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Page 1121 of Genetics Vol. 180, Issue 2 [page]

2008 Genetics  
SANCHEZ- VILLEDA et al., 2005 A large-scale screen for artificial selection in maize identifies candidate agronomic loci for domestication and crop improvement.  ...  SHINDO et al., 2007 An Arabidopsis example of association mapping in struc- tured samples. PLoS Genet. 3: e4. Communicating editor: A. D. LONG  ... 

Page 618 of Genetics Vol. 166, Issue 1 [page]

2004 Genetics  
SroREY and TIBSHIRANI (2001) propose a method for approximat- ing FDR and pFDR under general dependence struc- tures.  ...  Research in methods for estimating f is ongoing, so we believe the estimates of PFP illustrated here can be improved by using improved estimates of f.  ... 

Performance assessment of an artificial immune system multiobjective optimizer by two improved metrics

Maoguo Gong, Licheng Jiao, Haifeng Du, Ronghua Shang, Bin Lu
2005 Proceedings of the 2005 conference on Genetic and evolutionary computation - GECCO '05  
In this study, we introduce two improved assessment metrics of multiobjective optimizers, Nondominated Ratio and Spacing Distribution, and analyze their rationality and validity.  ...  Based on the concept of Immunodominance and Antibody Clonal Selection Theory, a novel multiobjective optimization algorithm, Immune Dominance Clonal Multiobjective Algorithm (IDCMA), is put forward.  ...  The new metrics are more intuitionistic and convenient when compared among three or more algorithms. : { } ag ag ture ture ture ag ag ture ag ; : ( , ) a a a a η ¬ ℑ ℑ  ... 
doi:10.1145/1068009.1068069 dblp:conf/gecco/GongJDSL05 fatcat:u73ak5yxgfhklacw3itt6lqiyy

Page 90 of Biodemography and Social Biology Vol. 2, Issue 2 [page]

1955 Biodemography and Social Biology  
As a result, some of these protected species have undergone changes in a few thousand years that Na- ture could have accomplished only in a million years; changes, in fact, which Na- ture might carefully  ...  Nat- ural selection tests every gene countless times over in a very large number of genetic and environmental settings; it increases or decreases the frequency of every gene ac- cording to its average  ... 

Integrative Algorithms in Patient Focused Laboratory Medicine

Nada Majkić-Singh, Zorica Šumarac, Anđelo Beletić
2014 Journal of Medical Biochemistry  
Genetic variants are used as markers for diagnosis, prognosis, prevention and targets for treatment, thus providing a base for personalized medicine (2) (3) (4) (5) .  ...  protocols, combining biochemical and genetic tests (1) (2) (3) .  ... 
doi:10.2478/jomb-2014-0006 fatcat:enebofxncvhdxi34kghnwa2qqm

Page 697 of Genetics Vol. 180, Issue 1 [page]

2008 Genetics  
Copyright © 2008 by the Genetics Society of America DOI: 10.1534/genetics.108.089839 Note A Weighted-Holm Procedure Accounting for Allele Frequencies in Genomewide Association Studies Cyril Dalmasso,*  ...  In the field of GWAS, ROEDER et al. (2007) have recently shown that grouping SNPs within a priori sets subsequently used for defining weights could consider- ably improve the power to detect association  ... 

Using Genetic Programming for Turing Machine Induction [chapter]

Amashini Naidoo, Nelishia Pillay
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The paper also presents a set of five acceptor and five transducer benchmark problems which can be used to test and compare different metho-dologies for generating Turing machines.  ...  This paper reports on a genetic programming system implemented to evolve Turing machine acceptors and transducers.  ...  The authors would like to thank the reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-78671-9_30 fatcat:3iggcqwr4zbj7k2tasy4xxyd5e

Genetic Improvement of Software for Multiple Objectives [chapter]

William B. Langdon
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
For another use case re-optimise • Use existing code as test "Oracle". (Program is its own functional specification) 24 W. B.  ...  Improvement • Plastic surgery importing external code. 19 Theory of Genetic Improvement • Theoretical analysis • Search spaces Other (non-GP) types of search.  ...  Genetic Programming • Evolve a population of computer programs -Usually start with random programs, here use human code -Programs' fitness is determined by running them -Better programs are selected to  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-22183-0_2 fatcat:ehwrjq5u3rcj7eq2rbjzb7hnly

Page 15 of International Journal of Plant Varieties & Seeds Vol. 2, Issue 1 [page]

1989 International Journal of Plant Varieties & Seeds  
Gilliland, Department of Agricul- ture for Northern Ireland, Agricultural Botany Research Division, Plant Testing Station, Crossnacreevy, Belfast BT6 9SH, Northern Ireland. ining genetic variation between  ...  cultivars of various allagamous species is considered for use in Distinctness, Uniformity and Stability (DUS) testing and evaluated with respect to the different genetic structures resulting from the two  ... 

Page 60 of None Vol. 2, Issue 2 [page]

1981 None  
He advo- cates a more cautious and limited program of genetic improvement and progeny testing, using wind- pollinated seed from selected trees growing in the wild.  ...  Silen believes it will be diffi- cult to improve on what nature has already provided genetically in the coniferous forests of the North- west.  ... 

INTRODUCTION BY THE CHAIRMAN

Alan Robertson
1974 Genetics  
The final level of interaction which I would like us to consider this afternoon is between the genetic improvement program and the social and economic struc- ture within which it is carried out.  ...  I said earlier that there was plenty of evidence for the improvement brought Genetics 78: 503-505 September, 1974. 508 ALAN ROBERTSON about by the application of quantitative genetics in many species.  ... 
doi:10.1093/genetics/78.1.507 fatcat:nyockpp2yffutkwyawead37pru

Page 192 of Evolution Vol. 1, Issue 3 [page]

1947 Evolution  
If no wild-type flies at all are produced (cul- tures with zero per cent of wild-type flies), it follows that the wild chromosome tested carries a recessive lethal.  ...  or of gene combinations that improved the viability of the flies. Such improvement was indeed observed.  ... 

Page 7538 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 2002J [page]

2002 Mathematical Reviews  
In the 1970s and 1980s the notion of genetic algorithm (due to John Holland) was subject to some extensive computer tests.  ...  decremented by | and tested for zero, but the number of times it can change mode from nondecreasing to nonincreasing and vice versa is bounded by a constant, indepen- dent of the computation).  ... 

Page 1053 of American Anthropologist Vol. 74, Issue 5 [page]

1972 American Anthropologist  
For there exists a vast  ...  As Lee Edson, an expositor of Jensen’s claims, put it, intel- ligence, which Jensen “equates with the ability measured by IQ tests, is largely in- herited, a matter of genes and brain struc- ture, and  ... 

Page 376 of Medicine and Health Rhode Island Vol. 77, Issue 11 [page]

1994 Medicine and Health Rhode Island  
Other issues such as procedure manu- als and also the use of accepted nomencla- ture are mentioned. Lastly, the levels of development of diagnostic tests are dis- cussed.  ...  results have implications for entire families and not just the individual undergoing test- ing.  ... 
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