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A visual attention model for adapting images on small displays

Li-Qun Chen, Xing Xie, Xin Fan, Wei-Ying Ma, Hong-Jiang Zhang, He-Qin Zhou
2003 Multimedia Systems  
In this paper, we propose a novel method for adapting images based on user attention.  ...  Image adaptation, one of the essential problems in adaptive content delivery for universal access, has been actively explored for some time.  ...  We would like to express our special appreciation to Yu Chen for his insightful suggestions and the Media Computing Group of Microsoft Research Asia for their generous help in building some of the image  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00530-003-0105-4 fatcat:df5woypiffeqbbhv3gxfvf7sky

Integrating Low-Level and Semantic Visual Cues for Improved Image-to-Video Experiences [chapter]

Pedro Pinho, Joel Baltazar, Fernando Pereira
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
For example, mobile displays tend to be too small to allow one to see all the details of an image.  ...  This paper presents an innovative method to integrate low-level and semantic visual cues into a unique visual attention map that represents the most interesting contents of an image, allowing the creation  ...  [2] , which proposes a method for adapting images based on user attention, the visual attention models provide a set of attention objects (AOs): { } {( , )}, 1 i i i AO ROI AV i N = ≤≤ (1) Frequently  ... 
doi:10.1007/11867661_75 fatcat:dhj2e42rdngulexz2udk3n42im

Visual attention based image browsing on mobile devices

Xin Fan, Xing Xie, Wei-Ying Ma, Hong-Jiang Zhang, He-Qin Zhou
2003 2003 International Conference on Multimedia and Expo. ICME '03. Proceedings (Cat. No.03TH8698)  
In this paper, we propose a novel image viewing technique based on an adaptive attention shifting model.  ...  However, a crucial challenge is to provide a better user experience for browsing large images on limited and heterogeneous screen sizes of mobile devices.  ...  Finally, Section 5 gives our conclusions and discussions on future work. SELECTIVE ATTENTION MODEL FOR IMAGE ADAPTATION There are still a lot of debates on the mechanics of visual attention.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icme.2003.1220852 dblp:conf/icmcs/FanXMZZ03 fatcat:lkz4tj4fgza2dndb4oet2w77vi

Region-based visual attention analysis with its application in image browsing on small displays

Huiying Liu, Shuqiang Jiang, Qingming Huang, Changsheng Xu, Wen Gao
2007 Proceedings of the 15th international conference on Multimedia - MULTIMEDIA '07  
Since different ROIs may have different importance for different purposes, a ROI ranking algorithm is designed for browsing large images on small displays.  ...  Visual attention has been a hot research point for many years and many new applications are emerging especially for wireless multimedia services.  ...  Finally, a ROI ranking method is proposed and used in adaptive image browsing, which generates an image sequence from the input image and displays it on small screens.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1291233.1291298 dblp:conf/mm/LiuJHXG07 fatcat:56eql3xxvveptjnrg6qwuxuy2u

Automatic browsing of large pictures on mobile devices

Hao Liu, Xing Xie, Wei-Ying Ma, Hong-Jiang Zhang
2003 Proceedings of the eleventh ACM international conference on Multimedia - MULTIMEDIA '03  
Experimental evaluations of the proposed mechanism indicate that our approach is an effective way for viewing large images on small displays.  ...  An optimal image browsing path is then calculated based on the image attention model to simulate the human browsing behaviors.  ...  generous help in building some of the image analysis modules.  ... 
doi:10.1145/957044.957045 fatcat:hdljktglcna2tmrsotgzn3ov54

Self-Adaptive Image Cropping for Small Displays

Gianluigi Ciocca, Claudio Cusano, Francesca Gasparini, Raimondo Schettini
2007 IEEE transactions on consumer electronics  
Visual information is obtained by a visual attention model, while semantic information relates to the automatically assigned image genre and to the detection of face and skin regions.  ...  We propose a new self-adaptive image cropping algorithm where the processing steps are driven by the classification of the images into semantic classes.  ...  A saliency map is generated based on the Itti-Koch visual attention model [8] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tce.2007.4429261 fatcat:oiec4d5ehbazhhjhtqvs6zk6ae

Automatic browsing of large pictures on mobile devices

Hao Liu, Xing Xie, Wei-Ying Ma, Hong-Jiang Zhang
2003 Proceedings of the eleventh ACM international conference on Multimedia - MULTIMEDIA '03  
Experimental evaluations of the proposed mechanism indicate that our approach is an effective way for viewing large images on small displays.  ...  An optimal image browsing path is then calculated based on the image attention model to simulate the human browsing behaviors.  ...  generous help in building some of the image analysis modules.  ... 
doi:10.1145/957013.957045 dblp:conf/mm/LiuXMZ03 fatcat:45vgx44cjfdy3hw33poldxhjwq

The Importance of Visual Attention in Improving the 3D-TV Viewing Experience: Overview and New Perspectives

Quan Huynh-Thu, Marcus Barkowsky, Patrick Le Callet
2011 IEEE transactions on broadcasting  
However, one of the major challenges is the difficulty in providing high quality images that are comfortable to view and that also meet signal transmission requirements over a limited bandwidth for display  ...  We provide a review of the field of 3D visual attention, discuss the challenges in both the understanding and modeling of 3D visual attention, and provide guidance to researchers in this field.  ...  To adapt 2D video content to a display with a different aspect ratio, content repurposing usually involves a combination of cropping and zooming (re-scaling), especially for viewing on small devices.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tbc.2011.2128250 fatcat:bxcbazgdsffddkoar37ttaciy4

