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Load balancing mechanisms in fog computing: A systematic review [article]

Mostafa Haghi Kashani, Ahmad Ahmadzadeh, Ebrahim Mahdipour
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Load balancing is an important aspect of fog networks that avoids a situation with some under-loaded or overloaded fog nodes.  ...  Also, this article investigates load balancing metrics with all advantages and disadvantages related to chosen load balancing mechanisms in fog networks.  ...  Being heterogeneous and dynamic, the fog networks cannot directly apply most of the load balancing mechanisms of cloud computing; The goal of load balancing in fog environ-ment is to distribute the coming  ... 
arXiv:2011.14706v2 fatcat:tk24shjbqzai3drlrhctxkjjw4

Dynamic Energy Efficient Resource Allocation Strategy for Load Balancing in Fog Environment

Anees ur Rehman, Zulfiqar Ahmad, Ali Imran Jehangiri, Mohammed Alaa Ala'anzy, Mohamed Othman, Arif Iqbal Umar, Jamil Ahmad
2020 IEEE Access  
Acknowledgement: We would like to thank Universiti Putra Malaysia and the Ministry of Education Malaysia for supporting our work.  ...  In [6] , a "Dynamic Resource Allocation Strategy" (DRAM) for balancing load in fog environments is presented.  ...  In [6] , a "Dynamic Resource Allocation Strategy" (DRAM) for balancing the load in fog computing is presented.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3035181 fatcat:wvxp67svlvaudcwncdok74urta

Optimal Resource Allocation in Fog Computing for Healthcare Applications

Salman Khan, Ibrar Ali Shah, Nasser Tairan, Habib Shah, Muhammad Faisal Nadeem
2022 Computers Materials & Continua  
This paper proposes workload-aware efficient resource allocation and load balancing in the fog-computing environment for the IoHT.  ...  The proposed algorithmic framework consists of the following components: task sequencing, dynamic resource allocation, and load balancing.  ...  Resource Allocation and Load Balancing Problem in Fog Computing Resource allocation and load balancing is a persistent problem related to cloud computing and fog computing.  ... 
doi:10.32604/cmc.2022.023234 fatcat:bpvw4xvfy5b2zkszaydjwhiwle


Anmar Abuhamdah, Mohammed Al-Shabi
2022 International Journal of Software Engineering and Computer Systems  
This paper will provide a description of numerous concepts such as computing fog, fog nodes, load balancing and then we recommend a load-balancing algorithm to enhance the fog-computing environment performance  ...  In spite of that, there is so many challenges facing computing environments such as the misuse of the resources and load-balancing between them, which has a major effect on performance.  ...  The following are the key metrics for load balancing in fog computing: • Response time: is the time for a request (or task) needed to be accepted and for a server request to be responded to in a fog environment  ... 
doi:10.15282/ijsecs.8.1.2022.2.0092 doaj:237151a67bac4611baaa1dd5c4c4449c fatcat:sl5s3otlg5adxjt7j5b4ogfbpa

Intelligent Load-Balancing Framework for Fog-Enabled Communication in Healthcare

Swati Malik, Kamali Gupta, Deepali Gupta, Aman Singh, Muhammad Ibrahim, Arturo Ortega-Mansilla, Nitin Goyal, Habib Hamam
2022 Electronics  
Thus, in this paper, a fog-based framework is proposed that can balance the load among fog nodes for handling the challenging communication and processing requirements of intelligent real-time applications  ...  This has resulted in a need to balance the load of the smart operational devices to avoid any failure of responsiveness.  ...  [30] employed graph partitioning theory to develop a fog computing load-balancing approach based on dynamic graph partitioning.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics11040566 fatcat:t5ylrak2vnbhhkqfdi6a4t7dnm

A Co-operative Fog-based Load Balance (CFBLB) Strategy

Mary M., Ahmed I., Mohamed F.
2020 International Journal of Computer Applications  
The existing algorithms of LB in a fog computing environment are not extremely active. today, to predict the user requests arrivals on the fog manager is not possible so Load balancing is a complex mission  ...  resource management. that produce many algorithms to achieve this goal such as dynamic Algorithm, the proposed algorithm used to improve load balance model for the fog.  ...  Classification of algorithms depending on the implementation of the method fog computing dynamic load balancing mechanism [6] .  ... 
doi:10.5120/ijca2020919764 fatcat:7hcwuk2r4nfxhjqs3axfewxsq4

A Blind Load-Balancing Algorithm (BLBA) for Distributing Tasks in Fog Nodes

Niloofar Tahmasebi-Pouya, Mehdi-Agha Sarram, Seyedakbar Mostafavi, Andrea Marin
2022 Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing  
For this purpose, in this paper, we propose a blind load-balancing algorithm (BLBA) to improve the load distribution in the fog environment.  ...  In the distributed infrastructure of fog computing, fog nodes (FNs) can process user requests locally.  ...  The proposed method formulates the load-balancing problem as a Markov decision process (MDP) for the dynamic fog environment.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/1533949 fatcat:qgtvjvkefjgyvm2mge3wyv73uy

Fog Network Area Management Model for Managing Fog-cloud Resources in IoT Environment

