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What Is the Relevance of Procedural Fairness to Making Determinations about Medical Evidence?

2017 The AMA Journal of Ethic  
Approaches relying on fair procedures rather than substantive principles have been proposed for answering dilemmas in medical ethics and health policy.  ...  In doing so, it employs concepts from social epistemology such as testimonial injustice (bias resulting from the exclusion of evidence) and hermeneutical injustice (bias resulting from a prevailing discussion  ...  Approaches emphasizing procedural fairness, particularly those concerned with epistemic injustice, will give greater weight to cost-effectiveness evidence when that evidence is collected via fair procedures  ... 
doi:10.1001/journalofethics.2017.19.2.pfor1-1702 pmid:28225699 fatcat:v6cdlj5ocrb63hizvtzksdgxtm

Distributed Control and Management of Renewable Electric Energy Resources for Future Grid Requirements [chapter]

Ghassem Mokhtari, Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam, Ghavameddin Nourbakhsh
2016 Energy Management of Distributed Generation Systems  
The distributed control strategy is a promising approach to manage and utilise the resources in future distribution networks to effectively deal with grid electric quality issues and requirements.  ...  Standard IEEE test system is used for application, and to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method by providing the results.  ...  [2] , this approach is used to deal with network loading, while coordinating storage units in a fair way.  ... 
doi:10.5772/63378 fatcat:62xc5pvm6nfhfhyioi2k7u4zya

Costs [chapter]

European Law
2021 ELI – Unidroit Model European Rules of Civil Procedure  
A further important difference across European jurisdictions that has a significant impact on litigation costs is the different approaches to fees payable in respect of legal representation in proceedings  ...  The seven rules under Part XII are set at general level, due to the impact of national law and the structure of the legal profession in European jurisdictions upon this area of civil procedure in a technical  ...  Accordingly, these Rules articulate a number of uniform rules or best practices mainly concerned with, but not limited to, the recovery of costs. 2.  ... 
doi:10.1093/oso/9780198866589.003.0013 fatcat:niqywhgtfngypmfixeiqqi2bky

Determining the value of medical technologies to treat ultra-rare disorders: a consensus statement

Michael Schlander, Silvio Garattini, Peter Kolominsky-Rabas, Erik Nord, Ulf Persson, Maarten Postma, Jeff Richardson, Steven Simoens, Oriol de Solà-Morales, Keith Tolley, Mondher Toumi
2016 Journal of Market Access & Health Policy  
might combine rights-based thinking in terms of a desire to offer fair chances to receive effective treatment also to patients with URDs with the realities of pharmaceutical R&D and its fixed-cost structure  ...  With either approach, there remains the need to establish fair boundaries with regard to coverage (reimbursement) and pricing and, as an immediate consequence, with regard to access to medical technologies  ... 
doi:10.3402/jmahp.v4.33039 pmid:27857828 pmcid:PMC5087264 fatcat:d64772oesvh4fewykrp7evveme

Social Choice-based Explanations: An Approach to Enhancing Fairness and Consensus Aspects

Thi Ngoc Trang Tran, Muesluem Atas, Man Le, Ralph Samer, Martin Stettinger
2020 Journal of universal computer science (Online)  
In this paper, we proposed different types of explanations and found the most effective ones in terms of increasing the fairness perception, consensus perception and satisfaction of group members with  ...  Examples thereof are fairness, which helps to take into account as much as possible group members' preferences and consensus, which persuades group members to agree on a decision.  ...  the fairness and consensus perceptions of users with regard to group recommendations".  ... 
doi:10.3897/jucs.2020.021 fatcat:pbqefy3exnhvre2vttnyo4ppdq

Looking back and moving forward: On the application of proportional shortfall in healthcare priority setting in the Netherlands

V.T. Reckers-Droog, N.J.A. van Exel, W.B.F. Brouwer
2018 Health Policy  
However, empirical support for PS is limited and it may insufficiently reflect societal preferences regarding age and reducing lifetime-health inequalities.  ...  This study describes the history and application of PS in the Netherlands and examines the theoretical and empirical support for PS as well as its current role in healthcare decision making.  ...  Acknowledgements This study is part of a larger project examining the broader societal benefits of healthcare and was funded by a consortium of Pfizer, GlaxoSmithKline, AbbVie, Amgen, and AstraZeneca in  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.healthpol.2018.04.001 pmid:29703652 fatcat:yt6qfswldzfdfkmp3iv2rod5ye

CAN COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS INTEGRATE CONCERNS FOR EQUITY? SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Mira Johri, Ole Frithjof Norheim
2012 International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care  
, exploration of the opportunity costs of alternative policy options through mathematical programming, and multi-criteria decision analysis.Conclusions:Several viable techniques to integrate equity concerns  ...  We conducted a systematic review of published studies describing formal methods to consider equity in the context of cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA).Methods:Candidate studies were identified through  ...  We also thank the editors and reviewers for constructive and insightful comments.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0266462312000050 pmid:22494637 fatcat:xqrvrfunrrb4tb4einvomxel5y

