Filters








62 Hits in 4.6 sec

Page 362 of Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Vol. 18, Issue 3 [page]

2006 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Word recognition in a phonemic dyslexic patient. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 27, 187-199 Shallice, T., Warrington, E. K., & McCarthy, R. (1983). Reading without semantics.  ...  Frequency and consistency effects in a pure surface dyslexic patient. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 23, 1217-1231 Patterson, K., & Hodges, J. R. (1992).  ... 

Is phonological dyslexia in Japanese patients a selective impairment of reading aloud kana nonwords?
音韻失読では仮名非語の音読だけが選択的に障害されるのか?

Asuka Kato, Takao Fushimi, Takako Shinkai, Itaru Tatsumi, Mitsuru Yamamoto
2006 Higher Brain Function Research  
Japanese Kanji. J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. phonology from the interplay of speech comprehension and production ; A distributed connectionist approach. In : The emergence of language eds. B.  ...  . & Marcel, A. : Phonological ALEXIA or PHONOLOGICAL Alexia? In : Analytic Approaches to Human Cognition eds. Alegria, J., Holender, D., Junca de Morais, J., et al. .  ...  Abstract Is phonological dyslexia in Japanese patients a selective impairment of reading aloud kana nonwords?  ... 
doi:10.2496/hbfr.26.189 fatcat:5wvujc52s5hqfgvs33w6nzfrmu

Surface dyslexia in a Japanese patient with semantic dementia: evidence for similarity-based orthography-to-phonology translation

Takao Fushimi, Kenjiro Komori, Manabu Ikeda, Karalyn Patterson, Mutsuo Ijuin, Hirotaka Tanabe
2003 Neuropsychologia  
We studied the reading performance of a Japanese-speaking patient, TI, with bilateral but asymmetrical (left more than right) temporal-lobe atrophy, severe anomia, and poor word comprehension.  ...  Most Japanese kanji characters correspond to several different legitimate pronunciations in different contexts, with varying degrees of correspondence consistency.  ...  Acknowledgements We are grateful to Dr. Naruhiko Maki for taking responsibility for TI's medical care while MI (the third author) was on study leave in Cambridge, UK.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0028-3932(03)00108-8 pmid:12887989 fatcat:xoeaf6te2vewddoot3ada2qrna

When words fail us: insights into language processing from developmental and acquired disorders

D. V. M. Bishop, K. Nation, K. Patterson
2013 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
We thank Fiona Duff and David Plaut for insightful comments on an earlier draft of this paper.  ...  and an alternative approach informed by connectionist modelling.  ...  Some background: traditional approaches to acquired and developmental language disorders (a) Acquired disorders One focus of cognitive neuropsychology has been to identify different levels of representation  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2012.0403 pmid:24324244 pmcid:PMC3866430 fatcat:6ykqdwrxi5flpbrrsb32jkyc3y

Understanding normal and impaired word reading: Computational principles in quasi-regular domains

David C. Plaut, James L. McClelland, Mark S. Seidenberg, Karalyn Patterson
1996 Psychological review  
We develop a connectionist approach to processing in quasi-regular domains, as exemplified by English word reading.  ...  A mathematical analysis of the effects of word frequency and spelling-sound consistency in a related but simpler system serves to clarify the close relationship of these factors in influencing naming latencies  ...  In those studies, the regular consistent words are the control words for the exception words. In addition, each regular inconsistent word shares a body with some exception word.  ... 
doi:10.1037//0033-295x.103.1.56 fatcat:5kaftsrti5aotgylqbkixzpnre

Using Parallel Distributed Processing Models to Simulate Phonological Dyslexia: The Key Role of Plasticity-related Recovery

Stephen R. Welbourne, Matthew A. Lambon Ralph
2007 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
The pattern of errors that one expects to see in patients suffering from phonological dyslexia is very different from that observed in surface dyslexic patients.  ...  Under this approach, patient perform- ance is assumed to be the combined result of brain damage and plasticity-related recovery.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2007.19.7.1125 pmid:17583989 fatcat:3pevbkskkndz5lpipjp5wszzp4

Developmental Dyslexia and Dysgraphia: What can We Learn from the One About the Other?

Diana Döhla, Stefan Heim
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
A comparison of definitions in the DSM-V and ICD-10 complemented by an overview of the most recent German guideline ought to give the reader deeper insight into this topic.  ...  Presenting a comprehensive overview of the current state of the art in developmental dyslexia and dysgraphia, this paper aims to determine how far existing knowledge about the causes of developmental dyslexia  ...  Furthermore, the ICD-10 names a "disorder in mathematics" (F81.2) and a combined disorder of academic skills that includes a "disorder in mathematic skills, reading and writing." (F81.3).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.02045 pmid:26858664 pmcid:PMC4726782 fatcat:eeykznvrtrha3jc3iypi2yiije

Understanding normal and impaired word reading: Computational principles in quasi-regular domains

