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Measuring Interdisciplinary Research Categories and Knowledge Transfer: A Case Study of Connections between Cognitive Science and Education

Alan L. Porter, Stephen F. Carley, Caitlin Cassidy, Jan Youtie, David J. Schoeneck, Seokbeom Kwon, Gregg E. A. Solomon
2019 Perspectives on Science  
This is a "bottom-up" paper in the sense that it draws lessons in defining disciplinary categories under study from a series of empirical studies of interdisciplinarity.  ...  This has posed a set of design decisions that we believe warrant consideration as others study cross-disciplinary research processes.  ...  Conversely, for some research purposes, simpler measures may be cleaner for getting a sense of interdisciplinary "reach."  ... 
doi:10.1162/posc_a_00317 fatcat:tzz5srtwvzgfvi7uqpj33bbbdy

Approaches to understanding and measuring interdisciplinary scientific research (IDR): A review of the literature

Caroline S. Wagner, J. David Roessner, Kamau Bobb, Julie Thompson Klein, Kevin W. Boyack, Joann Keyton, Ismael Rafols, Katy Börner
2011 Journal of Informetrics  
Acknowledgements The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the National Science Foundation for this review, particularly the guidance of Lawrence Burton of the Social Behavioral, and Economics  ...  The work by Katy Börner is partially supported by the James S. McDonnell Foundation.  ...  This literature review began with a narrow search for quantitative measures of the output of IDR that could contribute to indicators, but the authors expanded the scope of the review as it became clear  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.joi.2010.06.004 fatcat:nv2z4jk6nndjzexzchkhywmmqy

Does Interdisciplinary Research Lead to Higher Citation Impact? The Different Effect of Proximal and Distal Interdisciplinarity

Alfredo Yegros-Yegros, Ismael Rafols, Pablo D'Este, Wolfgang Glanzel
2015 PLoS ONE  
We operationalise interdisciplinarity as disciplinary diversity in the references of a publication, and rather than treating interdisciplinarity as a monodimensional property, we investigate the separate  ...  draw on a relatively proximal range of fields, as distal interdisciplinary research might be too risky and more likely to fail.  ...  The findings and observations Author Contributions Conceived and designed the experiments: AYY IR PD. Performed the experiments: AYY IR PD. Analyzed the data: AYY IR PD.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0135095 pmid:26266805 pmcid:PMC4534379 fatcat:3e5f44vg4fdwrgcl2npae467aq

The Structure of Distributed Scientific Research Teams Affects Collaboration and Research Output

Sarah Gehlert, Jung Ae Lee, Jeff Gill, Graham Colditz, Ruth Patterson, Kathryn Schmitz, Linda Nebeling, Frank Hu, Dale McLerran, Diana Lowry, Mark Thornquist
2017 Transdisciplinary Journal of Engineering & Science  
We found that the network structure of a team science project affects the nature and rate of publications, implying that funded projects vary in research output based on how investigators interact with  ...  survey data to measure collaboration across investigators, disciplines, and sites to measure structural determinants of research success. 116 investigators in the five sites of the NIH-funded U54 Transdisciplinary  ...  Introduction Current approaches to biomedical research rely increasingly on cross-disciplinary collaboration.  ... 
doi:10.22545/2017/00083 fatcat:yzgfvrpjbrfzvgnrjjhimnxxsa

Interdisciplinarity as a multidimensional concept: its measure in three different research areas

Luis Sanz-Menéndez, María Bordons, M Angeles Zulueta
2001 Research Evaluation  
The third dimension refers to the cognitive inputs and outputs of the research activity and focuses on the diversity of subjects of the journals used for publication and for reference by the research teams  ...  research teams, or as a process of specialization in field traditionally dominated by a single group of disciplinary backgrounds, in which researchers from different areas join the research teams.  ...  Acknowledgements Funding for this research was provided by the CICYT through the III National R&D Plan (SEC97-1375).  ... 
doi:10.3152/147154401781777123 fatcat:4mp4kgvyfnechfgsozbc5bfa2e

Assessing research network and disciplinary engagement changes induced by an NSF program

J. G. Garner, A. L. Porter, N. C. Newman, T. A. Crowl
2012 Research Evaluation  
To assess the success of the National Science Foundation's Research Coordination Network (RCN) program, a set of publication measures and visualization tools were used to determine how effective the program  ...  Diffusion scores (a new metric) showed that the diversity of articles citing RCN-related articles was similar to those citing control group research.  ...  Each of these measures ranges from 0 (e.g., for Integration, all of the references cited by a given research output fall in a single SC) to 1 (maximal diversity of those cited references).  ... 
doi:10.1093/reseval/rvs004 fatcat:c36syqxl5vdalkut6hri7gjei4

Cognitive Distance and Research Output in Computing Education: A Case-Study

Damian A. Tamburri, Giuliano Casale
2019 IEEE Transactions on Education  
The current organisational structures for doctoral education lead to a stagnation of cross-disciplinary collaboration, generally leading to irrelevant research. Background.  ...  communities hinders the quality and variety of research outputs.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors' work is partially supported by the European Commission grant no. 644869 (H2020 -Call 1), DICE.  ... 
doi:10.1109/te.2018.2868551 fatcat:6yfjhs3vafgadc7chxe3zhczcu

