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A comparative study of cranial, blunt trauma fractures as seen at medicolegal autopsy and by Computed Tomography

Christina Jacobsen, Birthe H Bech, Niels Lynnerup
2009 BMC Medical Imaging  
Computed Tomography (CT) has become a widely used supplement to medico legal autopsies at several forensic institutes.  ...  The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic agreement between CT and autopsy regarding cranial fractures and especially the precision with which cranial fractures are recorded.  ...  Furthermore we would like to thank the forensic technicians and colleagues at the Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Copenhagen for their commitment and support.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1471-2342-9-18 pmid:19835570 pmcid:PMC2770453 fatcat:vguulo6ufjh5dhaptvwy6kpwnu

Fatal Road Traffic Vehicle Collisions With Pedestrian Victims

Vasiliki Chatzaraki, Michael J. Thali, Garyfalia Ampanozi, Wolf Schweitzer
2018 American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology  
In this retrospective study, a total number of 320 findings in a series of 21 pedestrians fatally hit by cars and trucks of both postmortem computed tomography and autopsy were correlated.  ...  In this retrospective study, a total number of 320 findings in a series of 21 pedestrians fatally hit by cars and trucks of both postmortem computed tomography and autopsy were correlated.  ...  A cademic and practical impact of postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) imaging is rising since more than a decade. 1 Postmortem computed tomography proves already to be an excellent tool to a medicolegal  ... 
doi:10.1097/paf.0000000000000382 pmid:29438138 fatcat:tujyebi42fh43g432ltsgb3aqe

Forensic investigation of cranial injuries due to blunt force trauma: current best practice

Elena Kranioti
2015 Research and Reports in Forensic Medical Science  
Blunt force trauma is one of the most common injuries encountered by the forensic pathologist in a variety of scenarios such as transportation fatalities, jumping or falling from heights, blast injuries  ...  This article aims to review the existing knowledge on the mechanism of cranial blunt force injuries and the associated fracture patterns in order to facilitate the interpretation of such injuries in skeletonized  ...  Acknowledgments The author would like to thank Professor Manolis Michalodimitrakis and Dr Despoina Nathena, Forensic Pathologists, Disclosure The author reports no conflicts of interest in this work  ... 
doi:10.2147/rrfms.s70423 fatcat:6md3nujlpnhyjdb3pmk3ml67ia

Isolated condylar fractures diagnosed by post mortem computed tomography

Aleksandra Borowska-Solonynko, Victoria Prokopowicz, Dorota Samojłowicz, Małgorzata Brzozowska, Jarosław Żyłkowski, Leszek Lombarski
2019 Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology  
The aim of this study was to determine the true frequency of OCFs using post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) in traumatic casualties.  ...  Due to their anatomical location, occipital condylar fractures (OCFs) are usually not observed during traditional autopsies and are therefore considered a rare injury.  ...  Acknowledgments Purchase of a 16-row Astelion CT scanner (Toshiba) was co-financed by the European Union from the European Regional Development Fund as part of Infrastructure and Environment Program.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12024-019-00104-7 fatcat:t2xan5t43rhrbdapcj5hauj2tu

Oral Autopsy – Dental Surgeon's Perspective

Sriraman Rajkumari
2021 Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences  
However, oral autopsy involving careful visual examination, imaging and laboratory methods can aid in solving the enigma associated with legal aspects of crime scene and death investigation.  ...  Autopsy is routinely performed by the coroner in all medico-legal cases but the dental expertise is rarely sought.  ...  Blunt and/or sharp force injuries Vehicle accidents causing cranial bone and mandible fracture 9.  ... 
doi:10.18311/jfds/12/1/2020.9 fatcat:jymca6osfvamzmk4owlxxqhoua

Evaluasi Radiologi pada Kasus Fraktur Basis Kranii

Irene Angelika, Eko Prasetyo
2021 Jurnal Biomedik : JBM  
by trauma with relatively high velocity, and are most frequently caused by a high-speed motor vehicle accident.  ...  study, one case report, one descriptive study and one comparative study.  ...  Peranan foto polos (2009) 3 fractures as seen cedera kepala Diagnosis patah tulang membaik selama pembacaan CT sangat terbatas yaitu hanya dapat digunakan untuk melihat at medicolegal scan kedua.  ... 
doi:10.35790/jbm.13.3.2021.33050 fatcat:4ctf5ke2lvgz3ercf2dfolsaji

Abstracts

2021 International journal of legal medicine (Print)  
We carried out a prospective study over a period of 03 months from June 1 to August 31, 2018.  ...  is to establish a provisional diagnosis of PTSD, the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) to identify depressive symptoms and assess their severity; and the Rosenberg scale to assess  ...  The general attorney asked for a medico-legal autopsy. Material and methods: A Post Mortem Computed Tomography (PMCT) was performed, but not checked, and followed by the autopsy.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00414-021-02613-z pmid:33991249 fatcat:5vqxawqefbcyreahvhm6ttkou4

A Guide to Forensic Fractography of Bone [article]

