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A distributed framework for multi-risk assessment of natural hazards used to model the effects of forest fire on hydrology and sediment yield

C. Isabella Bovolo, Simon J. Abele, James C. Bathurst, David Caballero, Marek Ciglan, George Eftichidis, Branislav Simo
2009 Computers & Geosciences  
The use of the system is demonstrated for a site in south-west Spain where a large forest fire occurred on 2 August 2003.  ...  As an example, the Fire Spread Engine model is used to derive a map of areas that have been burnt by fire.  ...  Acknowledgements The MEDIGRID project was funded within the sixth Framework Programme (priority Global Change and Ecosystems) of the European Commission Research Directorate General, under Contract Number  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2007.10.010 fatcat:qmaapou4gbdsbiacrbma7lt6ve

Toward Urban Water Security: Broadening the Use of Machine Learning Methods for Mitigating Urban Water Hazards

Melissa R. Allen-Dumas, Haowen Xu, Kuldeep R. Kurte, Deeksha Rastogi
2021 Frontiers in Water  
Due to the complex interactions of human activity and the hydrological cycle, achieving urban water security requires comprehensive planning processes that address urban water hazards using a holistic  ...  However, the effective implementation of such an approach requires the collection and curation of large amounts of disparate data, and reliable methods for modeling processes that may be co-evolutionary  ...  Hybrid Modeling for Multi-Hazard Risk Assessment A few researchers have applied hybrid models to water-related multi-hazard risk assessment.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frwa.2020.562304 fatcat:4g4x5qsljva63fzfibqyjhsdsi

Models of the Monitoring and Control of Natural and Technological Objects

Andrejs Romanovs, Arnis Lektauers, Oksana Soshko, Viacheslav Zelentsov
2013 Information Technology and Management Science  
Different methods and decision-making models are used in the monitoring and control of natural and technological objects; this paper provides an overview of the commonly used models of ground-space monitoring  ...  Monitoring of different natural and technological objects is essential in the modern world to ensure a safe and comfortable people's lifestyle; it helps to understand how the planet and its climate change  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The research has been supported by the project 2.1/ELRI-184/2011/14 "Integrated Intelligent Platform for Monitoring the Cross-border Natural-Technological Systems" as part of "Estonia-Latvia-Russia  ... 
doi:10.2478/itms-2013-0019 fatcat:pxu3xht3cff27aw7irini4yxle

Research and development supporting risk-based wildfire effects prediction for fuels and fire management: status and needs

Kevin Hyde, Matthew B. Dickinson, Gil Bohrer, David Calkin, Louisa Evers, Julie Gilbertson-Day, Tessa Nicolet, Kevin Ryan, Christina Tague
2013 International journal of wildland fire  
We make the case for defining a common riskbased analytic framework for fire-effects assessment across the range of fire-management activities and developing a research function to support the framework  ...  We find that the current state of development in fire behaviour and effects science imposes severe limits on the development of risk-assessment technology.  ...  Acknowledgements Thanks to John Cissel for discussions related to development of science and application programs and to the Joint Fire Science Program for providing a forum for this paper and a related  ... 
doi:10.1071/wf11143 fatcat:cjtefb4wvbggbb7xm7mubo7ory

A Regional-Scale Index for Assessing the Exposure of Drinking-Water Sources to Wildfires

François-Nicolas Robinne, Kevin D. Bladon, Uldis Silins, Monica B. Emelko, Mike D. Flannigan, Marc-André Parisien, Xianli Wang, Stefan W. Kienzle, Diane P. Dupont
2019 Forests  
Using a multi-criteria analysis design, we integrated information regarding provincial forest cover, fire danger, source water volume, source-water origin (i.e., forested/un-forested), and population served  ...  Identifying source watersheds that are dangerously exposed to post-wildfire hydrologic changes is important for protecting community drinking-water supplies from contamination risks that may lead to service  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors want to thank Jourdan Bird who assisted in the collection of drinking-water treatment plant data. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/f10050384 fatcat:xuqoz75chvdgnh4tw3qer2qp4i

Regional assessment of forest effect on watershed hydrology: Slovakia as a case study 405

