Filters








2,356 Hits in 4.5 sec

Advancing Fetal Brain MRI: Targets for the Future

Catherine Limperopoulos, Cedric Clouchoux
2009 Seminars in Perinatology  
lacking, information upon which to counsel parents effectively, and base rational decisions regarding the timing and type of novel medical and surgical interventions currently on the horizon.  ...  Fetal MRI is becoming an increasingly powerful imaging tool for studying brain development in vivo.  ...  Development of an In Vivo 3-D Fetal MRI Brain Atlas Although brain atlases are widely used for image processing in adult MRI, no such atlas is currently available for the fetal brain.  ... 
doi:10.1053/j.semperi.2009.04.002 pmid:19631089 fatcat:nwbuhdbsa5bnhbsp7m2vrpw57y

Computational anatomy for studying use-dependant brain plasticity

Bogdan Draganski, Ferath Kherif, Antoine Lutti
2014 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Novel quantitative MRI acquisition techniques provide access to brain tissue microstructural properties (e.g., myelin, iron, and water content) in-vivo, thereby allowing unprecedented specific insights  ...  In this article we provide a comprehensive literature review on the in vivo assessment of use-dependant brain structure changes in humans using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computational anatomy  ...  Here we review the published literature on use-dependant plasticity of the adult human brain studied with MRI-based computational anatomy methods.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00380 pmid:25018716 pmcid:PMC4072968 fatcat:zutvf57sxjavfibsae6c6tjpbe

Early postnatal myelin content estimate of white matter via T1w/T2w ratio

Kevin Lee, Marie Cherel, Francois Budin, John Gilmore, Kirsten Zaldarriaga Consing, Jerod Rasmussen, Pathik D. Wadhwa, Sonja Entringer, Matthew F. Glasser, David C. Van Essen, Claudia Buss, Martin Styner (+2 others)
2015 Medical Imaging 2015: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging  
Purpose-To develop and evaluate a novel processing framework for the relative quantification of myelin content in cerebral white matter (WM) regions from brain MRI data via a computed ratio of T1 to T2  ...  Conclusions-We developed and evaluated a novel way to estimate white matter myelin content for use in studies of brain white matter development.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health (MH064065, MH070890, MH091351, MH091645, HD079124, HD03110).  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2082198 pmid:26612964 pmcid:PMC4657562 dblp:conf/mibam/LeeCBGCRWEGEBS15 fatcat:vsgcqu4kmba6rlemi7hbhdanvi

Regionconnect: Rapidly extracting standardized brain connectivity information in voxel-wise neuroimaging studies

Xiaoxiao Qi, Konstantinos Arfanakis
2020 NeuroImage  
Towards this goal, the present work first generated and evaluated the white matter connectome of the IIT Human Brain Atlas v.5.0.  ...  The regionconnect algorithm as well as the white matter tractogram and connectome, multi-layer, connectivity-based labels, and associated resources developed for the IIT Human Brain Atlas v.5.0 in this  ...  Evaluation of the white matter connectome of the IIT human brain atlas -The connectome of the IIT Human Brain Atlas v.5.0 was evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.117462 pmid:33075560 pmcid:PMC7811895 fatcat:qwtlngdmhbdxnaafvqxz27csuq

Front Matter: Volume 9417

2015 Medical Imaging 2015: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging  
The last two digits indicate publication order within the volume using a Base 36 numbering system employing both numerals and letters.  ...  A unique citation identifier (CID) number is assigned to each article at the time of the first publication.  ...  histology and MRI in the first digital brain of common squirrel monkey, Saimiri sciureus [9417-64] 9417 1U A novel approach to motion correction for ASL images based on brain contours [9417-65]  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2193783 dblp:conf/mibam/X15 fatcat:wxqfpa4ywnd3leqok5xkxipose

