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A formal model of adjudication dialogues

Henry Prakken
2008 Artificial Intelligence and Law  
This article presents a formal dialogue game for adjudication dialogues.  ...  Existing AI & law models of legal dialogues and argumentation-theoretic models of persuasion are extended with a neutral third party, to give a more realistic account of the adjudicator's role in legal  ...  I thank Tom Gordon, Chris Reed, Giovanni Sartor, Burkhard Schäfer and Doug Walton for useful discussions on the various aspects of burden of proof.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10506-008-9066-4 fatcat:dodkaqljerdhfftotv2blznazy

A Sea Change on the Horizon: Transforming Our Students and Campuses through Innovative Conflict Management

Jennifer Meyer Schrage
2014 About Campus Enriching the Student Learning Experience  
contends that adjudication-only models of confl ict resolution limit opportunities for restorative justice and student learning, for both those who have caused harm and those who have suff ered harm.  ...  She advances the multipronged Spectrum Model as a more appropriate model for serving all stakeholders' needs.  ...  A discipline record is kept of any code violations. 9. Adjudication (formal resolution).  ... 
doi:10.1002/abc.21158 fatcat:ygl45pbauzghtgaorscj4fs7uy

Formalising ordinary legal disputes: a case study

Henry Prakken
2008 Artificial Intelligence and Law  
This paper presents a formal reconstruction of a Dutch civil legal case in Prakken's formal model of adjudication dialogues.  ...  The goal of this formalisation is twofold: to test whether AI & law models of legal dialogues in general, and Prakken's model in particular, are suitable for modelling particular legal procedures; and  ...  Introduction In this paper a Dutch civil case is formalised within Prakken (2008) 's formal dialogue model of adjudication.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10506-008-9069-1 fatcat:w2muza456raxtauoiuz2ssbtcu

Encouraging Dialogue with a Telecommunications Regulator When Penalties Are at Risk: East is East, and West Is West, and Never the Two Shall Meet

Stephen R. Schmidt, Ken Jull
2016 Social Science Research Network  
He cites the American 1981 Model State Administrative Procedure Act 118 as a flexible model with four levels of hearing, including formal hearings, "conference hearings", "summary adjudicative hearings  ...  Under this model there is complete transparency and separation as the adjudicative Tribunal (The Competition Tribunal) is formally a separate institution from the Bureau.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2846578 fatcat:4epvd66ejrbx7nwknwgpnfha3i

What You See is What You Get: Visual Pronoun Coreference Resolution in Dialogues [article]

Xintong Yu, Hongming Zhang, Yangqiu Song, Yan Song, Changshui Zhang
2019 arXiv   pre-print
To tackle this challenge, in this paper, we formally define the task of visual-aware pronoun coreference resolution (PCR) and introduce VisPro, a large-scale dialogue PCR dataset, to investigate whether  ...  Results demonstrate the importance of the visual information in this PCR case and show the effectiveness of the proposed model.  ...  For each dialogue, a mention pool of size 30 is provided for models to detect plausible mentions outside the dialogue.  ... 
arXiv:1909.00421v1 fatcat:tx5ul2xkvrazlb2zrrgojyrv7e

Argumentation and evidence

R E G Upshur, Errol Colak
2003 Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics  
This aim is achieved through a discussion of the goals and objectives of evidence-based medicine and a review of the criticisms raised against evidence-based medicine.  ...  This essay concludes with a discussion on the relationship between clinical reasoning, rationality, and evidence.  ...  This project was supported by a grant from HEALNet (Health Evidence Application and Linkage Network), a member of the Networks of Centres of Excellence Program (1995Program ( -2002 which is a unique partnership  ... 
pmid:14620486 fatcat:n24ykqw4hnfrppitfygyd43une

Civil Procedure in Cross-cultural Dialogue: Eurasia Context

Stefaan Voet, Antonio Gidi
2015 Russian Law Journal  
Eurasia. 8 Dispute resolution in different societies: formal and informal procedures 9 In many parts of the world informal processes co-exist with formal adjudication. these include mediation, (informal  ...  of particular processes as formal or informal, the difficulties this entails, and the danger 6 dmitry Maleshin, Foreword, in Civil Procedure in Cross-cultural dialogue: Eurasia Context, supra n. 1, at  ... 
doi:10.17589/2309-8678-2014-2-1-125-135 fatcat:wkqwjm43cbbaxkbwhzzz74rkby

Heuristics in Argumentation: A Game-Theoretical Investigation

Henry Prakken, Regis Riveret, Antonino Rotolo, Giovanni Sartor
2008 Social Science Research Network  
This paper provides a game-theoretical investigation on how to determine optimal strategies in dialogue games for argumentation.  ...  To make our ideas as widely applicable as possible, we adopt an abstract dialectical setting and model dialogues as extensive games with perfect information where optimal strategies are determined by preferences  ...  Also, other types of dialogue as negotiation or persuasion could be integrated to the adjudication.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1317349 fatcat:j42argapdrfxnkbgspfrvjvpim

