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A web observatory for the machine processability of structured data on the web

Wouter Beek, Paul Groth, Stefan Schlobach, Rinke Hoekstra
2014 Proceedings of the 2014 ACM conference on Web science - WebSci '14  
General human intelligence is needed in order to process content on the Web of Documents. On the Web of Data (WoD), content is intended to be machine-processable as well.  ...  We present LOD Observer, a web observatory that studies the Web from a machine processor's point of view.  ...  By providing an observatory on the state of the machine processability of Web data, we hope to guide interventions at both the technical and social level.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2615569.2615654 dblp:conf/websci/BeekGSH14 fatcat:33mmrxclubdhzhhi36m7aaoy6q

A Streaming Real-Time Web Observatory Architecture for Monitoring the Health of Social Machines

Ramine Tinati, Xin Wang, Ian Brown, Thanassis Tiropanis, Wendy Hall
2015 Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '15 Companion  
In light of this, Web Observatories now are faced with the challenge of being able to process and republish real-time, big data, Web streams, whilst maintaining access control and data consistency.  ...  Over the past years, streaming Web services have become popular, with many of the top Web platforms now offering near real-time streams of user and machine activity.  ...  However, working with real-time big data sources introduces a number of new challenges for Web Observatory platforms which were initially built with technologies designed to process curated and structured  ... 
doi:10.1145/2740908.2743977 dblp:conf/www/TinatiWBTH15 fatcat:bkctdj663vfpplxqrh7sly2xiy

Towards a taxonomy for web observatories

Ian C. Brown, Wendy Hall, Lisa Harris
2014 Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '14 Companion  
In this paper, we propose an initial structure to support a taxonomy for Web Observatories (WO).  ...  The work is based on a small sample of cases drawn from the work of the Web Science Trust and the Web Science Institute and reflects aspects of academic, business and government Observatories.  ...  The definition of Web Observatories (beyond being a repository of data on the Web) is still developing and in these cases Spiteri argues against the use of hierarchies/trees.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2567948.2579212 dblp:conf/www/BrownHH14 fatcat:ep3yzgrtwrgxhgfl5ob4n2qnhu

Building a Real-Time Web Observatory

Ramine Tinati, Xin Wang, Thanassis Tiropanis, Wendy Hall
2015 IEEE Internet Computing  
We consider the current landscape and challenges of using data, analytics and visualisation, and describe a series of use cases where the Web Observatory can be used.  ...  To that end, we present the Web Observatory, a Web platform with an architecture capable of harvesting, querying, and analysing multiple real-time and historic heterogeneous data, whilst providing data  ...  with controllable access to data produced by human and machines, on and off the Web.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mic.2015.94 fatcat:gh2dbfngcnf3hk5zg45gbvyphi

DNA

Ian Brown, Lisa Harris, Wendy Hall
2015 Proceedings of the ACM Web Science Conference on ZZZ - WebSci '15  
Web Observatories (hereafter WO) and more generally the class of Social Machines.  ...  This process model forms part of a triad of perspectives under the banner of a methodology known as DNA, which looks at structure (Definition), process (Nature) and motivations of actors (Archetypes) for  ...  on the current literature for Observatories and Observatory-shaped objects. 1 This resulted in an initial vocabulary of 17 processes focused around the implementation/execution of WOs, which we have  ... 
doi:10.1145/2786451.2786511 dblp:conf/websci/BrownHH15 fatcat:fagld4h34reurcefgifgzkj27i

The web observatory extension

Dominic Difranzo, John S. Erickson, Marie Joan Kristine T. Gloria, Joanne S. Luciano, Deborah L. McGuinness, James Hendler
2014 Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '14 Companion  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Our thanks to the Tetherless World Constellation lab for their support and help in the development of tools featured in the TWC Web Observatory Portal.  ...  We also wish to give additional thanks to the entire Web Science Community for their recommendations and feedback on the schema.org extension vocabulary.  ...  Examples of all classes of the vocabulary have been instantiated on the TWC RPI Web Observatory Portal and were tested against the Google Structured Data Testing Tool and the Yandex Structured Data Validator  ... 
doi:10.1145/2567948.2576936 dblp:conf/www/DiFranzoEGLMH14 fatcat:c3sfnrczjzh6tgglnaiwdmw7la

The Web Science Observatory

Thanassis Tiropanis, Wendy Hall, Nigel Shadbolt, David De Roure, Noshir Contractor, Jim Hendler
2013 IEEE Intelligent Systems  
; and • a data-licensing framework for archived data and the results of processing those data.  ...  By undertaking the challenge of harmonizing data and analysis infrastructures and engaging in standardization, the Web Observatory is paving the way for further integration of structured information on  ... 
doi:10.1109/mis.2013.50 fatcat:csamszmdbje2pkue6icf6alfgq

Web evolution and Web Science

Wendy Hall, Thanassis Tiropanis
2012 Computer Networks  
Further, the Web itself is a social machine, where the multitude of content, applications, services, data and social networks are the outcome of a process that involves people and technology, and, at the  ...  Towards a Web Observatory Perceiving the Web as an evolving network of networks in this wider scope necessitates the collection of data on those networks.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.comnet.2012.10.004 fatcat:r566bmptifgnhe3vglxaysbvdi

