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Overview of emerging nonvolatile memory technologies

Jagan Meena, Simon Sze, Umesh Chand, Tseung-Yuen Tseng
2014 Nanoscale Research Letters  
A variant of charge storage memory referred to as Flash memory is widely used in consumer electronic products such as cell phones and music players while NAND Flash-based solid-state disks (SSDs) are increasingly  ...  displacing hard disk drives as the primary storage device in laptops, desktops, and even data centers.  ...  The memory cell of STT-MRAM is composed of a transistor, an MTJ, a word line (WL), a bit line (BL), and a source line (SL) [95] .  ... 
doi:10.1186/1556-276x-9-526 pmid:25278820 pmcid:PMC4182445 fatcat:dhetgjf6qfhidhb5nmya3vj6na

Enabling Distributed Intelligence with Ferroelectric Multifunctionalities

Kui Yao, Shuting Chen, Szu Cheng Lai, Yasmin Mohamed Yousry
2021 Advanced Science  
Distributed intelligence involving a large number of smart sensors and edge computing are highly demanded under the backdrop of increasing cyber-physical interactive applications including internet of  ...  Nonvolatile memories derived from ferroelectrics are able to realize digital processors and systems with ultralow power consumption, sustainable operation with intermittent power supply, and neuromorphic  ... Yasmin Mohamed Yousry is a Scientist at the Institute of Materials Research and Engineering (IMRE), A*STAR, Singapore.  ... 
doi:10.1002/advs.202103842 pmid:34719870 pmcid:PMC8728856 fatcat:loagd4ernbhurogivsoosmhm5q

Twenty-Seventh Annual Meeting February 13–16, 1983 Town & Country Hotel, San Diego, California

1983 Biophysical Journal  
[Ca +] usually ret f ns to its previous level within about 12 to 20 sec showing that the cell is able to buffer small Ca changes.  ...  The bag cells undergo a period of spontaneous discharge (and secretion of egg laying hormone in the intact system) when treated with cyclic AMP analogs.  ...  the temperature to 40 alters the cadmium exchange and results in a four line 113Cd spectrum.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0006-3495(83)84425-7 fatcat:5fnwzrl5nvatplzs3kobya4wqe

Twenty-Ninth Annual Meeting 24–28 February 1985 Convention Center, Baltimore, Maryland

1985 Biophysical Journal  
The major domain has from 4 to 7 S-strands, the minor domain from 2 to 3 strands.  ...  protein is in a a-sheet conformation, with the strands of the sheet running parallel to the membrane surface.  ...  Somatic cell hybrids have been formed between the parent or mutant cell lines (all possessing the TK-genotype) and a wild-type L cell line possessing the HGPRTgenotype (501-C) by selection in HAT medium  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0006-3495(85)83907-2 fatcat:vs62f7bkhbdn7nscuau5tgnlnq


2021 2021 IEEE International 3D Systems Integration Conference (3DIC)  
Machine learning, deep learning, autonomous driving, and other artificial intelligence applications are driving the performance requirements of next generation computing hardware.  ...  To meet the increasing demand for large-scale data analysis, data centers need low latency and significant memory bandwidth, combined with lower power consumption.  ...  He is also a member of the APS.  ... 
doi:10.1109/3dic52383.2021.9687605 fatcat:m27oybj3brhilb2m6bkb76k5ia

Thirty-third Annual Meeting February 12 - 16, 1989 Albert B. Sabin Convention Center Cincinnati, Ohio

1989 Biophysical Journal  
In contrast to strain A, we find that in A. laidlawii B increases in growth temperature or cholesterol content only reduce MGDG levels in cells enriched in saturated fatty acids, which in any case do not  ...  SH-1 is in the vicinity of the active center of BDH, since: (1) its alkylation with MSL decreases the affinity for coenzyme and substrate and diminishes enzyme activity (Vmax reduced -40-fold); and (2)  ...  G fell more than ten-fold with slow bath cooling to 0.20 nS at 14°C. At 20-26°we measured single-channel events with three sub-conductance levels near 80, 160 and 240 pS.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0006-3495(89)82822-x fatcat:upklfgq2kzdl7mdg2bi7pqizni

Twenty-Third Annual Meeting February 26–28, 1979 Peachtree Plaza Hotel, Atlanta, Georgia

1979 Biophysical Journal  
Under a variety of conditions, most cells have a mechanism to close the junctional channels, switching the gap junctions from a low to a high resistance state, thereby terminating communication with neighboring  ...  with a rapid-freezing technique that freezes tissues in a few msecs.  ...  The changes in y of monolayers, with respect to divalent ion concentrations and time, were measured with a teflon Wilhelmy plate.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0006-3495(79)85306-0 fatcat:mv3ppk2hd5gk3etv6gf2js46q4

Third-generation femtosecond technology

Hanieh Fattahi, Helena G. Barros, Martin Gorjan, Thomas Nubbemeyer, Bidoor Alsaif, Catherine Y. Teisset, Marcel Schultze, Stephan Prinz, Matthias Haefner, Moritz Ueffing, Ayman Alismail, Lénárd Vámos (+14 others)
2014 Optica  
multi-stage OPCPA chain and compression of the resulting pulses.  ...  Finally, a conceptual design of a field synthesizer with multi-terawatt, multi-octave light transients is discussed, which holds promise for extending the photon energy attainable via high harmonic generation  ...  Acknowledgments We gratefully acknowledge helpful discussions with Gunnar Arisholm and valuable technical support from the group of Jens Limpert We gratefully acknowledge helpful discussions with Ferenc  ... 
doi:10.1364/optica.1.000045 fatcat:ddb6uz7rm5g5tdrvw75ozpy7iu

