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Survey of Turbo, LDPC, and Polar Decoder ASIC Implementations

Shuai Shao, Peter Hailes, Tsang-Yi Wang, Jwo-Yuh Wu, Robert G. Maunder, Bashir M. Al-Hashimi, Lajos Hanzo
2019 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
This paper summarises the factors that influenced this debate, with a particular focus on the Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) implementation of the decoders of these three codes.  ...  We show that the overall implementation complexity of turbo, LDPC and polar decoders depends on numerous other factors beyond their computational complexity.  ...  Ben Thameur et al. [22] LDPC convolutional codes design based on different scheduling techniques This paper Research of turbo, LDPC and polar decoder ASIC implementation and design comparison Requirement  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2019.2893851 fatcat:rv2p4a4ol5c2dneveopxsxwqqq

A Survey on LDPC Codes and Decoders for OFDM-based UWB Systems

Torben Brack, Matthias Alles, Timo Lehnigk-Emden, Friedbert Berens, Andreas Ruegg, Frank Kienle, Norbert Wehn
2007 2007 IEEE 65th Vehicular Technology Conference - VTC2007-Spring  
This new class of LDPC codes is named Ultra-Sparse LDPC codes. Synthesis results of WiMax, WiFi, and U-S LDPC decoders are presented based on an enhanced 65 nm CMOS process.  ...  In this paper the authors present an implementation complexity and performance comparison of LDPC decoders.  ...  The deployed channel coding scheme is based on traditional convolutional code (CC) with a constraint length K = 7 and code rates between 1 / 3 and 3 / 4 .  ... 
doi:10.1109/vetecs.2007.323 dblp:conf/vtc/BrackALKWBR07 fatcat:5rxyrg63enc2llrabtz4o75wxi

New class of turbo-like codes with universally good performance and high-speed decoding

K.M. Chugg, P. Thiennviboon, G.D. Dimou, P. Gray, J. Melzer
2005 MILCOM 2005 - 2005 IEEE Military Communications Conference  
Modern turbo-like codes (TLCs), including concatenated convolutional codes and low density parity check (LDPC) codes, have been shown to approach the Shannon limit on the additive white Gaussian noise  ...  One of these provides error floor performance not previously demonstrated with any other TLC construction and the other is shown to offer very low complexity decoding with good performance.  ...  Thus, both the GRA code and the F-LDPC code could be decoded using the variable-check node flooding schedule usually assumed in the LDPC literature.  ... 
doi:10.1109/milcom.2005.1606137 fatcat:q43yoyhsxfaxffkwqw2alnlxke

Challenges and some new directions in channel coding

Erdal Ankan, Najeeb ul Hassan, Michael Lentmaier, Guido Montorsi, Jossy Sayir
2015 Journal of Communications and Networks  
Three areas of ongoing research in channel coding are surveyed, and recent developments are presented in each area: spatially coupled Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) codes, nonbinary LDPC codes, and polar  ...  coding.  ...  In fact, we are aware that classical mechanics is an ongoing and modern research topic as evidenced by many journals and conferences, just as coding theory is.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jcn.2015.000063 fatcat:dy55a6swijfhxkcq2urpgyth6y

Challenges and some new directions in channel coding [article]

Erdal Arikan, Najeeb ul Hassan, Michael Lentmaier, Guido Montorsi, Jossy Sayir
2015 arXiv   pre-print
Three areas of ongoing research in channel coding are surveyed, and recent developments are presented in each area: spatially coupled Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) codes, non-binary LDPC codes, and polar  ...  coding.  ...  For both LDPC and SC-LDPC, a uniform serial decoding schedule results in a factor of two in complexity reduction when applied over the complete length of the code [30] .  ... 
arXiv:1504.03916v1 fatcat:3bfjceo2kbbovb7rk2hw3jwudu

Iterative Decoding of Concatenated Convolutional Codes: Implementation Issues

Emmanuel Boutillon, Catherine Douillard, Guido Montorsi
2007 Proceedings of the IEEE  
Finally, we perform an evaluation of the complexities of the turbo decoders as a function of the main parameters of the code.  ...  Codes as well as for Serial Concatenated Convolutional Codes.  ...  CONCATENATION OF CONVOLUTIONAL CODES AND ITERATIVE DECODING A.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2007.895202 fatcat:wcdv24yvkrhjdhgb3nwg2xooce

Mission-Critical Machine-Type Communications: An Overview and Perspectives towards 5G

Najib Ahmed Mohammed, Ali Mohammed Mansoor, Rodina Binti Ahmad
2019 IEEE Access  
This paper presents an extensive review and evaluations to highlight diverse challenges and future aspects of mcMTC on 5G-enabling technologies.  ...  However, the mcMTC is still in the early-standardization phase of 5G new radio and it needs a lot of research efforts to be improved.  ...  Turbo code encoder is built using a parallel concatenation of two recursive systematic convolutional codes and the associated decoder, using a feedback decoding rule.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2894263 fatcat:5ru64ikomra2hnowb7skdb7zme