Anwar Alghamdi, Ahmed Alzahrani, Vijey Thayananthan
2021 International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications  
Keywords-Resource management; job scheduling; load balancing; mobile agent software; fog computing; Internet of Things (IoT) 482 | P a g e  ...  The fog computing technology is a model used to support cloud computing by implementing pre-processing tasks close to the end-user for achieving low latency, less power consumption, and high scalability  ...  To achieve a dynamic load balancing in fog computing, the authors considered graph repartitioning.  ... 
doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2021.0120357 fatcat:h3vnexiwkzgnrbttzwtt3laocy

Study QoS Optimization and Energy Saving Techniques in Cloud, Fog, Edge, and IoT

Zhiguo Qu, Yilin Wang, Le Sun, Dandan Peng, Zheng Li
2020 Complexity  
We do a comprehensive survey on QoS optimization and energy saving in cloud computing, fog computing, edge computing, and IoT environments.  ...  The development of cloud computing, fog computing, and edge computing brings a number of challenges, e.g., QoS optimization and energy saving.  ...  [91] proposed a method called "DRAM" to dynamically allocate resources in fog computing environment, which can avoid both too high and too low loads. e method first analyzes the load balance of different  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/8964165 fatcat:zch5fslf3jfe7o4ydck6zsycie

Static Load Balancing Technique for Geographically Partitioned Public Cloud

Mandeep Kaur, Rajni Mohana
2019 Scalable Computing : Practice and Experience  
A load balancer entity is used for decentralized load balancing at partitions and a controller entity is used for centralized level to balance the overall load at various partitions.  ...  Though fog technology has reduced the load on centralized cloud resources to a remarkable extent, still load handled at cloud end is significantly high.  ...  A novel approach for Dynamic Cloud Partitioning and Load Balancing in Cloud Computing Environment [24] The strategic model that performs load balancing as well as dynamic partition of the nodes of different  ... 
doi:10.12694/scpe.v20i2.1520 fatcat:rhhqcshzizd2bergu447k275xi

Analysis of Effective Load Balancing Techniques in Distributed Environment [chapter]

Anju Shukla, Shishir Kumar, Harikesh Singh
2020 Linked Open Data - Applications, Trends and Future Developments [Working Title]  
Load balancing is the mechanism to distribute the load among resources optimally. The objective of this chapter is to discuss need and issues of load balancing that evolves the research scope.  ...  Various load balancing algorithms and scheduling methods are analyzed that are used for performance optimization of web resources.  ...  Rathore and Chana [35] determined a dynamic threshold value based on standard deviation for load balancing and job migration.  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.91460 fatcat:r5kaw5nbnjd7npnjuycijnstta

Microservices-based IoT Applications Scheduling in Edge and Fog Computing: A Taxonomy and Future Directions [article]

Samodha Pallewatta, Vassilis Kostakos, Rajkumar Buyya
2022 arXiv   pre-print
To this end, we present a comprehensive taxonomy of recent literature on microservices-based IoT applications scheduling in Edge and Fog computing environments.  ...  Edge and Fog computing paradigms utilise distributed, heterogeneous and resource-constrained devices at the edge of the network for efficient deployment of latency-critical and bandwidth-hungry IoT application  ...  SUMMARY In this paper, we discussed IoT applications designed and developed using MSA and their scheduling within Edge and Fog computing environments.  ... 
arXiv:2207.05399v1 fatcat:dc56wgf2xvazxm5jm6dokgmtzq

A Review of Resource Management in Fog Computing: Machine Learning Perspective [article]

Muhammad Fahimullah, Shohreh Ahvar, Maria Trocan
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Fog computing becomes a promising technology to process user's requests near the proximity of users to reduce response time for latency-sensitive requests.  ...  In this work, we provide a review of machine learning-based predictive resource management approaches in a fog environment.  ...  For example, Load balancing cannot be achieved without proper offloading and optimal allocation mechanisms.  ... 
arXiv:2209.03066v1 fatcat:jjwhs3pghrfatpzm4ae4axtp4u

A Fog-Cluster Based Load-Balancing Technique

Prabhdeep Singh, Rajbir Kaur, Junaid Rashid, Sapna Juneja, Gaurav Dhiman, Jungeun Kim, Mariya Ouaissa
2022 Sustainability  
Load balancing is a critical problem in fog computing because it ensures that the dynamic load is distributed evenly across all fog nodes, avoiding the situation where some nodes are overloaded while others  ...  To optimize the use of all the resources in the fog sub-system, a Fog-Cluster-Based Load-Balancing approach along with a refresh period was proposed.  ...  As a result, fog computing was developed as a solution to this problem. A new identity for cloud computing, "fog computing", or "fogging", was coined by CISCO.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su14137961 fatcat:uxlphqm4dfczhg3hxhyerkbmx4

Resource Management Techniques for Cloud/Fog and Edge Computing: An Evaluation Framework and Classification

Adriana Mijuskovic, Alessandro Chiumento, Rob Bemthuis, Adina Aldea, Paul Havinga
2021 Sensors  
A promising alternative is to use fog and edge computing, which address the issue of managing the large data bandwidth needed by end devices.  ...  In this paper, we review resource management techniques that can be applied for cloud, fog, and edge computing.  ...  Additional research work can also be done in terms of investigating (new) algorithms that not only deal with resource management but also address other challenges in cloud/fog/edge computing environments  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21051832 pmid:33808037 fatcat:sh4dwl2wmba2jhcmcuss5nahsq
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