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A computational theory of awareness and decision making

Nikhil R. Devanur, Lance Fortnow
2009 Proceedings of the 11th Conference on Theoretical Aspects of Rationality and Knowledge - TARK '09  
We show the usefulness of computational awareness by showing how it relates to decision making, and how others can manipulate our decision making with appropriate advertising, in particular, we show connections  ...  We exhibit a new computational-based definition of awareness, informally that our level of unawareness of an object is the amount of time needed to generate that object within a certain environment.  ...  Their paper [CF08] and subsequent discussions exhibited the need for a new computational-based definition of awareness that eventually led to the model described here.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1562814.1562830 dblp:conf/tark/DevanurF09 fatcat:zjdehbvnwrecpplx32cht5h5ca

A Cognition-Driven Decision Support System: FACETS [chapter]

Li Niu, Jie Lu, Guangquan Zhang
2009 Studies in Computational Intelligence  
mmlc:ls and the performance of decision tnal-;ing: good SA and mental models are \"Cl"\ lii-;ely to lead to ·good decisions and ultim<ttcl; good performance.  ...  Situ~llion awareness ( S,-\ 1 and mental models. as t \\·o ke) concepts in ·cognitive psychology. are important for g ill-structurc:d problems and •· making effective clecisiuns.  ...  Naturalistic decision-making Naturalistic decision-making and classical decision-making Naturalistic decision-making (NDM), a kind of decision-making theory, is under the umbrella of decision theory.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-03208-0_9 fatcat:e7gidvpzdfc6bimrhko2doajpi

A Rule-based Service Customization Strategy for Smart Home Context-Aware Automation

Z. Meng, J. Lu
2016 IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing  
This work presents a rule-based service customization strategy which employs a semantic distance-based rule matching method for context-aware service decision making and a Rough Set Theory-based rule generation  ...  The continuous technical progress of the smartphone built-in modules and embedded sensing techniques has created chances for context-aware automation and decision support in home environments.  ...  According to this theory, a rule-based context-aware service customization strategy is therefore proposed: (1) The context-aware computing system is regarded as a decision information system, where the  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmc.2015.2424427 fatcat:hjnj54ghz5c6xeqa5ksqhusgii

Recent Advances in Learning Theory

Weihui Dai, Wlodzislaw Duch, Abdul Hanan Abdullah, Dongrong Xu, Ye-Sho Chen
2015 Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience  
Acknowledgments We are grateful to the editors for hosting this special issue and many thanks are due to the staff for their precious advice during the editorial process of the special issue.  ...  The paper titled "P300 and Decision Making under Risk and Ambiguity" by L. Wang et al. used ERPs to clarify and extend the current understanding of decision-making under risk and with ambiguity.  ...  This paper provided further understanding of brain mechanism in decision-making, which may be helpful in the design of humanoid robots based on machine learning theory.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2015/395948 pmid:26649035 pmcid:PMC4663317 fatcat:3vsdzsb6nvd2nhecbtbqbpsqce

Reference list [chapter]

S4Game Consortium
2021 Zenodo  
Reference list of Part 1 of the Handbook of soft skills training using virtual reality and serious games for surgical teams in the operating room  ...  Entertainment Computing, 2, 69-74. doi: 10.1016/j.entcom.2010.12.002 Croskerry P. (2005). The theory and practice of clinical decision-making.  ...  Judgment and decision making.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5216224 fatcat:votnpon6wfbf5focdf3adjzm2a

A Context-Aware Phone Communication Strategy Based on Availability of Callee

Guangxing Liu, Qingsheng Zhang
2011 2011 3rd International Workshop on Intelligent Systems and Applications  
Along with the development of pervasive computing and sensor technology, context information of user can be sensed, inferred from pervasive environment.  ...  For the minimum of callee's decision burden from the proposed communication strategy, we use rough set theory to extract callee's phone communication pattern for the automatic phone communication decision  ...  Caller knows the context of callee and makes a communication decision.  ... 
doi:10.1109/isa.2011.5873308 fatcat:cnfp4jsxtnaflm5ocepi2ij7oi

Table of Contents

2020 IEEE Intelligent Systems  
Yang, and Bin Song 36 S pecial Issue on Situation Awareness in Intelligent Human- Computer Interaction for Time Critical Decision Making 3  ...  Wei Wei, Jinsong Wu, and Chunsheng ZhuSpecial Issue on Situation Awareness in Human Computer Interaction 54 A daptive Learning in Electricity Market Negotiations Based on Determinism Theory Tiago  ... 
doi:10.1109/mis.2020.2969606 fatcat:7r2j25ql35grhcrff3jwhxabcq

