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Multi-Residue Determination of Pesticides in Farmed Aquatic Animal Products Using Gas Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Dasom Shin, Joohye Kim, Hui-Seung Kang, Chi-Hwan Lim
2020 The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science  
A1.2 Statistical considerations on sampling population size The number of samples for non-biased sampling protocols should be statistically based and may be influenced by the size of the population (where  ...  within specified statistical limits for the analysis of a sample.  ...  Examples of the number of identification points (IPs) earned for a range of mass spectrometric detection techniques and combinations thereof (n = an integer) Technique Source of Identification Number  ... 
doi:10.7585/kjps.2020.24.4.321 fatcat:ma475qxjjfdevdplnboo5hngkq

The basic regulatory considerations and prospects for conducting bioavailability/bioequivalence (BA/BE) studies – an overview

SK Mastan, Bhavya Latha Thirunagari, Sathe
2011 Comparative Effectiveness Research  
BE is a strategy to introduce generic equivalents of brand-name drugs (innovator drugs) to lower the cost of medication through proper assessment as directed by the international regulatory authorities  ...  Bioavailability (BA) and bioequivalence (BE) studies play a major role in the drug development phase for both new drug products and their generic equivalents, and thus attract considerable attention globally  ...  Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to Cytel Management, Pune for the kind help and support during the literature survey and preparation of the manuscript. The authors are also thankful  ... 
doi:10.2147/cer.s15861 fatcat:5kd73azjkvbpfm6uos47dlfqoi

Fluoride levels in UK infant milks

R. M. Bussell, R. Nichol, K. J. Toumba
2016 European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry  
Methods A total of 60 formula milk products available commercially or within a hospital environment were analysed, along with eight pasteurised cow's milk samples.  ...  Although all products contained low fluoride concentration, the fluoride concentrations for formula milks used within the hospital setting (0.029 ppmF) were statistically higher in comparison to the commercial  ...  , and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40368-016-0226-z pmid:27146509 pmcid:PMC4882371 fatcat:zvktbf24mre63li3r72tpucdsa

Light Scattering as an Easy Tool to Measure Vesicles Weight Concentration

Giulia Di Prima, Fabio Librizzi, Rita Carrotta
2020 Membranes  
To validate the method, the measured concentrations of vesicles of different matrix compositions and sizes, measured by light scattering with different angles and instruments, were compared to the data  ...  The method, tested for extrusion preparations, is precise, easy, fast, non-destructive and uses a tiny amount of sample.  ...  Acknowledgments: Authors acknowledge Oscar Moran and Mauro Manno for their critical reading of the paper and Alessia Provenzano and Fabrizio Giambertone for their technical support.  ... 
doi:10.3390/membranes10090222 pmid:32899344 pmcid:PMC7558410 fatcat:xoeg7h67yraote6n2somv62yfm

Spectral Imaging as a Tool in Food Research and Quality Monitoring of Food Production [chapter]

Stina Frosch, Bjrn Skovlund, Jens Adler-Nissen, Michael Engelbrecht
2011 Wide Spectra of Quality Control  
Today feed samples are taken from the production line on a regular basis and sent to laboratories for analysis.  ...  The usage of image analysis is highly depend on which characteristics that explain the quality of a food product.  ...  Quality control explains the directed use of testing to measure the achievement of a specific standard.  ... 
doi:10.5772/24062 fatcat:d3p37ejbavhw7b2nkhlihucch4

The Effect of Ownership Concentration on Firm Value of Listed Companies

Oyerogba Ezekiel Oluwagbemiga, OlaleyeOlugbenga Michael, Solomon Adeoluwa Zaccheaus
2014 IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science  
Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data while least square regression method was used to draw inference on the relationship between ownership concentration and firm value.  ...  The hypothesis formulated and tested for the study was that there is no significant relationship between ownership concentration and market value of listed companies.  ...  Out of the population for the study,a sample size of twenty one banks was selected for the study.  ... 
doi:10.9790/0837-19179096 fatcat:tbbokwkycngvjdutje3so7je2u

Detecting nanoparticulate silver using single-particle inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry

Denise M. Mitrano, Emily K. Lesher, Anthony Bednar, Jon Monserud, Christopher P. Higgins, James F. Ranville
2011 Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry  
The ubiquitous use of commercial products containing AgNP may result in their release to the environment, and the potential for ecological effects is unknown.  ...  Analysis of two wastewater samples demonstrated the applicability of SP-ICP-MS at nanograms per liter Ag concentrations.  ...  EPA -Science to Achieve Results (STAR) Program (grant RD-83332401-0).  ... 
doi:10.1002/etc.719 pmid:22012920 fatcat:2jmsqsq2lfhqvcvmawju47appm