The CONNECT project: Combining macro- and micro-structure

Yaniv Assaf, Daniel C. Alexander, Derek K. Jones, Albero Bizzi, Tim E.J. Behrens, Chris A. Clark, Yoram Cohen, Tim B. Dyrby, Petra S. Huppi, Thomas R. Knoesche, Denis LeBihan, Geoff J.M. Parker (+1 others)
2013 NeuroImage  
In parallel to the development of tractography, additional diffusion MRI based frameworks (CHARMED, AxCaliber, ActiveAx) were developed enabling the extraction of a multitude of micro-structural parameters  ...  The CONNECT (Consortium Of Neuroimagers for the Non-invasive Exploration of brain Connectivity and Tracts) project aimed to combine tractography and micro-structural measures of the living human brain  ...  (a) Atlas of brain connectivity This atlas is based on the ≪ARCHI≫ database acquired in NeuroSpin.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.05.055 pmid:23727318 fatcat:2hlmflqpmnc3piswo6mybzai64

Quantitative Analysis of Synthetic Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Alzheimer's Disease

Baohui Lou, Yuwei Jiang, Chunmei Li, Pu-Yeh Wu, Shuhua Li, Bin Qin, Haibo Chen, Rui Wang, Bing Wu, Min Chen
2021 Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience  
The correlations between these quantitative parameters and MMSE score were assessed by the Pearson correlation in AD patients.Results: Although the larger volume of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), lower brain  ...  Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and whether synthetic MRI can benefit diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD).Materials and Methods: Eighteen patients and eighteen age-matched  ...  PD values can provide the information of tissue water content and reflect the structural damage of brain (Gracien et al., 2016) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnagi.2021.638731 pmid:33912023 pmcid:PMC8072384 fatcat:uz4nb7icpvejlnxj2pbkvueiq4

Large-scale comparative neuroimaging: Where are we and what do we need?

Michel Thiebaut de Schotten, Paula L. Croxson, Rogier B. Mars
2018 Cortex  
Although invasive "gold standard" techniques have a better spatial resolution, neuroimaging allows fast, whole-brain, repeatable, and multi-modal measurements of structure and function in living animals  ...  We briefly review the current state of the field and explore what the current obstacles to such an approach are. We propose some calls to action.  ...  Acknowledgements The research of MTdS leading to these results received funding from the Agence Nationale de la Recherche [grant number ANR-13-JSV4-0001-01] and from the European Research  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2018.11.028 pmid:30661736 pmcid:PMC6699599 fatcat:e73esdtgxjbt5gqw57ckpiggke

Increased Cerebral Water Content in Hemodialysis Patients

Kathrin Reetz, Zaheer Abbas, Ana Sofia Costa, Vincent Gras, Frances Tiffin-Richards, Shahram Mirzazade, Bernhard Holschbach, Rolf Dario Frank, Athina Vassiliadou, Thilo Krüger, Frank Eitner, Theresa Gross (+4 others)
2015 PLoS ONE  
We used a neuropsychological test battery, structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a novel technique for quantitative measurement of localized water content using 3T MRI to investigate ten hemodialysis  ...  Discussion This is the first in vivo quantitative study based on quantitative water content estimation revealing evidence for abnormal brain water content mainly in white matter areas of cerebrum in HD  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0122188 pmid:25826269 pmcid:PMC4380497 fatcat:6oeh4ugjr5apxdc4tcbb6apdcu

Towards multimodal atlases of the human brain

Arthur W. Toga, Paul M. Thompson, Susumu Mori, Katrin Amunts, Karl Zilles
2006 Nature Reviews Neuroscience  
Atlases of the human brain have an important impact on neuroscience.  ...  The concept of the brain atlas is not new1.  ...  , the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, and by Human Brain Project grants to the International Consortium for Brain Mapping, funded  ... 
doi:10.1038/nrn2012 pmid:17115077 pmcid:PMC3113553 fatcat:vb3kvw2wrjbahd67546jgvxtky

