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A gender equality paradox in academic publishing: Countries with a higher proportion of female first-authored journal articles have larger first author gender disparities between fields [article]

Mike Thelwall, Amalia Mas-Bleda
2020 arXiv   pre-print
A strong overall trend (Spearman correlation 0.546) is for countries with a higher proportion of female first-authored research to also have larger differences in gender disparities between fields (correlation  ...  This article investigates the extent to which gender disparities are subject-wide or nation-specific by a first author gender comparison of 30 million articles from all 27 Scopus broad fields within the  ...  Conclusions The results show that countries having a higher proportion of female first-authored articles indexed in Scopus tend to have greater diversity between fields in the proportion of female first-authored  ... 
arXiv:2004.12159v1 fatcat:hmyigpg4mffghkc37isoxetffu

A gender equality paradox in academic publishing: Countries with a higher proportion of female first-authored journal articles have larger first author gender disparities between fields

Mike Thelwall, Amalia Mas-Bleda
2020 Quantitative Science Studies  
A strong overall trend (Spearman correlation 0.546) is for countries with a higher proportion of female first-authored research to also have larger differences in gender disparities between fields (correlation  ...  This article investigates the extent to which gender disparities are subject-wide or nation-specific by a first author gender comparison of 30 million articles from all 27 Scopus broad fields within the  ...  A subscription to Scopus is required to replicate the research, except with updated citation counts, with the methods described above.  ... 
doi:10.1162/qss_a_00050 fatcat:erhm2toaw5h5zj4lw52jl6sldi

Are Female Scientists Less Inclined to Publish Alone? The Gender Solo Research Gap [article]

Marek Kwiek, Wojciech Roszka
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Scopus-indexed articles published in 2009-2018, including 18,900 solo articles.  ...  We tested the hypothesis that male and female scientists differ in their use of solo publishing, and we termed this difference the gender solo research gap.  ...  Acknowledgments We gratefully acknowledge the support of the Ministry of Education and Science through its Dialogue grant 0022/DLG/2019/10 (RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES).  ... 
arXiv:2101.03220v2 fatcat:h5kedahml5ajzcbnnnemduzg5m

On the Compliance of Women Engineers with a Gendered Scientific System

Gita Ghiasi, Vincent Larivière, Cassidy R. Sugimoto, Wolfgang Glanzel
2015 PLoS ONE  
Women engineers publish their papers in journals with higher Impact Factors than their male peers, but their work receives lower recognition (fewer citations) from the scientific community.  ...  Impact-measured by number of citations received-has also dominated scientometric studies of gender disparities, with differing results by discipline and country [6, 21, [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] ,  ...  The proportion of scientific output of each gender is measured as a fractional count of articles, assigning each author 1/x count of authorship where x represents the number of co-authors of an article  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0145931 pmid:26716831 pmcid:PMC4696668 fatcat:wu6y3ld6ybdzjd4ctxki4q37sy

Gender-Based Homophily in Research: A Large-Scale Study of Man-Woman Collaboration [article]

Marek Kwiek, Wojciech Roszka
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The gender homophily principle (publishing predominantly with scientists of the same sex) was found to apply to male scientists - but not to females.  ...  The majority of male scientists collaborate solely with males; most female scientists, in contrast, do not collaborate with females at all.  ...  Future research avenues would include, first, moving to a global study: from our "Observatory of Polish Science" dataset to our parallel "Observatory of OECD Science" dataset (with a complete set of metadata  ... 
arXiv:2006.03935v3 fatcat:xetfsz4scvdenkwde3ibz3vrxy

Gender diversity in research teams and citation impact in Economics and Management [article]

Abdelghani Maddi, Yves Gingras
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Our data, extracted from the Web of Science database, cover global production as indexed in 302 journals in Economics and 370 journals in Management, with respectively 153 667 and 163 567 articles published  ...  We also find that there is a positive and significant effect of gender diversity on the academic impact of publications.  ...  Acknowledgments: the authors thank Vincent Larivière for his help in the production of data including the gender assignment to authors.  ... 
arXiv:2011.14823v1 fatcat:bt2lvl77orcwrh3qcj75eiufbi

Gender-based homophily in research: A large-scale study of man-woman collaboration

Marek Kwiek, Wojciech Roszka
2021 Journal of Informetrics  
journal articles).  ...  The gender homophily principle (publishing predominantly with scientists of the same sex) was found to apply to male scientists -but not to females.  ...  Acknowledgements Acknowledgments The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education through its Dialog grant 0022/DLG/2019/10 (RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.joi.2021.101171 fatcat:dyfag4crafeihfsfogadhg6fcu

Gender issues in fundamental physics: Strumia's bibliometric analysis fails to account for key confounders and confuses correlation with causation [article]

