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Pre-seismic anomalies from optical satellite observations: a review

Zhong-Hu Jiao, Jing Zhao, Xinjian Shan
<span title="2018-04-04">2018</span> <i title="Copernicus GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/fwsshpgmnrf77n6cqojn3csg4q" style="color: black;">Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
First, precursor parameters, including parameters from the top of the atmosphere, in the atmosphere, and on the Earth's surface, are stated and discussed.  ...  Data from satellite observations serve as a powerful tool in monitoring earthquake preparation areas at a global scale and in a nearly real-time manner.  ...  SLHF anomaly is significantly weaker on land surface than on sea surface due to obvious differences in air humidity, wind speed, and surface temperature between sea and land surfaces.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-18-1013-2018">doi:10.5194/nhess-18-1013-2018</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/tz42pg7exjccpn7ksbeaifrwbm">fatcat:tz42pg7exjccpn7ksbeaifrwbm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180720221416/https://www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/18/1013/2018/nhess-18-1013-2018.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/58/e6/58e6dbf3ca9a4b3e87e2ce8ea0e05ae0a341d990.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-18-1013-2018"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Land Surface Temperature Anomalies Detection for the Strong Earthquakes in 2018

Azad Rasul, Luqman W. Omar
<span title="2020-09-01">2020</span> <i title="Koya University"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/noixcuzpozfktez4iydwhir7lm" style="color: black;">ARO. The Scientific Journal of Koya University</a> </i> &nbsp;
The objective of the current study was to determine the anomalies in land surface temperature (LST) in areas affected by earthquakes. In this research, three earthquakes (M >6) were studied.  ...  The interquartile range (IQR) and mean ± 2σ methods utilized to select anomalies. As a result, based on the IQR method, no prior and after anomaly detected in selected cases and data.  ...  An increase in land surface temperature (LST) and a decrease in sea surface temperature observed in the Gujarat earthquake in India by Ouzounov and Freund (2004) .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14500/aro.10591">doi:10.14500/aro.10591</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/qjcreebcbvcntdjdlu52b6muhy">fatcat:qjcreebcbvcntdjdlu52b6muhy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200908180951/http://aro.koyauniversity.org/index.php/aro/article/download/ARO.10591/184" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/82/ce/82ce1e667ee6ca2721ae1f27742e3a0b2b736bf1.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14500/aro.10591"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Satellite thermal infrared anomalies associated with strong earthquakes in the Vrancea area of Romania

Maria A. Zoran, Roxana S. Savastru, Dan M. Savastru
<span title="2015-01-05">2015</span> <i title="Walter de Gruyter GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/yrp757rnxbddppj7x67chfbi5y" style="color: black;">Open Geosciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
been used: land surface temperature (LST), outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) and mean air temperature (AT).  ...  AbstractThermal anomalies which are known to be significant precursors of strong earthquakes can be evidenced by spectral thermal infrared (TIR) bands recorded by sensors on board of NOAA-AVHRR and Terra  ...  In order to nominate a potential anomaly as a reliable precursor, it must be proved that it is not an artificial or random anomaly.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1515/geo-2015-0046">doi:10.1515/geo-2015-0046</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/sf7p6yyiybc3tfohrnhzm37epy">fatcat:sf7p6yyiybc3tfohrnhzm37epy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180728154835/https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/geo.2015.7.issue-1/geo-2015-0046/geo-2015-0046.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b8/30/b830938e6b9668ce46340fde9633c34c622160e6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1515/geo-2015-0046"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> degruyter.com </button> </a>

Pre-seismic Thermal Anomalies from Satellite Observations: A Review

Zhong-Hu Jiao, Jing Zhao, Xinjian Shan
<span title="2017-07-20">2017</span> <i title="Copernicus GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/s5tnwartyzdbnby6tbd4ucskhi" style="color: black;">NHESSD</a> </i> &nbsp;
First, precursor parameters, including parameters from the top of the atmosphere, in the atmosphere, and on the Earth's surface, are discussed.  ...  Data from satellite observations serve as a powerful tool in monitoring earthquake preparation areas at a global scale and in a nearly real-time manner.  ...  SLHF anomaly is significantly weaker on land surface than on sea surface due to obvious differences in air humidity, wind speed, and surface temperature between sea and land surfaces.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-211">doi:10.5194/nhess-2017-211</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5l45bgot75gsbks3c6es4mvwdu">fatcat:5l45bgot75gsbks3c6es4mvwdu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180721160222/https://www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci-discuss.net/nhess-2017-211/nhess-2017-211.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/20/1e/201e20ea198ba010bbad78007ee0b6554b02966e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-211"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Investigation of Seismo-thermal Precursor of Goharan Earthquake (2013) by Thermal Data of MODIS Sensor in TERRA Satellite