From search to observation

Ian Brown, Wendy Hall, Lisa Harris
2013 Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '13 Companion  
In this paper, we propose a set of concepts underlying the process and requirements of observation: that is, the process of employing web observatories for research.  ...  We refer to observation as a new concept, distinct from search, which we believe is worthy of study in its own right and note that the process of observation moves the focus of information retrieval away  ...  This highlights the need for new processes to address a problem not solved by existing search technologies: namely that of discovering and assembling well structured and curated results from the web of  ... 
doi:10.1145/2487788.2488168 dblp:conf/www/BrownHH13 fatcat:2sdwqybb7zagfnzwqzs2vdfq4y

The Organizing of Database from Surlari National Geomagnetic Observatory

Natalia-Silvia Asimopolos, Laurentiu Asimopolos, Bogdan Balea, Adrian Aristide Asimopolos
2021 Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering A  
All these parameters are included in the geomagnetic database on server. The web interface for the database meets the different needs of handling the data collected, raw or processed.  ...  Access to the web interface can be done with or without authentication, depending on the need to ensure the security of certain data collected, stored and processed.  ...  OpenSUSE 11.1 for services running on x86 machines and the services hosted on the Cisco router run under Cisco IOS 12.4T.  Web server hosts the observatory's web site deployed with Apache 2 2.2.10; Short  ... 
doi:10.17265/2162-5298/2021.01.003 fatcat:envq2uzlbbdlrhewufkhamzn7u

A Virtual Global Magnetic Observatory Network: VGMO.NET

Vladimir O. Papitashvili, Valeriy G. Petrov, Anshuman B. Saxena, C. Robert Clauer, Natalia E. Papitashvili
2006 Earth, Planets and Space  
As a result, existing data become naturally distributed creating an urgent need for more sophisticated search engines capable of identifying and retrieving the data from Web for scientific analyses.  ...  We introduce a Virtual Global Magnetic Observatory concept for "pulling" geomagnetic data distributed worldwide.  ...  In Michigan, this work was supported by the NSF award ATM-0112720 and NASA grant NAG5-12146.  ... 
doi:10.1186/bf03351980 fatcat:gg7zawqoivehzckmfv3nivcumu

Web Observatories: Gathering Data for Internet Governance [chapter]

2020 Researching Internet Governance  
The World Wide Web is the most significant application of the Internet, a simple, easy-to-use information space indexed by uniform resource identifiers on which are built most of the services accessed  ...  As noted by Mueller and Badiei in chapter 2, the creation of the web (together with the invention of the browser) was partly responsible for the emergence of the Internet as a mass public medium, which  ...  Resources can be queried using the Web Observatory API, which uses a JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) structured query language, and the mappings to the types of data stores are handled by the Web Observatory  ... 
doi:10.7551/mitpress/12400.003.0007 fatcat:ks6km5l2yfhafpbmyz7ncoz6hi

Concepts for astronomical data accessibility and analysis via relational database [article]

L. Nicastro, G. Calderone
2007 arXiv   pre-print
An example could be a Web interface which presents the available data and allows the user to select/retrieve (or even process) the data subset of interest.  ...  Here we'll focus on a the real-world case of the robotic IR-optical telescope REM (placed at La Silla, Chile) which performs real time images acquisition, processing and archiving by using some of the  ...  The REM Observatory is supported by INAF.  ... 
arXiv:astro-ph/0701099v1 fatcat:jo63h2edabcqfoe6tf4mrxlqni

Living analytics methods for the web observatory

Ernesto Diaz-Aviles
2013 Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '13 Companion  
We center the discussion on two areas: (i) Recommender Systems for Big Fast Data and (ii) Collective Intelligence, both key components towards an analytics toolbox for our Web Observatory.  ...  In this paper, we report part of the efforts towards the realization of a Web Observatory at the L3S Research Center (www.L3S.de).  ...  We believe that besides the efforts of sharing the data, we can also focus on building the mechanisms for sharing the models built on the data observed over time.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2487788.2488169 dblp:conf/www/Diaz-Aviles13 fatcat:woxilu7ahnanpasywnsjnus5wy

Data Storage, Processing, and Visualization for the Australia Telescope Compact Array

Tara Murphy, Peter Lamb, Christopher Owen, Malte Marquarding
2006 Publications Astronomical Society of Australia  
We present three Virtual Observatory tools developed at the Australia Telescope National Facility (ATNF) for the storage, processing and visualization of Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) data.  ...  These tools were developed in the context of the Virtual Observatory and were intended to be both useful for astronomers and technology demonstrators.  ...  A number of ATNF staff put in significant effort to get the ATOA set up, in particular Robin Wark, Bob Sault, and Mark Wieringa.  ... 
doi:10.1071/as05033 fatcat:nb3ugxenxnd4ne2ie5hqxg5iga
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