Philip Ball, T. Benjamin Britton, Erin Hengel, Philip Moriarty, Rachel A. Oliver, Gina Rippon, Angela Saini, Jessica Wade
2020 arXiv   pre-print
., a tendency to overcite well-known authors-drive a wedge between quality and citations and correlate with author gender.  ...  Alessandro Strumia recently published a survey of gender differences in publications and citations in high-energy physics (HEP).  ...  higher level of gender equality tend to have less gender balance in STEM fields.  ... 
arXiv:2106.15255v1 fatcat:zuatsyro7bhyfoqornhwhe6ebm

Gender issues in fundamental physics: Strumia's bibliometric analysis fails to account for key confounders and confuses correlation with causation

Philip Ball, T. Benjamin Britton, Erin Hengel, Philip Moriarty, Rachel A. Oliver, Gina Rippon, Angela Saini, Jessica Wade
2021 Quantitative Science Studies  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank Beck Strauss for helpful discussions regarding issues associated with misclassification of gender.  ...  higher level of gender equality tend to have less gender balance in STEM fields.  ...  They are estimated by regressing citations (asinh) on a dummy variable equal to 1 if the author was female in the subsamples of solo-authored articles published between 2010 and 2016 (inclusive) in Journal  ... 
doi:10.1162/qss_a_00117 fatcat:5cwmjxyhc5h5nnbjdkouincxhe

The leaky pipeline in research grant peer review and funding decisions: challenges and future directions

Sayaka Sato, Pascal Mark Gygax, Julian Randall, Marianne Schmid Mast
2020 Higher Education  
Whereas many have argued for the existence of gender inequality in grant peer reviews and outcomes, others have demonstrated that gender equality is upheld during these processes.  ...  The growing literature on gender inequality in academia attests to the challenge that awaits female researchers during their academic careers.  ...  journal in which they published.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10734-020-00626-y pmid:33041361 pmcid:PMC7532736 fatcat:ftljwflxrrbdxfa2ikroixfzhi

Women and Gender Equality in Higher Education?

Miriam David
2015 Education Sciences  
I will also argue that whilst there have been very welcome changes in education, and HE especially, such that there is a gender balance of undergraduate students in HE, this does not mean that gender equality  ...  The question remains about how to transform universities to achieve genuine gender equality across all students and academics in HE.  ...  and 67.1% of part-time staff. • A higher proportion of staff in professorial roles were male (80.9%) than female (19.1%). • The mean salary of female staff was £31,116 compared with £39,021 for male staff  ... 
doi:10.3390/educsci5010010 fatcat:7davsqroknc2lkgtvboenn3gzi

Career Advancement and Gender Equity in Academia

Irina Kerimova
2021 Journal of Eastern European and Central Asian Research  
However, there is no evidence that single female academics are more successful in their careers than those with families.  ...  This paper aims at exploring gender equality in career advancement.  ...  The academic staff is expected to publish articles; obtaining grants is of the top priority, conflicting with family life (Veliz, 2019).  ... 
doi:10.15549/jeecar.v8i3.593 fatcat:irnjj6fizvcutg7fdd2vkj3wim

Women and Gender Equality in Higher Education? [chapter]

Miriam E. David
2016 The Changing Role of Women in Higher Education  
I will also argue that whilst there have been very welcome changes in education, and HE especially, such that there is a gender balance of undergraduate students in HE, this does not mean that gender equality  ...  The question remains about how to transform universities to achieve genuine gender equality across all students and academics in HE.  ...  and 67.1% of part-time staff. • A higher proportion of staff in professorial roles were male (80.9%) than female (19.1%). • The mean salary of female staff was £31,116 compared with £39,021 for male staff  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-42436-1_11 fatcat:on3qgwseuje2jpfo3gww6gktb4

A population level analysis of the gender gap in mathematics: Results on over 13 million children using the INVALSI dataset

D. Giofrè, C. Cornoldi, A. Martini, E. Toffalini
2020 Intelligence  
The gender gap in mathematics was larger in the richer northern Italian regions (also characterized by greater gender equality) than in southern regions.  ...  Such a gender gap varies across countries, but the determinants of the differences are unclear and could be produced by heterogeneity in the instructional systems or cultures and may vary across school  ...  of gender equality have also larger gaps in STEM fields (Stoet & Geary, 2018).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.intell.2020.101467 fatcat:tdykdbk4hraizitwgc6m3nrfky

Countries with Higher Levels of Gender Equality Show Larger National Sex Differences in Mathematics Anxiety and Relatively Lower Parental Mathematics Valuation for Girls

Gijsbert Stoet, Drew H. Bailey, Alex M. Moore, David C. Geary, Sabine Windmann
2016 PLoS ONE  
One difficulty with this explanation is that many of the countries with the highest percentages of women in research fields score poorly on indicators of gender equality.  ...  The first relates to the idea that more gender-equal countries tend to have lower levels of power distance (Hofstede, 1980), which captures the extent of between-strata social comparisons.  ...  In other words, countries with a lower level of power distance had a higher level of gender equality and higher general economic and social development.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0153857 pmid:27100631 pmcid:PMC4839696 fatcat:7kakui72kjgerfk2tbwmskkl2q
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