Sina Saber-Mahani, M Sepahvand, M Zadeh
<span title="2017-01-10">2017</span> <i title="Sciencedomain International"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ingz7zwaz5e5ljwgwiu2ws6s7q" style="color: black;">Journal of Geography Environment and Earth Science International</a> </i> &nbsp;
In order to reach this goal, Land Surface Temperature (LST) data for seismo-thermal precursor was considered through colorization and time series analysis using wavelet transform.  ...  The main objective of this research is to study the seismo-thermal earthquake precursor of the Goharan earthquake (2013) using TERRA satellite imaging and MODIS (Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer  ...  Some of remote sensing (RS) satellite (i.e. TERRA) are able to measure the land surface radiation in the thermal band.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.9734/jgeesi/2017/27226">doi:10.9734/jgeesi/2017/27226</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/cipthfdbinf5rgxdgmz3xgxa4q">fatcat:cipthfdbinf5rgxdgmz3xgxa4q</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220424001727/http://journalrepository.org/media/journals/JGEESI_42/2017/Jan/Sepahvand912016JGEESI27226.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/a9/97/a997b3b3d00e0feb95e6d0b2f521724857f0f684.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.9734/jgeesi/2017/27226"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Satellite Remote Sensing in Seismology. A Review

Andrew Tronin
<span title="2009-12-30">2009</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/kay2tsbijbawliu45dnhvyvgsq" style="color: black;">Remote Sensing</a> </i> &nbsp;
Numerous results have confirmed previous observations of thermal anomalies on the Earth's surface prior to earthquakes.  ...  Relatively new applications of remote sensing for seismology as atmospheric sounding, gas observations, and cloud analysis are considered as possible candidates for applications.  ...  Conclusions This review of modern remote sensing techniques in seismology demonstrates the following: (1) remote sensing methods are being broadly used for earthquake research; (2) a wide spectra of remote  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/rs2010124">doi:10.3390/rs2010124</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/k4shclhfengbzloq2n3uvef35a">fatcat:k4shclhfengbzloq2n3uvef35a</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180724164520/https://res.mdpi.com/def502008c3508b937f3f1bba9c6476b96d1023916306a0709eaff4c55424775168fb9f03df1e85de1e86f19878319aafcf551564904885180abbdef83b9eef7fbf8aca3eaa177b8709ad99132822f50857cfa9f39730e0260b6d622d15f30c518bec401d04bc7c10a49475f7fe3e8ebdf8e0e631882a93bcf4c8fceb302cf7854c328557642058a79d43756580ea9bf51851d02a51761b158321435763527890b81?filename=&amp;attachment=1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/18/55/185541090dc35cd0fac3a7f80ed046eaaf2c7f58.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/rs2010124"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Pre-Seismic Temporal Integrated Anomalies from Multiparametric Remote Sensing Data

Zhonghu Jiao, Xinjian Shan
<span title="2022-05-12">2022</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/kay2tsbijbawliu45dnhvyvgsq" style="color: black;">Remote Sensing</a> </i> &nbsp;
Although the TIA trend characteristics before the earthquakes were not unique, we identified certain unexplained pre-seismic phenomena within the remote sensing data.  ...  However, an improved understanding of the statistical significance between anomalies and earthquakes is required to develop operational forecasting systems.  ...  As a result, forecasts suffer from a high rate of false alarms when using remotely sensed land surface temperatures [11] , while the false alarm rate can be effectively suppressed using seismic catalog  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14102343">doi:10.3390/rs14102343</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/gqm27oxvcjcoddzq55nc6sqddq">fatcat:gqm27oxvcjcoddzq55nc6sqddq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220514211121/https://mdpi-res.com/d_attachment/remotesensing/remotesensing-14-02343/article_deploy/remotesensing-14-02343.pdf?version=1652355499" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ba/81/ba81d3f50a8100db880d80d92db8d4fdb2164254.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14102343"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

