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A shared representation of order between encoding and recognition in visual short-term memory [article]

Kristjan Kalm, Dennis Norris
2016 bioRxiv   pre-print
Most complex tasks require people to bind individual stimuli into a sequence in short term memory (STM).  ...  A shared positional code in the ATL might reflect verbal recoding of visual sequences to facilitate the maintenance of order information over several seconds.  ...  Most complex tasks require people to bind individual stimuli into a sequence in short term memory (STM) .  ... 
doi:10.1101/080317 fatcat:7jpuqo7cqrh4hmguea7nonyomq

A shared representation of order between encoding and recognition in visual short-term memory

Kristjan Kalm, Dennis Norris
2017 NeuroImage  
A B S T R A C T Many complex tasks require people to bind individual events into a sequence that can be held in short term memory (STM).  ...  A shared positional code in the ATL might reflect verbal recoding of visual sequences to facilitate the maintenance of order information over several seconds.  ...  Representations shared by encoding and recognition should reflect a common memory representation of order and not other sequential processes such as memory load or sensory adaptation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.04.047 pmid:28450141 pmcid:PMC5518770 fatcat:4fuqf7yaxjfi5gc23xzkleuk24

Effects of varying presentation time on long-term recognition memory for scenes: Verbatim and gist representations

Fahad N. Ahmad, Morris Moscovitch, William E. Hockley
2016 Memory & Cognition  
A less detailed memorial representation of the studied scene containing more gist (i.e., meaning) than verbatim (i.e., surface or perceptual details) information is retrieved from LTM after a short compared  ...  Konkle, Brady, Alvarez and Oliva (Psychological Science, 21, 1551-1556 , 2010 showed that participants have an exceptional long-term memory (LTM) for photographs of scenes.  ...  If it is absolutely necessary to cite a reference, full details of the reference need to be given so that the reader can consult the publicationthe reference list will not be available on search engines  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13421-016-0672-1 pmid:27858379 fatcat:jhfqbc4h5fgodfapntebygf7mi

Episodic Short-Term Recognition Requires Encoding into Visual Working Memory: Evidence from Probe Recognition after Letter Report

Christian H. Poth, Werner X. Schneider
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
We acknowledge support for the Article Processing Charge by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT We thank Katharina Weiß for helpful comments on an earlier draft of this article.  ...  Visual Working Memory as a Basis of Episodic Short-Term Recognition Encoding an object into VWM seems to be necessary for its later episodic short-term recognition.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01440 pmid:27713722 pmcid:PMC5031709 fatcat:2j5y4vmbtrebdkqwdqijsbx2hi

Language and short-term memory: The role of perceptual-motor affordance

Bill Macken, John C. Taylor, Dylan M. Jones
2014 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
a robust lexicality effect for visual serial recognition in a setting where auditory presentation produces no such effect.  ...  The much smaller effect of lexicality in serial recognition, where the items are re-presented in the recognition cue, is attributed either to the minimal role for redintegration from long-term memory or  ...  This interaction of lexical status and retrieval condition plays a key role in such accounts of the impact of long-term memory on short-term performance in the following way: Phonological material encoded  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0036845 pmid:24797440 pmcid:PMC4143182 fatcat:qwxksqmm6zajpaskuo7hh22faq

The effect of temporal delay and spatial differences on cross-modal object recognition

2004 Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience  
Our findings suggest that the short-term retention of object representations is similar in both the visual and haptic modalities.  ...  This result suggested that both the visual and haptic modalities share the same memory characteristics in terms of the effects of delay between stimulus presentations.  ...  The presentation timings of both the visual and haptic stimuli during learning were carefully determined in a pilot study to ensure that there were no encoding differences across the modalities.  ... 
doi:10.3758/cabn.4.2.260 pmid:15460932 fatcat:fmjxbxt6cvegnf4rloifzrcd4i

Time manages interference in visual short-term memory

Amy V. Smith, Denis McKeown, David Bunce
2017 Memory  
Emerging evidence suggests that age-related declines in memory may reflect a failure in pattern separation, a process that is believed to reduce the encoding overlap between similar stimulus representations  ...  Indeed, behavioural pattern separation may be indexed by a visual continuous recognition task in which items are presented in sequence and observers report for each whether it is novel, previously viewed  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the editor, Dr Maire Poiter and Reviewers, Dr Timothy Ricker and Dr Alessandra Souza for their valuable comments on an earlier version of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09658211.2016.1270967 pmid:28140782 fatcat:o3oxlkt2zraf3eqqcdkussxo5e

The relative contribution of shape and colour to object memory

Irene Reppa, Kate E. Williams, W. James Greville, Jo Saunders
2020 Memory & Cognition  
The current studies examined the relative contribution of shape and colour in object representations in memory.  ...  Two experiments (N=80) used a new method to probe episodic memory for objects and revealed the relative contribution of colour and shape in recognition memory.  ...  Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13421-020-01058-w pmid:32542477 fatcat:dph2mzqwl5cr5lrkg6plvoohaq

