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ALFRED: A Benchmark for Interpreting Grounded Instructions for Everyday Tasks [article]

Mohit Shridhar, Jesse Thomason, Daniel Gordon, Yonatan Bisk, Winson Han, Roozbeh Mottaghi, Luke Zettlemoyer, Dieter Fox
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We present ALFRED (Action Learning From Realistic Environments and Directives), a benchmark for learning a mapping from natural language instructions and egocentric vision to sequences of actions for household  ...  We show that a baseline model based on recent embodied vision-and-language tasks performs poorly on ALFRED, suggesting that there is significant room for developing innovative grounded visual language  ...  Acknowledgements Thanks to our UW colleagues for helpful feedback, to Eli VanderBilt and Eric Kolve for their help with AI2-THOR and leaderboard setup, and Victor Zhong for early modeling design.  ... 
arXiv:1912.01734v2 fatcat:bencnpeqzjcfxjw7qnzupsz6ce

A History of the Preparation of Teachers of English

Alfred H. Grommon
1968 English Journal  
A History of the Preparation of Teachers of English Alfred H.  ...  instructing students preparing to basic grounding in science, mathematics, the social sciences, and the arts," prepara- attend college.  ... 
doi:10.2307/812664 fatcat:qflwawt3njfsxlpqkbikxd4q7q

BEHAVIOR: Benchmark for Everyday Household Activities in Virtual, Interactive, and Ecological Environments [article]

Sanjana Srivastava, Chengshu Li, Michael Lingelbach, Roberto Martín-Martín, Fei Xia, Kent Vainio, Zheng Lian, Cem Gokmen, Shyamal Buch, C. Karen Liu, Silvio Savarese, Hyowon Gweon (+2 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We introduce BEHAVIOR, a benchmark for embodied AI with 100 activities in simulation, spanning a range of everyday household chores such as cleaning, maintenance, and food preparation.  ...  Building such a benchmark poses three fundamental difficulties for each activity: definition (it can differ by time, place, or person), instantiation in a simulator, and evaluation.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank Bokui Shen, Xi Jia Zhou, and Jim Fan for comments, ideas, and support in data collection.  ... 
arXiv:2108.03332v1 fatcat:jviakd3qwvabderhycrilezxoe

The joy of teaching soil science

Alfred E. Hartemink, Megan R. Balks, Zueng-Sang Chen, Patrick Drohan, Damien J. Field, Pavel Krasilnikov, David J. Lowe, Martin Rabenhorst, Ken van Rees, Peter Schad, Louis A. Schipper, Marthijn Sonneveld (+1 others)
2014 Geoderma  
Likewise, the soil science discipline is evolving as there is a new set of tools and techniques available by which we investigate soils, and the foci are shifting toward other disciplines and changing  ...  Acknowledgments We are thankful to two anonymous reviewers for their prompt review and suggestions to improve this paper.  ...  These monoliths represent some 100 major benchmark soils of Taiwan.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.10.016 fatcat:2p6r55ltojge5otfdb5cllstbm

Do As I Can, Not As I Say: Grounding Language in Robotic Affordances [article]

Michael Ahn, Anthony Brohan, Noah Brown, Yevgen Chebotar, Omar Cortes, Byron David, Chelsea Finn, Keerthana Gopalakrishnan, Karol Hausman, Alex Herzog, Daniel Ho, Jasmine Hsu (+31 others)
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We evaluate our method on a number of real-world robotic tasks, where we show the need for real-world grounding and that this approach is capable of completing long-horizon, abstract, natural language  ...  this task in a particular environment.  ...  Laura Graesser, Rico Jonschkowski, Daniel Kappler, Hugo Larochelle, Benjamin Lee, Adrian Li, Suraj Nair, Krista Reymann, Jeff Seto, Dhruv Shah, Ian Storz, Razvan Surdulescu, Andy Zeng, and Vincent Zhao for  ... 
arXiv:2204.01691v1 fatcat:uw3znzcfprfi3a6aedzozgt2eu

Implementing Externally Induced Innovations: A Comparison of Rule-Bound and Autonomous Approaches

Alfred A. Marcus
1988 Academy of Management Journal  
whose safety records were relatively strong tended to retain their autonomy. a response that rein forced their strong safety performance.  ...  The findings suggested that nu clear power plants with relatively poor safety records tended to re spond in a rule-bound manner that perpetuated their poor safety per formance and that n"c1ear power plants  ...  not be a final resting ground.  ... 
doi:10.5465/256547 fatcat:l5kbuuzwpfc6rpkrdi47zv6wk4

EMISSOR: A platform for capturing multimodal interactions as Episodic Memories and Interpretations with Situated Scenario-based Ontological References [article]

Selene Báez Santamaría, Thomas Baier, Taewoon Kim, Lea Krause, Jaap Kruijt, Piek Vossen
2021 arXiv   pre-print
EMISSOR can record and annotate experiments in virtual and real-world, combine data, evaluate system behavior and their performance for preset goals but also model the accumulation of knowledge and interpretations  ...  We present EMISSOR: a platform to capture multimodal interactions as recordings of episodic experiences with explicit referential interpretations that also yield an episodic Knowledge Graph (eKG).  ...  ALFRED: A Benchmark for Interpreting Grounded Instructions for Everyday Tasks. In The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR).  ... 
arXiv:2105.08388v1 fatcat:jarhbdfwr5gfdavu2wnndwecda

