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A framework for characterising and evaluating the effectiveness of environmental modelling

Serena H. Hamilton, Baihua Fu, Joseph H.A. Guillaume, Jennifer Badham, Sondoss Elsawah, Patricia Gober, Randall J. Hunt, Takuya Iwanaga, Anthony J. Jakeman, Daniel P. Ames, Allan Curtis, Mary C. Hill (+2 others)
2019 Environmental Modelling & Software  
This paper redefines evaluation as a multi-dimensional and multi-perspective concept, and proposes a more complete framework for identifying and measuring the effectiveness of modelling that serves the  ...  Under this framework, evaluation considers a broader set of success criteria, and emphasises the importance of contextual factors in determining the relevance and outcome of the criteria.  ...  There are some available frameworks for evaluating environmental models, however these frameworks are highly technical with a focus on characterising the uncertainty and performance of the actual model  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2019.04.008 fatcat:gmykgekpw5hihi3dc6mu7jo3ju

Sustainable management of urban pollution: an integrated approach

Carol Pettit, Winson Chung, Vida Sharifi, Zaid Chalabi, Tony Fletcher, Peter Cleall, Hywel Thomas, Cecile De Munck, Danielle Sinnett, Stephan Jefferies, Martyn Jones, Adisa Azapagic
2011 Building Services Engineering Research & Technology  
This paper presents a new decision-support framework and software platform for an integrated assessment of options for sustainable management of urban pollution.  ...  It comprises a suite of different models and tools to support sustainability appraisals including life cycle assessment, substance flow analysis, source and pollutants characterisation, pollutant fate  ...  The authors would also like to thank the members of the PUrE consortium and the PUrE Steering Group for their participation and support of the project.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0143624410394528 fatcat:cf77sfmu3zb5xe7xnyzcrw6j6a

Weighting environmental effects: Analytic survey with operational evaluation methods and a meta-method

Gjalt Huppes, Lauran van Oers, Ugo Pretato, David W. Pennington
2012 The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment  
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to supply an open method for weighting different environmental impacts, open to basically different evaluation approaches and open to easy revisions.  ...  Results All methods are internally inconsistent, as in terms of treatment of place and time, and they are incomplete, lacking environmental interventions and effect routes.  ...  The basic choice on a framework for evaluation, the internal inconsistencies in underlying modelling, and the rather haphazard nature of many choices involved all indicate that the choice for one method  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11367-012-0415-x fatcat:kx3fucitxrb5lade5qonbx7j5a

Electricity Generation from Anaerobic Digestion in Italy: Environmental Consequences Related to the Changing of Economic Subsidies

Giacomo Falcone, Daniela Lovarelli, Jacopo Bacenetti
2018 Chemical Engineering Transactions  
This study aims to evaluate the consequences of the potential deletion of the subsidy framework for AD production plants.  ...  Consequential life cycle assessment (cLCA) method was implemented in order to evaluate the environmental effects related to: (i) the substitution of dedicated crops in the feeding mix with pig and cow  ...  The new subsidy framework introduced a modularity of subsides as function of the share of by-products used, and is moving in the right direction also from an environmental point of view.  ... 
doi:10.3303/cet1867080 doaj:991c1d49e636482eaf8bc5be3af996c7 fatcat:l2zsjd6y5fd3zlyaw2f5577oia

Uncertainty Analysis and Toxicity Classification in Life-Cycle Assessment Using the Case-study of Gas Purification Systems

Markus A. Meier, Konrad Hungerbühler
2000 The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment  
With respect to LCA and to ecological evaluation in general, three major innovations were made in this study: the addition of a quantitative uncertainty analysis, a new classification for toxic substances  ...  Economic evaluation was based on the Net Present Value (NPV) of the costs during construction, operation and disposal of the GasPSs.  ...  Cause/effect relationships in characterisation modelling 33 6.9 3.5 Temporal aspects in characterisation modelling 34 Fig. 1 : 1 Overall decision-making process for an adequate GasPS in the chemical industry  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02979724 fatcat:zalbwavd7bdcla6laqi4isnyei

The behaviour change wheel: A new method for characterising and designing behaviour change interventions

Susan Michie, Maartje M van Stralen, Robert West
2011 Implementation Science  
None of the frameworks reviewed covered the full range of intervention functions or policies, and only a minority met the criteria of coherence or linkage to a model of behaviour.  ...  This requires an appropriate method for characterising interventions and linking them to an analysis of the targeted behaviour.  ...  We thank Dorien Pieters, Maastricht University, for her work in coding frameworks into categories to provide a reliability check for data extraction.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1748-5908-6-42 pmid:21513547 pmcid:PMC3096582 fatcat:lwxrcfze7vac3pzoajiazgepyu

Regulation and decision-making in environmental radiation protection

C.-M. Larsson
2005 Radioprotection - Revue de la Societé Francaise de Radioprotection  
The EC-funded project FASSET (Framework for ASSessment of Environmental impacT), which completed in 2003/2004, has developed an assessment framework for evaluating the environmental impact of ionising  ...  The framework provides practical and scientific support to the international development of recommendations for radiological protection of the environment through the International Commission on Radiological  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the EC-EURATOM 6 Framework Programme (2002)(2003)(2004)(2005)(2006) and forms part of the ERICA (Environmental Risk from Ionising Contaminants: Assessment and  ... 
doi:10.1051/radiopro:2005s1-133 fatcat:jcmdn4cstrayvn3lp4djkk7rne

A Characterisation and Evaluation of Urban Areas from an Energy Efficiency Approach, using Geographic Information Systems in Combination with Life Cycle Assessment Methodology

