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How design notations affect the comprehension of Web applications

Filippo Ricca, Massimiliano Di Penta, Marco Torchiano, Paolo Tonella, Mariano Ceccato
2007 Journal of Software Maintenance and Evolution Research and Practice  
When we look at a Web page class in a model, there is confusion on which operations are executed on the server and which are executed on the client.  ...  Results indicate that the use of the WAE notation significantly improves the level of comprehension, although it does not increase the time needed to perform the comprehension task in a significant way  ...  After working on a comprehension task in the first lab, subjects were better able to quickly analyze a system by looking at diagrams and at the source code.  ... 
doi:10.1002/smr.357 fatcat:plguxltsanevlgnmfmlpogytta

The changing role of vocational education and training in Europe: Concepts and Models

Jörg Markowitsch, Philipp Grollmann
2019 Zenodo  
Building upon this framework we introduce a two-dimensional model to describe trajectories of national VET systems.  ...  The article presents a synopsis of key concepts and models developed in the course of a comprehensive comparative research project carried out for Cedefop which analysed changes of vocational education  ...  Nevertheless, when we look at VET a Nordic Model of VET is not visible (compare Figure 2 ).  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2641816 fatcat:p2yrnz7nyvd6xpd7pz2lt7zgcu

A Uniform Integrated Reasoning Approach Based on User, Context and Service Models for Context-Aware Service

Hong Ling, Peiqiang Tan, Zhengchuan Xu, Tao Dong
2007 International Conference on the Management of Mobile Business (ICMB 2007)  
meta-data for a software information system; The domain level is the particular environment in the real world in which the user is modeled.  ...  Looking-Up: system looks up relevant services type which can satisfy the user's needs; 3) Solution Selecting: system makes a cost-andbenefit analysis between candidates of each service type based on user  ...  meta-data for a software information system; The domain level is the particular environment in the real world in which the user is modeled.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icmb.2007.5 dblp:conf/icmb/LingTXD07 fatcat:tluushrwwvfmdf3zthsy67h3xq

An empirical study of requirements model understanding

Irit Hadar, Tsvi Kuflik, Anna Perini, Iris Reinhartz-Berger, Filippo Ricca, Angelo Susi
2010 Proceedings of the 2010 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing - SAC '10  
The objective is to evaluate different levels of comprehension of requirements models expressed in both methods, as well as to estimate the time required to perform simple analysis tasks using both methods  ...  Preliminary results show that Tropos models seem to be more comprehensible, although more time consuming, than Use Case models to novice requirements analysts.  ...  We took a closer look at the results, separating the three different comprehension levels (the first 3 rows in table 2).  ... 
doi:10.1145/1774088.1774569 dblp:conf/sac/HadarKPRRS10 fatcat:ib34je7tczcxnauaqln6wkg32y

Independent validation of Swarm Level 2 magnetic field products and 'Quick Look' for Level 1b data

Ciarán D. Beggan, Susan Macmillan, Brian Hamilton, Alan W. P. Thomson
2013 Earth, Planets and Space  
In addition, the L2PS also produces a daily set of 'Quick Look' output graphics and statistics to monitor the overall quality of Level 1b data issued by ESA.  ...  ), through the Level 2 Processor (L2PS).  ...  We thank Alexey Kushinov, Vincent Lesur and a third anonymous reviewer for their comments on improving the draft manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.5047/eps.2013.08.004 fatcat:wptezafqybbofa4cimwumjhtke

Mapping a sequence diagram to the related code: Cognitive levels expressed by developers

David A. McMeekin, Brian R. von Konsky, Elizabeth Chang, David J.A. Cooper
2009 2009 7th IEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics  
Results indicate that applying the usage-based reading technique to map a sequence diagram to the underlying code, facilitates a developer to operate at the Knowledge and Comprehension levels of Bloom's  ...  cognitive taxonomy, but does not facilitate sustaining it at the Analysis level.  ...  Looking at Figure 1 and Figure 2 it can be seen that the participants operated at the Knowledge and Comprehension levels for the majority of the time.  ... 
doi:10.1109/indin.2009.5195818 fatcat:dvmg5rdqhbg3boi32kktjamkne

Do people use language production to make predictions during comprehension?