A Survey Of Baseband Architecture For Software Defined Radio

M. A. Fodha, H. Benfradj, A. Ghazel
2016 Zenodo  
This paper is a survey of recent works that proposes a baseband processor architecture for software defined radio. A classification of different approaches is proposed.  ...  The performance of each architecture is also discussed in order to clarify the suitable approaches that meet software-defined radio constraints.  ...  , and coding and decoding.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1126159 fatcat:mdhjmvmfafdarg7m6uezpuxiei

Protograph-based Bit-Interleaved Coded Modulation: A Promising Bandwidth-Efficient Design Paradigm [article]

Yi Fang, Pingping Chen, Yong Liang Guan, Francis C. M. Lau, Yonghui Li, Guanrong Chen
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This article offers a comprehensive survey on the state-of-the-art development of PLDPC-coded BICM and its innovative SC variants over a variety of channel models, e.g., additive white Gaussian noise (  ...  demapper and a belief-propagation decoder.  ...  Organization and Structure of This Survey This article provides a survey of PB-LDPC-coded BICM on the most recent works investigating joint design of binary PB-LDPC codes and high-order modulations to  ... 
arXiv:2112.08557v1 fatcat:szkgba5muvedvbtbrcnfndcrom

20 Years of Turbo Coding and Energy-Aware Design Guidelines for Energy-Constrained Wireless Applications

Matthew F. Brejza, Liang Li, Robert G. Maunder, Bashir M. Al-Hashimi, Claude Berrou, Lajos Hanzo
2016 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
and the hardware architecture.  ...  Following this, energy-efficient TC decoder Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) architecture designs are exemplified and the processing EC is characterized as a function of the TC parameters  ...  For example, TCs out perform LDPC codes at lower coding rates [81] , while LDPC and RA codes lend themselves to be conveniently implemented in parallel, albeit at the expense of a large chip area.  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2015.2448692 fatcat:n53usp4y65hafg6ylm27jy3b34

A Survey of Digital Television Broadcast Transmission Techniques

Mohammed El-Hajjar, Lajos Hanzo
2013 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
In this paper we present a brief history of the development of TV and then we survey the transmission technology used in different digital terrestrial, satellite, cable and mobile TV standards in different  ...  This paper is a survey of the transmission techniques used in digital television (TV) standards worldwide.  ...  The LDPC code's decoders are more complex than a convolutional code's Viterbi decoder.  ... 
doi:10.1109/surv.2013.030713.00220 fatcat:qyqz4hclcrgdbmw2efbtzifn7a

Polar Codes and Their Quantum-Domain Counterparts

Zunaira Babar, Zeynep B. Kaykac Egilmez, Luping Xiang, Daryus Chandra, Robert G. Maunder, Soon Xin Ng, Lajos Hanzo
2019 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
Arikan's polar codes are capable of achieving the Shannon's capacity at a low encoding and decoding complexity, while inherently supporting rate adaptation.  ...  Realizing the significance of polar codes, in this paper we provide a comprehensive survey of polar codes, highlighting the major milestones achieved in the last decade.  ...  [66] , [67] proposed hardware architectures for SC decoders, which rely on improved scheduling for enhancing resource sharing and memory management.  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2019.2937923 fatcat:tno37ac5izbljlsf7apqcpapsq

Cellular, Wide-Area, and Non-Terrestrial IoT: A Survey on 5G Advances and the Road Towards 6G [article]

Mojtaba Vaezi, Amin Azari, Saeed R. Khosravirad, Mahyar Shirvanimoghaddam, M. Mahdi Azari, Danai Chasaki, Petar Popovski
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This paper provides a comprehensive survey on existing and emerging communication solutions for serving IoT applications in the context of cellular, wide-area, as well as non-terrestrial networks.  ...  The solutions include grant-free access and channel coding for short-packet communications, non-orthogonal multiple access, and on-device intelligence.  ...  A variant of LDPC codes, called the protographbased Raptor-like LDPC code, which is a concatenation of a high-rate LDPC code and a low-density generator matrix code, has been recently standardized for  ... 
arXiv:2107.03059v1 fatcat:i7rxlipsd5eojgpx3x5yxioozq

A Rapid Prototyping Environment for Wireless Communication Embedded Systems

Bryan A. Jones, Joseph R. Cavallaro
2003 EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing  
With the increasing complexity of applications, rapid evolution of technology, and intense market competition in DSP consumer markets, the ability to quickly take a product concept to a working hardware  ...  The emulator is customized for dataflow dominant architectures especially focusing on telecommunication related applications.  ...  Kuusilinna's work was supported by the Technology Development Center of Finland (TEKES), Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation, and the Finnish Cultural Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1155/s111086570330304x fatcat:3ird7hyyzjeb5bmrqa6ztx7574

State of the art baseband DSP platforms for Software Defined Radio: A survey

Omer Anjum, Tapani Ahonen, Fabio Garzia, Jari Nurmi, Claudio Brunelli, Heikki Berg
2011 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
This article presents an overview of current platforms and analyzes the related architectural choices, the current issues in SDR, as well as potential future trends.  ...  Software Defined Radio (SDR) is an innovative approach which is becoming a more and more promising technology for future mobile handsets.  ...  Today most of the OFDM systems deploy Convolutional Codes, Turbo Codes and LDPC (low-density parity-check) as forward error correcting algorithms.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2011-5 fatcat:apmz6jd4cbdcrpb76qnungmirq
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