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A sociotechnical approach towards alignment

Lars Taxén
2005 Software Process: Improvement and Practice  
The findings indicate that the proposed approach is a promising way towards achieving and maintaining alignment.  ...  To make this approach operational, we suggest structuring a workpractice according to the Activity Domain Theory -a new theory for coordinating human activity.  ...  Conclusions We have introduced the Activity Domain Theory as a theoretical framework for managing the complexity in alignment.  ... 
doi:10.1002/spip.245 fatcat:xeby6q2eijfeneugaxuez5ctgi

Dimensions of Integration in Sociotechnical Systems

Steven Alter
2020 International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS Development  
Instead of assuming that sociotechnical systems consist of a social system and technical system, it uses a single system approach based on treated an STS as a work system (as defined by work system theory  ...  It uses radar charts to illustrate how dimensions of sociotechnical integration can help in comparing STSs and imagining how they might be improved. A brief conclusion identifies next steps.  ...  A possible path toward new thinking about STS.  ... 
dblp:conf/stpis/Alter20 fatcat:xah6dx7vtjbx5f4zjsxr3hirh4

Sociotechnical transitions for deep decarbonization

Frank W. Geels, Benjamin K. Sovacool, Tim Schwanen, Steve Sorrell
2017 Science  
The acceleration of low-carbon transitions across the sociotechnical systems of electricity, heat, buildings, manufacturing, and transport requires new conceptual approaches, analytical foci, and policy  ...  To provide a reasonable (66%) chance of limiting global temperature increases to below 2 o C,  ...  time-tables). 10 Attention must thus be broadened towards interactions between multiple innovations and sociotechnical systems.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.aao3760 pmid:28935795 fatcat:j23tqr7nl5htlee4eil3cttadi

Design Spaces for Sociotechnical Systems

Steven Alter
2010 European Conference on Information Systems  
The work system approach to sociotechnical design provides a path for going far beyond simple relationships between function and form.  ...  This conceptual paper is a step toward bridging the gap between thinking of systems as tools that are used and thinking of systems as sociotechnical systems with human participants.  ...  A work system approach encompasses both sides of sociotechnical design and is not biased toward either side.  ... 
dblp:conf/ecis/Alter10 fatcat:7ewwhog4uncrpbxqwhiisgn7g4

Steps Towards Value-Aligned Systems

Osonde A. Osoba, Benjamin Boudreaux, Douglas Yeung
2020 Proceedings of the AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society  
This discussion argues for a more structured systems-level approach for assessing value-alignment in sociotechnical systems.  ...  Against this backdrop, this discussion highlights an under-emphasized perspective in the literature on assessing value misalignment in AI-equipped sociotechnical systems.  ...  A Figure 1 : Notional example of a decision pipeline within a sociotechnical system (a US criminal justice system). 1982 report also examined selective incapacitation, a probabilistic approach to prioritizing  ... 
doi:10.1145/3375627.3375872 dblp:conf/aies/OsobaBY20 fatcat:wisuvceolnfyjbujmf4dl4adzm

Axes for Sociotechnical Inquiry in AI Research

Sarah Dean, Thomas Krendl Gilbert, Nathan Lambert, Tom Zick
2021 IEEE Transactions on Technology and Society  
The paper provides a lexicon for sociotechnical inquiry and illustrates it through the example of consumer drone technology.  ...  Sociotechnical inquiry is needed to mitigate the harms of new technologies whose potential impacts remain poorly understood.  ...  appraisal of AI as a sociotechnical phenomenon.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tts.2021.3074097 fatcat:pyqsbrfxxfg5xldocfrver6tyu

Overcoming Silo Thinking in the IS Discipline by Thinking Differently about IS and IT

Steven Alter
2015 Americas Conference on Information Systems  
business/IT alignment, and IS theories and a body of knowledge for IS.  ...  This paper also shows directions toward synergies and possible collaborations with other disciplines that build on areas of overlap.  ...  WST might contribute to better business/IT alignment in several ways. It might be used with as a frontend for agile approaches and workshop methods.  ... 
dblp:conf/amcis/Alter15a fatcat:alcyugw7dzgdjhinehq5io5yuu

Editorial: emerging issues in sociotechnical systems thinking and workplace safety

Y. Ian Noy, Lawrence J. Hettinger, Marvin J. Dainoff, Pascale Carayon, Nancy G. Leveson, Michelle M. Robertson, Theodore K. Courtney
2015 Ergonomics  
Practitioner Summary: Sociotechnical approaches to workplace safety are intended to draw practitioners' attention to the critical influence that systemic social/organisational and technological factors  ...  This has spurred interest in the development of novel research approaches, with particular interest in the systemic influences of social/organisational and technological factors.  ...  However, accidents within complex sociotechnical systems are more often a function of unforeseen or poorly understood interactions between system components.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00140139.2014.1001445 pmid:25819595 pmcid:PMC4647650 fatcat:vpdbg77btfbk7fkpqqvg47danq

