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A knowledge based method for the medical question answering problem

Rafael M. Terol, Patricio Martínez-Barco, Manuel Palomar
2007 Computers in Biology and Medicine  
In this paper, a restricted domain Question Answering (QA) system is described.  ...  The main computing methods of the QA system are based on the application of Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques to infer the logic forms and on the treatment of the logic forms.  ...  Niu & Hirst previous work [15] showed that current technologies for factoid QA 4 3 WordNet is a large lexical database of the English language 4 A factoid question is a fact-based, short answer question  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.compbiomed.2007.01.013 pmid:17374369 fatcat:ze2r5lfqyvg2jdkxgy2ybi45ty

A knowledge graph based question answering method for medical domain

Xiaofeng Huang, Jixin Zhang, Zisang Xu, Lu Ou, Jianbin Tong
2021 PeerJ Computer Science  
To address the problems, in this paper, we propose an approach of knowledge graph based question answering (KGQA) method for medical domain, which firstly constructs a medical knowledge graph by extracting  ...  The next an inference method based on weighted path ranking on the knowledge graph is proposed to score the related entities according to the key information and intention of a given question.  ...  Grant Disclosures The following grant information was disclosed by the authors:  ... 
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.667 pmid:34604514 pmcid:PMC8444078 fatcat:5po324l7tfbj3p6y2guzakpi4q

Research on Medical Question Answering System Based on Knowledge Graph

Zhixue Jiang, Chengying Chi, Yunyun Zhan
2021 IEEE Access  
It is stored in the Neo4j graph database, using rule-based matching methods and string-matching algorithms to construct a domain lexicon to classify and query questions.  ...  To meet the high-efficiency question answering needs of existing patients and doctors, this system integrates medical professional knowledge, knowledge graphs, and question answering systems that conduct  ...  In the knowledge base-based question and answer field (KBQA), knowledge graph construction is the leading question and answer system.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3055371 fatcat:2a5txdlbmjh3hcya42mtr24ycq

Efficacy Of Teaching Medical Students By Problem-Based Learning Method

О. К. Коloskova, Т. М. Bilous, G. A. Bilyk, S. S. Kaliyeva, V. P. Riklefs, G. Z. Abakassova, A. Z. Muratova
2018 Zenodo  
A., Kaliyeva S. S., Riklefs V. P., Abakassova G. Z., Muratova A. Z. Efficacy of teaching medical students by problem-based learning method.  ...  Running title: PBL medical university EFFICACY OF TEACHING MEDICAL STUDENTS BY PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING METHOD О. К. Коloskova1, Т. М. Bilous1, G. A. Bilyk1, S. S. Kaliyeva2, V. P. Riklefs2, G. Z.  ...  Problem-based learning is teaching-learning method based on unsupervised solution of specified and real problems by learners as a motivation stimulus to active of acquiring knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1453382 fatcat:jf3exeo76vezjm2yyxxc6pjusq

Toward a Framework for Indonesian Medical Question Generator

Wiwin Suwarningsih, Iping Supriana, Ayu Purwarianti
2015 TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication Computing Electronics and Control)  
The final result of this research is a pattern of question and answer pairs, where the test results show the pattern matching algorithm precision value of 0.101 and a recall of 0.712.  ...  We propose a new style of question generation that actively uses sentences within a document as a source of answers.  ...  Acknowledgment We thank anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.  ... 
doi:10.12928/telkomnika.v13i1.648 fatcat:cvlbizen4fhmfgnvxxd47qu65y

Medical Visual Question Answering: A Survey [article]

Zhihong Lin, Donghao Zhang, Qingyi Tac, Danli Shi, Gholamreza Haffari, Qi Wu, Mingguang He, Zongyuan Ge
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Given a medical image and a clinically relevant question in natural language, the medical VQA system is expected to predict a plausible and convincing answer.  ...  Medical Visual Question Answering~(VQA) is a combination of medical artificial intelligence and popular VQA challenges.  ...  They also provide a dataset KB-VQA and a protocol to evaluate the knowledge-based methods.  ... 
arXiv:2111.10056v2 fatcat:4dihtqmptbgj5lozrv3lfxqv7q

The Effectiveness of a New "Student-Centered" and "Problem- Oriented" Method of Textbooks Review in Large Educational Groups: a Case Report

Maliheh Arab, Giti Noghabaei
2015 Journal of Medical Education  
/ MEDICAL EDUCATION / ACTIVE LEARNING / PROBLEM-BASED LEARNINGJournal  ...  : New method of scientific textbooks with the use of "problem-based" and "student-centered" education in large educational groups was effective and satisfactory for the learners.Keywords: CLINICAL EDUCATION  ...  Conclusion "Student-centered" and "problem-based" new method of medical education in this study was satisfactory and students expressed increased comprehension, application of clinical knowledge, and decision-making  ... 
doi:10.22037/jme.v14i3.10260 doaj:e3b7f9d924e74c61936e92daf2d85a81 fatcat:fmj42qoze5e6nmst6f5olcwcva

HHH: An Online Medical Chatbot System based on Knowledge Graph and Hierarchical Bi-Directional Attention

