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Behavioural Markers: Bridging the Gap between Art of Analysis and Science of Analytics in Criminal Intelligence

Junayed Islam, B. L. William Wong
2017 2017 European Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference (EISIC)  
A low level semantic action sequence computation technique has been proposed to extract these BMs from captured process log.  ...  Studying how intelligence analysts use interaction in visualization systems is an important part of evaluating how well these interactions support analysis needs, like generating insights or performing  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The research results reported here has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007-2013 through Project VALCRI, European Commission Grant Agreement N°  ... 
doi:10.1109/eisic.2017.30 dblp:conf/eisic/IslamW17 fatcat:trfiqxam3raadh7d7u7yd5vv2y

Analytic Provenance as Constructs of Behavioural Markers for Externalizing Thinking Processes in Criminal Intelligence Analysis [chapter]

Junayed Islam, B. L. William Wong, Kai Xu
2018 Community-Oriented Policing and Technological Innovations  
The adjacency and centrality matrices for the action sequence graph as shown in Fig. 10 .1 have been computed.  ...  Current approaches such as -finite state systems for fixed manipulable elements, a priori establishment of fixed sequences for clearly defined tasks, exhausting all possible sequences for tasks with unpredictable  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-89294-8_10 fatcat:q3hoipi5mzhnjpl7ondf7rrq2e

Narrative Sensemaking: Strategies for Narrative Maps Construction [article]

Brian Felipe Keith Norambuena, Tanushree Mitra, Chris North
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The insights extracted from our study can be used to design narrative map visualizations, extraction algorithms, and visual analytics tools to support the sensemaking process.  ...  They allow analysts to understand the big picture of a narrative, uncover new relationships between events, and model connections between storylines.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank the InfoVis Lab at Virginia Tech and the Social Computing Lab at the University of Washington for their valuable comments and feedback on early drafts of the paper  ... 
arXiv:2108.06035v2 fatcat:odlfvqg3kveevkoiymbur5ody4

Sense-making Strategies for the Interpretation of Visualizations—Bridging the Gap between Theory and Empirical Research

2017 Multimodal Technologies and Interaction  
On the one hand, it is an open question which theoretical models are appropriate for the explanation of these activities.  ...  We will try to relate approaches describing the usage of heuristics and everyday thinking with existing empirical studies describing sense-making of visualizations.  ...  ., for events, actors as well as time intervals, to generate insights, or go a step back and follow another inquiry.  ... 
doi:10.3390/mti1030016 fatcat:47u6fwia2vdwziqfhy2gpposn4

Using Graph-based Modelling to explore changes in students' affective states during exploratory learning tasks

Beate Grawemeyer, Alex Wollenschlaeger, Sergio Gutiérrez Santos, Wayne Holmes, Manolis Mavrikis, Alexandra Poulovassilis
2017 Educational Data Mining  
We describe a graph-based modelling approach to exploring interactions associated with a change in students' affective state when they are working with an exploratory learning environment (ELE).  ...  Student-system interactions data collected during a user study was modelled, visualized and queried as a graph.  ...  That work uses the graph-modelled data to automatically generate feedback for the student, whereas we use a graph-based modelling approach to investigate the effects of the system's interventions in order  ... 
dblp:conf/edm/GrawemeyerWSHMP17 fatcat:to767pwyxvhzloqdvstt5endya

Pattern Discovery of User Interface Sequencing by Rehabilitation Clients with Cognitive Impairments

William N. Robinson, Ali Raza Syed, Arash Akhlaghi, Tianjie Deng
2012 2012 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences  
We show how Max Motif, a sequence-mining algorithm, can be applied using a stream-mining approach.  ...  This paper introduces theory and design of stream sequence-mining for UI event streams. 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 978-0-7695-4525-7/12 $26.00  ...  The approach appears appropriate for analysis of human event sequences. In particular, it addresses the randomly occurring events that can arise from individuals with cognitive impairments.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hicss.2012.467 dblp:conf/hicss/RobinsonSAD12 fatcat:uofjctlt65c7rcl57z6575owji

NeurOS™ and NeuroBlocks™ a neural/cognitive operating system and building blocks

Lee Scheffler
2015 Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures  
A NeurOS application is a directed "neural graph" of modular components connected by signal paths, similar to biological brain connectivity and functional block diagrams of neural pathways.  ...  NeurOS sub-graph assemblies address neural/cognitive functions including perception, pattern learning and recognition, working memory, imagination, prediction, context priming, attention, abstraction,  ...  of temporally related events Data Generator Reify Print Print events to a window Generate Patterns Generate random pattern-recognition events from a pattern space Plot History  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bica.2014.11.011 fatcat:rw4cypbu3za3jowj27dplrnmbu

Local Patterns to Global Architectures: Influences of Network Topology on Human Learning

Elisabeth A. Karuza, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill, Danielle S. Bassett
2016 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
A core question in cognitive science is how humans acquire and represent knowledge about their environments.  ...  Here we connect statistical learning approaches in cognitive science, which are rooted in learners' sensitivity to local distributional regularities, and network science approaches to characterizing global  ...  Cognitive systems are generally thought to adhere to a complex network structure, a type of graph structure that is neither truly random nor truly regular [26] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2016.06.003 pmid:27373349 pmcid:PMC4970514 fatcat:jst6xjvg3jazjdvx45tqobrgmm

Option generation in decision-making research: why just talk?