S. García-Pérez, J. Sierra-Pérez, J. Boschmonart-Rives, G. Lladó Morales, A. Romero Calix
2017 International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning  
On the one hand, according to a bottom-up framework the quantitative and qualitative characterisation of the building stock façade at the urban scale is possible generating a georeferenced spatial data  ...  The purpose of this study is to develop a methodology to: first, measure the energy efficiency level of specific urban areas and their buildings using a geospatial model in an integral perspective; and  ...  However, the evaluation of the environmental impact of installing thermal insulation at the urban scale has rarely been studied within an LCA framework.  ... 
doi:10.2495/sdp-v12-n2-294-303 fatcat:4yylrodc2jcmriaqzdqwmx4yc4

Toward refined environmental scenarios for ecological risk assessment of down-the-drain chemicals in freshwater environments

Antonio Franco, Oliver R Price, Stuart Marshall, Olivier Jolliet, Paul J Van den Brink, Andreu Rico, Andreas Focks, Frederik De Laender, Roman Ashauer
2016 Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management  
While reviewing the current state of art in environmental exposure and ecological effect modelling, we propose a scenario-based framework that enables a better integration of exposure and effect assessments  ...  However, the data required to parameterize effect models that can embrace the complexity of ecosystems are large and require a targeted approach.  ...  We also thank Benoit Goussen for discussions of Figure 4 , Cecilie Rendal and Geoff Hodges for insightful internal review.  ... 
doi:10.1002/ieam.1801 pmid:27260272 fatcat:zrduu4iehvg6nooekoz2ul7fky

Environmental Risk Assessment Strategy for Nanomaterials

Janeck Scott‐Fordsmand, Willie Peijnenburg, Elena Semenzin, Bernd Nowack, Neil Hunt, Danail Hristozov, Antonio Marcomini, Muhammad‐Adeel Irfan, Araceli Sánchez Jiménez, Robert Landsiedel, Lang Tran, Agnes Oomen (+2 others)
2017 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
The hazard information covers a variety of representative, relevant and reliable organisms and/or functions, relevant for the RES and enabling a hazard characterisation.  ...  The release, fate and exposure data and models cover the input for environmental distribution models in order to identify the potential (PES) and relevant exposure scenarios (RES) and, subsequently, the  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph14101251 pmid:29048395 pmcid:PMC5664752 fatcat:gx54gykedvcklissver65tpwiy

Environmental Voluntary Agreements: A New Model of Co-operation between Public and Economic Actors

Giulia Pesaro
2001 Social Science Research Network  
Furthermore, the debate is characterised by a substantial lack of experience of its application, as well as data and adequate reliable methodologies for evaluation.  ...  The environmental policy action at national and local level seems in fact oriented to provide for a framework for the diffusion and adequate implementation of these instruments.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.272132 fatcat:z6fihwzztbgn3ejkdu4wjyx7zy

REGIONAL PERFORMANCES IN THE CONTEXT OF A TRANSITION TOWARDS THE CIRCULAR ECONOMY: STRUCTURING THE ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK

Catrinel Elena COTAE
2015 Ecoforum  
Defined as CMEF framework, the proposed taxonomy aligns with constructs characterising sustainability science, addressing a prospective and an operational dimension.  ...  Toiling with the current sustenance issues of the widespread linear "take-make-waste" economic model, the circular economy concept promises to generate major economic, societal and environmental changes  ...  Environmental indicator frameworks target data gathering for statistical purposes, further leading to performance assessment in projects with possible environmental effects, impact monitoring of certain  ... 
doaj:96727d7c91df4b1a999e7350ea3e1954 fatcat:g74tnh7vkvgipoa4q5jt76r7je

Construction of a Bayesian Network for the Assessment of Agri-Environmental Measures – The Case Study of the Venice Lagoon Watershed

Marta Carpani, Carlo Giupponi
2010 Italian Journal of Agronomy  
A methodological framework was designed to assess the effectiveness of agri-environmental policy measures adopted by the Veneto Region to reduce diffuse water pollution of agricultural origin.  ...  Two already existing methodologies were combined in a new flexible approach for policy assessment: Conceptual Modelling and Bayesian Networks (BNs).  ...  presented in this work is the watershed scale analysed through a stochastic simulation model for the assessment of agri-environmental measures' effectiveness.  ... 
doi:10.4081/ija.2010.265 fatcat:3un33rodtjgo7i7hstsbx5ynka

Implementation Science [chapter]

Dean Fixsen, Karen Blase, Allison Metz, Melissa Van Dyke
2015 International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences  
None of the frameworks reviewed covered the full range of intervention functions or policies, and only a minority met the criteria of coherence or linkage to a model of behaviour.  ...  This requires an appropriate method for characterising interventions and linking them to an analysis of the targeted behaviour.  ...  We thank Dorien Pieters, Maastricht University, for her work in coding frameworks into categories to provide a reliability check for data extraction.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-08-097086-8.10548-3 fatcat:zoytmk7pp5htnfn27xez6bjdly

Implementation Science

Louise Hull, Thanos Athanasiou, Stephanie Russ
2017 Annals of Surgery  
None of the frameworks reviewed covered the full range of intervention functions or policies, and only a minority met the criteria of coherence or linkage to a model of behaviour.  ...  This requires an appropriate method for characterising interventions and linking them to an analysis of the targeted behaviour.  ...  We thank Dorien Pieters, Maastricht University, for her work in coding frameworks into categories to provide a reliability check for data extraction.  ... 
doi:10.1097/sla.0000000000002013 pmid:27735828 fatcat:i7vjbbhwnrbohgkoy7cy5k6bbq
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