A Survey of Blockchain Applications beyond Cryptocurrency

Sunita Dhotre
2019 International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology  
Blockchain since its inception in 2008 is being gaining a wide publicity. It is in early phase and its adoption is a general concern.  ...  This paper reviews on the key applications of blockchain technology along with its benefits.  ...  This paper reviews and explores the blockchain technology, its benefits, Limitations and related application emerged in the literature. [2] - [5] . II.  ... 
doi:10.22214/ijraset.2019.4196 fatcat:uhjoltfntbfpjfcide2wh4jgdq

Filo: Consolidated Consensus as a Cloud Service

Parisa Jalili Marandi, Christos Gkantsidis, Flavio Junqueira, Dushyanth Narayanan
2016 USENIX Annual Technical Conference  
We present Filo, the first system to provide consensus as a multi-tenant cloud service with throughput guarantees and efficient utilization of cloud resources.  ...  Consensus is at the core of many production-grade distributed systems. Given the prevalence of these systems, it is important to offer consensus as a cloud service.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Miguel Castro, Austin Donnelly, Greg O'Shea, Richard Black, reviewers, and Mohit Aron for their feedback and support.  ... 
dblp:conf/usenix/MarandiGJN16 fatcat:fo5yufvcfrb67asersnpx5bbha

A Response to Proposed Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Regulations on Employer-Sponsored Health, Safety, and Well-Being Initiatives

2016 Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine  
The authors also wish to acknowledge and thank Erin Venegoni for her support with reference citations and literature review associated with this effort.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The consensus organizations wish to acknowledge the following individuals who contributed significant time and effort to the consensus development process and to preparation of this manuscript  ...  EEOC proposes to count nonfinancial incentives toward limits on the value of incentives. 6 The Consensus Group is concerned that including the cost of nonfinancial incentives in the legal limit could  ... 
doi:10.1097/jom.0000000000000698 pmid:26949886 fatcat:3ygedl6rgzdrzdlpoebbwl6n2q

The Decision Usefulness of Fair Value Accounting – A Theoretical Perspective

Joerg-Markus Hitz
2007 The European Accounting Review  
to decision relevancy and its disaggregation.  ...  This paper takes issue with t he notion of superior decision usefulness of a fair value-based reporting system, with an emphasis on the theoretical soundness of the arguments put forward by regulators  ...  This mixed model approach is an expression of standard setters' reluctance and interested parties' resistance to implementation of full fair value accounting, despite a consensus on its conceptual merits  ... 
doi:10.1080/09638180701390974 fatcat:o2pv5wzzczdwrlym7xsrvherky

Priority setting in health: origins, description and application of the Australian Assessing Cost–Effectiveness initiative

Rob Carter, Theo Vos, Marj Moodie, Michelle Haby, Anne Magnus, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
2008 Expert review of pharmacoeconomics & outcomes research  
It commences with why priority setting is topical and notes that a wide variety of approaches are available.  ...  application of the Australian Assessing Cost-Effectiveness initiative Expert Rev.  ...  The authors have no other relevant affiliations or financial involvement with any organization or entity with a financial interest in or financial conflict with the subject matter or materials discussed  ... 
doi:10.1586/14737167.8.6.593 pmid:20528370 fatcat:g4lrfltfhvcc5f526bgvmstipi

Limits of Level 3 Fair Value Measurement: Based on Conceptual Framework

Nobuhito Ochi
2017 Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing  
To do so, it will employ a conceptual examination of the limits of Level 3 fair value measurement based on IFRS 13 (Fair Value Measurement).  ...  Level 3 fair value measurements are inappropriate for areas (called "Level 4" by the author) in which models are not formulated and that have material uncertainty in measurement.  ...  Calling for simplification of classification and measurement based on amortized costs and fair value in accordance with more objective standards such as business models and other matters, it does not establish  ... 
doi:10.17265/1548-6583/2017.12.001 fatcat:6wo23hltd5alngszj22b7lkfsi

Computer science and decision theory

Fred S. Roberts
2008 Annals of Operations Research  
There has been considerable work concerning the computational complexity of computing the "winner" or the "consensus" in a voting or social choice situation.  ...  The paper deals with the relation between computer science and decision-theoretic methods of consensus, with the relation between computer science and game theory and decisions, and with "algorithmic decision  ...  In cost sharing, notions of fairness arise and need to be studied.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10479-008-0328-z fatcat:i5dlgvevmbaatitjhntpbjtg5u

A cooperative governance network for crop genome editing

Nicholas R Jordan, Kevin M Dorn, Timothy M Smith, Katie E Wolf, Patrick M Ewing, Adria L Fernandez, Bryan C Runck, Alwyn Williams, You Lu, Jennifer Kuzma
2017 EMBO Reports  
Of course, this approach is experimental, and it will have significant logistical challenges and costs.  ...  increasing without consensus on how these applications should be governed.  ... 
doi:10.15252/embr.201744394 pmid:28928139 pmcid:PMC5623857 fatcat:xyu2xh53mzcoxmno5m7cggvse4
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