HlásnyT, SitkováZ, I. Barka
2013 Journal of Forest Science  
Limits of forest effect on watershed hydrology and caveats for interpreting the presented findings are discussed.   ...  A multi-criteria decision-making scheme was proposed to calculate a coefficient for each watershed indicating the need to regulate its water regime as given by natural conditions, and another coefficient  ...  Fig. 1 . 1 Boundaries of 61 basic watersheds of Slovakia used as the spatial framework for the assessment of forest effect on watershed hydrology.  ... 
doi:10.17221/55/2013-jfs fatcat:5voggd57tjbf5fdbj7vxsecrhy

The need to integrate flood and drought disaster risk reduction strategies

Philip J. Ward, Marleen C. de Ruiter, Johanna Mård, Kai Schröter, Anne Van Loon, Ted Veldkamp, Nina von Uexkull, Niko Wanders, Amir AghaKouchak, Karsten Arnbjerg-Nielsen, Lucinda Capewell, Maria Carmen Llasat (+13 others)
2020 Water Security  
The need to integrate flood and drought disaster risk reduction strategies Ward, Philip J.; de Ruiter, Marleen C.; Mård,  ...  Acknowledgements The research was developed by members of the International Asso-  ...  To achieve a more holistic, multi-hazard approach to floods and droughts, changes in governance structures will be required. A framework for multi-risk governance has been developed by Scolobig et al.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.wasec.2020.100070 fatcat:lpehpkefnvffhk6fdh333xsdvm

Assessing Watershed-Wildfire Risks on National Forest System Lands in the Rocky Mountain Region of the United States

Matthew Thompson, Joe Scott, Paul Langowski, Julie Gilbertson-Day, Jessica Haas, Elise Bowne
2013 Water  
Risk assessment results can be particularly useful for prioritizing management of hazardous fuels to lessen the severity and likely impacts of future wildfires, where budgetary and other constraints limit  ...  In this paper we will illustrate how state-of-the-art wildfire simulation modeling and geospatial risk assessment methods can be brought to bear to identify and prioritize at-risk watersheds for risk mitigation  ...  Don Helmbrecht helped outline the fire modeling and assessment process, Karen Short provided assistance with fire modeling and fire history data, and Jim Menakis and Dave Calkin helped get the collaboration  ... 
doi:10.3390/w5030945 fatcat:voscdlcpifbe7j4ioywielmzvm

Nature-based solutions efficiency evaluation against natural hazards: Modelling methods, advantages and limitations

Kumar Et Al.
2021 Zenodo  
We conclude that the models and tools that are capable of assessing the multiple benefits, particularly the performance and cost-effectiveness of NBS for HMR reduction and management are not readily available  ...  We systematically evaluate the current state-of-the art on the models and tools that are utilised for the optimum allocation, design and efficiency evaluation of NBS for five HMRs (flooding, droughts,  ...  Acknowledgments This work is carried out under the framework of OPERANDUM (OPEn-air laboRAtories for Nature baseD solUtions to Manage hydrometeo risks) project, which is funded by the Horizon 2020 under  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5534106 fatcat:ji435pdgqzhefn3u6xqbh5xtza

Multi-hazard susceptibility and exposure assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya

Jack Rusk, Amina Maharjan, Prakash Tiwari, Tzu-Hsin Karen Chen, Sara Shneiderman, Mark Turin, Karen Seto
2021 Science of the Total Environment  
The Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH), like many mountainous regions, is the site of multiple and overlapping natural hazards, but the distribution of multi-hazard risk and the populations exposed to it are poorly  ...  Here, we present high-resolution transboundary models describing susceptibility to floods, landslides, and wildfires to understand population exposure to multi-hazard risk across the HKH.  ...  This study benefited from the insights and input offered by Meredith Reba, Aaron Tannenbaum, Emma Levin, Bhagwati Joshi, and the participants of the Himalaya Workshop at Yale in 2019, funded by the Edward  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150039 pmid:34520916 fatcat:3k437viftjdgjd7grb5c4yccre

Nature-based solutions efficiency evaluation against natural hazards: Modelling methods, advantages and limitations