Qiming Bao, Lin Ni, Jiamou Liu
2020 Proceedings of the Australasian Computer Science Week Multiconference  
Based on this chatbot framework, we build HHH, an online question-and-answer (QA) Healthcare Helper system for answering complex medical questions.  ...  HHH maintains a knowledge graph constructed from medical data collected from the Internet.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors would like to thank Yang Chen who provides many useful suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3373017.3373049 dblp:conf/acsw/BaoNL20 fatcat:wpqzwzsmr5cirjvxa4t5wookj4

Case Based Reasioning (CBR) for Medical Question Answering System

Setio Basuki, Alfira Rizky, Galih Wasis Wicaksono
2018 Kinetik  
Afterwards, the system will give answer to the questions with answers in the form of diagnosis based on the system knowledge.  ...  In this research, the researchers implement a medical Question Answering System (QAS), a complaint system in the form of sentences or paragraphs of questions about the complaint (illness) suffered by a  ...  Reasioning (CBR) for Medical Question Answering SystemSetio Basuki, Alfira Rizky, Galih Wasis Wicaksono 115 about previously recorded problems having the highest similarity to solve problems or a new  ... 
doi:10.22219/kinetik.v3i2.263 fatcat:y5ospqupvjhddnumbsmthe6vsq

4. Keeping up: Continuing education or lifelong learning?

Jeremy C Wyatt
2000 Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine  
The problembased learning (PBL) method entails waiting until the learner faces a decision or question, then providing access to the knowledge required for a response.  ...  Lack of incentives For some problem-based learners, the continuous expansion of personal knowledge will be suf®cient exhilaration to sustain the effort; for rather more, the resolve to look up answers  ... 
doi:10.1177/014107680009300708 pmid:10928025 pmcid:PMC1298062 fatcat:u3dpim6pprapbbutq4dwp7p7ty

Knowledge Representations and Inference Techniques for Medical Question Answering

Travis R. Goodwin, Sanda M. Harabagiu
2017 ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology  
In this article, we examine the representation and role of combining medical knowledge automatically derived from (a) clinical practice and (b) research findings for inferring answers to medical questions  ...  Moreover, we represented the background of medical questions available from the description of each complex medical case as a medical knowledge sketch.  ...  The ability to cast the problem of answering medical questions for CDS topics as a Q/A from KB problem depends on the availability of a large medical knowledge base in which the clinical picture (comprising  ... 
doi:10.1145/3106745 fatcat:32gg3pidvzbp7gl5oneizmku34

A Comparative Study between the Conventional MCQ Scores and MCQ with the CBA Scores at the Standardized Clinical Knowledge Exam for Clinical Medical Students

Mahmood Ghadermarzi, Shahram Yazdani, Arash Pooladi, Fakhrosadat Hosseini
2015 Journal of Medical Education  
A new confidence based marking system was selected for the scoring, which was a hybrid of the UCL and MUK2010 systems.  ...  clinical knowledge exam for 117 clinical students.  ...  Acknowledgments Special thanks to the EDC members of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and the EDC members of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences.  ... 
doi:10.22037/jme.v14i1.8027 doaj:5ead7117ee9540d9a15d5afd02fda443 fatcat:qfuxg5y2u5dctcutffjiwmwjje

Research on Intelligent Question and Answering Based on a Pet Knowledge Map

Yuan Liu, Wen Zhang, Qi Yuan, Jie Zhang
2020 International Journal of Networked and Distributed Computing (IJNDC)  
Experimental results show the effectiveness of the method. This paper proposes a framework for an intelligent question answering system based on a pet knowledge map.  ...  The example shows that the constructed pet knowledge map and the intelligent question answering system based on the pet knowledge map works well.  ...  This paper proposes a framework for an automatic question answering system based on a pet knowledge map.  ... 
doi:10.2991/ijndc.k.200515.004 fatcat:65ap6syhejhcjhmzsh34ioksve

Attention-based Aspect Reasoning for Knowledge Base Question Answering on Clinical Notes [article]

Ping Wang, Tian Shi, Khushbu Agarwal, Sutanay Choudhury, Chandan K. Reddy
2021 arXiv   pre-print
To handle more complex questions, we aim at creating knowledge base from clinical notes to link different patients and clinical notes, and performing knowledge base question answering (KBQA).  ...  Then, we proposed an attention-based aspect reasoning (AAR) method for KBQA and investigated the impact of different aspects of answers (e.g., entity, type, path, and context) for prediction.  ...  Text-to-SQL problem performs QA on database [33, 34] . Knowledge Base QA (KBQA) [6] aims at finding answers from the underlying Knowledge Base (KB), such as Freebase [4] .  ... 
arXiv:2108.00513v1 fatcat:myywcav4szdq3obalef753veki

Comparison of Problem-based Learning With Lecture-based Learning

Parisa Khoshnevisasl, Mansour Sadeghzadeh, Saeidah Mazloomzadeh, Reza Hashemi Feshareki, Akefeh Ahmadiafshar
2014 Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal  
Problem-based learning (PBL) is one of the most commonly used educational methods in medical schools of different countries.  ...  This study aimed to compare problem-based learning with lecture-based learning in the education of medical students.  ...  Funding/Support This project was funded by the Research Department of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences.  ... 
doi:10.5812/ircmj.5186 pmid:25031862 pmcid:PMC4082522 fatcat:abiqz5xxxrd4xczi4kfyv7u43q
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