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A multidisciplinary task-based perspective for evaluating the impact of AI autonomy and generality on the future of work [article]

Enrique Fernández-Macías and Emilia Gómez and José Hernández-Orallo and Bao Sheng Loe and Bertin Martens and Fernando Martínez-Plumed and Songül Tolan
2018 arXiv   pre-print
This paper presents a multidisciplinary task approach for assessing the impact of artificial intelligence on the future of work.  ...  Finally, we argue that in order to understand the dynamics of tasks, we have to explore the relevance of autonomy and generality of AI systems for the automation or alteration of the workplace.  ...  Accordingly, we consider the following directions for a multidisciplinary framework for assessing the impact of AI on the future of work: 1.  ... 
arXiv:1807.02416v1 fatcat:wdljdl223zeozln2wu33dije6q

Explainability for artificial intelligence in healthcare: a multidisciplinary perspective

Julia Amann, the Precise4Q consortium, Alessandro Blasimme, Effy Vayena, Dietmar Frey, Vince I. Madai
2020 BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making  
Methods Taking AI-based clinical decision support systems as a case in point, we adopted a multidisciplinary approach to analyze the relevance of explainability for medical AI from the technological, legal  ...  This paper provides a comprehensive assessment of the role of explainability in medical AI and makes an ethical evaluation of what explainability means for the adoption of AI-driven tools into clinical  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Dr. Nora A. Tahy for review of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12911-020-01332-6 pmid:33256715 fatcat:6asxnglicncofk2m4tlrpsslyy

Autonomous Heavy-Duty Mobile Machinery: A Multidisciplinary Collaborative Challenge [article]

Tyrone Machado, David Fassbender, Abdolreza Taheri, Daniel Eriksson, Himanshu Gupta, Amirmasoud Molaei, Paolo Forte, Prashant Rai, Reza Ghabcheloo, Saku Mäkinen, Achim Lilienthal, Henrik Andreasson (+1 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Through this study, we use the bounded rationality concept to propose multidisciplinary collaborations for new autonomous HDMMs and apply the transaction cost economics framework to suggest future implications  ...  Furthermore, we introduce a conceptual understanding of collaborations in the autonomous HDMM as a unified approach, while highlighting the practical implications and challenges of the complex nature of  ...  Material properties, work tasks, and modes of operation are consequential for the automation of control systems.  ... 
arXiv:2112.02662v1 fatcat:x4xdjwqgmzcnnidlysrdsk7tsm

Transitioning to human interaction with AI systems: New challenges and opportunities for HCI professionals to enable human-centered AI [article]

Wei Xu, Marvin J. Dainoff, Liezhong Ge, Zaifeng Gao
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We conducted a high-level literature review and a holistic analysis of current work in developing AI systems from an HCI perspective.  ...  The focus of HCI work is transiting from conventional human interaction with non-AI computing systems to interaction with AI systems.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors appreciate the insightful comments from Professor Ben Shneiderman and four anonymous reviewers on an earlier draft of this paper.  ... 
arXiv:2105.05424v3 fatcat:g224uw7s7rhxfeyzhzb2pjsrpy

Tutor Project: An Intelligent Tutoring System to Improve Cognitive Disabled People Integration [chapter]

J. Rubio, C. Vaquero, J. M. López de Ipiña, E. Irigoyen, K. L. de Ipiña, N. Garay, A. Conde, M. Larrañaga, A. Ezeiza, A. Soraluze, M. Peñagarikano, G. Bordel (+4 others)
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Nowadays, the integration of people with cognitive disabilities, especially in the work environment in a growing competitive market, is a difficult task.  ...  The ITS runs on a handheld device and its aim is to increase the autonomy of people with cognitive disabilities in labour and daily life activities, therefore, improving the social and labour integration  ...  The authors thank the members of Grupo Gureak (Gureak Araba, TP Gureak, Galant, Atzegi), Down Araba -Isabel Orbe Association.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-70540-6_106 fatcat:kgl7ogs2nzbbjisvw7wvn7dpne

Responsible AI—Two Frameworks for Ethical Design Practice

Dorian Peters, Karina Vold, Diana Robinson, Rafael A. Calvo
2020 IEEE Transactions on Technology and Society  
This move came amidst a growing public concern over the unintended consequences of artificial intelligence (AI), compounded by the lack of an anticipatory process for attending to ethical impact within  ...  We hope both the frameworks and analysis can provide tools and insights, not only for the context of digital healthcare but also for data-enabled and intelligent technology development more broadly.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank IESO Health for the support and expertise provided.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tts.2020.2974991 fatcat:4lahx3hmknd5jhzauupsvcygki

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's Artificial Intelligence Vision

Peter Highnam
2020 The AI Magazine  
Over the last few years DARPA has adopted a perspective on the AI field's development that is descriptive and useful.  ...  The agency's "three waves of AI technologies" neatly tags the dominant developments, which correlate well with the availability of computation and communications.  ...  He was a senior advisor at the National Institutes of Health and the Biomedical Advanced research and Development Authority.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v41i2.5301 fatcat:pyiyqvntlre5pdrto3jqqusgsm

