Filters








64,921 Hits in 3.4 sec

AI Challenges for Society and Ethics [article]

Jess Whittlestone, Sam Clarke
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Artificial intelligence is already being applied in and impacting many important sectors in society, including healthcare, finance, and policing.  ...  It also requires thinking through the normative question of what beneficial use of AI in society looks like, which is equally challenging.  ...  Introduction AI is already being applied in and impacting many important sectors in society, including healthcare, finance, and policing.  ... 
arXiv:2206.11068v1 fatcat:qgb6643aqfdabiujf4vaixkgue

Civil Society and AI: Striving for ethical governance [article]

Maurice Jones
2022 Zenodo  
The involvement of civil society has been identified as key in ensuring ethical and equitable approaches towards the governance of AI by a variety of state and non-state actors.  ...  Civil society carries the potential to hold organisations and institutions accountable, to advocate for marginalised voices to be heard, to spearhead ethically sound applications of AI, and to mediate  ...  critical topics of civil society and AI.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6320730 fatcat:cnb2osy33jdlvc6rswqahrftaq

Ethical AI for the Governance of the Society: Challenges and Opportunities

Mika P. Nieminen, Nadezhda Gotcheva, Jaana Leikas, Raija Koivisto
2019 Conference on Technology Ethics  
This paper presents an overview of a new Strategic Research Council funded project project entitled "Ethical AI for the Governance of the Society" (ETAIROS).  ...  enhance the ethical sustainability of operations in the use of AI.  ...  Acknowledgements Project "Ethical AI for the Governance of the Society" (ETAIROS) is funded by Strategic Research Council at the Academy of Finland.  ... 
dblp:conf/tethics/NieminenGLK19 fatcat:i6bb2yuncvdhpobh6ymoegkpe4

The Cost of Ethical AI Development for AI Startups

James Bessen, Stephen Michael Impink, Robert Seamans
2022 Proceedings of the 2022 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society  
Potential costs associated with data-sharing relationships and the adherence to ethical policies may create tradeoffs between increased AI product competition and more ethical AI production.  ...  Moreover, startups with ethical AI policies are more likely to invest in unconscious bias training, hire ethnic minorities and female programmers, seek expert advice, and search for more diverse training  ...  materially impact the ethical AI policy adoption and adherence.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3514094.3534195 fatcat:sza6x7ckijbi5k4dbekrmie3fu

AI Extenders

José Hernández-Orallo, Karina Vold
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society - AIES '19  
But AI can take cognitive extension towards totally new capabilities, posing new philosophical, ethical and technical challenges.  ...  We dissect the landscape of cognitive capabilities that can foreseeably be extended by AI and examine their ethical implications.  ...  In this paper we explore what new abilities could be extended in the future using AI, and what their ethical and societal implications might be.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3306618.3314238 dblp:conf/aies/Hernandez-Orallo19 fatcat:sx2zdhfrhzg6nbvf5u5zh2jxvy

Reconfiguring Diversity and Inclusion for AI Ethics

Nicole Chi, Emma Lurie, Deirdre K. Mulligan
2021 Proceedings of the 2021 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society  
We build on work mapping the emergent landscape of corporate AI ethics to center one outcome of these conversations: the incorporation of diversity and inclusion in corporate AI ethics activities.  ...  Finally, diversity and inclusion, as configured by engineering logic, positions firms not as "ethics owners" but as ethics allocators; while these companies claim expertise on AI ethics, the responsibility  ...  Research for this article has been supported by generous funding from the National Science Foundation (CCESTEM: Emerging Cultures of Data Science Ethics in the Academy and Industry).  ... 
doi:10.1145/3461702.3462622 fatcat:def2tiljmvab3k6oreu2wts2xi

What's Next for AI Ethics, Policy, and Governance? A Global Overview

Daniel Schiff, Justin Biddle, Jason Borenstein, Kelly Laas
2020 Proceedings of the AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society  
Since 2016, more than 80 AI ethics documents -including codes, principles, frameworks, and policy strategies -have been produced by corporations, governments, and NGOs.  ...  In this paper, we examine three topics of importance related to our ongoing empirical study of ethics and policy issues in these emerging documents.  ...  There are professional associations like IEEE, The Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence, and The Royal Society, think tanks and advocacy groups like the Future of Life Institute and the Partnership  ... 
doi:10.1145/3375627.3375804 dblp:conf/aies/SchiffBBL20 fatcat:gqwl57rv7nezpiamf5ziogghjm

Sociotechnical Systems and Ethics in the Large

Amit K. Chopra, Munindar P. SIngh
2018 Proceedings of the 2018 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society - AIES '18  
Advances in AI techniques and computing platforms have triggered a lively and expanding discourse on ethical decision-making by autonomous agents.  ...  Much recent work in AI concentrates on the challenges of moral decision making from a decision-theoretic perspective, and especially the representation of various ethical dilemmas.  ...  Although ideas such as moral values and social norms, as standards of correctness, necessarily arise in any discussion of ethics and AI, their scope has largely been limited to the design and impact of  ... 
doi:10.1145/3278721.3278740 dblp:conf/aies/ChopraS18 fatcat:dkth6mpnxzh4nhy6nvnaxhf77i