Looking into video frames on small displays

Xin Fan, Xing Xie, He-Qin Zhou, Wei-Ying Ma
2003 Proceedings of the eleventh ACM international conference on Multimedia - MULTIMEDIA '03  
Preliminary evaluation shows that this approach is an effective way for video browsing on small displays.  ...  However, a crucial challenge is to provide a better user experience for browsing videos on the limited and heterogeneous screen sizes.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to express our special appreciation to Tao Mei, Xiaodong Gu, Liqun Chen and Yusuo Hu for their insightful suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/957013.957063 dblp:conf/mm/FanXZM03 fatcat:zahyqydcszhj7nn5nvmqhi2vfe

Looking into video frames on small displays

Xin Fan, Xing Xie, He-Qin Zhou, Wei-Ying Ma
2003 Proceedings of the eleventh ACM international conference on Multimedia - MULTIMEDIA '03  
Preliminary evaluation shows that this approach is an effective way for video browsing on small displays.  ...  However, a crucial challenge is to provide a better user experience for browsing videos on the limited and heterogeneous screen sizes.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to express our special appreciation to Tao Mei, Xiaodong Gu, Liqun Chen and Yusuo Hu for their insightful suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/957052.957063 fatcat:zwbnpp25ajcwnktscvjj6rfko4

Browsing large pictures under limited display sizes

Xing Xie, Hao Liu, Wei-Ying Ma, Hong-Jiang Zhang
2006 IEEE transactions on multimedia  
Index Terms-Adaptive content delivery, attention model, image adaptation, information foraging.  ...  Experimental evaluations of the proposed mechanism indicate that our approach is an effective way for viewing large images on small displays.  ...  CONCLUSION In this paper, we propose a novel image browsing strategy based on image attention model to facilitate scrolling and navigation of large pictures on devices with small displays.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmm.2006.876294 fatcat:sfjx22i53zdk3fgwkihknuefie

A survey on HDR visualization on mobile devices

Luis Magalhaes, Maximino Bessa, Carlos Urbano, Miguel Melo, Emanuel Peres, Alan Chalmers, Peter Schelkens, Touradj Ebrahimi, Gabriel Cristóbal, Frédéric Truchetet, Pasi Saarikko
2012 Optics, Photonics, and Digital Technologies for Multimedia Applications II  
The main goal of this paper is to present a survey on HDR visualization approaches and techniques developed specifically for mobile devices.  ...  There is a vast body of literature concerning the capture, storing, transmission and display of High Dynamic Range (HDR) imaging.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work is funded by the ERDF through the Programme COMPETE and by the Portuguese Government through FCT -Foundation for Science and Technology, project PTDC/EIA-EIA/114868/2009 entitled  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.924068 fatcat:kfmcoi5eqzdjdmkkbvqttbvzv4

Spatial Attention Determines the Nature of Nonverbal Number Representation

Daniel C. Hyde, Justin N. Wood
2011 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Using event-related potentials, we show that it is possible to determine which system will represent the numerical value of a small number set (1-3 items) by manipulating spatial attention.  ...  Specifically, when attention can select individual objects, an early brain response (N1) scales with the cardinal value of the display, the signature of parallel individuation.  ...  We also thank Clark Van Den Berghe, Andy Peters, Christina Zhou, Yen-Ling Kao, and Alex Feliciano for their help with data collection.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2010.21581 pmid:20961170 fatcat:uketvcbmi5bjfaet3okmaphryy

Adaptive picture-in-picture technology based on visual saliency

Shijian Lu, Byung-Uck Kim, Nicolas Lomenie, Joo-Hwee Lim
2013 2013 Asia-Pacific Signal and Information Processing Association Annual Summit and Conference  
We propose an automatic and adaptive PiP technology that makes use of computational modeling of visual saliency.  ...  For each frame of the main program, a saliency map is computed efficiently which quantifies how probable a display region of the main program contains useful information and will attract humans' attention  ...  Computational Modeling of Visual Saliency Computational modeling of visual saliency aims to build a saliency map for an image or video frame, and it has a wide range of applications in adaptive image/video  ... 
doi:10.1109/apsipa.2013.6694202 dblp:conf/apsipa/LuKLL13 fatcat:4za3hkkmjvc55f64qgq5oytx6a

An Attention-Information-Based Spatial Adaptation Framework for Browsing Videos via Mobile Devices

Houqiang Li, Yi Wang, Chang Wen Chen
2007 EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing  
The new low-resolution bitstream containing mostly attention information, instead of the high-resolution one, will be sent to users for display on the mobile devices.  ...  When the high-resolution bitstream is transmitted to mobile users, a fast transcoding algorithm we developed earlier will be applied to generate a new bitstream for attention areas in frames.  ...  Visual attention modeling In this subsection, we present a visual attention model [11] to reveal the regions that attract the user's attention in each video frame.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2007/25415 fatcat:znc5wro6h5g2veavf3z6yeqiiq
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