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A data-driven approach to the semantics of iconicity in American Sign Language and English

BILL THOMPSON, MARCUS PERLMAN, GARY LUPYAN, ZED SEVCIKOVA SEHYR, KAREN EMMOREY
2020 Language and Cognition  
Compared to English, ASL has a greater number of regions of semantic space with concentrations of highly iconic vocabulary.  ...  English words (Winter, Perlman, Perry, & Lupyan, 2017) with the use of data-driven semantic vectors derived from English.  ...  In particular, we use a data-driven, computational approach to explore how iconicity is influenced by semantics and the modality of a language.  ... 
doi:10.1017/langcog.2019.52 fatcat:dlft4zdpc5gdvd7frofhz5xm3u

Semantic Integration of Cervical Cancer Data Repositories to Facilitate Multicenter Association Studies: The ASSIST Approach

Theodoros Agorastos, Vassilis Koutkias, Manolis Falelakis, Irini Lekka, Themistoklis Mikos, Anastasios Delopoulos, Pericles A. Mitkas, Antonios Tantsis, Steven Weyers, Pascal Coorevits, Andreas M. Kaufmann, Roberto Kurzeja (+1 others)
2009 Cancer Informatics  
The proposed approach constitutes a paradigm for semantic integration of heterogeneous clinical data that may be applicable to other biomedical application domains.  ...  To this end, ASSIST uses semantic technologies to translate all medical entities (such as patient examination results, history, habits, genetic profi le) and represent them in a common form, encoded in  ...  Acknowledgment This work was supported in part by the IST-2004-027510 project, entitled "Association Studies Assisted by Inference and Semantic Technologies (ASSIST)", funded by the Commission of the European  ... 
doi:10.4137/cin.s963 fatcat:bmwuztzb6jagdms67eezaldbmu

Spatial simulation for translating from land use to land cover

Daniel G. Brown, Jiunn-Der Duh
2004 International Journal of Geographical Information Science  
The approach uses stochastic spatial simulation to generate land-cover patterns on the basis of a land-use map and stated translation rules.  ...  In a demonstration of the approach, we calibrated the translation rules using aerial photo observations and simulated current and future land-cover maps for Livingston County, Michigan, USA.  ...  We have benefited from multiple discussions with Joan Nassauer and Sandra Kosek about this approach but take full responsibility for its flaws.  ... 
doi:10.1080/13658810310001620906 fatcat:5bbn3mta6nhsvckf2xwoqvwggm

Translational Research and Context in Health Monitoring Systems

Robert Ashford, Philip Moore, Bin Hu, Mike Jackson, Jizheng Wan
2010 2010 International Conference on Complex, Intelligent and Software Intensive Systems  
Case studies are presented to illustrate a number of health monitoring issues and how context can be effectively applied.  ...  This paper considers the application of context in health monitoring and the role of translational research, a concept that relates to the translation of basic research into clinical practice.  ...  Selected Case Studies The concept of a Home Care Hub is a system that facilitates a mechanism for an integration of rich-media observations and data from a wide range of persons and carers at the point  ... 
doi:10.1109/cisis.2010.44 dblp:conf/cisis/AshfordMHJW10 fatcat:2h2mgzjhsfbnlll5bey2lkdvvi

Individual with Visual Impairment and Translation: A Case Study of Visually Impaired Translator in Translating News Text of TVKU

Valentina Widya Suryaningtyas, Setyo Prasiyanto Cahyono
2018 ASIAN TEFL Journal of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics  
This article is of specialized translation study. It discusses a translation activity conducted by a visually impaired translator.  ...  In translating TVKU news text, the subject of the study applies four translation steps. To conclude, the translator's cognitive concept affects his decision to translate the text.  ...  Research Methodology This study uses a descriptive-qualitative approach with embedded case study design (embedded case study research), in which this study uses theories as a boundary, directed at a certain  ... 
doi:10.21462/asiantefl.v3i2.64 fatcat:woftm37zrbahvpyasoa6vgzcii

Translation Strategies Used in Behaviourist, Cognitive, and Constructivist Approaches to Translation Instruction

Minoo Pourfarhad, Mohammad Davoudi, Gholamreza Zareian, Seyyed Mohammad Reza Amirian
2018 International Journal of Instruction  
The present study was an attempt to investigate the strategies emerging in the translation classes instructed through different approaches, namely behaviourist, cognitive and constructivist.  ...  Analysis and categorization of the strategies learners employed to translate more creatively and appropriately revealed that a) focusing on the diction of the words, b) concentrating on the complex structures  ...  from English to Persian and vice-versa to elicit the information and data needed for the purpose of the study.  ... 
doi:10.12973/iji.2018.11410a fatcat:fmdrhmsmpjefhkwwocyplda2t4

Interactive Translation of Conversational Speech [chapter]

Alex Waibel
1999 Computational Models of Speech Pattern Processing  
Beyond our continuing efforts to improve robustness and accuracy, we have also begun to study possible forms of deployment.  ...  A semantic "interlingua" that represents the intended meaning of an input sentence, facilitates the generation of culturally and contextually appropriate translation in the presence of irrelevant or erroneous  ...  Acknowledgments The author wishes to express his gratitude to his collaborators, Jaime Carbonell, Wayne Ward This Research would not have been possible without the support of the BMBF (project Verbmobil  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-60087-6_33 fatcat:n5bh5t72ujewhmaco5cahxbgkq

