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The proposed method is a probabilistic model and is based on Smooth Ergodic Hidden Markov Model. This model can be considered as an extension to HMM. ... In developing a text-to-speech system, it is well known that the accuracy of information extracted from a text is crucial to produce high quality synthesized speech. ... it can be used to address the problem with the HMM. ...doi:10.5281/zenodo.1070939 fatcat:5jkpbtyxprcsvavp4i3v73zemy
This leads to a significantly compact text recognizer as compared to the HMM systems that use the standard contextual models. ... for Arabic text. ... This, in turn, is used to retrain a new HMM system which is finally used for text recognition.Finally, the third approach is to use neural networks with HMMs in a hybrid way where the state output probability ...doi:10.17877/de290r-17923 fatcat:6phbwzcoffbvdl4lo3novlxtw4
The developed system is used to create more than 12000 synthesized samples that have been added to the database. ... A letter frequency has analysis showed that the database iii iv exhibits letter frequencies very similar to that of large corpora of digital text, which proves the database usefulness. ... The best recognition rate achieved is 90%, when a combination of neural networks is chosen. ...doi:10.25673/4590 fatcat:ewgowrv6abg6nldscxgt6kdoeu
A multi-lingual country like India has many different scripts that are used for writing as well as for signing purposes based on different locations or regions. ... In India, a single official transaction sometimes needs signatures using more than one script. ... A technique for the automatic recognition of Arabic printed text using artificial neural networks was presented by Sarfraz et al.  . ...doi:10.25904/1912/2627 fatcat:hinl3cjsnvbuhd7ryipre2p7eu