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A model of rapid phonotactic generalization

Tal Linzen, Timothy O'Donnell
2015 Proceedings of the 2015 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing  
This-combined with a parsimony bias in favor of compact descriptions of the input data-leads the model to favor rapid abstraction in a way similar to human learners.  ...  Humans can learn phonotactic patterns at the level of abstract classes, generalizing across sounds (e.g., "words can end in a voiced stop").  ...  Discussion We have presented a probabilistic model of phonotactic generalization that captures the pattern of rapid, abstract generalization characteristic of human learners.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/d15-1134 dblp:conf/emnlp/LinzenO15 fatcat:ex7r4cghrrcrxgrtpw73njnybq

The Same Ultra-Rapid Parallel Brain Dynamics Underpin the Production and Perception of Speech

Amie Fairs, Amandine Michelas, Sophie Dufour, Kristof Strijkers
2021 Cerebral Cortex Communications  
An unresolved debate between different brain language models is whether words, the building blocks of language, are activated in a sequential or parallel manner.  ...  The data provide evidence for ultra-rapid parallel dynamics of language processing and are interpreted within a neural assembly framework where words recruit the same integrated cell assemblies across  ...  In general, the results were quite similar to the mixed models analysis in that they confirmed the presence of word and phonotactic frequency effects for both modalities in all TWs (with the exception  ... 
doi:10.1093/texcom/tgab040 fatcat:6o64tpii7ndw3ew3xg4uanuv7u

Learning Diphone-Based Segmentation

Robert Daland, Janet B. Pierrehumbert
2010 Cognitive Science  
First, only a small amount of language exposure is required to achieve the model's ceiling performance, equivalent to between 1 day and 1 month of caregiver input.  ...  A statistically principled learning model is developed using Bayes' theorem and reasonable assumptions about infants' implicit knowledge.  ...  Acknowledgments We wish to acknowledge support from Northwestern University in the form of a dissertation year fellowship, and from the James S.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1551-6709.2010.01160.x pmid:21428994 fatcat:j4q3mrf4yfbr3bvresq7dsb6pa

Low-frequency cortical responses to natural speech reflect probabilistic phonotactics

Giovanni M. Di Liberto, Daniel Wong, Gerda Ana Melnik, Alain de Cheveigné
2019 NeuroImage  
Here, we used linear modelling to assess the influence of phonotactic probabilities on the brain responses to narrative speech measured with non-invasive EEG.  ...  Furthermore, phonotactics-related signals showed the strongest speech-EEG interactions at latencies of 100-500 ms, supporting a pre-lexical role of phonotactic information.  ...  One possibility is that this response is related to an early N400, whose 598 latencies reflect the rapid processing of phonotactics in a natural speech scenario.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.04.037 pmid:30991126 fatcat:vupolj4s2nf5xbkdzjsp5cl2jq

The effect of language models on phonetic decoding for spoken term detection

Roy Wallace, Brendan Baker, Robbie Vogt, Sridha Sridharan
2009 Proceedings of the third workshop on Searching spontaneous conversational speech - SSCS '09  
Using an index derived from phone lattices, this paper examines the effect of language model selection on the relationship between phone recognition accuracy and STD accuracy.  ...  of the specific detection task.  ...  Generally, STD systems first pre-process the audio to create an index for subsequent rapid searching.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1631127.1631132 fatcat:n4grdwnjr5fkjgokvlzsemthtm

The same ultra-rapid parallel brain dynamics underpin the production and perception of speech [article]

Amie Fairs, Amandine Michelas, Sophie Dufour, Kristof Strijkers
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
An unresolved debate between different brain language models is whether words, the building blocks of language, are activated in a sequential or parallel manner.  ...  The data provide evidence for ultra-rapid parallel dynamics of language processing and are interpreted within a neural assembly framework where words recruit the same integrated cell assemblies across  ...  Acknowledgements This work is financed and supported by a research grant of the 'Agence National de la Recherche' (ANR) awarded to the last and corresponding author in this study (Kristof Strijkers): ANR  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.02.11.430723 fatcat:5onzu5g2drb2rbhzv3z32qhpxe

Rapid generalization in phonotactic learning

Tal Linzen, Gillian Gallagher
2017 Laboratory Phonology  
Finally, in Experiment 3 participants rapidly generalized to new sounds based on a single type of sound. We discuss the implications of our results for computational models of phonotactic learning.  ...  The current study tracks the evolution of generalization across sounds during the early stages of artificial language learning.  ...  in the One Set group of Experiment 2a as reflecting rapid phonotactic generalization.  ... 
doi:10.5334/labphon.44 fatcat:msljej73affw5olz7oybylkxtu

A vowel is a vowel: Generalizing newly learned phonotactic constraints to new contexts