NeuroAIDS in Africa

Kevin Robertson, Jeff Liner, James Hakim, Jean-Louis Sankalé, Igor Grant, Scott Letendre, David Clifford, Amadou Gallo Diop, Assan Jaye, Georgette Kanmogne, Alfred Njamnshi, T. Dianne Langford (+20 others)
2010 Journal of Neurovirology  
Cultural differences in administration and interpretation of instructions exist, so quality control to measure performance of those giving assessments should be in place, and methods for monitoring quality  ...  Because sub-Saharan Africa was the "ground zero" for the HIV pandemic, the majority of HIV-infected individuals reside there.  ...  The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of the paper.  ... 
doi:10.3109/13550284.2010.489597 pmid:20500018 pmcid:PMC3549534 fatcat:6oi3zfhp3vcsxmb7rf2x74jlsu

Less is More: Generating Grounded Navigation Instructions from Landmarks [article]

Su Wang, Ceslee Montgomery, Jordi Orbay, Vighnesh Birodkar, Aleksandra Faust, Izzeddin Gur, Natasha Jaques, Austin Waters, Jason Baldridge, Peter Anderson
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Generating such high-quality navigation instructions in novel environments is a step towards conversational navigation tools and could facilitate larger-scale training of instruction-following agents.  ...  Using text parsers, weak supervision from RxR's pose traces, and a multilingual image-text encoder trained on 1.8b images, we identify 971k English, Hindi and Telugu landmark descriptions and ground them  ...  and Beer Changpinyo for assistance with the multimodal mT5 implementation; and Igor Karpov, Ming Zhao and the Google ML Data Operations team for support collecting human evaluations.  ... 
arXiv:2111.12872v4 fatcat:ictdllrge5fcrhfqlztzkq6ovq

The Indian Act and the (Re)Shaping of Canadian Aboriginal Sport Practices

Janice Forsyth
2007 International Journal of Canadian Studies  
Alfred sees this extension of state power through legislative means as evidence of a coercive relationship.  ...  Aboriginal bodies, once a symbol of strength and virility, were repositioned within the growing discourse on physical education as weak and diseased, justifying the need for proper, orderly instruction  ... 
doi:10.7202/040765ar fatcat:tnb2yhru6jaxrdk4fdjg3sa4uu

Implicit acts of filth: the parodic virtues of cleanliness

Aritha van Herk
2015 Text: Journal of the Australian Association of Writing Programs  
disinfectant as part of Foucault's 'writing of things' thus alludes to parody's most powerful affect: its connection to the most ordinary and quotidian of gestures, doubled by cultural aesthetic and instructional  ...  Biographical note: Aritha van Herk is a novelist, critic and writer.  ...  His 'domestic' instruction and his setting them to the task that he is a master of, a task they could have undertaken without his high-priced supervision, lampoons all criminal messes and clean-ups.  ... 
doi:10.52086/001c.27124 fatcat:rtxl5flmsnasjmrkzcx2cz6lcm

#MeToo? Legal Discourse and Everyday Responses to Sexual Violence

Alison Gash, Ryan Harding
2018 Laws  
Scholars have developed a framework for understanding how "our social roles and statuses, our relationships, our obligations, prerogatives, and responsibilities, our identities, and our behaviors bear  ...  When we limit the study of law to these doctrines and institutions we miss an opportunity to identify how law both constructs and is constructed by its everyday context (Engel 1995; Ewick and Silbey 1998  ...  Ansari instructed her to turn around. "He sat back . . . and motioned for me to go down on him. And I did. I think I just felt really pressured.  ... 
doi:10.3390/laws7020021 fatcat:s2rr2hyn4febde5gdulfyge3zq

The development of an instructional design model as a strategic enabler for sustainable competitive advantage

L. Le Roux, H. Oosthuizen
2010 South African Journal of Business Management  
In the second article the ID model will be subjected to empirical investigation and evaluated through the application thereof in a case organisation and a grounded conclusion provided.This is the first  ...  in job-specific knowledge and productive behaviour as proxies for sustainable competitive advantage.  ...  "Training is instruction for a specific task. Learning, on the other hand is a continuous process. Training is one of the many tools used to build a learning environment.  ... 
doi:10.4102/sajbm.v41i1.511 fatcat:emyl3sjwfvcfnoaomiqirvfbvq

The search for an integrational account of language: Roy Harris and conversation analysis

David Fleming
1995 Language Sciences  
The contemporary study of human communication may be notable for, among other things, a growing tendency to treat language as activity rather than thing.  ...  One model for that reconstitution might be conversation analysis (CA), a program of social research based on the ethnomethodological investigation of 'language-in-action'.  ...  Acknowledgements I wish to thank Paul Hopper, Roy Harris, and Talbot Taylor for their comments on earlier versions of this paper. LSC 17/1~  ... 
doi:10.1016/0388-0001(95)00004-f fatcat:qrmnwal2lnctfofybh647zczoq

Assessing mathematical proficiency

2008 ChoiceReviews  
Acknowledgements Suzanne Wilson found the California exams which Lee Shulman used in his Acknowledgment My sincere thanks to Meghan Shaughnessy for her help with reading drafts, locating references  ...  Finally, some students, like Alfred, used a matching strategy. Alfred explained, "Two fifths is about the same size as one third.  ...  This instruction has generally been disregarded. In future this will be a ground for the rejection of the paper. This question is a much easier one than the analogous question in 1875.  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.45-5629 fatcat:wmtmsl3pejgndjvljup34bjsiy
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