application and accelerating its most computationally intensive function.  ...  Reconfigurable High-Performance Computing High-Performance Computing (HPC) refers to the use of supercomputers and computer clusters to perform scientific and financial computations requiring high performance  ... 
doi:10.1109/fpl.2010.115 dblp:conf/fpl/BrandonSG10 fatcat:7hfqirmy4rcbxmd53fqpfb7adu

Guest Editors' Introduction: High-Performance Reconfigurable Computing

Duncan Buell, Tarek El-Ghazawi, Kris Gaj, Volodymyr Kindratenko
2007 Computer  
However, they still have not achieved high performance gains in most general scientific applications.  ...  integer applications.  ...  The authors start with an observation that the performance of HPC applications accelerated with FPGA coprocessors is "unusually sensitive" to the quality of the implementation.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mc.2007.91 fatcat:jkzmltwyp5gy5ajn4yewgz5txe

Hardware/Software Co-Design for Matrix Computations on Reconfigurable Computing Systems

Ling Zhuo, Viktor K. Prasanna
2007 2007 IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium  
Recently, reconfigurable computing systems have been built which employ Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FP-GAs) as hardware accelerators for general-purpose processors.  ...  These systems provide new opportunities for scientific computations. However, the co-existence of the processors and the FPGAs in such systems also poses new challenges to application developers.  ...  Thus, FPGAs have been employed to accelerate various scientific applications and have achieved superior performance compared with general-purpose processors [19, 21] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/ipdps.2007.370268 dblp:conf/ipps/ZhuoP07 fatcat:vvgkwuomsrhhrj3yqhhzkhkqzi

Basics of Reconfigurable Computing [chapter]

Reiner Hartenstein, Tu Kaiserslautern
2007 Designing Embedded Processors  
More recently, the FPGAbased pervasiveness of Reconfigurable Computing (RC) also spread over all application areas of scientific computing (a few example are listed in fig. 6 b) .  ...  Currently the dominance of the basic computing paradigm is gradually wearing off with growing use of Reconfigurable Computing (RC) -bringing profound changes to the practice of both, scientific computing  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-5869-1_20 fatcat:2uyk5ixupfdorl4ou7apk2q4ra

The Paramountcy of Reconfigurable Computing [chapter]

Reiner Hartenstein
2012 Energy-Efficient Distributed Computing Systems  
Typical orders of magnitude in the computer application landscape are: hundreds of applications, consisting of ten-thousands of programs, with millions of lines of code, having been developed by expenditure  ...  reconfigurable computing).  ...  Meanwhile a growing variety of hardwired accelerators comes along with each PC, laptop, or other kinds computers, called ASICs (Application-specific Integrated Circuits).  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781118342015.ch18 fatcat:shfb4oycu5hu5boizx6oltlgwa

Integrating Reconfigurable Hardware-Based Grid for High Performance Computing

Julio Dondo Gazzano, Francisco Sanchez Molina, Fernando Rincon, Juan Carlos López
2015 The Scientific World Journal  
However, there are still some difficulties when using reconfigurable platforms as accelerator that need to be addressed: the need of an in-depth application study to identify potential acceleration, the  ...  This work proposes a complete grid infrastructure for distributed high performance computing based on dynamically reconfigurable FPGAs.  ...  This infrastructure was tested accelerating a 5000 × 5000 elements matrix multiplier application using two Virtex 5 FPGA with 8 reconfigurable areas in each one.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2015/272536 pmid:25874241 pmcid:PMC4385699 fatcat:rrfxbkyrzfhu3df2qagz37vcle

Ecoscale: Reconfigurable Computing And Runtime System For Future Exascale Systems

Iakovos Mavroidis, Ioannis Papaefstathiou, Luciano Lavagno, Dimitrios Nikolopoulos, Dirk Koch, John Goodacre, Ioannis Sourdis, Vassilis Papaefstathiou, Marcello Coppola, Manuel Palomino
2016 Zenodo  
Unit with coherent memory access.  ...  To further increase energy efficiency, as well as to provide resilience, the Workers employ reconfigurable accelerators mapped into the virtual address space utilizing a dual stage System Memory Management  ...  Although MPI has been the most popular programming model for developing parallel scientific applications, the PGAS programming model is an attractive alternative for designing applications with irregular  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.34893 fatcat:ocwfndo4vjei3hqucmndj22xu4

Enabling Computational Steering with an Asynchronous-Iterative Computation Framework

