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State of the Art in Open Platforms for Collaborative Urban Design and Sharing of Resources in Districts and Cities

Barry Hayes, Dorota Kamrowska-Zaluska, Aleksandar Petrovski, Cristina Jiménez-Pulido
2021 Sustainability  
The case of peer-to-peer trading platforms applied in the energy sector is then used to illustrate how sharing economy concepts and their enabling technologies can accelerate efforts towards more sustainable  ...  Scaling these sharing economy platforms up to the city scale and beyond has the potential to provide a number of positive environment impacts.  ...  Many have envisioned a future with prosumer-based, decentralised electricity markets, where there is a requirement for a system that that can manage and settle prosumer transactions from thousands, or  ... 
doi:10.3390/su13094875 doaj:4b10e8c41d7d45d384a86b143220a88f fatcat:bycfbtglmjehzbwgswyzjnqhkm

Support for virtual organisation creation – partners' profiles and competency management

Jiri Hodik, Jiri Vokrinek, Petr Becvar
2009 International Journal of Agent-Oriented Software Engineering  
The contributions of the work are the definition of competency and profile-related terms, the description of competency structures and an architecture of a competency and profiles management system, as  ...  A promising way to cooperate and keep their independence is the formation of semipermanent collaborative networks, which facilitate Virtual Organisation (VO) creation and management.  ...  The Community is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained herein.  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijaose.2009.023638 fatcat:mkzss7kcdfcqjk7vdaouqyitha

Privacy architectures in social networks' state-of-the-art survey

Mohammad Badiul Islam, Renato Iannella, Jason Watson, Shlomo Geva
2015 International Journal of Information Privacy Security and Integrity  
Notice: Changes introduced as a result of publishing processes such as copy-editing and formatting may not be reflected in this document.  ...  P2P architecture is used in the Matryoshka structure, and cloud-based P2P architecture is used in Contrail.  ...  ', 'managing employees or suppliers' or managing other stakeholders interact with the system.  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijipsi.2015.075438 fatcat:fzmqfac2jffqxc7t75onb6puiq

Blockchain, health disparities and global health

Dominique Vervoort, Camila R Guetter, Alexander W Peters
2021 BMJ Innovations  
Blockchain technology is a novel, distributed peer-to-peer ledger technology that uses unique, immutable and time-stamped blocks of records or sets of data that are linked as chains through cryptography  ...  Health disparities remain vast around the world and are perpetuated by error-prone information technology systems, administrative inefficiencies and wasteful global health spending.  ...  It uses a decentralised, distributed ledger to establish peer-to-peer Review (P2P) or business-to-business networks with endto-end encryption (figure 1).  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmjinnov-2021-000667 fatcat:gqftlpmp4nac5beysud7m5zbhq

Social and Economic Value in Emerging Decentralized Energy Business Models: A Critical Review

Sophie Adams, Donal Brown, Juan Pablo Cárdenas Álvarez, Ruzanna Chitchyan, Michael J. Fell, Ulf J. J. Hahnel, Kristina Hojckova, Charlotte Johnson, Lurian Klein, Mehdi Montakhabi, Kelvin Say, Abhigyan Singh (+1 others)
2021 Energies  
Firstly, it offers a synthesis of research on the social and economic value of P2P, CSC and TE systems, concluding that there is evidence for a variety of sources of social value (including energy independence  ...  In recent years, numerous studies have explored the opportunities and challenges for emerging decentralized energy systems and business models.  ...  management challenges.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en14237864 fatcat:jnxevdgabref5ijxmqbwvoamcm

Digitalisation and sustainable energy transitions in Africa: assessing the impact of policy and regulatory environments on the energy sector in Nigeria and South Africa

Fortune Nwaiwu
2021 Energy, Sustainability and Society  
The current applications as exemplified in the use cases by the three companies covered in this study indicates that Africa's sustainable energy transition is in a rudimentary or early adoption stage,  ...  A qualitative methodological approach was done in three stages—a document analysis that reviewed relevant literature on the energy sector policies in Nigeria and South Africa; the next step involved a  ...  Acknowledgements The researcher acknowledges the revision and feedback from Dr. Christina Phillips of Liverpool John Moores University.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13705-021-00325-1 fatcat:bc4vwxscnrdplc7ft3sucyce3y

The key role of aggregators in the energy transition under the latest European regulatory framework

Selina Kerscher, Pablo Arboleya
2022 International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems  
A B S T R A C T Future energy systems are reliant on the expansion and management of low-carbon technologies in order to reach climate goals.  ...  The latest European framework assigns aggregators a fundamental role in energy market liberalisation and DER integration towards carbon-neutral energy systems.  ...  Therefore, aggregators will likely play a part in future energy system operation. (2) The distributed communication control scheme for DER management is advantageous over mere centralised or decentralised  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijepes.2021.107361 fatcat:fn5tysc6rbekxcyyco2b553ct4