Martin J. Pickering, Simon Garrod
2007 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
We present the case that language comprehension involves making simultaneous predictions at different linguistic levels and that these predictions are generated by the language production system.  ...  Such a process helps to explain the rapidity of comprehension and the robust interpretation of ambiguous or noisy input.  ...  Martin Pickering acknowledges the support of a British Academy Research Readership.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2006.12.002 pmid:17254833 fatcat:b5em2lqcojasnknru4znj5ml5i

Contextual speech rate influences morphosyntactic prediction and integration

Greta Kaufeld, Wibke Naumann, Antje S. Meyer, Hans Rutger Bosker, Andrea E. Martin
2019 Language, Cognition and Neuroscience  
In the current study, we used eye-tracking (visual-world paradigm) to examine how contextual speech rate (a lower-level, perceptual cue) and morphosyntactic knowledge (a higher-level, linguistic cue) are  ...  multiple sources of information to draw inferences and generate predictions during speech comprehension.  ...  Additionally, the model included a fixed effect of Lag, capturing the binomial looks to the feminine picture at the previous sample (1 = yes, 0 = no).  ... 
doi:10.1080/23273798.2019.1701691 fatcat:remt5b4mpbhf3m3nh7eutsdhmi

Towards the Issue of Matrix Mapping of the Translation Process

Irina Remkhe, Liliya Nefyodova
2015 Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences  
Every level is presented with certain cognitive mechanisms, i.e. identification, simultaneous or successive processing, reframing, conceptual correspondence, making a coherent text and reaching communicative  ...  This paper analyses the issue of a cognitive model of translation as a matrix structure that provides a new perspective for mapping the translation process. This research is based on J.  ...  The research is funded by the Russian Humanitarian Science Foundation Program "Analog Cognitive Processes of the Language-Oriented and Creative Activities of a Person" Project 15-04-00455.  ... 
doi:10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n6s5p56 fatcat:5xwhrjqcrjhkvnvnpvrjdgd2sy

Page 634 of Journal of Philosophy of Education Vol. 34, Issue 4 [page]

2000 Journal of Philosophy of Education  
First we should have to decide whether neutrality should be applied at the system level or at the school level.  ...  If we wish schooling to be neutral at the system level, we would encourage a diversity of schools reflecting different reasonable comprehensive doctrines.  ... 

Strides in the technology of systems physiology and the art of testing complex hypotheses

J B Bassingthwaighte
1987 Federation proceedings  
investigator to understand the effects of controllers at the molecular level on overall cell or organism behavior.  ...  Modern computing power is such that comprehensive models can now be constructed and tested.  ...  Another way of looking at this is shown in Fig. 5 .  ... 
pmid:3297794 pmcid:PMC4132062 fatcat:5mdi5ls3pbgg7def5656ssstbu

Automated analysis and verification of agent behavior

Tibor Bosse, Dung N. Lam, K. Suzanne Barber
2006 Proceedings of the fifth international joint conference on Autonomous agents and multiagent systems - AAMAS '06  
The Tracer Tool ensures that the user's comprehension of the system behavior is accurate and provides explanations of anomalous behavior, which can be detected as a failed behavioral property by the TTL  ...  system.  ...  The authors are grateful to Jan Treur for his constructive comments, and to David Han for the development and analysis of the agents in the UAV system.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1160633.1160876 dblp:conf/atal/BosseLB06 fatcat:jg7b44ycrngqlnw3y5aw7rql5q

Measuring text readability with machine comprehension: a pilot study

Marc Benzahra, François Yvon
2019 Proceedings of the Fourteenth Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications  
We thus expect a strong correlation between readability levels on the one hand, and performance of automatic reading systems on the other hand.  ...  This article studies the relationship between text readability levels and automatic machine understanding systems.  ...  If we now look at the variance of completion rates across difficulty levels, the overall picture is less clear.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w19-4443 dblp:conf/bea/BenzahraY19 fatcat:3tudsfoxnnfjtffh27wck5kd3e

Integralidade na percepção dos trabalhadores de uma Unidade Básica de Saúde da Família

Ísis Fernanda dos Santos Lima, Fernanda Senna Lobo, Karen Lidiane Bemfica de Oliveira Acioli, Zenaide Neto Aguiar
2012 Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP  
Em cada dimensão desvela-se a percepção da ausência ou presença desse princípio como norteador da atenção à saúde, problematizando-se os avanços e entraves vivenciados e os desafios da mudança do modelo  ...  O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar a percepção de trabalhadores da saúde acerca do princípio da integralidade.  ...  It's very difficult here, because there's something here called partiality and not comprehensiveness (...) When you talk about comprehensiveness, you look at a whole! at a single good (e 04).  ... 
doi:10.1590/s0080-62342012000400023 pmid:23018406 fatcat:2dffklbxynhepfstptn67dctxu

'Resilience thinking' in transport planning

Judith Y.T. Wang
2015 Civil engineering and environmental systems (Print)  
To define resilience in transportation, I trace back to the origin of resilience in ecology with a view of revealing the essence of resilience thinking and its relevance to transport planning.  ...  Based on the fundamental concepts of engineering resilience and ecological resilience, I define "comprehensive resilience in transportation" as the quality that leads to recovery, reliability and sustainability  ...  Let us first look at the similarities between transportation systems and ecological systems.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10286608.2015.1014810 fatcat:zgbowb5lvjdgnonzz557ajvyva
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