Alexandre di Costanzo, Chao Jin, Carlos A. Varela, Rajkumar Buyya
2009 2009 Fifth IEEE International Conference on e-Science  
We illustrate and evaluate this framework with a scientific application that aims to fit models of the Milky Way galaxy structure to stars observed by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey.  ...  To tolerate the heterogeneity between different sites, results are collected asynchronously and users can dynamically interact with their computations to adjust the area of interest.  ...  Some experiments were carried out using the Grid'5000 experimental testbed, being developed under the INRIA ALADDIN development action with support from CNRS, RENATER, several universities, and other funding  ... 
doi:10.1109/e-science.2009.43 dblp:conf/eScience/CostanzoJVB09 fatcat:vtp4777lofhtfapgu5jfvpocve

Preliminary Investigation of Advanced Electrostatics in Molecular Dynamics on Reconfigurable Computers

Ronald Scrofano, Viktor Prasanna
2006 ACM/IEEE SC 2006 Conference (SC'06)  
Scientific computing is marked by applications with very high performance demands.  ...  As technology has improved, reconfigurable hardware has become a viable platform to provide application acceleration, even for floating-point-intensive scientific applications.  ...  Army ERDC MSRC for access to its MAPstation, Frans Trouw of Los Alamos National Laboratory for providing the example simulations, and Ronald Scrofano, Sr. for his assistance with the erfc(x) and e −x 2  ... 
doi:10.1109/sc.2006.49 fatcat:vrlzdgfb4ff57ejyl4jx2o5wpa

Accelerators for Artificial Intelligence and High-Performance Computing

Dejan Milojicic
2020 Computer  
If we have killer application areas where acceleration is economically feasible or new tech nologies that enable sets of heterogeneous accelerators to be easily reconfigured dynamically, such as with FPGAs  ...  I expect that the scientific community, which is the real stakeholder for HPC, will take a step back and start asking for more balanced, possibly smaller, systems that deal with sparsity, irregular computation  ... 
doi:10.1109/mc.2019.2954056 fatcat:ivafrhmz55dknfqvc6koh6umtm

Adaptive Computing Systems and Their Design Tools [chapter]

Andreas Koch
2010 Dynamically Reconfigurable Systems  
While reconfigurable adaptive computing has many proven advantages over conventional processors, in practice, it is often limited to niche applications.  ...  This situation, which we aim to resolve with our research, is often linked to the lack of programming languages for adaptive computers that are familiar to software developers.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by DFG grant Ko 1721/1-2, project Adaptive Rechensysteme und ihre Entwurfswerkzeuge, associated with the Priority Programme 1148, Reconfigurable Computing Systems  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-90-481-3485-4_6 fatcat:dlusccdanfc3fglzgivzkpjkyy

The future of computing beyond Moore's Law

John Shalf
2020 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences  
This article is part of a discussion meeting issue 'Numerical algorithms for high-performance computational science'.  ...  Lastly, this article covers the many different opportunities and strategies available to continue computing performance improvements in the absence of historical technology drivers.  ...  former CEO of SEMATECH), Shekhar Borkar (Qualcomm), Bill Dally and Larry Dennison (NVIDIA Research) and Keren Bergman of Columbia University for productive discussions about the vision for the future of computing  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsta.2019.0061 pmid:31955683 fatcat:owfzyphqizdyrhkjc2exnynvzq

Molecular dynamics---Preliminary investigation of advanced electrostatics in molecular dynamics on reconfigurable computers

Ronald Scrofano, Viktor K. Prasanna
2006 Proceedings of the 2006 ACM/IEEE conference on Supercomputing - SC '06  
Scientific computing is marked by applications with very high performance demands.  ...  As technology has improved, reconfigurable hardware has become a viable platform to provide application acceleration, even for floating-point-intensive scientific applications.  ...  Army ERDC MSRC for access to its MAPstation, Frans Trouw of Los Alamos National Laboratory for providing the example simulations, and Ronald Scrofano, Sr. for his assistance with the erfc(x) and e −x 2  ... 
doi:10.1145/1188455.1188550 dblp:conf/sc/ScrofanoP06 fatcat:k65yeyoavjenxgjy54uccmuqcq

Design Heuristics for Mapping Floating-Point Scientific Computational Kernels onto High Performance Reconfigurable Computers

Justin L. Rice, Khalid H. Abed, Gerald R. Morris
2009 Journal of Computers  
One approach is to use field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) in conjunction with general purpose processors to form what are known as high performance reconfigurable computers (HPRCs).  ...  Because of the increasing need to develop efficient high-speed computational kernels, researchers have been looking at various acceleration technologies.  ...  Special thanks to Robert Moak for his help with some of the graphics.  ... 
doi:10.4304/jcp.4.6.542-553 fatcat:jaayaot47za4tgklyhjcfvgku4
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