A Review of Computation Offloading For Mobile Cloud Computing Based On Fuzzy Set Theory
English

Khalida Khalid, Elissa Nadia Madi
2020 International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technoloy  
Based on the comprehensive review of the related papers, this study focuses on a technique that utilised fuzzy set theory in the offloading computation.  ...  Besides, this paper highlights several challenges and issues which occur while implementing a fuzzy-based decision method in offloading computation.  ...  One of the applications of FST in decision theory is multi-criteria decision making (MCDM).  ... 
doi:10.14445/22315381/cati3p209 fatcat:q3mrgs7f2fh3haznphy7y3ev64

Awareness as inference in a higher-order state space [article]

Stephen M. Fleming
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In this article I propose a computational framework that characterises awareness reports as metacognitive decisions (inference) about a generative model of perceptual content.  ...  This account is motivated from the perspective of how flexible hierarchical state spaces are built during learning and decision-making.  ...  Data availability Model and simulation code can be accessed at https://github.com/smfleming/HOSS.  ... 
arXiv:1906.00728v3 fatcat:gm7i7uhq4zbyveg63ucf5btawm

Rational Decision-Making in Inhibitory Control

Pradeep Shenoy, Angela J. Yu
2011 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
My lab works on projects related to a range of cognitive functions, including attention, decision-making, learning, adaptation, cognitive control, and active sensing.  ...  Computational and mathematical modeling of neural processes underlying cognitive functions, such as decision-making, selective attention, planning, and active vision; in conjunction with human behavioral  ...  Yu, A J (2014). Decision Making Tasks. Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience. Springer. Zhang, S, Huang, H, & Yu, A J (2014).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2011.00048 pmid:21647306 pmcid:PMC3103997 fatcat:w6v6qnfl3jclxipx5qdatw7n6i

The interaction between reasoning and decision making: an introduction

P Johnson-Laird
1993 Cognition  
Some lessons from the study of reasoning and decision making A significant lesson from the study of reasoning is that theories of mental processes should be computable, that is, sufficiently explicit that  ...  ); investigators of decision making are often more concerned with what the mind is doing than with how it is doing it, that is, with specifying a computable account of ).  ... 
doi:10.1016/0010-0277(93)90033-r pmid:8287670 fatcat:r5pvrvwlfzgzzmjol6nwg3re4e

Using situational awareness for adaptive decision making in agent-based simulation

Okan Topcu
2017 2017 Winter Simulation Conference (WSC)  
Therefore, the result of the decision making process is mostly related to the agent's situational awareness and its adaptation to the new context and situation of the environment.  ...  Specifically, an existing adaptive decision making architecture, which is based on the deliberative coherence theory, is adopted to be driven by situational awareness.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND DISCLAIMER This work has been supported and funded by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey under grant 114E008.  ... 
doi:10.1109/wsc.2017.8247873 dblp:conf/wsc/Topcu17 fatcat:rkhr4am2izfkzphg6evogz5bq4

Page 574 of Human Resources Abstracts Vol. 33, Issue 4 [page]

1998 Human Resources Abstracts  
Sociomedical models and the epistemology of risk: the shortcom- ings of the medical decision-making research. Journal of Health and Social Policy 9(4):31-49 1998. DECISION MAKING. DECISION THEORY.  ...  By examining sociomedical decision-making models with regard to underlying theory of human action and epistemological assumption, the similarity of various models is shown.  ... 

Deriving the Practice-Primed Decision Model from a naturalistic decision-making perspective for acute care nursing research

Christine W. Nibbelink, Pamela G. Reed
2019 Applied Nursing Research  
The purpose of this article is to present the derivation of the Practice Primed Decision Model from a naturalistic decision-making framework for use in guiding future nursing decision-making research.  ...  The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.  ...  Acknowledgments Source of Funding This publication was supported by the National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number T15LM011271.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.apnr.2019.01.003 pmid:30853070 pmcid:PMC6414081 fatcat:tmxzahpzcnbxdphrmhtrjwwxry

Page 51 of Human Resources Abstracts Vol. 32, Issue 1 [page]

1997 Human Resources Abstracts  
A second type of intervention is human computer interfaces and other decision supports.  ...  The decision making of one scene commander in an offshore crisis is discussed with reference to theories of naturalistic decision making, with par- ticular reference to recognition-primed decision making  ... 
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