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Classification of YouTube Metadata using Shark Algorithm

Shubhangi D., Meghana Nagori
2015 International Journal of Computer Applications  
YouTube is one of online video sharing platform that contains several videos and users promoting hate and extremism .Because of low barrier to publication and anonymity, YouTube is misused as a platform  ...  The influential video metadata on YouTube will be studied. [1] .  ...  Swati Agarwal, Ashish Sureka(2014) B best first search & shark search[1] A Focused Crawler for Mining Hate and Extremism Promoting Users, Videos and Communities on YouTube",2014 on "Best - first search  ... 
doi:10.5120/ijca2015907525 fatcat:ibpm2h5yujgdtnypr446ay425i

Approaches to Detect Online Radicalization: A Survey

Prof. S. D. Pingle
2016 International Journal Of Scientific Research And Education  
Online Radicalization (also called as Cyber-Terrorism or Extremism or Cyber-Racism or Cyber-Hate) is widespread and has become a major and growing concern to the people around the world.  ...  on the Internet such as video sharing website, micro-blogging services, social networking websites, online discussion forums and blogosphere are being heavily misused by radical or extremist groups and  ...  [18] investigates the effectiveness of a contextual features based focused crawler (best first search and shark search) approach for retrieving YouTube user-profiles promoting hate and extremism.  ... 
doi:10.18535/ijsre/v4i05.04 fatcat:3etakurrwbetfku6earq5bak2u

Applying Social Media Intelligence for Predicting and Identifying On-line Radicalization and Civil Unrest Oriented Threats [article]

Swati Agarwal, Ashish Sureka
2015 arXiv   pre-print
Research shows that various social media platforms on Internet such as Twitter, Tumblr (micro-blogging websites), Facebook (a popular social networking website), YouTube (largest video sharing and hosting  ...  website), Blogs and discussion forums are being misused by extremist groups for spreading their beliefs and ideologies, promoting radicalization, recruiting members and creating online virtual communities  ...  For example, title and description of a video does not contain any suspicious term while the video has the content related to hate promotion.  ... 
arXiv:1511.06858v1 fatcat:s3gpwc6ugbfrlj2wmqc6udhzhy

Mining YouTube to Discover Extremist Videos, Users and Hidden Communities [chapter]

Ashish Sureka, Ponnurangam Kumaraguru, Atul Goyal, Sidharth Chhabra
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The focus of this work is on mining YouTube to discover hate videos, users and virtual hidden communities.  ...  We describe a semi-automated system to assist law enforcement and intelligence agencies dealing with cyber-crime related to promotion of hate and radicalization on the Internet.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by a DIT (Department of Information Technology), Government of India grant. The authors would like to thank all members of PreCog research group at IIIT-Delhi.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-17187-1_2 fatcat:qieiqgkisbcc3kp4g7axr4jqwy

Spider and the Flies : Focused Crawling on Tumblr to Detect Hate Promoting Communities [article]

Swati Agarwal, Ashish Sureka
2016 arXiv   pre-print
, classifying hate promoting bloggers based on their activity feeds, crawling through the external links to other bloggers and performing a social network analysis on connected extremist bloggers.  ...  We propose a topic based web crawler primarily consisting of multiple phases: training a text classifier model consisting examples of only hate promoting users, extracting posts of an unknown tumblr micro-blogger  ...  We present an application of topical crawler based approach for locating extremism promoting bloggers on Tumblr.  ... 
arXiv:1603.09164v1 fatcat:7uhwlydagzbw7ggkci62tjmk54

Solutions to Detect and Analyze Online Radicalization : A Survey [article]

Denzil Correa, Ashish Sureka
2013 arXiv   pre-print
of message) such as YouTube (a popular video sharing website), Twitter (an online micro-blogging service), Facebook (a popular social networking website), online discussion forums and blogosphere are being  ...  Online Radicalization (also called Cyber-Terrorism or Extremism or Cyber-Racism or Cyber- Hate) is widespread and has become a major and growing concern to the society, governments and law enforcement  ...  They create a testbed of 224 positive and negative videos on YouTube, manually tagged by extremism experts, to evaluate their approach.  ... 
arXiv:1301.4916v1 fatcat:kugqbke26bbztcq3npvvbhsdo4

Understanding the Incel Community on YouTube [article]

Kostantinos Papadamou, Savvas Zannettou, Jeremy Blackburn, Emiliano De Cristofaro, Gianluca Stringhini, Michael Sirivianos
2020 Zenodo  
One community that has come into the spotlight for sharing and publishing hateful content are the so-called Involuntary Celibates (Incels), a loosely defined movement ostensibly focusing on men's issues  ...  We collect videos shared on Incel-related communities within Reddit, and perform a data-driven characterization of the content posted on YouTube.  ...  This work reflects only the authors views; the Agency and the Commission are not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3898037 fatcat:yvyy5dzvx5bcxhumxawosdop3y

Characterizing Abhorrent, Misinformative, and Mistargeted Content on YouTube [article]

Kostantinos Papadamou
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Following a data-driven quantitative approach, we analyze thousands of videos on YouTube, to shed light on: 1) the risks of YouTube media consumption by young children; 2) the role of the recommendation  ...  YouTube has revolutionized the way people discover and consume video.  ...  In this like of work, we performed a characterization of hateful and misogynistic content on YouTube by focusing on the Incel community.  ... 
arXiv:2105.09819v1 fatcat:k2mdclt4orgunnlwb6hnnrka4i

"How over is it?" Understanding the Incel Community on YouTube [article]

