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Adaptively timed con- ditioned responses and the cerebellum: A neural network approach. Biol. Cybern. 62, 17-28. ... A. 1969. The cerebellum as a timing device: An experimental study in the frog. In Neurobiology of Cerebellar Evolution and Development, R. Llinas, ed., pp. 397-420. ...
The Journal of Neuroscience
Blazis DEJ, Moore JW (1991) Conditioned stimulus duration in clas- sical trace conditioning: test of a real-time neural network model. Behav Brain Res 43:73-78. ... Buonomano DV, Mauk MD (1991) Neural network based on the circuitry of the cerebellum simulates the timing of motor responses. Soc Neurosci Abstr 17:870. ...
Here we describe a neural network model based on the synaptic organization of the cerebellum that can generate timed responses in the range of tens of milliseconds to seconds. ... Communicated by Stephen Lisberger Neural Network Model of the Cerebellum: Temporal Discrimination and the Timing of Motor Responses Dean V. ...doi:10.1162/neco.19126.96.36.199 fatcat:qfdfzokvonghdme3ek6i363zqi
Spiking neural encoding models allow classification of real world tasks to suit for brain-machine interfaces in addition to serving as internal models. ... We have also compared the efficiency of the encoded dataset with different datasets and with standard machine learning algorithms. ... ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work derives direction and ideas from the Chancellor of Amrita University, Sri Mata Amritanandamayi Devi. ...doi:10.1109/icacci.2015.7275845 dblp:conf/icacci/MediniZNVRD15 fatcat:7efwxa5mnvc5hpkhatpruzizd4
Supervised learning plays a key role in the operation of many biological and artificial neural networks. ... The principles emerging from studies of the cerebellum have striking parallels with those in other brain areas and in artificial neural networks, as well as some notable differences, which can inform future ... ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank Jay Bhasin for input on a draft of this manuscript. ...doi:10.1146/annurev-neuro-080317-061948 pmid:29986160 pmcid:PMC6056176 fatcat:vmdlbqczcfa5fonrviv4qtru3a
Further, involvement of the cerebellum in associative learning and memory seems to be limited by certain parametric conditions present at the time of learning. ... Research conducted over the last 20 years has revealed that the essential neural circuitry for acquisition and performance of this simple, learned, motor response resides in the cerebellum and related ... In this task, rats learn to press a response lever during a tone presentation to avoid a foot shock. Lesions of the cerebellum abolish this learned response only when short (i.e. ...doi:10.1016/s0166-4328(99)00181-3 pmid:10802300 fatcat:5oocvst4zzbknbdaugfnoqwt3q
Encyclopedia of the Human Brain
models of the various neural structures involved in motor control. ... Some evidence for the presence of each type of model has come from analyses of the patterns of neural activity within the cerebellum. ...doi:10.1016/b0-12-227210-2/00219-3 fatcat:igd5a5cek5fh5jbsz32nmgij6e
In particular, an increase in the size of the cerebellum over recent human evolution has been attributed in part to the development of speech. ... Since sound recognition processes involving the brainstem and cerebellum initiate early in auditory processing, learnt information stored in cerebellar memory templates could then support a range of auditory ... Performance of the rhythm after a short time delay resulted in bilateral activation of the lobule VI regions of the cerebellum and in the cerebral motor areas. ...doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00265 pmid:28373850 pmcid:PMC5357638 fatcat:zzyzn4ef4vazfpbbmph6iiqph4
One key question concerns whether the representation of temporal information is dependent on a specialized system, distributed across a network of neural regions, or computed in a local task-dependent ... Computational models of timing mechanisms within the cerebellar cortex are beginning to motivate physiological studies. ... This work was supported by National Institutes of Health Grants NS30256, NS17778, NS33504, and NS40813. ...doi:10.1016/j.conb.2004.03.013 pmid:15082329 fatcat:mlqylxnujbctffiokgmknppc4a
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
A neural model is described herein to suggest why both the hippocampus and the cerebellum contain circuits that are specialized for adaptive timing. ... The Hippocampus and Cerebellum in Adaptively Timed Learning, Recognition, and Movement Stephen Grossberg Boston University John W.L. ...
Both models were able to learn and extinguish the proper response in all the three tasks, proving the generalizability of the proposed neural network. ... We embedded the cerebellar model within a robot controller and we tested it in three sensorimotor tasks: a Pavlovian timing association between two stimuli, a combined learning of timing and gain in the ... Both models were able to learn and extinguish the proper response in all the three tasks, proving the generalizability of the proposed neural network. ...doi:10.1007/s12311-015-0723-3 pmid:26410613 fatcat:brrskwar7jeolg6vywpgroctqy
and the adjustment of movement timing in response to irregular external triggers involve the posterior cerebellum. ... Such mapping could be learned in a form of supervised learning in the cerebellum. ...doi:10.1016/s0959-4388(00)00153-7 pmid:11240282 fatcat:7ji6gixkyvcibgu75qj42i5t44
I Abstract A complete understanding of sensory and motor processing requires characterization of how the nervous system processes time in the range of tens to hundreds of milliseconds (ms). ... Timing is also required for a wide range of motor tasks from eyelid conditioning to playing the piano. ... The involvement of the cerebellum in both interval timing tasks and in the timing of learned responses raises the question: Is the computation performed by the cerebellum best understood as an interval ...doi:10.1146/annurev.neuro.27.070203.144247 pmid:15217335 fatcat:qbxbg7tojvb3nbu7ys7tcuwpwe
Then, over time, as the internal model is updated, response modulation should decrease in parallel with a reduction in sensory prediction error, until vestibular reafference is again suppressed. ... Accordingly, we hypothesize that altering the relationship between motor commands and the actual movement parameters will result in the updating in the cerebellum-based computation of exafference. ... Introduction To acquire new skills and maintain mastered skills, in response to changes in the internal and external environment, our brain must coordinate changes in the responses of neurons and neural ...doi:10.1007/s12311-014-0608-x pmid:25287644 pmcid:PMC4320652 fatcat:yu5jli636fhbzpmijj5n4bhsza
Certain models that have ascribed a predictive role to the cerebellum have done so as a means of explaining the role that the cerebellum plays in motor control (e.g., Darlot 1993; Miall et al. 1993) . ... Thus, in this model the cerebellum serves a predictive function that is "under the regulatory control of the inferior olive" (Coenen and Sejnowski 1996) . ...doi:10.1101/lm.4.1.1 pmid:10456051 fatcat:icnc6mk2fvd2npd2lt3ujrriay
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