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ANSI: A swarm intelligence-based unicast routing protocol for hybrid ad hoc networks

Sundaram Rajagopalan, Chien-Chung Shen
2006 Journal of systems architecture  
We present a hybrid routing protocol for both pure and hybrid ad hoc networks which uses the mechanisms of swarm intelligence to select next hops.  ...  Our protocol, Ad hoc Networking with Swarm Intelligence (ANSI), is a congestion-aware routing protocol, which, owing to the self-organizing mechanisms of swarm intelligence, is able to collect more information  ...  Conclusions and future work This paper describes the design, implementation, and performance of a swarm intelligence-based hybrid routing protocol, ANSI, for hybrid ad hoc networks.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sysarc.2006.02.006 fatcat:shtdeggz55ha5fzmywsuhqob6i

MANET Routing Protocols Based on Ant Colony Optimization

Anuj K. Gupta, Harsh Sadawarti, Anil K. Verma
2012 International Journal of Modeling and Optimization  
Somehow, Swarm Intelligence based techniques such as ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithms have shown to be a good technique for developing routing algorithms for ad hoc networks.  ...  In this paper, we have brought some characteristics as well as performance analysis of the proposed ACO based ad hoc routing protocols and compare them with the well-known ad hoc routing protocols.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors would like to thank all the anonymous reviewers and experts for their valuable and critical comments in bringing out more useful information and enhancements to the present  ... 
doi:10.7763/ijmo.2011.v1.83 fatcat:lysi5avpd5fw7hrhzb3uc5nhaq

Performance Evaluation of Ant Colony Optimization Based Routing Algorithms for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

Khushneet Kaur Batth, Rajeshwar Singh
2017 International Journal of Advancements in Technology  
A number of Swarm Intelligence (SI) based, more specially Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) based routing algorithms are proposed by researchers.  ...  Mobile Ad Hoc Network is a collection of autonomous mobile nodes that communicate with each other over wireless links without any fixed infrastructure.  ...  Acknowledgment We shall be very thankful to referee's comments for their valuable and helpful suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.4172/0976-4860.1000181 fatcat:6g7zww7qdrh3vcgivpoabfuy5q

A Performance Comparison of Swarm Intelligence Inspired Routing Algorithms for MANETs [chapter]

Jin Wang, Sungyoung Lee
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Swarm Intelligence (SI) inspired routing algorithms have become a research focus in recent years due to their self-organizing nature, which is very suitable to the routing problems in Mobile Ad hoc Networks  ...  These algorithms are explained and compared in detail based on a number of network metrics including packet delivery ratio, delay, routing overhead, delay jitter, goodput and throughput etc.  ...  Finally, in [12] , the SI inspired routing algorithm is for the first time applied to hybrid ad hoc networks which include Swarm Intelligence Inspired Routing Algorithms in MANETs In order to understand  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-02457-3_37 fatcat:agtt32qksfcbjfx2bomvvpxghu

Protocol-independent multicast packet delivery improvement service for mobile Ad hoc networks

Chien-Chung Shen, Sundaram Rajagopalan
2007 Ad hoc networks  
PIDIS provides its packet-delivery improvement services to any multicast routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks by exploiting the mechanism of swarm intelligence to make intelligent decisions about  ...  Further, the operations of PIDIS do not rely on any underlying routing protocol or primitive, and can be incorporated into any ad hoc multicast routing protocol.  ...  In [2] Baras et. al. describe a swarm intelligence based reactive ad hoc routing protocol called PERA.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.adhoc.2005.11.001 fatcat:xttu6yezbveldn4syqmjrzwzhy

Enhancing the Performance of Wireless Routing Protocols of MANET using AI

Yahia Hasan Jazyah
2021 Journal of Computer Science  
This research aims to design and implement a wireless routing protocol for MANET based on AI (Ant-OBS -Ant on Behalf of Source) in order to enhance the performance of network in terms of network overhead  ...  The main goal of Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) is connecting mobile devices directly without central point (peer to peer), which makes it popular area of research.  ...  ANSI (Ad hoc Networking with Swarm Intelligence) (Rajagopalan and Shen, 2006 ) is a unicast protocol for hybrid ad hoc networks that considers the existence of higher-capability mobile or stationary devices  ... 
doi:10.3844/jcssp.2021.953.959 fatcat:37kj3e2cr5eq3heq37qq5g4o4m

ANT INTELLIGENCE ROUTING

Chye Ong Gan, K. Daniel Wong, Wei-Le Woon
2017 ASEAN Journal on Science and Technology for Development  
We introduce AIR, a new ant-based routing protocol for ad hoc wireless networks.  ...  AIR incorporates recent technology advances in ad hoc routing protocols, such as ring-based searching and third-party reply, while retaining the characteristics and benefits of ant-based routing protocols  ...  A class of ad hoc routing protocols has recently emerged that borrows ideas from "swarm intelligence."  ... 
doi:10.29037/ajstd.234 fatcat:yt2lurtavjagncr3gf53tlb7di