Angi M. Christensen, Mariyam I. Isa, Michael A. Smith, Joseph T. Hefner, Hugh E. Berryman, Ian S. Saginor, Jodi B. Webb
2022 Zenodo  
trauma events and thereby improve the quality of their forensic products.  ...  The purpose of this guide is to familiarize the user with the science of fractography and how it can be used to examine and interpret skeletal fractures.  ...  Comparison of fracture surface features with autopsy findings This case was reviewed as part of a case series aimed at comparing fracture surface features with autopsy findings and traditional forensic  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.7101317 fatcat:fbfc76sw7bbejb6ome36woazka

A Guide to Forensic Fractography of Bone [article]

Angi M. Christensen, Mariyam I. Isa, Michael A. Smith, Joseph T. Hefner, Hugh E. Berryman, Ian S. Saginor, Jodi B. Webb
2022 Zenodo  
trauma events and thereby improve the quality of their forensic products.  ...  The purpose of this guide is to familiarize the user with the science of fractography and how it can be used to examine and interpret skeletal fractures.  ...  Comparison of fracture surface features with autopsy findings This case was reviewed as part of a case series aimed at comparing fracture surface features with autopsy findings and traditional forensic  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6013747 fatcat:sawwsm2xjjbzzf7w2t57miqb7y

Posttraumatic Headache: A Review

Tad D. Seifert, Randolph W. Evans
2010 Current Pain and Headache Reports  
Headache as a result of trauma is one of the most common secondary headache types.  ...  PTH is one of several symptoms of PCS, and therefore may be accompanied by additional cognitive, behavioral, and somatic problems.  ...  Blunt trauma may also result in a cribriform plate fracture, predisposing to a CSF leak.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11916-010-0117-7 pmid:20521127 fatcat:fd5gmdebyfd5bf2driimsbei6m

Nonlinear dynamic analysis of the pure "buckling" mechanism during blow-out trauma of the human orbit

Marcin Adam Zmuda Trzebiatowski, Paweł Kłosowski, Andrzej Skorek, Krzysztof Żerdzicki, Paweł Lemski, Mateusz Koberda
2020 Scientific Reports  
Moreover, numerical simulations were validated by comparing them with computed tomography scans of real injuries.  ...  Considering the interplay between orbital bones and intraorbital soft tissues, commonly accepted patterns of the blow-out type of trauma within the human orbit require more thorough investigation to assess  ...  built in AutoCAD software based on the skull geometry of a healthy male adult accord- www.nature.com/scientificreports/ ing to a computed tomography (CT) scan.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-72186-1 pmid:32943736 pmcid:PMC7499182 fatcat:balw4skcxbearo6ox3t4bcqjrq

IAFS 2017 Abstracts

2017 Forensic Science International  
THE ESTIMATION OF THE POSTMORTEM INTERVAL: A PHYSICOCHEMICAL MODEL  ...  FATAL CARDIAC PERFORATION BY LEAKED PMMA CEMENT AFTER PERCUTANEOUS VERTEBROPLASTY Disclosure: All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.  ...  Thali, Wolf Schweitzer Forensic Medicine and Imaging (virtopsy), Institute of Forensic Medicine, Zurich/ SWITZERLAND This study compares post mortem computed tomography (PMCT) and medicolegal autopsy  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.07.019 pmid:28743352 fatcat:pdrympkytzbzlkah4vnqismhau

ICEM 2006 Scientific Abstracts, June 3–7, 2006, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

2006 CJEM: Canadian Journal of Emergency Medical Care  
The aim of this study was to determine if children seen first by a trainee compared to children seen immediately by a Faculty member have a longer LOS and more lab tests, imaging studies, consultations  ...  We conducted a univariate analysis and a logistic regression analysis to compare patients seen first by a trainee to those seen only by a Faculty member.  ...  Of investigations ordered by EPs: 78.5% (117) had an electrocardiogram; 70.0% (104) had a computed tomography (CT) scan of the head; 14.8% (22) had a carotid doppler, and; 7.4% (11) had an echocardiogram  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1481803500015645 fatcat:olnbs3obzfhmdhstb6pzbtubsm

Os Odontoideum: Review Article

Abolfazl Rahimizadeh, Ava Rahimizadeh
2017 Orthopedics Research and Traumatology - Open Journal  
Os odontoideum (OO) is defined as an ossicle with circumferential smooth margins and no osseous continuity with the body of axis.  ...  However, patients with this condition may be asymptomatic or may be symptomatic of a variety of neurological deficits and vascular dysfunctions.  ...  Asgari and Alireza Mojtahed for their assistance in the preparation of this review article. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.  ... 
doi:10.17140/ortoj-2-107 fatcat:kfzytrok2rgrddsfd2swsg3tpu

Posters

2011 Pediatric Radiology  
This study compared levels of agreement amongst paediatric clinicians and consultant paediatric radiologists when interpreting CXRs Materials and methods: Four paediatric radiologists, highlighted below  ...  Agreement within groups, split by grade and specialty, was analysed using free-marginal multirater Kappa, assuming no prior expectation of the proportion of radiographs with each feature.  ...  , macro and micropathologic studies as well as autopsy.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00247-011-2025-3 fatcat:4kgxnlpo2bes5phwdwsxu74j2y
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