Kyle E. Chambers, Kristine H. Onishi, Cynthia Fisher
2010 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
Rapid generalization independent of vowel context provides evidence that vowels and consonants are represented independently by processes underlying phonotactic learning.  ...  We investigated the representations underlying phonotactic learning by testing generalization to syllables containing new vowels.  ...  Four experiments documented rapid generalization of newly learned first-order phonotactic constraints to syllables containing new vowels.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0018991 pmid:20438279 pmcid:PMC2864940 fatcat:2wbypy2xmrb3pe5fn7tbmehb54

Finding patterns and learning words: Infant phonotactic knowledge is associated with vocabulary size

Katharine Graf Estes, Stephanie Chen-Wu Gluck, Kevin J. Grimm
2016 Journal of Experimental Child Psychology  
In the experiment, 19-month-old infants listened to a corpus of nonce words that contained novel phonotactic patterns.  ...  We found that infants with smaller vocabularies showed stronger phonotactic learning than infants with larger vocabularies even after accounting for general cognition.  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported by a grant to K.G.E. from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (HD062755).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2016.01.012 pmid:26905502 pmcid:PMC4894489 fatcat:xazq2ffn3vezzexeakxlh6ys3m

Behavioral and Neurodynamic Effects of Word Learning on Phonotactic Repair

David W. Gow, Adriana Schoenhaut, Enes Avcu, Seppo P. Ahlfors
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
In contrast, emergentist accounts suggest that these phonotactic constraints are a product of interactive associative mapping with items in the lexicon.  ...  Generative linguistic theory suggests that listeners infer constraints on possible sound patterning from the lexicon and apply these constraints to all aspects of word use.  ...  lexical mediation is a general property of phonotactic phenomena.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.590155 pmid:33776832 pmcid:PMC7987836 fatcat:3istnmbhkvam7dyjxkkgqfsosy

Cortical responses to natural speech reflect probabilistic phonotactics [article]

Giovanni M Di Liberto, Daniel Wong, Gerda Ana Melnik, Alain de Cheveigne
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
Here, we used linear modelling approaches to assess the influence of phonotactic probabilities on the brain responses to narrative speech measured with non-invasive EEG.  ...  Furthermore, such low-frequency signals showed the strongest speech-EEG interactions at latencies of 100-400 ms, supporting a pre-lexical role of phonotactic information.  ...  (which was not peer-reviewed) is the author/funder, who has granted bioRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity.  ... 
doi:10.1101/359828 fatcat:kzl73wh7c5dlrpm6i5unz4btcu

Two for the price of one: Concurrent learning of words and phonotactic regularities from continuous speech

Viridiana L. Benitez, Jenny R. Saffran, Vera Kempe
2021 PLoS ONE  
a phonotactic pattern shared by a subset of those words (type level information).  ...  Using a ratings test procedure, we found that adults can extract both the words in the language and their phonotactic patterns from continuous speech in as little as 3.5 minutes of listening time.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to give special thanks to Bob McMurray, Cynthia Fisher, and Christine Potter for helpful feedback throughout various phases of this project.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0253039 pmid:34115799 pmcid:PMC8195377 fatcat:7c5g5iz33rcy7glmnbbhqqhnm4

Past tense –ed omissions by children with specific language impairment: The role of sonority and phonotactics

Nick Riches
2015 Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics  
A further study by Leonard, Davis and Deevy (2009) also found a greater effect of the phonotactic probability on affixation of nonword stems in children with SLI (mean age 5;4) than in age-matched and  ...  While it is likely that both phonology and syntax play a role in past tense difficulties, this study focuses on the former, in particular the role of phonotactics and sonority.  ...  It should be noted that the term "phonotactics" is a general term used to describe constraints on the co-occurrence of phonemes.  ... 
doi:10.3109/02699206.2015.1027832 pmid:25901607 fatcat:jiurtgmw75adrizk43sklyetuy

The voice of experience: Causal inference in phonotactic adaptation

Thomas Denby, Matthew Goldrick
2021 Laboratory Phonology  
We tested this by exposing listeners to two talkers, each of whom exhibited a different phonotactic constraint, in a recognition memory task.  ...  We examine the role of prior experience in phonotactic learning.  ...  Denby & Goldrick: The voice of experience Art. 5, page 25 of 28 Competing Interests The authors have no competing interests to declare.  ... 
doi:10.5334/labphon.267 fatcat:ch2u2zbvcza7do7gy2pjusze7e

An onset is an onset: Evidence from abstraction of newly-learned phonotactic constraints

Amélie Bernard
2015 Journal of Memory and Language  
a coda is a coda, regardless of word structure and word position.  ...  In a series of experiments we investigated the learning of new phonotactic constraints in an experimental setting that is informative as to whether these constraints truly concern syllable positions.  ...  representations may support rapid and spontaneous generalization of constraint to novel word structures and positions (e.g., the current experiments).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jml.2014.09.001 pmid:25378800 pmcid:PMC4217139 fatcat:7jf3foad3rh43b3775sjq52bzu
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