MAZACORNET: Mobility aware zone based ant colony optimization routing for VANET

Himani Rana, Parimala Thulasiraman, Ruppa K. Thulasiram
2013 2013 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation  
The performance of Transmission Control Protocols in such wireless ad hoc networks is plagued by a number of problems: frequent link failures, scalability, multi-hop data transmission and data loss.  ...  To address these VANET routing issues, I have used the ideas from swarm intelligence. The Ant Colony Optimization (ACO), which is a branch of swarm intelligence, is the main source of my inspiration.  ...  (ARAMA) 2003 Ad hoc Networking with Swarm Intelligence (ANSI) 2005 Hybrid Ant Colony Op- timization Routing Algo- rithm for Mobile Ad hoc Network (HOPNET) 2008 Mobile Ant Based Routing (MABR)  ... 
doi:10.1109/cec.2013.6557928 dblp:conf/cec/RanaTT13 fatcat:3kxp543h4nc6ti4d23owy23eau

Principles and applications of swarm intelligence for adaptive routing in telecommunications networks

Frederick Ducatelle, Gianni A. Di Caro, Luca M. Gambardella
2010 Swarm Intelligence  
A large number of algorithms have been proposed for different types of networks, including wired networks and wireless ad hoc networks. In this paper we give an overview of this research area.  ...  This will provide the reader with a deeper insight into the basic workings of the approach and open the door for new Swarm intelligence for routing in telecommunications networks 3 applications of these  ...  Termite was shown to perform better than AODV for varying values of node speed. Ad hoc Networking with Swarm Intelligence (ANSI) [87] is another algorithm that follows the same approach.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11721-010-0040-x fatcat:b6n3djko2fbgxdggoraiauwh4y

Routing protocols in ad hoc networks: A survey

Azzedine Boukerche, Begumhan Turgut, Nevin Aydin, Mohammad Z. Ahmad, Ladislau Bölöni, Damla Turgut
2011 Computer Networks  
ARA-The Ant-colony based Routing Algorithms [50] : Gunes et al. present a novel technique for ad hoc routing by using concepts of swarm intelligence and the ant colony meta-heuristic.  ...  Ad hoc networks are a particularly good match for proximity based communication.  ...  Ad hoc networking with swarm intelligence (ANSI) [97] : Rajagopalan and Shen propose a hybrid routing protocol utilizing swarm intelligence (SI) to select good routes in a network.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.comnet.2011.05.010 fatcat:w26gumgminh4lmzsufqm4warsm

A Taxonomy of Distributed Sensor Networks [chapter]

S Iyengar, Shivakumar Sastry
2004 Distributed Sensor Networks  
NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON a. REPORT unclassified b. ABSTRACT unclassified c. THIS PAGE unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18  ...  Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person shall be subject to a penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently  ...  The sensors-nodes must have native capabilities to detect the nearest neighbors and help to develop an ad-hoc network through a set of well defined protocols.  ... 
doi:10.1201/9780203487068.ch3 fatcat:y65bu5bu4zeahi3q6v3zow3vrm

AntHocNet: an adaptive nature-inspired algorithm for routing in mobile ad hoc networks

Gianni Di Caro, Frederick Ducatelle, Luca Maria Gambardella
2005 Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies  
In this paper, we describe AntHocNet, an algorithm for routing in mobile ad hoc networks.  ...  AntHocNet's performance advantage is visible over a broad range of possible network scenarios, and increases for larger, sparser and more mobile networks.  ...  INTRODUCTION Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) [1] are networks in which all nodes are mobile and communicate with each other via wireless connections. Nodes can join or leave at any time.  ... 
doi:10.1002/ett.1062 fatcat:ctztydpbfzdqhjqjlfurpjnija

IJESRT INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES & RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY ROUTING BASED ON ANT COLONY OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUE FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION

Miss Swapna, P Nerkar, Y Siddiqui
2015 unpublished
Ant Colony Optimization, a swarm intelligence based optimization technique, is widely used in network routing.  ...  The most important feature of a routing protocol, in order to be efficient for WSNs, is the energy consumption and the extension of the network's lifetime.  ...  ANSI (Ant hoc networking with swarm intelligence) [22] deployed two types of ants namely; Local proactive ants and global reactive ants.  ... 
fatcat:sbz7lxiis5fx5kwyac5z2yke54

Routing and Broadcasting in Ad-Hoc Networks [chapter]

Marc Heissenbüttel
Kommunikation in Verteilten Systemen (KiVS)  
Other Algorithms Ad hoc Networking with Swarm Intelligence (ANSI) as described in [201, 202] , is a hybrid protocol similar to ZRP [96] .  ...  Then, we give an overview of proposed routing algorithms inspired by swarm intelligence for ad-hoc networks in Section 3.6.4.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-69962-0_22 dblp:conf/kivs/Heissenbuttel07 fatcat:rvpwas3cfnbotjpy5nq6r2grri

Routing Protocols for Next-Generation Networks Inspired by Collective Behaviors of Insect Societies: An Overview [chapter]

Muddassar Farooq, Gianni A. Di Caro
Natural Computing Series  
It accounts for the majority of the instances of swarm intelligence algorithms for routing.  ...  This class of bio-inspired routing algorithms includes a relatively large number of algorithms mostly developed during the last 10 years and mainly inspired by ant colony behaviors.  ...  Rajagopalan and Shen (2005) [102, 103]: Ad-Hoc Networking with Swarm Intelligence (ANSI) This work is based on earlier works of Shen [117, 118, 116] . ANSI is a reactive algorithm.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-74089-6_4 fatcat:2vzcynkpwzbwthkvm4gsopsk4y
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