A preliminary evaluation of surface latent heat flux as an earthquake precursor

W. Zhang, J. Zhao, W. Wang, H. Ren, L. Chen, G. Yan
<span title="2013-10-22">2013</span> <i title="Copernicus GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/fwsshpgmnrf77n6cqojn3csg4q" style="color: black;">Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
</strong> The relationship between variations in surface latent heat flux (SLHF) and marine earthquakes has been a popular subject of recent seismological studies.  ...  and are difficult to be considered as precursory anomalies; (2) after removing the clustering effect, most of the anomalies prior to these six earthquakes are not temporally related to any earthquake  ...  defined as a precursor.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-13-2639-2013">doi:10.5194/nhess-13-2639-2013</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/3dhoetagtzhmhcnvkescywxggu">fatcat:3dhoetagtzhmhcnvkescywxggu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180719061711/https://www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/13/2639/2013/nhess-13-2639-2013.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/1d/61/1d616f6f714f4ea63da189c7d0f68c162e2d999c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-13-2639-2013"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

A preliminary evaluation of surface latent heat flux as an earthquake precursor

W. Zhang, J. Zhao, W. Wang, H. Ren, L. Chen, G. Yan
<span title="2013-06-13">2013</span> <i title="Copernicus GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/s5tnwartyzdbnby6tbd4ucskhi" style="color: black;">NHESSD</a> </i> &nbsp;
The relationship between variations in surface latent heat flux (SLHF) and marine earthquakes has been a popular subject of recent seismological studies.  ...  and are difficult to be considered as precursory anomalies; (2) after removing the clustering effect, most of the anomalies prior to these six earthquakes are not temporally related to any earthquake  ...  defined as a precursor.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/nhessd-1-2667-2013">doi:10.5194/nhessd-1-2667-2013</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/yiayuvuk3fh23pfuqt5ethljd4">fatcat:yiayuvuk3fh23pfuqt5ethljd4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180719061711/https://www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/13/2639/2013/nhess-13-2639-2013.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/1d/61/1d616f6f714f4ea63da189c7d0f68c162e2d999c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/nhessd-1-2667-2013"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Atmospheric Anomaly Analysis Related to Ms > 6.0 Earthquakes in China during 2020–2021

Xitong Xu, Shengbo Chen, Yan Yu, Sen Zhang
<span title="2021-10-11">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/kay2tsbijbawliu45dnhvyvgsq" style="color: black;">Remote Sensing</a> </i> &nbsp;
of atmospheric anomalies at multiple isobaric surfaces.  ...  This verified the feasibility of detecting multi-parameter atmospheric anomalies associated with earthquakes based on tidal force fluctuation.  ...  Furthermore, we thank the editors and reviewers for their constructive suggestions and insightful comments, which helped us greatly improve this manuscript.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13204052">doi:10.3390/rs13204052</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/tfyr6w3dv5b2rimvv3zhbqz3ye">fatcat:tfyr6w3dv5b2rimvv3zhbqz3ye</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211015034628/https://mdpi-res.com/d_attachment/remotesensing/remotesensing-13-04052/article_deploy/remotesensing-13-04052-v2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e8/ee/e8ee70f1415d510317e926bc7dd6237ae9043142.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13204052"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

The challenges and possibilities of earthquake predictions using non-seismic precursors

A. Bhardwaj, L. Sam, F. J. Martin-Torres
<span title="">2021</span> <i title="Springer Science and Business Media LLC"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/nvlzfoi7gra73gfdc2tmci5zsy" style="color: black;">The European Physical Journal Special Topics</a> </i> &nbsp;
, ground water level, land surface temperature, surface deformations, animal behaviour, thermal infrared signals, atmospheric gravity waves, and lightning.  ...  A general point of concern is the widely varying arrival times and the amplitudes of the anomalies, putting a question mark on their universal applicability as earthquake markers.  ...  The authors are grateful to the editors and the reviewers for their constructive and useful suggestions in improving the quality of the paper.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1140/epjst/e2020-000257-3">doi:10.1140/epjst/e2020-000257-3</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ofbfhs7pd5dj7gfnpjou4p2tqq">fatcat:ofbfhs7pd5dj7gfnpjou4p2tqq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210428153923/https://aura.abdn.ac.uk/bitstream/handle/2164/15706/Bhardwaj_et_al_EPJ_TheChallengesAnd_AAM.pdf;jsessionid=24F63151AEFCB8AECB42073DBE86720F?sequence=1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/aa/64/aa642025d9b0823e69803634614179bf99d31fef.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1140/epjst/e2020-000257-3"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Surface latent heat flux as an earthquake precursor