Design capabilities for the evolution of value creation

2019 Conference proceedings of the Design Management Academy  
scale transformation of sociotechnical landscapes.  ...  Furthermore, design capabilities can also be useful when aligning value creation and change in different levels, thus contributing to understand the relationships between small scale interactions and wider  ...  The next section will therefore consider some relevant contributions for a more systematic analysis of design approaches and tools to support purposeful changes of the sociotechnical landscape Aligning  ... 
doi:10.33114/adim.2019.01.276 fatcat:upm3ri7kfnf2jhggawroo6rmo4

Introducing an infrastructure for joined-up-government in local public administration: a West Lothian case study

T. Kinder
2002 Research Policy  
This paper analyses some first steps towards joining-up-government and creating an Information Society at a local level.  ...  Using Molina's sociotechnical constituency approach, it explores how the goals of improving services, deploying information and communications technologies and joining-up government integrate with to ecommerce  ...  The main conceptual instrument employed in this paper is Molina's (for example, Molina, 1993 Molina, , 1997 sociotechnical constituency approach.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0048-7333(01)00112-3 fatcat:dsfbxbipi5cbbm5la2s5riehae

The Sociotechnical Ethics of Digital Health: A Critique and Extension of Approaches From Bioethics

James A. Shaw, Joseph Donia
2021 Frontiers in Digital Health  
We conclude by outlining the importance of social justice for ethical analysis from a sociotechnical perspective.  ...  In this paper we review existing approaches to the bioethics of digital health, and draw on concepts from design ethics and science & technology studies (STS) to critique a narrow view of the bioethics  ...  TOWARD A SOCIOTECHNICAL ETHICS OF DIGITAL HEALTH The sociotechnical approach to the ethics of digital health we propose in our paper arises directly from work in STS.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fdgth.2021.725088 pmid:34713196 pmcid:PMC8521799 fatcat:ubdqbp2lnveqlccfbapnel6rxu

Reducing energy demand through low carbon innovation: A sociotechnical transitions perspective and thirteen research debates

Frank W. Geels, Tim Schwanen, Steve Sorrell, Kirsten Jenkins, Benjamin K. Sovacool
2018 Energy Research & Social Science  
We argue that a sociotechnical transitions perspective is more suited to address the complexity of the challenges involved.  ...  A B S T R A C T Improvements in energy efficiency and reductions in energy demand are expected to contribute more than half of the reduction in global carbon emissions over the next few decades.  ...  A sociotechnical transitions approach links multiple innovations and transforms broader sociotechnical systems. 2.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.erss.2017.11.003 fatcat:eus7enffpvaing7s6wz6fnl4ky

Systems Engineering for the Energy Transition: Potential Contributions and Limitations

Arjan Kirkels, Vince Evers, Gerrit Muller
2021 Sustainability  
We conceptualize the energy system as a sociotechnical system. We specifically explore stakeholders and their roles, agency, and acceptance.  ...  In this positioning paper, we set out to discuss the value and limitations of a Systems Engineering approach in its contribution to societal challenges, notably the energy transition.  ...  Sociotechnical Systems and Acceptance We argue that complex societal problems, such as the energy transition, require a sociotechnical system approach.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su13105423 fatcat:em4cijennrglngctyz5vf7ptyq

A Complex Sociotechnical Systems Approach to Provisioning Educational Policies for Future Workforce

Michael Richey, Marcus Nance, Leroy Hanneman, William Hubbard, Azad M. Madni, Marc Spraragen
2014 Procedia Computer Science  
Each system involves multiple disparate stakeholders that need to collaborate within a time-and resource-intensive process while embedded in a larger sociotechnical system, aligned with the people, ideas  ...  Models of the U.S. educational system, using complex sociotechnical systems' approaches and tools that instill systems thinking, offer a holistic perspective to the educational and workforce challenges  ...  Models of the U.S. educational system, using complex sociotechnical systems approaches and tools that instill systems thinking have high payoff in that they offer a holistic perspective of the educational  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2014.03.102 fatcat:fjpx6qlwxnecra7gloqtup52eu

Using Actor-Network Theory to Study Health Information Technology Interventions

Kathrin Cresswell
2019 Studies in Health Technology and Informatics  
This chapter introduces Actor-Network Theory, a sociotechnical approach to studying health information technology implementation.  ...  Nevertheless, the approach can be usefully drawn on to help to focus data collection and sampling.  ...  Box 1 summarizes Coiera's four rules for sociotechnical design in healthcare settings, which exemplify the implications of a sociotechnical approach [2] .  ... 
doi:10.3233/shti190114 pmid:31411155 fatcat:lgxpl5rwrnaizhxzl3jmc5jyyq
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