David C. Plaut, James L. McClelland, Mark S. Seidenberg, Karalyn Patterson
1996 Psychological review  
We develop a connectionist approach to processing in quasi-regular domains, as exemplified by English word reading.  ...  A mathematical analysis of the effects of word frequency and spelling-sound consistency in a related but simpler system serves to clarify the close relationship of these factors in influencing naming latencies  ...  This presents a problem because the empirical finding of consistency effects in naming latencies is one of the main motivations of a connectionist approach to word reading.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0033-295x.103.1.56 pmid:8650300 fatcat:4bzvrheqqrb35bpckrvrrzix6a

Semantic loss without surface dyslexia

Matthew A. Lambon Ralph, Andrew W. Ellis, Sue Franklin
1995 Neurocase  
This study was conducted while M.A.L.R. was in receipt of a studentship from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.  ...  We would like to thank Dr Linda Brown for her kind assistance, the statf at the day service that DC attended, and in particular we thank DC for her patience i n completing our study with her.  ...  Introduction In a series of recent papers, Patterson, Hodges and their colleagues have reported a number of patients who show a combination of semantic impairment and a particular form of reading disorder  ... 
doi:10.1080/13554799508402380 fatcat:yftz6oyvajdazfmqwjvynxxwbu

Semantic Loss without Surface Dyslexia

M. A. Lambon
1995 Neurocase  
This study was conducted while M.A.L.R. was in receipt of a studentship from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.  ...  We would like to thank Dr Linda Brown for her kind assistance, the statf at the day service that DC attended, and in particular we thank DC for her patience i n completing our study with her.  ...  Introduction In a series of recent papers, Patterson, Hodges and their colleagues have reported a number of patients who show a combination of semantic impairment and a particular form of reading disorder  ... 
doi:10.1093/neucas/1.4.363 fatcat:lnsxpf4yubd4bdmgx7t2xmebny

Semantic loss without surface dyslexia

M. A. Lambon
1995 Neurocase  
This study was conducted while M.A.L.R. was in receipt of a studentship from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.  ...  We would like to thank Dr Linda Brown for her kind assistance, the statf at the day service that DC attended, and in particular we thank DC for her patience i n completing our study with her.  ...  Introduction In a series of recent papers, Patterson, Hodges and their colleagues have reported a number of patients who show a combination of semantic impairment and a particular form of reading disorder  ... 
doi:10.1093/neucas/1.4.363-a fatcat:rk4vryxspjelvpcoejw3cby46y

How Psychological Science Informs the Teaching of Reading

Keith Rayner, Barbara R. Foorman, Charles A. Perfetti, David Pesetsky, Mark S. Seidenberg
2001 Psychological Science in the Public Interest  
neuroscience on skilled reading, and connectionist models of learning to read.  ...  From these different sources of evidence, two inescapable conclusions emerge: (a) Mastering the alphabetic principle (that written symbols are associated with phonemes) is essential to becoming proficient  ...  We are particularly grateful to Roddy Roediger, Michele Nathan, and Jane Ashby for their extraordinary feedback and very helpful suggestions for revision.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1529-1006.00004 pmid:26151366 fatcat:fuktaygbsjfqpgek6xnifjka4e

The language machine: Psycholinguistics in review

Gerry T. M. Altmann
2001 British Journal of Psychology  
It then moves to a selection of current topics in psycholinguistics, beginning with the language abilities of newborn infants, and moving on from how infants represent the speech they hear to how they  ...  Since the linguistic revolution of the mid-1960s, the eld has broadened to encompass a wide range of topics and disciplines.A selection of these is reviewed here, starting with a brief overview of the  ...  They are not responsible for errors of omission, which are my own, and are sadly inevitable given the size of the eld, the large number of contributors to the literature, and inevitable constraints on  ... 
doi:10.1348/000712601162130 pmid:11256761 fatcat:plffhx5aqbaqldi4difaapfh6u

日本語かな文節解析に関わる神経資源(<特集>音声科学の最前線 : C/Dモデルその音声学・音形論への衝撃)
Neural Correlates for Parsing Japanese Kana Phrases(Adventures in Speech Science: Focus on the C/D Model and Its Impact on Phonetics & Phonology)

Atsushi HOSOKAWA, Satoshi IMAIZUMI, Toshitaka HORIUCHI
2015 Journal of the Phonetic Society of Japan  
Morpheme segmentatien is a core function in cognitiye neura] processing ef spoken as well as written sentences, This study inyestigated if morpheme parsing fbr Japanese Kana phrases, in whieh multiple  ...  Tb avoid conscious attention en phrase mcanings, a short term memory task was pcrformed by 28 healthy volunteers, in which each participantjudged ifa specified chaTacter existed or net in a previously-displayed  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 24320081, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B).  ... 
doi:10.24467/onseikenkyu.19.2_100 fatcat:5x6c2qywwzfszhftzwznjalguu

コネクショニスト・アプローチ
Connectionist approach

Mutsuo Ijuin
Japanese Journal of Neuropsychology  
A connectionist approach to naming disorders of Japanese in dyslexic patients. Proceedings of the 6th.  ...  The Architecture of Mind: A Connectionist Approach. ed by Posner M. In Foundations of Cognitive Science. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press; 1989. p.133-159.麻生英樹 (MS, McClelland JL.  ... 
doi:10.20584/neuropsychology.17040 fatcat:zo5g6njbyrcgdmduneko4uqlmq
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 62 results