Prashant Kumar, Sisay E. Debele, Jeetendra Sahani, Nidhi Rawat, Belen Marti-Cardona, Silvia Maria Alfieri, Bidroha Basu, Arunima Sarkar Basu, Paul Bowyer, Nikos Charizopoulos, Glauco Gallotti, Juvonen Jaakko (+15 others)
2021 Science of the Total Environment  
Such tools can facilitate impact assessment modelling under different NBS scenarios to build a solid evidence base for upscaling and replicating the implementation of NBS.  ...  We conclude that the models and tools that are capable of assessing the multiple benefits, particularly the performance and cost-effectiveness of NBS for HMR reduction and management are not readily available  ...  Acknowledgments This work is carried out under the framework of OPERANDUM (OPEn-air laboRAtories for Nature baseD solUtions to Manage hydrometeo risks) project, which is funded by the Horizon 2020 under  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147058 pmid:34088074 fatcat:o6ciohdx6rfljlzyfcd5gzdow4

A coupled human and landscape conceptual model of risk and resilience in Swiss Alpine communities

Md Sarwar Hossain, Jorge Alberto Ramirez, Tina Haisch, Chinwe Ifejika Speranza, Olivia Martius, Heike Mayer, Margreth Keiler
2020 Science of the Total Environment  
Here we justify the components, scales, and feedbacks present in the conceptual model and provide guidance on how to operationalize the conceptual model to assess risk and community resilience as well  ...  Additionally, the conceptual model contains climate, hydrology, and geomorphic components that are sources of natural hazards such as floods and debris flows.  ...  Contributions from MSH and CIS were in the context of the Sustainable Land Management Unit project on "Social-ecological Systems Modelling and Sustainable Land Management".  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138322 pmid:32408086 fatcat:ygrymm7rqve2dkgelncue35ymy

Assessing inter-sectoral climate change risks: the role of ISIMIP

Cynthia Rosenzweig, Nigel W Arnell, Kristie L Ebi, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Frank Raes, Chris Rapley, Mark Stafford Smith, Wolfgang Cramer, Katja Frieler, Christopher P O Reyer, Jacob Schewe, Detlef van Vuuren (+1 others)
2017 Environmental Research Letters  
The aims of the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) are to provide a framework for the intercomparison of global and regional-scale risk models within and across multiple sectors  ...  and to enable coordinated multi-sectoral assessments of different risks and their aggregated effects.  ...  An inter-sectoral risks modeling framework: ISIMIP An inter-sectoral modeling framework allows for a systematic assessment of the potential for cascading effects such as energy system blackouts, transportation  ... 
doi:10.1088/1748-9326/12/1/010301 fatcat:5cofeeiunncphmarss6qgksez4

Summary of the Forests and Water Workshop

Julia Jones, Russell Smith, Georg Jost, Rita Winkler, Dave Spittlehouse, Natasha Neumann, Rich McCleary, Antonio Del Campo, Adam Wei, Yi Wang, Maria Gonzalez-Sanchis, Alberto Garcia-Prats (+11 others)
2018 Confluence Journal of Watershed Science and Management  
Research into forest and water interactions continues to expand our understanding of ecohydrological processes and our ability to assess the hazards associated with natural and human-related forest disturbances  ...  With population growth, climate change, and increasing forest disturbance, understanding the complex relationships between forests and water is key to sustaining future forest resources, aquatic habitat  ...  e authors also acknowledge the contributions of Adam Wei and the 4th International Conference on Forests and Water in initiating this workshop series.  ... 
doi:10.22230/jwsm.2018v2n1a10 fatcat:ts6ofgn7irh7zopix2qtuqjsqe

Season and severity of prescribed burn in ponderosa pine forests: Implications for understory native and exotic plants

Becky K. Kerns, Walter G. Thies, Christine G. Niwa
2006 Ecoscience  
However, 6 of the 10 assessments did not use a hazard, risk, and value framework to discuss the risk of environmental effects.  ...  Of the 10 assessments we reviewed, 4-3 from the Forest Service and 1 from BLM-used the hazard, risk, and value framework for a risk assessment to discuss the action and no-action alternatives.  ...  This information can be used to evaluate alternatives for treating fuels to reduce the risk of crown fire.  ... 
doi:10.2980/1195-6860(2006)13[44:sasopb];2 fatcat:eihd5qsrezggrdztofh3w3il5i
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