Profiles and beyond: constructing consensus on measuring research output in communication sciences

Carole Probst, Benedetto Lepori, Daniela De Filippo, Diana Ingenhoff
2011 Research Evaluation  
Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the Swiss Society of Communication and Media Science for its participation in the project, as well as the Rector's Conference of Swiss Universities and the  ...  <http://www.esf.org/research-areas/humanities/erih-europeanreference-index-for-the-humanities.html>, last accessed 2 November 2010.  ...  to be sensitive to disciplinary and national differences and to take into account the diversity of functions of research groups (Archambault et al, 2006) .  ... 
doi:10.3152/095820211x12941371876102 fatcat:purffvqck5ah7ivnciolkwlqgq

Tracking the evolution of waste recycling research using overlay maps of science

Gaizka Garechana, Rosa Rio, Ernesto Cilleruelo, Javier Gavilanes
2012 Waste Management  
research organisations, and may result in researchers becoming more compliant with disciplinary authority over time.  ...  top journals in the Association of Business Schools' rankings span a less diverse set of disciplines than lower-ranked journals; (iii) this results in a more favourable assessment of the performance of  ...  The findings and observations contained in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funders.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2012.01.017 pmid:22342638 fatcat:2y6cbr5lhjemfp6nvon43pxada

How journal rankings can suppress interdisciplinary research: A comparison between Innovation Studies and Business & Management

Ismael Rafols, Loet Leydesdorff, Alice O'Hare, Paul Nightingale, Andy Stirling
2012 Research Policy  
research organisations, and may result in researchers becoming more compliant with disciplinary authority over time.  ...  top journals in the Association of Business Schools' rankings span a less diverse set of disciplines than lower-ranked journals; (iii) this results in a more favourable assessment of the performance of  ...  The findings and observations contained in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funders.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.respol.2012.03.015 fatcat:7ukpwda7zvhmzduckfq6ctnf2m

Is science becoming more interdisciplinary? Measuring and mapping six research fields over time

Alan L. Porter, Ismael Rafols
2009 Scientometrics  
The combination of metrics and overlay science maps provides general benchmarks for future studies of interdisciplinary research characteristics.  ...  In the last two decades there have been studies claiming that science is becoming ever more interdisciplinary. However, the evidence has been anecdotal or partial.  ...  Operationalization of an interdisciplinary measure (the Integration index or disciplinary diversity) 2.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11192-008-2197-2 fatcat:zsyriy5nuvb25bxc6m7taxj73y

Practical research proposal and publication profiling

Alan L Porter, David J Schoeneck, David Roessner, Jon Garner
2010 Research Evaluation  
We explore "before vs. after" research patterns to examine whether this research support altered teaming and cross-disciplinary exchanges. evaluators can use research profiling to understand the role of  ...  Here we profile a set of 123 National Science Foundation educational research awards.  ...  To determine how interdisciplinary the researchers are, we applied a tested measure of integration of knowledge to the 91 proposals, and found them to be quite interdisciplinary (diverse), consistent with  ... 
doi:10.3152/095820210x492512 fatcat:tghpzmw6sjdohpwf74ftbjzbka

Interdisciplinarity and research on local issues: evidence from a developing country [article]

Diego Chavarro, Puay Tang, Ismael Rafols
2014 arXiv   pre-print
In particular, our results suggest that research that combines cognitively disparate disciplines, what we refer to as distal interdisciplinarity, tends to be associated with more local focus of research  ...  We discuss the implications of these results in the context of policies aiming to foster the local socio-economic impact of research in developing countries.  ...  The findings and observations contained in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.  ... 
arXiv:1304.6742v3 fatcat:bslgssmvwzftpc6d6qlxkdarce

Measuring researcher interdisciplinarity

Alan L. Porter, Alex S. Cohen, J. David Roessner, Marty Perreault
2007 Scientometrics  
"Integration" measures the extent to which a research article cites diverse SCs.  ...  We offer two metrics that together help gauge how interdisciplinary a body of research is. Both draw upon Web of Knowledge Subject Categories (SCs) as key units of analysis.  ...  * We thank Kevin Boyack, Fernanda Morillo, and Ron Kostoff for reviewing an earlier version and providing very helpful feedback.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11192-007-1700-5 fatcat:hxzrarm2jzeybesfqxktavasxu

Do interdisciplinary research teams deliver higher gains to science?

Giovanni Abramo, Ciriaco Andrea D'Angelo, Flavia Di Costa
2017 Scientometrics  
The present paper takes its place in the stream of studies that analyze the effect of interdisciplinarity on the impact of research output.  ...  Unlike previous studies, in this study the interdisciplinarity of the publications is not inferred through their citing or cited references, but rather by identifying the authors' designated fields of  ...  First, the authors measured the disciplinary diversity in the references of a publication: variety (the number of WoS subject categories cited), balance (the distribution of references over WoS subject  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11192-017-2253-x fatcat:tu4tj5dkkbdgtkxmbhlci4t3ga
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