Thirty-eighth Annual Meeting March 6-10, 1994 New Orleans Convention Center New Orleans, Louisiana. Monday Symposia and Posters, Part I

1994 Biophysical Journal  
Using Vi we obtained Ca2+-independent force in skinned mammalian skeletal muscle fibres incubated in Vi-relaxing or Vi-rigor ([Vi]=lOmM, pH 7) solutions.  ...  Slow-twitch fibres exhibited Ca2+-independent force after Vi-relaxing treatment, with some loss of Ca2+-activated force.  ...  In general, binary units with two peptide chains are more compact and more numerous that the unitary units with a single peptide chain.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0006-3495(94)80812-4 fatcat:ryvqijsid5ewdgawf3fpua36ru

Adaptation of a high-accuracy spectrophotometer for ultraviolet work

K.D. Mielenz, R. Mavrodineau, E.D. Cehelnik
1974 Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards Section A Physics and Chemistry  
T hi S wa s acco mplis he d by eq uippin g th e s pec tro p hotom e te r with a s tab le de ute rium a rc so urce, a hi g hl y effi Cie nt ave ragi ng. s ph e re With H.lIores c e nt wave le ngth co nve  ...  Th e mod ifi ed s pe c trop hotom e te r win be use d fo r th e de ve lop me nt of ne w t anda ld Re fe re nce Mate ll a ls, a s well a s for maten a ls resea rc h, In th e region be tw ee n 200 a nd 300  ...  Optics 7, 2289-2294 (1 968). [7. 1 A significant improve ment of th e visibl e a nd ultrav iole t signal le ve ls was found with a Aux ave rage r consistin g of two do ubl eground fu sed-sili ca plates  ... 
doi:10.6028/jres.078a.041 fatcat:metdvublzvhwzkgnenx75vprwi

Thirty-third Annual Meeting February 12 - 16, 1989 Albert B. Sabin Convention Center Cincinnati, Ohio

1989 Biophysical Journal  
Bimlecular collisions of oxygen with labels that uniformly sample the ectracellular medium permit the detenrination of the effective VMax and KM. (2) The permability of the cell a-a ns to axygen.  ...  Light absorption by its all-trans retinal prosthetic group drives the pigment through a photoreaction cycle that pumps protons outside the cell.  ...  composition (line 412: KD=14nM, Bm=0.24pmol/mg; line 413: KD1=32nM, BM1=2.1pmol/mg; KD2= 7,OOOnM, Bm2=21pmol/mg).  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0006-3495(89)82829-2 fatcat:i4evaytibbhq7pzf4zcfox2bp4

D5.3: Updated Best Practices for HPC Procurement and Infrastructure

Andreas Johansson
2014 Zenodo  
Specific areas of interest are analysed in depth in terms of the market they belong to and the general HPC landscape, with a particular emphasis on the European point of view.  ...  D5.3 continues the work done for D5.1 and D5.2, updating analysis and recommendations with regard to recent developments. Mate [...]  ...  The partnership is completed with QUANTECH, an SME specialised in the development and marketing of simulation software for industrial forming processes.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6572433 fatcat:cwiqrgf33jajjjvhubky4f6rau

Twenty-Ninth Annual Meeting 24–28 February 1985 Convention Center, Baltimore, Maryland

1985 Biophysical Journal  
contact with a patch of membrane.  ...  The symposium will describe the use of a biophysical approach to develop models of how the cells of the embryo might interact with one another.  ...  Considering only the differences in rates in H 20 and D,20, Rydration of bound Tb shifts up fram 2.5 to 4.2 (vs. 9 in the aquo ion) with NO but falls smoothly fram 7 to 4, with Cl 5 ovej 0-500mM NaX.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0006-3495(85)83910-2 fatcat:q6ejpcgsmba3jltdyljx4slyda

Thirty-second Annual Meeting 28 February - 3 March 1988 Phoenix Civic Plaza, Phoenix, Arizona

1988 Biophysical Journal  
On the other hand, alterations in the chain region can lead to partially interdigitated gel phases and examples will be illustrated with our studies of a series of mixed-chain PCs.  ...  The labelling of cells with magnetic substances, called "contrast agents" in clinical applications, is analogous to the use of stains, fluorescent beads, and the like in optical microscopy.  ...  Resting B cells have diameters of 5-7 um, and a geometric mean K+ conductance of 250 pS, representing about 15 channels/cell.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0006-3495(88)83103-5 fatcat:bvqjvcdmhbhz3laazirjnnu6s4

Thirtieth Annual Meeting 9–13 February 1986 Brooks Hall/Convention Center, San Francisco, California

1986 Biophysical Journal  
A subclone of the Neuro-2a mouse neuroblastoma cell line, N2AB-1, was treated with tunicamycin (TM) to determine its effect on the number of functional sodium channels.  ...  We purified profilin from the Schneider 3 Drosophila cell line by chromotography on DEAE, hydroxylapatite, and Sephadex G-75.  ...  Thus-purified ATPyS induced dissociation of the microtubule-dynain complex with a second-order rate of 1.5xlO5/(M-s) and with a maximal rate of 30-40/s at pH 7 and 280 C.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0006-3495(86)83674-8 fatcat:eycpjiszenaqbbnnf6f55ow23e
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