S. Dey, R. P. Singh
<span title="">2003</span> <i title="Copernicus GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/fwsshpgmnrf77n6cqojn3csg4q" style="color: black;">Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
The maximum increase of SLHF is found 2-7 days prior to the main earthquake event. This increase is likely due to an ocean-land-atmosphere interaction.  ...  in surface latent heat flux.  ...  The authors are grateful to two anonymous reviewers for their comments.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-3-749-2003">doi:10.5194/nhess-3-749-2003</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/k6jx2ost35hvbgmfipe2ftzxyi">fatcat:k6jx2ost35hvbgmfipe2ftzxyi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170928200436/https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00299098/document" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f9/fd/f9fd881f517e1c25eab75e5cbfc62e6ce37be653.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-3-749-2003"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

SPATIO-TEMPORAL ANOMALIES IN SURFACE BRIGHTNESS TEMPERATURE PRECEDING VOLCANO ERUPTIONS DETECTED BY THE LANDSAT-8 THERMAL INFRARED SENSOR (CASE STUDY: KARANGETANG VOLCANO)

Suwarsono Suwarsono, Djoko Triyono, Muhammad Rokhis Khomarudin, Rokhmatuloh Rokhmatuloh
<span title="2021-09-07">2021</span> <i title="Indonesian National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ye2rxgzwkzc4bioqsy437g63ma" style="color: black;">International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES)</a> </i> &nbsp;
To overcome this problem, it is necessary to conduct research on the strengthening of the early warning system for volcanic eruptions utilising remote sensing technology.  ...  This study analyses spatial and temporal anomalies of surface brightness temperature in the peak area of Karangetang volcano during the 2018-2019 eruption.  ...  The surface temperature changes in the peak area, which can be identified from Landsat-8 TIRS multi-temporal images, can be utilized as a precursor during an eruption period for this volcano type.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.30536/j.ijreses.2021.v18.a3465">doi:10.30536/j.ijreses.2021.v18.a3465</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/f6ealckqyrh6lmk4kdtb5j6ugm">fatcat:f6ealckqyrh6lmk4kdtb5j6ugm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211004072843/http://jurnal.lapan.go.id/index.php/ijreses/article/download/3465/2751" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/3a/99/3a99b9ad6e5e4b436dfddd3c8cb016186fe5fdd5.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.30536/j.ijreses.2021.v18.a3465"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

A New Algorithm for the Characterization of Thermal Infrared Anomalies in Tectonic Activities

Dongmei Song, Ruihuan Xie, Lin Zang, Jingyuan Yin, Kai Qin, Xinjian Shan, Jianyong Cui, Bin Wang
<span title="2018-12-03">2018</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/kay2tsbijbawliu45dnhvyvgsq" style="color: black;">Remote Sensing</a> </i> &nbsp;
Remote sensing technology has been found to strengthen the monitoring abilities of the Earth's surface at a macroscopic scale.  ...  signals, a novel TTIA (tectonic thermal infrared anomalies) algorithm was proposed to characterize earthquake TIR anomalies using the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) land surface  ...  The arrival of an air mass with certain thermodynamic properties can vary the land surface temperature. Therefore, the influence of an air mass on the land surface temperature must be removed [86] .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10121941">doi:10.3390/rs10121941</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ggwbs6e3kzevbmikttact5hk54">fatcat:ggwbs6e3kzevbmikttact5hk54</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190503193131/https://res.mdpi.com/remotesensing/remotesensing-10-01941/article_deploy/remotesensing-10-01941.pdf?filename=&amp;attachment=1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7e/5e/7e5ebce81cd04d2dcac2601d1ac23630ad24166e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10121941"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Prediction of the date, magnitude and affected area of impending strong earthquakes using integration of multi precursors earthquake parameters

M. R. Saradjian, M. Akhoondzadeh
<span title="2011-04-19">2011</span> <i title="Copernicus GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/fwsshpgmnrf77n6cqojn3csg4q" style="color: black;">Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
<br><br> Using remote sensing observations, this study examines variations of electron and ion density, electron temperature, total electron content (TEC), electric and magnetic fields and land surface  ...  </strong> Usually a precursor alone might not be useful as an accurate, precise, and stand-alone criteria for the earthquake parameters prediction.  ...  Contadakis Reviewed by: S. Pulinets and another anonymous referee  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-11-1109-2011">doi:10.5194/nhess-11-1109-2011</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/blt6g3ykybc2dmicyjakzfevre">fatcat:blt6g3ykybc2dmicyjakzfevre</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171202072556/https://www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/11/1109/2011/nhess-11-1109-2011.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/06/b3/06b388d3c7be20706f55a8e19e3ea59992a2ffdd.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-11-1109-2011"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>
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