A survey of MRI-based brain tumor segmentation methods

Jin Liu, Min Li, Jianxin Wang, Fangxiang Wu, Tianming Liu, Yi Pan
2014 Tsinghua Science and Technology  
The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive overview for MRI-based brain tumor segmentation methods.  ...  Moreover, the evaluation and validation of the results of MRI-based brain tumor segmentation are discussed.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 61232001 and 61379108).  ... 
doi:10.1109/tst.2014.6961028 fatcat:qsb42j4k5rgvlaf56icxqbumpq

Brain white matter tract integrity as a neural foundation for general intelligence

L Penke, S Muñoz Maniega, M E Bastin, M C Valdés Hernández, C Murray, N A Royle, J M Starr, J M Wardlaw, I J Deary
2012 Molecular Psychiatry  
Using quantitative tractography, we measured fractional anisotropy and two white matter integrity biomarkers that are novel to the study of intelligence: longitudinal relaxation time (T1) and magnetisation  ...  However, there is a lack of established associations between general intelligence and any basic structural brain parameters that have a clear functional meaning.  ...  We examined the association between general intelligence and three quantitative biomarkers of brain white matter tract integrity, FA from DT-MRI alongside two others which are novel to the study of human  ... 
doi:10.1038/mp.2012.66 pmid:22614288 fatcat:jspe7y5dsjcwtpozfo4y3hnjq4

Brain tissue properties differentiate between motor and limbic basal ganglia circuits

Ettore A. Accolla, Juergen Dukart, Gunther Helms, Nikolaus Weiskopf, Ferath Kherif, Antoine Lutti, Rumana Chowdhury, Stefan Hetzer, John-Dylan Haynes, Andrea A. Kühn, Bogdan Draganski
2014 Human Brain Mapping  
in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). r Human Brain Mapping 35:5083-5092 (2014) r -based quantification r r r Brain Tissue Properties in Basal Ganglia r r 5089 r  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors are very grateful to Dr. Thomas Sch€ onecker for his valuable help with defining the anatomical STN borders.  ...  Topology estimates of STN anatomical projections based on MRI sensitive to water diffusion suggested a tripartite organization of the STN; however, this notion was confirmed only in 14 of 24 STNs studied  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.22533 pmid:24777915 pmcid:PMC4282398 fatcat:nqpegpbcqvb3pfphhf6kagha4u

Novel Quantitative Approach in Functional and Structural Imaging of Brain in Normal Ageing and Neurodegenerative Disorders: Part I. Basic Considerations in PET and MRI

2018 Journal of Experimental and Clinical Neurosciences  
In this review, we describe the existing and novel quantitative approaches of functional positron emission tomography (PET) imaging.  ...  Moreover, we describe novel volumetric studies assessing global and regional volume changes based on advanced computerised techniques of magnetic resonance (MR) analysis such as voxel-based morphometry  ...  Novel imaging methods of measuring global and regional brain volume use the process of image segmentation to assess quantitative parameters of the brain.  ... 
doi:10.13183/jecns.v5i1.76 fatcat:uwi7bcknwzcapkrgery442jez4

Mapping the Rest of the Human Connectome: Atlasing the Spinal Cord and Peripheral Nervous System

Andrei Irimia, John Darrell Van Horn
2020 NeuroImage  
Here we recommend a modification to the definition of the human connectome to include the SC and PNS, and argue for the creation of an inclusive atlas to complement current efforts to map the brain's human  ...  Nevertheless, the atlasing of these complete neural structures is essential for neurosurgical planning, neurological localization, and for mapping those components of the human connectome located outside  ...  Such atlases include the original Talairach and Tournoux (1988) coordinate system, which was based on a single brain, as well as more sophisticated atlases which are based on populations of healthy adult  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.117478 pmid:33160086 pmcid:PMC8485987 fatcat:nje75t2s4bdrpkqpwtouxu73d4
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 2,356 results