The Postpandemic Future of Work

Arvind Malhotra
2021 Journal of Management  
Researchers also need to explore which profiles of individuals are most suited for goal and evaluative autonomy and extreme autonomy in general.  ...  How should productivity be measured for creative and social impact work? Extreme Autonomy The key underlying driver of the future of work is a high degree of work autonomy.  ... 
doi:10.1177/01492063211000435 fatcat:64hmivpk5jaqjfoihkqmdxmfkm

Guest editorial: Artificial intelligence as a market-facing technology: getting closer to the consumer through innovation and insight

Stuart Barnes, Ko de Ruyter
2022 European Journal of Marketing  
The aim of this special issue is to examine the current and future impact of AI and machine learning technologies in marketing.  ...  The second paper on the topic of AI in retailing takes a quite distinct perspective, focusing on voice-activated artificial intelligent devices (VAIs) for online grocery purchases.  ... 
doi:10.1108/ejm-05-2022-979 fatcat:squppbay7ncerizttjfflmmfv4

The future of the management of projects in the 2030s

Derek Walker, Beverley Lloyd-Walker
2019 International Journal of Managing Projects in Business  
Purpose -The purpose of this paper is to explore recent literature on the impact of changes in the workplace environment and projected trends through to the year 2030.  ...  The authors focus on several recent reports published in the UK and Australia that discuss the way that the future workforce will adapt and prepare for radical changes in the workplace environment.  ...  PwC differentiate the potential impact of AI on jobs by the way that AI may be applied.  ... 
doi:10.1108/ijmpb-02-2018-0034 fatcat:ixqqrvp465d4hbnkzgzorgkgf4

Shifting Perspectives on AI Evaluation: The Increasing Role of Ethics in Cooperation

Enrico Barbierato, Maria Enrica Zamponi
2022 AI  
Evaluating AI is a challenging task, as it requires an operative definition of intelligence and the metrics to quantify it, including amongst other factors economic drivers, depending on specific domains  ...  a more suitable benchmark for AI applications.  ...  Conclusions and Future Work From a historical perspective, games have emerged as one of the most popular benchmarks in the field of artificial intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ai3020021 fatcat:lt2tmnx5anek5bmj7yz6ht5niy

AI and robotics to help older adults: Revisiting projects in search of lessons learned

Gabriella Cortellessa, Riccardo De Benedictis, Francesca Fracasso, Andrea Orlandini, Alessandro Umbrico, Amedeo Cesta
2021 Paladyn: Journal of Behavioral Robotics  
The goal of this article is to identify strong features and general lessons learned from those experiences and conceive guidelines and new research directions for future deployment, also relying on an  ...  ; a Socio-Health perspective highlights the role of experts in the socio-assistance domain to provide contextualized and personalized help based on actual people's needs; finally, a Human dimension takes  ...  More specifically: Riccardo Rasconi and Federico Pecora for their contribution to the development of the ROBOCARE system; Lorenza Tiberio, for her work on long-term experimentation in the ExCITE project  ... 
doi:10.1515/pjbr-2021-0025 fatcat:lbbjzun4xjem5jd3l6hgnpi5ky

Algorithmic transparency and bureaucratic discretion: The case of SALER early warning system

J. Ignacio Criado, Julián Valero, Julián Villodre, Sarah Giest, Stephan Grimmelikhuijsen
2020 Information Polity  
Among the results of the study, our empirical work suggests the existence of a series of factors that might be linked to the positive impacts of algorithms on the work and discretionary power of civil  ...  impacts on civil servants' work.  ...  Acknowledgments This study was partially supported by the Research Grant Prometeo 2017/064, Generalitat Valenciana Research Agency, and the Research Grant H2019-HUM 5699 (On Trust), Madrid Regional Research  ... 
doi:10.3233/ip-200260 fatcat:ot7krzjbpzdmvbqba7b4lljope

Welcome to the 39th (Virtual) Digital Avionics Systems Conference

2020 2020 AIAA/IEEE 39th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC)  
Modular Modelling of Ground and Air Risks for  ...  He will explore the capabilities and limitations of existing AI approaches, and address their implications for future generations of autonomous endeavors.  ...  His diversity of experiences lends him a distinct perspective regarding the advancement of artificial intelligence for autonomy.  ... 
doi:10.1109/dasc50938.2020.9256428 fatcat:pqiwapgu2fezjgzt4x72ndk6s4

From Automation to Autonomous Systems: A Legal Phenomenology with Problems of Accountability

Ugo Pagallo
2017 Proceedings of the Twenty-Sixth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
Over the past decades a considerable amount of work has been devoted to the notion of autonomy and the intelligence of robots and of AI systems: depending on the application, several standards on the "  ...  Although current AI systems may have the intelligence of a fridge, or of a toaster, some of such autonomous systems have already challenged basic pillars of society and the law, e.g. whether lethal force  ...  in which the consequences of tasks and decisions delegated to AI systems are evaluated.  ... 
doi:10.24963/ijcai.2017/3 dblp:conf/ijcai/Pagallo17 fatcat:57mzm6fgh5dyfa4wxbvkkleieq
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