Interactive translation of conversational speech

A. Waibel
1996 Computer  
Beyond our continuing efforts to improve robustness and accuracy, we have also begun to study possible forms of deployment.  ...  A semantic "interlingua" that represents the intended meaning of an input sentence, facilitates the generation of culturally and contextually appropriate translation in the presence of irrelevant or erroneous  ...  Acknowledgments The author wishes to express his gratitude to his collaborators, Jaime Carbonell, Wayne Ward This Research would not have been possible without the support of the BMBF (project Verbmobil  ... 
doi:10.1109/2.511967 fatcat:eynsxz5oarhfrcy6lhb2vwav5a

Translation process research as interaction research: from mental to socio-cognitive processes

Hanna Risku
2014 MonTI : monographs in translation and interpreting  
The results show the complexity of the social network involved in the observed case of freelance translation, the tendency of the translator to externalize parts of the process and thus transform the internal  ...  In addition, it presents the empirical research design and initial results of an ethnographic field study into the socio-cognitive aspects of translation.  ...  They also influence the choice of the next case or cases to be studied (a procedure called theoretical sampling).  ... 
doi:10.6035/monti.2014.ne1.11 fatcat:nrl3n76htbfjbbswhokqu64zr4

Improving the Robustness of Speech Translation [article]

Xiang Li, Haiyang Xue, Wei Chen, Yang Liu, Yang Feng, Qun Liu
2018 arXiv   pre-print
To solve this problem, we propose a simple but effective method to improve the robustness of NMT in the case of speech translation.  ...  Besides, we also incorporate the Chinese Pinyin feature which is easy to get in speech translation to further improve the translation performance.  ...  A Case Study In Table 7 , we provide a realistic example to illustrate the advantage of our robust NMT system on erroneous ASR output.  ... 
arXiv:1811.00728v1 fatcat:2bpgc2nrnjcajc2jwwq2k6kbxe

Translational Bioinformatics: Past, Present, and Future

Jessica D. Tenenbaum
2016 Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics  
Though a relatively young discipline, translational bioinformatics (TBI) has become a key component of biomedical research in the era of precision medicine.  ...  This review provides a definition and contextualization of the term TBI, describes the discipline's brief history and past accomplishments, as well as current foci, and concludes with predictions of future  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported in part by the Clinical and Translational Science Award (Grant No. UL1TR001117) to Duke University from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.gpb.2016.01.003 pmid:26876718 pmcid:PMC4792852 fatcat:he67bcd2xzh5hnj7t3qp65koi4

Learning to Navigate Unseen Environments: Back Translation with Environmental Dropout [article]

Hao Tan, Licheng Yu, Mohit Bansal
2019 arXiv   pre-print
To generate these unseen triplets, we propose a simple but effective 'environmental dropout' method to mimic unseen environments, which overcomes the problem of limited seen environment variability.  ...  Most of the existing approaches perform dramatically worse in unseen environments as compared to seen ones. In this paper, we present a generalizable navigational agent.  ...  The views, opinions, and/or findings contained in this article are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official views or policies, either expressed or implied, of the  ... 
arXiv:1904.04195v1 fatcat:izbi3tlbczd3xpme6364ynv2gu

Learning to Navigate Unseen Environments: Back Translation with Environmental Dropout

Hao Tan, Licheng Yu, Mohit Bansal
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 Conference of the North  
To generate these unseen triplets, we propose a simple but effective 'environmental dropout' method to mimic unseen environments, which overcomes the problem of limited seen environment variability.  ...  Most of the existing approaches perform dramatically worse in unseen environments as compared to seen ones. In this paper, we present a generalizable navigational agent.  ...  The views, opinions, and/or findings contained in this article are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official views or policies, either expressed or implied, of the  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/n19-1268 dblp:conf/naacl/TanYB19 fatcat:yry66dtbibgynfz3qlxlofomqy

Leveraging health social networking communities in translational research

Yue W Webster, Ernst R Dow, Jacob Koehler, Ranga C Gudivada, Mathew J Palakal
2011 Journal of Biomedical Informatics  
The results demonstrate the potential of our approach to bridge silos and to identify hidden links among clinical observations, drugs, genes and diseases.  ...  In Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis case studies, HyGen has identified 15 of the 20 published disease genes.  ...  However, few studies have been devoted to explore the potentials and challenges in using HSNC as data sources in translational research.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jbi.2011.01.010 pmid:21284958 fatcat:mrcmf3tuzfe7pg6s7ir3mqto2u

Phenotype Ontologies and Cross-Species Analysis for Translational Research

Peter N. Robinson, Caleb Webber, Jonathan Flint
2014 PLoS Genetics  
Firstly, we discuss enrichment approaches, which deem the most frequent phenotype among the orthologues of a set of genes associated with a common human phenotype as the orthologous phenotype, or phenolog  ...  Secondly, we introduce and discuss computational reasoning approaches to identify phenotypic equivalences made possible through the development of intra-and interspecies ontologies.  ...  Acknowledgments CW would like to thank Frantisek Honti for his help in the production of  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1004268 pmid:24699242 pmcid:PMC3974665 fatcat:oynuzmmdcnay7g6nhxomeqw4t4
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