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A Novel Noncooperative Behavior Management Method for Multiattribute Large Group Decision-Making

Xiaoqin Dong, Ying Yang, Bo Shao, Xianbin Sun, Huihua Chen
2022 Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience  
In multiattribute large-group decision-making (MALGDM), the ideal state indicates a high degree of consensus for decision-makers.  ...  To deal with the problem, a novel consensus model was developed to manage the decision-making in large groups based on noncooperative behavior.  ...  Acknowledgments e authors would like to appreciate the support of the students and staff of the Hubei Key Laboratory of Construction and Management in Hydropower Engineering for their assistance in research  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/6978771 pmid:35198021 pmcid:PMC8860522 fatcat:3g35oh3zbvghjisgatj5se3xze

A PSO-algorithm-based consensus model with the application to large-scale group decision-making

Fang Liu, Jiawei Zhang, Tong Liu
2020 Complex & Intelligent Systems  
Group decision-making (GDM) implies a process of extracting wisdom from a group of experts.  ...  The proposed model is applied to solve a large-scale GDM problem arising in emergency management.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the reviewers for their valuable suggestions such that the paper can be improved greatly.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40747-020-00144-5 fatcat:segj332nlfeovid5cpifpuutqi

Effective Voice: Beyond Exit and Affect in Online Communities [article]

Seth Frey, Nathan Schneider
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Drawing on Albert O.  ...  This paper sets out to identify a set of strategies and techniques through which the voices of participants might be better heard through defined mechanisms for institutional governance.  ...  They are grateful for feedback on early versions from participants in the Community Data Science Lab and the Metagovernance Seminar.  ... 
arXiv:2009.12470v2 fatcat:fvcvtncqy5eshe5jz7gnjzs3xq

Emergent Consensus in Decentralised Systems Using Collaborative Reinforcement Learning [chapter]

Jim Dowling, Raymond Cunningham, Anthony Harrington, Eoin Curran, Vinny Cahill
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Through SAMPLE's ability to establish consensus between routing agents on stable routes, even in the presence of changing levels of congestion in a network, it demonstrates improved performance and self-management  ...  In this paper, we describe the application of CRL to two different distributed system problems, a routing protocol for ad-hoc networks called SAMPLE and a next generation urban traffic control system called  ...  We believe that adopting a decentralised approach to UTC optimisation is the only feasible method of tackling the problem on a large scale.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11428589_5 fatcat:ohc3zuxqb5e6vegujb6u2bt5sm

Lateral Network Governance [chapter]

Johannes Glückler
2020 Knowledge and the Economy  
Instead, he conceives lateral network governance as a structure for the legitimate delegation of decision-making.  ...  AbstractThe author of this article goes beyond acknowledging networks as a governance mode to elaborate on the actual forms of governance that convey legitimate and acceptable coordination.  ...  I am grateful to them for their valuable support in collecting and analyzing the data of the case studies and in discussing the concepts developed here.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-47150-7_11 fatcat:iyqv547dnfhbrompourpr3aeku

A Novel Linguistic Z-Number QUALIFLEX Method and Its Application to Large Group Emergency Decision Making

Xue-Feng Ding, Li-Xia Zhu, Mei-Shun Lu, Qi Wang, Yi-Qi Feng
2020 Scientific Programming  
In this study, a novel large group emergency decision making method, called the linguistic Z-QUALIFLEX method, is developed by extending the QUALIFLEX method using linguistic Z-numbers.  ...  In the emergency decision making process, decision makers' opinions are often uncertain and imprecise, and determining the optimal solution to respond to an emergency event is a complex group decision  ...  [38] proposed a dynamical consensus method based on exit-delegation mechanism considering consistency and consensus measures simultaneously. e above literature review shows that various theories, such  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/1631869 fatcat:kn2xsa7uunb6ligoyjtbof66gm

International Judicial Lawmaking

Tom Ginsburg
2006 Conferences on New Political Economy  
This paper utilizes a framework of exit, voice and loyalty to consider these powers, as well as the features conducive to international judicial lawmaking.  ...  This paper utilizes a framework of exit, voice and loyalty to consider these powers, as well as the features conducive to international judicial lawmaking.  ...  First of all, to the extent that consent-based treaty regimes require accordance of all states to amend the regime, an adverse judicial decision for one party is usually a beneficial decision for another  ... 
doi:10.1628/186183406786118507 fatcat:intrd3qgunhhxm4zos3cosblzq