Success Chances in Argument Games: A Probabilistic Approach to Legal Disputes

Regis Riveret, Antonino Rotolo, Giovanni Sartor, Roth Bram, Henry Prakken
2008 Social Science Research Network  
The outcome of a legal dispute, namely, the decision of its adjudicator, is uncertain, and both parties develop their strategies on the basis of their appreciation of the probability that the adjudicator  ...  This paper provides a probabilistic approach embedded into an argumentation framework to capture this uncertainty and its use to determine the expected utility to engage in a legal dispute.  ...  The argumentation context Our treatment of uncertainty is embedded in a logical model for argumentation.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1100672 fatcat:icsoqymnxbcinkwy6bg7s7huby

Process and Policy: Resource-Bounded NonDemonstrative Reasoning

Ronald P. Loui
1998 Computational intelligence  
the portrayal of inference in knowledge bases as policy reasoning; the review of logics of dialogue and proposed extensions; and the pre-formal and initial formal discussion of aspects and variations of  ...  This paper investigates the appropriateness of formal dialectics as a basis for non-monotonic reasoning and defeasible reasoning that takes computational limits seriously.  ...  What distinguishes adjudicators as parties versus adjudication that is a syntactic feature of the system is that an adjudicator, as a party, can engage in dialogue.  ... 
doi:10.1111/0824-7935.00055 fatcat:oz7yyrfkebdqxbmemvnapjzpie

What You See is What You Get: Visual Pronoun Coreference Resolution in Dialogues

Xintong Yu, Hongming Zhang, Yangqiu Song, Yan Song, Changshui Zhang
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and the 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-IJCNLP)  
To tackle this challenge, in this paper, we formally define the task of visual-aware pronoun coreference resolution (PCR) and introduce VisPro, a large-scale dialogue PCR dataset, to investigate whether  ...  Results demonstrate the importance of the visual information in this PCR case and show the effectiveness of the proposed model.  ...  For each dialogue, a mention pool of size 30 is provided for models to detect plausible mentions outside the dialogue.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/d19-1516 dblp:conf/emnlp/YuZSSZ19 fatcat:lonqm7v6tzfgjiwuuvjjnbep3y

A transnational judicial public sphere as an idea and ideology: Critical reflections on judicial dialogue and its legitimizing potential

KNUT TRAISBACH
2021 Global Constitutionalism  
It cautions against a conceptualization of judicial dialogue as a means to foster commonalities between courts and to legitimize judicial governance.  ...  The critical potential of judicial dialogues lies less in the formation of commonalities or in the legitimization of judicial authority than in bringing alternatives and a plurality of opinions to the  ...  I am also grateful for comments by Claudio Corradetti, Hege Elisabeth Kjos, Amrei Sophia Müller and other participants of a PluriCourts conference at the University of Oslo, where an early version of this  ... 
doi:10.1017/s2045381720000295 fatcat:szvtq567rvebrko6kfj7yiz2xe

A labelling framework for probabilistic argumentation

Régis Riveret, Pietro Baroni, Yang Gao, Guido Governatori, Antonino Rotolo, Giovanni Sartor
2018 Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence  
The outcome of a legal dispute, namely, the decision of its adjudicator, is uncertain, and both parties develop their strategies on the basis of their appreciation of the probability that the adjudicator  ...  This paper provides a probabilistic approach embedded into an argumentation framework to capture this uncertainty and its use to determine the expected utility to engage in a legal dispute  ...  The argumentation context Our treatment of uncertainty is embedded in a logical model for argumentation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10472-018-9574-1 fatcat:2dop4bt6wvge3eywandckvv5ym

JUDICIAL CONFLICT RESOLUTION (JCR): A NEW JURISPRUDENCE FOR AN EMERGING JUDICIAL PRACTICE

Michal Alberstein
2018 Zenodo  
Adjudication based on formal rules is a rare phenomenon which judges mostly avoid.  ...  compromise, as well as facilitators of dialogue, problem solvers and dispute designers.  ...  COOTER, BARGAINING IN TI-I SI IADOW OF THr, LAW: A TFSTABLI MODEL OF STRIECIIC BIIAVIOR (1982).  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1299585 fatcat:l7r2vajp4nbwpn4wa6ctod4ccy

Argumentation in Legal Reasoning [chapter]

Trevor Bench-Capon, Henry Prakken, Giovanni Sartor
2009 Argumentation in Artificial Intelligence  
Such a dialogue game model of adjudication paves the way for formal models of burden of proof and presumption.  ...  In [34] Prakken proposes a dialogue game model for "adjudication dialogues", by adding a neutral third party who adjudicates the conflict between two adversaries.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-98197-0_18 fatcat:s6lokdsadrfzlg6y7c7qwtd7va
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