A Framework for Web Science

Tim Berners-Lee, Daniel J. Weitzner, Wendy Hall, Kieron O'Hara, Nigel Shadbolt, James A. Hendler
2006 Foundations and Trends® in Web Science  
These questions and approaches together set out an agenda for Web Science, the science of decentralised information systems.  ...  Finally, the Web as a technology is essentially socially embedded; therefore various issues and requirements for Web use and governance are also reviewed.  ...  We also thank the US National Science Foundation for their support of work in the Policy Aware Web and Transparent Accountable Datamining Initiative.  ... 
doi:10.1561/1800000001 fatcat:ref26ejozzhsxbaw32xckem2ca

Observing the clouds: a survey and taxonomy of cloud monitoring

Jonathan Stuart Ward, Adam Barker
2014 Journal of Cloud Computing: Advances, Systems and Applications  
Monitoring is an important aspect of designing and maintaining large-scale systems.  ...  There are a wide range of monitoring tools originating from cluster and high-performance computing, grid computing and enterprise computing, as well as a series of newer bespoke tools, which have been  ...  A new and diverse class of monitoring system makes use of peer to peer concepts to perform fully decentralised data collection.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13677-014-0024-2 fatcat:r3uio2ucbzdu7ikl5ahtzbv7hy

The Relation between Tokens and Blockchain Networks: The Case of Medical Tourism in the Republic of Moldova

Marc Pilkington
2020 The Journal of British Blockchain Association  
We find that non-monetary and non-financial use cases perform better than cryptocurrencies, and online coverage is a poor predictor of success.  ...  The relation between blockchain tokens and the underlying networks as a determinant of success of use cases in the blockchain space is an insuffciently explored issue in the literature.  ...  MedRec is a decentralised EHR management system [69] . EHRs are signed digitally, thereby ensuring the existence of an unaltered copy.  ... 
doi:10.31585/jbba-4-1-(2)2021 fatcat:2crbgg5c3vh5rmu3lgf3oqglma

Legal Education in the Blockchain Revolution

Mark Fenwick, Wulf A. Kaal, Erik P. M. Vermeulen
2017 Social Science Research Network  
In a P2P network, each computer or user is called a "node" and collectively they comprise a P2P network of nodes.  ...  Interplanetary File System is a protocol designed to create a permanent and decentralised method of storing and sharing files.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2939127 fatcat:7jvxzzixazf77hpevogzuuwtn4

Storage Tradeoffs in a Collaborative Backup Service for Mobile Devices

Ludovic Courtes, Marc-olivier Killijian, David Powell
2006 2006 Sixth European Dependable Computing Conference  
b) P2P file system A generation of P2P applications uses the promising DHT-based overlay networks.  ...  Of course, similar techniques are used by revision control systems [26] or network file systems [29] .  ...  par rapport à k [12] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/edcc.2006.26 dblp:conf/edcc/CourtesKP06 fatcat:tcpc3n54zfblpi6pcflna7dgfy

Access control for local personal smart spaces

Brian Greaves, Marijke Coetzee
2015 2015 Information Security for South Africa (ISSA)  
Access control is dependent on a number of system factors for its operation and is enforced in both centralised and decentralised system.  ...  Each node is responsible for managing its own interactions with other nodes. In a p2p environment a node is therefore both a server and client when needed (Pandurangan et al., 2003) .  ... 
doi:10.1109/issa.2015.7335056 dblp:conf/issa/GreavesC15 fatcat:hdyghge7djhnxp2wr4ukcqi2ri

Innovative Business Models to Foster Transition

Niall Dunphy, Breffní Lennon, Estibaliz Sanvicente, Suzi Tart, Daniele Kielmanoicz, John Morrissey
2018 Zenodo  
The objective being to facilitate stakeholders (whether suppliers or consumers of energy) to shape and progressively interact with the energy system to effectively deliver a low-carbon system.  ...  ., 2018) and public-private partnerships as a means of addressing issues such as public acceptance, split incentives, risk sharing, etc.  ...  a meaningful and proactive way.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3479235 fatcat:wyb77rhdvvainivzofidvv2g4m

Teaching Resilience: Enabling Factors for Effective Responses to COVID-19

Alex Baumber, Lucy Allen, Tyler Key, Giedre Kligyte, Jacqueline Melvold, Susanne Pratt
2021 Student Success  
Aside from offering a testing ground for innovative teaching strategies, the pandemic has also provided an opportunity to better understand the pre-existing conditions that enable higher education systems  ...  These results show that resilience frameworks developed by previous scholars are relevant to university teaching systems and offer guidance on which system features require protection and strengthening  ...  regular fashion Leadership Leaders who recognise barriers and enablers to resilience and seek to manage these proactively Trust Trust enables people to collaborate effectively in the presence of uncertainty  ... 
doi:10.5204/ssj.1773 fatcat:pbmviohvuvavbnrshpusqw6pum
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