Blockchain networks as constitutional and competitive polycentric orders

Eric Alston, Wilson Law, Ilia Murtazashvili, Martin Weiss
2022 Journal of Institutional Economics  
Institutional economists have analyzed permissionless blockchains as a novel institutional building block for voluntary economic exchange and distributed governance, with their unique protocol features  ...  Internal sources include constitutional (protocol) design and collective-choice processes for updating protocols, which help coordinate network participants and users.  ...  are met in part by new technologies that enable sharing (Bustamante et al., 2020) , much in the way blockchains were a partially liberating force from governments.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s174413742100093x fatcat:a7dutdoje5c55ihlckv4zh7wcm

The New Intergovernmentalism: European Integration in the Post-Maastricht Era

Christopher J. Bickerton, Dermot Hodson, Uwe Puetter
2014 Journal of Common Market Studies  
While a consensus emerged in the 1980s on the need for a supranational central bank, national authorities remained acutely aware in the 1990s and 2000s that a one-size-fits-all approach to fiscal policy  ...  Operating outside of a supranational decision-making logic, the responsibility for policymaking also lies more squarely on member states.  ... 
doi:10.1111/jcms.12212 fatcat:gi7z4v5khvf6zoko7aug7fgh34

The Economic Structure of the Law of International Organizations

Joel P. Trachtman
2014 Social Science Research Network  
The essence of an international organiqation is the delegation of decision-making authority from individual states to the organiqation, which represents the collectivity of member states.  ...  The focus of this Article is on the distinct formal structure and function of international organiqations, as distinct from international law per se.  ...  In a very important sense, enforcement is necessary to delegation: unless decisions carry some force, the delegated authority on which the decision is based is ephemeral.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2385751 fatcat:o33thzbtdvb57gitzw6pyzusja

Minimum cost consensus models based on random opinions

Ning Zhang, Zaiwu Gong, Francisco Chiclana
2017 Expert systems with applications  
In some complex group decision making cases, the opinions of decision makers (DMs) present random characteristic.  ...  As such, probabilistic planning based on a genetic algorithm is designed to resolve the minimum cost consensus models based on China's urban demolition negotiation, which can better simulate the consensus  ...  For active consensus within large group emergency decision-making, presented a dynamic consensus method based on an exit-delegation mechanism, which helped create a solution to satisfy the consistency  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.eswa.2017.07.035 fatcat:rgzr2fikczf23hudc5fsghpsty

The Influence of Business and Industry NGOs in the Negotiation of the Kyoto Mechanisms: the Case of Carbon Capture and Storage in the CDM

Irja Vormedal
2008 Global Environmental Politics  
However, there is still a potential for business groups to inºuence delegations' work on the ªne print or details of decisions (second level).  ...  group of business lobbies-large enough to make a political difference-has begun to exercise support and push for regulatory change.  ... 
doi:10.1162/glep.2008.8.4.36 fatcat:ugxybbnhtbckzejt42rkctkzre

Pyramidal Democracy

Marcus J. Pivato
2009 Journal of Deliberative Democracy  
Each group elects a delegate, who expresses the deliberative consensus of that group at the next tier of the pyramid.  ...  This yields a practical implementation of deliberative democracy in a large polity.  ...  Acknowledgements I would like to thank David Ballantyne, who first suggested pyramidal democracy to me, participated in many stimulating discussions on the subject, and carefully critiqued several drafts  ... 
doi:10.16997/jdd.82 fatcat:fx27pjgyijffdbjsdvnbjkb7u4

Escaping the International Governance Dilemma? Incorporated Transgovernmental Networks in the European Union

BURKARD EBERLEIN, ABRAHAM L. NEWMAN
2008 Governance. An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions  
Building on the broader premise that patterns of "dual delegation" above and below the nation-state enhance the coordinating role of networks of national agencies in two-level international governance,  ...  The focus on authoritative rulemaking adds a crucial dimension to the landscape of EU governance innovations while connecting to the broader study of transgovernmental networks in international governance  ...  Acknowledgments This is a revised version of an article presented at the 15th We would like to express our gratitude to the editors and the anonymous reviewers for constructive comments, as well as to  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1468-0491.2007.00384.x fatcat:e4b5mpwsqzhppokac6saszxtvu

Voting as a war of attrition

Maksymilian Kwiek, Helia Marreiros, Michael Vlassopoulos
2019 Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization  
Delaying the decision is costly, so a form of multiplayer war of attrition emerges.  ...  one of two alternatives when consensus is required and agents have private information about their preferences.  ...  The consensus required for the decision emerges over time as the aggregate opposition towards one of the alternatives falls below a critical value.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2019.09.020 fatcat:cxxwx4g5gvdepoatnusmgpvd3u
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