Kostantinos Papadamou, Savvas Zannettou, Jeremy Blackburn, Emiliano De Cristofaro, Gianluca Stringhini, Michael Sirivianos
2021 arXiv   pre-print
One community that has often been linked to sharing and publishing hateful and misogynistic content is the so-called Involuntary Celibates (Incels), a loosely defined movement ostensibly focusing on men's  ...  We collect videos shared on Incel communities within Reddit and perform a data-driven characterization of the content posted on YouTube.  ...  This work reflects only the authors' views; the Agency and the Commission are not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.  ... 
arXiv:2001.08293v6 fatcat:7tsywjfnajeuzh65djgkpza6d4

"How over is it?" Understanding the Incel Community on YouTube

Kostantinos Papadamou, Savvas Zannettou, Jeremy Blackburn, Emiliano De Cristofaro, Gianluca Stringhini, Michael Sirivianos
2021 Zenodo  
One community that has often been linked to sharing and publishing hateful and misogynistic content is the so-called Involuntary Celibates (Incels), a loosely defined movement ostensibly focusing on men's  ...  We collect videos shared on Incel communities within Reddit and perform a data-driven characterization of the content posted on YouTube.  ...  830927), the US National Science Foundation (grants: 1942610, 2114407, 2114411, and 2046590), and the UK's National Research Centre on Privacy, Harm Reduction, and Adversarial Influence Online (UKRI grant  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5234672 fatcat:r2wulmemgrgrbcme7aibouvdqi

Analyzing Right-wing YouTube Channels

Raphael Ottoni, Evandro Cunha, Gabriel Magno, Pedro Bernardina, Wagner Meira Jr., Virgílio Almeida
2018 Proceedings of the 10th ACM Conference on Web Science - WebSci '18  
In this paper, we observe issues related to hate, violence and discriminatory bias in a dataset containing more than 7,000 videos and 17 million comments.  ...  As of 2018, YouTube, the major online video sharing website, hosts multiple channels promoting right-wing content.  ...  We would like to thank Nikki Bourassa, Ryan Budish, Amar Ashar and Robert Faris, from the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, for their insightful discussions and suggestions  ... 
doi:10.1145/3201064.3201081 dblp:conf/websci/OttoniCMBMA18 fatcat:lrmq7tu7unay3h34iodt3g65xy

"You Know What to Do": Proactive Detection of YouTube Videos Targeted by Coordinated Hate Attacks

Enrico Mariconti, Guillermo Suarez-Tangil, Jeremy Blackburn, Emiliano De Cristofaro, Nicolas Kourtellis, Ilias Leontiadis, Jordi Luque Serrano, Gianluca Stringhini
2018 Zenodo  
Overall, our work paves the way for providing video platforms like YouTube with proactive systems to detect and mitigate coordinated hate attacks.  ...  First, we characterize and model YouTube videos along several axes (metadata, audio transcripts, thumbnails) based on a ground truth dataset of raid victims.  ...  This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation program under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie ENCASE project (GA No. 691025).  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1479939 fatcat:i6ojj6smgbdyhiqa3hv4aodgze

"How over is it?" Understanding the Incel Community on YouTube

Kostantinos Papadamou, Savvas Zannettou, Jeremy Blackburn, Emiliano De Cristofaro, Gianluca Stringhini, Michael Sirivianos
2021 Zenodo  
One community that has often been linked to sharing and publishing hateful and misogynistic content is the so-called Involuntary Celibates (Incels), a loosely defined movement ostensibly focusing on men's  ...  We collect videos shared on Incel communities within Reddit and perform a data-driven characterization of the content posted on YouTube.  ...  830927), the US National Science Foundation (grants: 1942610, 2114407, 2114411, and 2046590), and the UK's National Research Centre on Privacy, Harm Reduction, and Adversarial Influence Online (UKRI grant  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5233196 fatcat:4kskiv42qfeu5dtozpmp54msy4

"You Know What to Do": Proactive Detection of YouTube Videos Targeted by Coordinated Hate Attacks [article]

Enrico Mariconti, Guillermo Suarez-Tangil, Jeremy Blackburn, Emiliano De Cristofaro, Nicolas Kourtellis, Ilias Leontiadis, Jordi Luque Serrano, Gianluca Stringhini
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Video sharing platforms like YouTube are increasingly targeted by aggression and hate attacks.  ...  First, we characterize and model YouTube videos along several axes (metadata, audio transcripts, thumbnails) based on a ground truth dataset of videos that were targeted by raids.  ...  This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation program under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie ENCASE project (GA No. 691025) and from the EPSRC (grant number  ... 
arXiv:1805.08168v3 fatcat:6ohyv3zswvdqrlhlka4tgfn6la

"You Know What to Do": Proactive Detection of YouTube Videos Targeted by Coordinated Hate Attacks

Enrico Mariconti, Guillermo Suarez-Tangil, Jeremy Blackburn, Emiliano De Cristofaro, Nicolas Kourtellis, Ilias Leontiadis, Jordi Luque Serrano, Gianluca Stringhini
2018 Zenodo  
Overall, our work paves the way for providing video platforms like YouTube with proactive systems to detect and mitigate coordinated hate attacks.  ...  First, we characterize and model YouTube videos along several axes (metadata, audio transcripts, thumbnails) based on a ground truth dataset of raid victims.  ...  Researchers have also focused on bullying and hate speech on, e.g., Twitter [9, 11] or Yahoo News and Finance [46] .  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1479940 fatcat:dd67w66sq5chvooupc3znh5f4u
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