Incomplete Contracting and AI Alignment

Dylan Hadfield-Menell, Gillian K. Hadfield
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society - AIES '19  
We first provide an overview of the incomplete contracting literature and explore parallels between this work and the problem of AI alignment.  ...  We suggest that the analysis of incomplete contracting developed by law and economics researchers can provide a useful framework for understanding the AI alignment problem and help to generate a systematic  ...  But often AI reward functions are-unintentionally and unavoidably-misspecified.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3306618.3314250 dblp:conf/aies/Hadfield-Menell19a fatcat:loumtaxtkjd6blahmeowpoiwgy

AI Alignment and Human Reward

Patrick Butlin
2021 Proceedings of the 2021 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society  
According to a prominent approach to AI alignment, AI agents should be built to learn and promote human values.  ...  from unresolved empirical and conceptual issues in human psychology.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was supported by Survival and Flourishing.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3461702.3462570 fatcat:pz2ss3cvc5cu3mg2bq4rlqojby

Invisible Influence

Daniel Susser
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society - AIES '19  
Moreover, artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML) makes it possible for those options and their framings-the choice architectures-to be tailored to the individual chooser.  ...  For several years, scholars have (for good reason) been largely preoccupied with worries about the use of artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML) tools to make decisions about us.  ...  In response, these scholars have called for increased fairness, accountability, and transparency ("FAT*") around Presented at the AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society (AIES '19), January 27-28  ... 
doi:10.1145/3306618.3314286 dblp:conf/aies/Susser19 fatcat:ivbkzfb3rrgobejgoe4nr63fuu

Organic and dynamic tool for use with knowledge base of AI ethics for promoting engineers' practice of ethical AI design

Kaira Sekiguchi, Koichi Hori
2018 AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence  
We therefore implemented an organic and dynamic tool for use with knowledge base of AI ethics for engineers to promote engineers' practice of ethical AI design to realize further social values.  ...  them, and a case for the recommendation of the scenario paths that allow engineers to seamlessly use AI ethics in their own contexts.  ...  Hiroshi Nakagawa and Dr. Mayu Terada for their help in discussing drone delivery, drone highway and drone swarm. This work was partially supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP18K18434.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00146-018-0867-z fatcat:utg4tbjr4ndw5js7y54rxwumqm

AI4People—An Ethical Framework for a Good AI Society: Opportunities, Risks, Principles, and Recommendations

Luciano Floridi, Josh Cowls, Monica Beltrametti, Raja Chatila, Patrice Chazerand, Virginia Dignum, Christoph Luetge, Robert Madelin, Ugo Pagallo, Francesca Rossi, Burkhard Schafer, Peggy Valcke (+1 others)
2018 Minds and Machines  
We introduce the core opportunities and risks of AI for society; present a synthesis of five ethical principles that should undergird its development and adoption; and offer 20 concrete recommendations-to  ...  If adopted, these recommendations would serve as a firm foundation for the establishment of a Good AI Society.  ...  Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), grant agreement no.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11023-018-9482-5 pmid:30930541 pmcid:PMC6404626 fatcat:bxpcyjbgnrfq3h7g25xciec6ly

An AI Race for Strategic Advantage

Stephen Cave, Seán S. ÓhÉigeartaigh
2018 Proceedings of the 2018 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society - AIES '18  
This paper assesses the potential risks of the AI race narrative and of an actual competitive race to develop AI, such as incentivising corner-cutting on safety and governance, or increasing the risk of  ...  And it briefly explores alternative ways in which the rush to develop powerful AI could be framed so as instead to foster collaboration and responsible progress.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Shahar Avin, Seth Baum, Haydn Belfield, Miles Brundage, Ariel Conn, and Kanta Dihal for helpful comments and discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3278721.3278780 dblp:conf/aies/CaveO18 fatcat:srynlls65jflfjxpfub64iatde

Dialogue Explanation With Reasoning for AI

Yifan Xu
2022 Proceedings of the 2022 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society  
Explainable Artificial Intelligence is increasingly gaining attention in domains, such as self-driving cars and medical treatment.  ...  In this research, I propose a dialogue-based explanation with reasoning for a rule-based system with the intention of utilising it in the future with a Neuro Symbolic AI system, to give machines the capacity  ...  Two major steps in the future: develop a Neuro Symbolic AI system with a dialogue mechanism, and conduct a user evaluation for such a system.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3514094.3539522 fatcat:kncc7jtavnf7tatbdxmmunff3u
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 64,921 results