Misremembering what you see or hear: Dissociable effects of modality on short- and long-term false recognition

Justyna M. Olszewska, Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz, Emily Munier, Sara A. Bendler
2015 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
A final experiment that varied study-test modality using a hybrid short-and long-term memory test (Flegal, Atkins & Reuter-Lorenz, 2010) replicated the auditory advantage in the short term but revealed  ...  False working memories readily emerge using a visual item-recognition variant of the converging associates task.  ...  These observations appear to be consistent with unitary models of memory (Cowan, 1999; Nairne, 2002) , in which short-term memory (STM) and long-term memory (LTM) share a common representational basis  ... 
doi:10.1037/xlm0000115 pmid:25867611 fatcat:ycw6cjqlbrc73iiyhzldv6qiou

Auditory and visual short-term memory: influence of material type, contour, and musical expertise

Francesca Talamini, Salomé Blain, Jérémie Ginzburg, Olivier Houix, Patrick Bouchet, Massimo Grassi, Barbara Tillmann, Anne Caclin
2021 Psychological Research  
The present study compared visual and auditory short-term memory for different types of materials, aiming to understand whether sensory modality and material type can influence short-term memory performance  ...  Moreover, our results suggest a role of encoding strategies (i.e., how the material is represented mentally during the task) for short-term-memory performance.  ...  Funding Open access funding provided by University of Innsbruck and Medical University of Innsbruck.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00426-021-01519-0 pmid:33881610 pmcid:PMC8885540 fatcat:k43utjwpnrad7lkvxtkxgf2bpe

Unimodal and crossmodal working memory representations of visual and kinesthetic movement trajectories

Anna Seemüller, Katja Fiehler, Frank Rösler
2011 Acta Psychologica  
training group DFG 885/1 "Neural representation and action control".  ...  training group DFG 885/1 "Neural representation and action control".  ...  Based on a dual-task study on visually presented letters and symbols, suggest that short-term maintenance of visual information can be divided into a short-term consolidation component (which can be seen  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2010.09.014 pmid:20970103 fatcat:vrnzjos67jbjrmmkxqh7jrjpyq

Page 1361 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 76, Issue 5 [page]

1989 Psychological Abstracts  
—Discusses a visual short-term memory store called the visuospatial sketchpad (VSSP), which is tested by immediate ordered recall.  ...  Results are con- sistant with dual-process theories of recognition, which assume that recognition and priming in implicit memory have a com- mon component.  ... 

Components of recognition memory: Dissociable cognitive processes or just differences in representational complexity?

Rosemary A. Cowell, Timothy J. Bussey, Lisa M. Saksida
2010 Hippocampus  
In this article, we describe a representational-hierarchical view that provides an account of cognition, including mnemonic and perceptual processing, within a brain pathway we term the ventral visual-perirhinal-hippocampal  ...  Many current theoretical views within the literature on recognition memory-a representative sample of which is provided by the present special issue-advocate the dissociation of recognition memory into  ...  The representational-hierarchical view claims that the critical difference between object and place recognition tasks is in terms of the representational demands of the task: in object recognition, representations  ... 
doi:10.1002/hipo.20865 pmid:20882548 fatcat:24muq5albjfzlbmwtf6wk72kdm

Reduced effects of pictorial distinctiveness on false memory following dynamic visual noise

Andrew Parker, Timothy Kember, Neil Dagnall
2016 Memory  
If this involves the retrieval and use of visual imagery, then interfering with imagery processing should reduce the effectiveness of pictorial information in false memory reduction.  ...  In the current experiment, visual-imagery processing was disrupted at retrieval by the use of dynamic visual noise (DVN). It was found that effects of DVN dissociated true from false memory.  ...  Further research will play a valuable role in clarifying the conditions in which visual imagery is used during memory and the mechanisms that underpin its usage.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09658211.2016.1229793 pmid:27637835 fatcat:znpk3f2mwfdh5cyztzb53fejvi

A Computational Model of Perceptual and Mnemonic Deficits in Medial Temporal Lobe Amnesia

Patrick S. Sadil, Rosemary A. Cowell
2017 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
In the visual discrimination and recognition memory tasks simulated here, representational changes in PRC critically support performance in healthy participants, but representational changes in posterior  ...  rely upon representations of simple visual features in posterior visual cortex, which are inadequate to support memory and perception under certain circumstances.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank Morgan Barense and Lok-kin Yeung for sharing their data, and Morgan Barense for comments on a draft of the manuscript. This work was supported by NSF grant 1554871 to R.A.C.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_01106 pmid:28195521 fatcat:x2my23osrvaolhuimbyxr3dsg4
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