Oren Kolodny
2013 Frontiers in Psychology  
For example, asking "What determines whether options are generated from memory, through automatic perceptual processes, or by creative cognition?"  ...  edges, each trajectory representing what the agent perceives as an optional sequence of events and actions in the world.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00728 pmid:24130543 pmcid:PMC3795303 fatcat:sxwbbswqhbbhpoiwg4kxeuv2yq

A Naturalistic Assessment of the Organization of Children's Memories Predicts Cognitive Functioning and Reading Ability

Natália Bezerra Mota, Janaína Weissheimer, Beatriz Madruga, Nery Adamy, Silvia A. Bunge, Mauro Copelli, Sidarta Ribeiro
2016 Mind, Brain, and Education  
To explore the relationship between memory and early school performance, we used graph theory to investigate memory reports from 76 children aged 6-8 years.  ...  To our knowledge, this is the first study demonstrating a link between the structure of children's memories and their cognitive or academic performance.  ...  A moving window analysis of graph attributes was performed using windows with length of 50 words and 90% overlap from one window to the next, which means that for the first 50 words we generated a graph  ... 
doi:10.1111/mbe.12122 fatcat:hb7z2execnbp3dpyg7rjhfkjwy

Representation and Identification of Approximately Similar Event Sequences [chapter]

T. P. Martin, B. Azvine
2015 Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing  
In this paper, we describe a novel approach to identifying and storing sequences of related events, with scope for approximate matching.  ...  We present an algorithm enabling efficient addition of a new sequence pattern. Examination of the sequences by human experts could further refine and modify general patterns of events.  ...  In this paper we describe a novel approach to identifying sequences of related events, with scope for assistance from human experts.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-26154-6_7 fatcat:v2eac4ru2nhh7luizptavbfkwu

Design Principles for Comprehensible Process Discovery in Process Mining

Matthias Stierle, Sandra Zilker, Sebastian Dunzer, Johannes Christian Tenscher, Gergana Karagegova
2020 European Conference on Information Systems  
Therefore, we adopt metrics from various disciplines such as information theory, business process modelling, process mining, graph aesthetics, and cognitive load theory to define design principles for  ...  But, at the same time, they contain potential insights for decisionmakers.  ...  Additionally, we apply fundamental principles from graph aesthetics and cognitive load theory.  ... 
dblp:conf/ecis/StierleZDTK20 fatcat:x7wtrrqshrenzeafud3ro3dvcu

Insights into the role of somatic mosaicism in the brain

Apuã C.M. Paquola, Jennifer A. Erwin, Fred H. Gage
2017 Current Opinion in Systems Biology  
We highlight how systems biology approaches are particularly well suited for the complex emerging field of brain somatic mosaicism.  ...  and cognition.  ...  But the frequency of these events remains somewhat controversial, with estimates ranging from ~1 event in every five cells to ~13 events per cell [1, 6, 17] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.coisb.2016.12.004 pmid:29226270 pmcid:PMC5718369 fatcat:4cv3qflambgslcm2qvwrteygay

Prediction‐Based Learning and Processing of Event Knowledge

Ken McRae, Kevin S. Brown, Jeffrey L. Elman
2019 Topics in Cognitive Science  
Knowledge of common events is central to many aspects of cognition. Intuitively, it seems as though events are linear chains of the activities of which they are comprised.  ...  We conclude that knowledge of the temporal structure of events in the human mind emerges as a consequence of prediction-based learning.  ...  Events as graphs Finally, we introduced an approach for studying event structure based on graph theory.  ... 
doi:10.1111/tops.12482 pmid:31840440 fatcat:stivakslabdhtkdrwknenjmhsy

Quantitative Characteristics of Human-Written Short Stories as a Metric for Automated Storytelling

Carlos León, Pablo Gervás, Pablo Delatorre, Alan Tapscott
2020 New generation computing  
from them.  ...  The proposed method of story analysis is tested over two additional sources, the ROCStories corpus and stories generated by automated storytellers, to illustrate the valuable insights that may be derived  ...  The thematic frames include a sequence of events.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00354-020-00111-1 fatcat:542lpidyuzgz5lky2wkb4vyelm
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