Statistical Issues in Bioavailability/Bioequivalence Studies

Shein- Chung Chow, Laszlo Endrenyi
2011 Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability  
Under the standard 2x2 crossover design, statistical methods are well established for the assessment of bioequivalence.  ...  Some concluding remarks on the feasibility of the application of current methods for bioequivalence to the assessment of biosimilarity of follow-on biologics are also presented.  ...  As more innovative biologic products are going off-patent protection in the next few years, the FDA hosted a public hearing on Approval Pathway for Biosimilar and Interchangeable Biological Products In  ... 
doi:10.4172/jbb.s1-007 fatcat:xslkscjppnhx7g45uczqiabdri

Generic Substitution Effects on Firm Level Market Shares in the Finnish Beta Blocker Market 1997Q1-2007Q4

Mikael Linden
2013 Modern Economy  
The firm level market structure of the Finnish beta blocker market in the period from 1997Q1 to 2007Q4 is analyzed with data analysis and with panel data regression methods.  ...  Four different market concentration measures are used.  ...  Methods The purpose of a measure of market and industrial concentration is to provide summary statistics reflecting the distribution of firms in a market, indexing one element of market power [22] .  ... 
doi:10.4236/me.2013.412092 fatcat:zuqh34qpkrecjhhofndjvbroia

Sample Size Determination [chapter]

2005 Design and Analysis of Clinical Trials  
Approaches to sample size estimation for various types of hypotheses are described, and equations are provided in the Appendix.  ...  Even complicated experimental designs requiring sophisticated statistical models for analysis can usually be simplified to a single key or critical question so that simple formulae can be used to estimate  ...  both for sample size calculations and for performing statistical analysis of data.  ... 
doi:10.1002/0471473286.ch11 fatcat:bwrwv6nslfdxtkrt3sg23byxs4

Sample Size Determination [chapter]

2013 Design and Analysis of Clinical Trials  
Approaches to sample size estimation for various types of hypotheses are described, and equations are provided in the Appendix.  ...  Even complicated experimental designs requiring sophisticated statistical models for analysis can usually be simplified to a single key or critical question so that simple formulae can be used to estimate  ...  both for sample size calculations and for performing statistical analysis of data.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781118458167.ch11 fatcat:xahwvw3nefgnlpx4a645k3vcui

Guidelines for the design, conduct and reporting of human intervention studies to evaluate the health benefits of foods

Robert W. Welch, Jean-Michel Antoine, Jean-Louis Berta, Achim Bub, Jan de Vries, Francisco Guarner, Oliver Hasselwander, Henk Hendriks, Martin Jäkel, Berthold V. Koletzko, Chris C. Patterson, Myriam Richelle (+4 others)
2011 British Journal of Nutrition  
Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank participants of the workshop 'Beyond PASSCLAIM -Guidance to substantiate health claims on foods' held in Nice, France from 14 to 16 presentations sponsored  ...  For those experts affiliated with academic or non-industrial institutions, ILSI Europe covered the expenses related to their participation in expert group meetings and the workshop held in Nice, and an  ...  The amount of the test product to be consumed will depend on a number of factors.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0007114511003606 pmid:22129662 fatcat:jhlkmjsutfga3cyqmh7zunevhu

Bioavailability and Bioequivalence Studies [chapter]

Divvela Hema Nagadurga
2019 Pharmaceutical Formulation Design - Recent Practices [Working Title]  
Plasma is obtained at regular intervals and assayed for parent drug or metabolite concentration to compare the two drugs.  ...  For comparison purpose of two formulations, the plasma concentration data are used to assess key pharmacokinetic parameters.  ...  The difference may give rise to following anomalies due to a large difference between two formulations, sample size not large enough ( Table 5) .  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.85145 fatcat:ccmrn5qdtnb73fuovwobleu7si

Sample Size Determination [chapter]

2012 A–Z of Error-Free Research  
Approaches to sample size estimation for various types of hypotheses are described, and equations are provided in the Appendix.  ...  Even complicated experimental designs requiring sophisticated statistical models for analysis can usually be simplified to a single key or critical question so that simple formulae can be used to estimate  ...  both for sample size calculations and for performing statistical analysis of data.  ... 
doi:10.1201/b12362-15 fatcat:6nq5ilyrsbgw3nrdskmsb4lar4

Sample Size Determination [chapter]

2009 Home Builder's Guide to Continuous Improvement  
Approaches to sample size estimation for various types of hypotheses are described, and equations are provided in the Appendix.  ...  Even complicated experimental designs requiring sophisticated statistical models for analysis can usually be simplified to a single key or critical question so that simple formulae can be used to estimate  ...  both for sample size calculations and for performing statistical analysis of data.  ... 
doi:10.1201/9781420055085-c11 fatcat:nqfecmqffzdfpd3vtnawdfqqhe
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